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Oil and Gas Companies

The oil and gas industry is the largest energy industry in the world, with companies spanning the globe. The map below depicts the top oil companies. Anyone can add another company to this list.
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United States Oil and Gas Boards

In the United States, oil and gas boards and commissions are the place for finding data related to oil and gas activities. These activities include well records, permitting, and production records. The list below covers nearly every state. You can add another state organization to this list.
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International Oil and Gas Boards

International oil and gas boards operate similarly to United States oil and gas boards and commissions. This is the place to find information and data about oil activities in a particular country. You can add oil and gas board websites to this list.
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Federal Oil and Gas Statutes

This is a list of major United States Federal Oil and Gas Statutes. These have been key to shaping how the oil and gas industry operates in the United States. Any other major states can be added to this timeline.
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  Year Founded
Federal Oil and Gas Royalty Simplification and Fairness Act of 1996 1996
Federal Onshore Oil and Gas Leasing Reform Act of 1987 (FOOGLRA) 1987
Indian Mineral Development Act of 1982 1982
Federal Oil and Gas Royalty Management Act of 1982 1982
Federal Land Policy and Management Act of 1976 1976
Mining and Minerals Policy Act of 1970 1970
Mineral Leasing Act for Acquired Lands of 1947 1947
Indian Mineral Leasing Act of 1938 1938
Mineral Leasing Act of 1920 1920
General Mining Act of 1872 1890


What's New

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Hydraulic Fracturing

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Tar Sands

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Oil and Gas Datasets

You can use OpenEI datasets to find an abundance of oil and gas data.

Careers

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This Week in Petroleum from EIA

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Natural Gas Basics

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Natural gas, commonly referred to simply as gas, consists chiefly of methane. It is frequently found with other hydrocarbon fuels such as oil, in coal beds, and as methane clathrates (ice-like solids in which a large amount of methane is trapped within a crystal structure of water). There are two main mechanisms by which the majority of natural gas forms: biogenic and thermogenic. Biogenic gas is released as a metabolic byproduct of microorganisms that live in anoxic (without oxygen) conditions, such as in bogs, landfills, marshes, and shallow sediments. Thermogenic gas is created by the decomposition of buried organic material deep within the earth at high temperatures and pressures.

Oil Basics

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Oil, also known as petroleum or crude oil, is the preserved remains of prehistoric zooplankton and algae that settled to the bottoms of seas and lakes millions of years ago. Under anoxic conditions (meaning no oxygen was present), this organic matter combined with mud and became buried by layers of sediment. As the layers began to accumulate, they grew increasingly heavy, generating intense heat and pressure. This heat and pressure caused the zooplankton and algae to change: first forming kerogen (an organic compound that is found in various oil shales around the world), and then, with increased time, temperature and pressure, producing oil and natural gas through a process called catagenesis (a term used to describe the breaking down of complex organic molecules into simpler ones). To recover this oil and natural gas from deep within the earth, drilling is required. Once brought to the surface, it is refined and separated, and can then be used to make many of the products we rely on today.

Federal Environmental Statutes

This is a list of major United States Federal environmental statutes. These have been key to shaping how the oil and gas industry operates in the United States. Environmental statutes can be added to this timeline.
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You need to have JavaScript enabled to view the interactive timeline. Further results for this query.
  Year Founded
Paleontological Resources Preservation Act 2007
Healthy Forests Restoration Act of 2003 2003
Native American Graves Protection Act 1990
Oil Pollution Act 1990
Federal Cave Resources Protection Act 1988
Sole Source Aquifer Demonstration Program 1986
Coastal Barrier Resources Act 1982
Farmland Protection Policy Act 1981
CERCLA 1980
Archaeological Resources Protection Act 1979
Archaeological Resource Protection Act 1979
National Forest Management Act of 1976 1976
Safe Drinking Water Act 1974
Flood Disaster Protection Act of 1973 1973
Endangered Species Act 1973
Federal Advisory Committee Act of 1972 1972
Marine Mammal Protection Act 1972
Coastal Zone Management Act 1972
Clean Water Act 1972
California Environmental Quality Act 1970
… further results