Well-Testing In Travale-Radicondoli Field, Part I, Geothermal Well Test Analysis, Principles And Practice

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Journal Article: Well-Testing In Travale-Radicondoli Field, Part I, Geothermal Well Test Analysis, Principles And Practice

The theory and applications of pressure transient (well test) analysis have been studied intensively for more than 40 yr by petroleum reservoir engineers and groundwater hydrologists. Only in the past decade, however, have geothermal-fluid wells been tested for the purpose of making pressure transient studies. Results of these studies disclose various well conditions, for example, restrictions to fluid flow into the wellbore. They also disclose reservoir heterogeneities, boundaries and permeability-thickness products of reservoir rocks. Probably most important, they can be used in estimations of energy reserves. This powerful analytical tool is discussed with special reference to the Travale reservoir. This reservoir is complicated geologically and hydrologically. It lies on the margin of a graben near a widespread outcrop of the reservoir rocks, which also form an absorption area for the meteoric waters. The area explored can be divided into three zones: in one of these (the nearest to the absorption area) some noncommercial wells produce two-phase water-steam mixtures; in the second zone the wells produce superheated steam, while a well drilled in the graben itself produces a fluid with an uncondensable gas content of about 80%. The reservoir is described in relation to defining areas for further exploration. The nature of the reservoir has affected the design of programs for collecting pressure-production data and other well performance data. The performance history prior to the advent of pressure transient studies pertains mainly to what is known as the 'old' Travale reservoir to the southwest of the 'new' Travale-Radicondoli reservoir in which the more recent wells are drilled and in which modern well test analysis methods have been applied. Data on the "old" reservoir are discussed first. Because of its initial performance and relationship to nearby wells the most important well in the "new" reservoir is Travale well 22. It has been subjected to extensive well testing. Nearly all the wells in the "new" reservoir have been involved, however, through well-interference tests. In these tests the wells surrounding Travale well 22 are shut in and their pressure responses to different Travale well 22 production rates are measured. Well interference tests indicate the characteristics of fluid flow in the reservoir between test wells and in a qualitative way the heterogeneous nature of the reservoir itself. Pressure transient theory is developed from ideal system behavior: one vertical, fully-penetrating well producing at a constant rate from a horizontal reservoir of uniform thickness and of infinite extent in any direction from the wellbore. A great deal of research has been done to aid well-test analysts in their interpretation of pressure buildup and pressure drawdown curves constructed from data taken on wells in actual reservoirs. This research generally is accomplished with model studies. Some of the models developed in the present research fit reasonably well with the build-up behavior of Travale well 22. The research done on the Travale reservoir is summarized here with the objective of showing what has been learned, how it can be applied, and what should be done next. Confidence in applications of pressure transient analyses in the Travale reservoir has been gained. New concepts of the reservoir system have emerged as a result of the research. Additional testing and more precise measurements in the field should lead to good engineering estimates of energy reserves.

P. Atkinson, A. Barelli, W. Brigham, R. Celati, G. Manetti, F. G. Miller, G. Neri and H. J. Ramey Jr

Published Journal 
Geothermics, 1978




P. Atkinson,A. Barelli,W. Brigham,R. Celati,G. Manetti,F. G. Miller,G. Neri,H. J. Ramey Jr. 1978. Well-Testing In Travale-Radicondoli Field, Part I, Geothermal Well Test Analysis, Principles And Practice. Geothermics. (!) .