Virginia/EZFeed Policies

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EZ Feed Policies for Virginia

Download EZFeed Policies for Virginia CSV (rows 1 - 64)

Policy Place Policy Type Active Affected Technologies Implementing Sector Summary
Air Pollution Control Board (Virginia) Virginia Environmental Regulations Yes Biomass/Biogas
Coal with CCS
Natural Gas
Nuclear
State/Province The Air Division in the Department of Environmental Quality and the State Air Pollution Control Board work together to control present and future sources of air pollution. The Division's core responsibilities include: (a) Developing and implementing programs designed to ensure that Virginia meets national air quality standards; (b) Regulating the emission of air pollutants from industries and facilities by issuing and ensuring compliance with permits that set limits that protect public health; (c) Monitoring Virginia's air quality; (d) Investigating complaints and violations of Virginia's air quality laws; and (e) Developing state rules governing air quality standards. The Division also provides assistance to small businesses to help them to meet emissions standards.
Alleghany Highlands Economic Development Authority (Virginia) Virginia Enterprise Zone
Industry Recruitment/Support
Loan Program
Public Benefits Fund
Yes Biomass/Biogas
Coal with CCS
Concentrating Solar Power
Energy Storage
Fuel Cells
Geothermal Electric
Hydroelectric energy
Hydroelectric (Small)
Natural Gas
Nuclear
Solar Photovoltaics
Wind energy
Local The Alleghany Highlands Economic Development Authority was created to encourage economic development in the Alleghany Highlands. The Authority provides financial support for the purchase of real estate, construction of buildings for sale or lease, installation of utilities and any other support improvements it deems necessary, including flood control dams, and for direct loans and grants to private for-profit basic employers. The Authority also administers a business incubator program in the region. The Alleghany Highlands are also designated as an Enterprise Zone by the Commonwealth of Virginia, so businesses locating within the region can take advantage of other state financial incentives. The Authority has a specific section concerning the development of wind energy in the Alleghany highlands, including a listing of potential development properties.
Chesapeake Bay Preservation Programs (Multiple States) Maryland
Pennsylvania
Virginia
Washington D.C.
Siting and Permitting Yes Biomass/Biogas
Coal with CCS
Concentrating Solar Power
Energy Storage
Fuel Cells
Geothermal Electric
Hydroelectric energy
Hydroelectric (Small)
Natural Gas
Nuclear
Solar Photovoltaics
Wave Energy
Wind energy
State/Province The Chesapeake Bay Program is a unique regional partnership that has led and directed the restoration of the Chesapeake Bay since 1983. The Chesapeake Bay Program partners include the states of Maryland, Pennsylvania and Virginia; the District of Columbia; the Chesapeake Bay Commission, a tri-state legislative body; the Environmental Protection Agency, representing the federal government; and participating citizen advisory groups.

The Chesapeake Executive Council was established by the Chesapeake Bay Agreement of 1983. Under the 1987 Chesapeake Bay Agreement, membership changed from cabinet secretaries to the governors of Maryland, Pennsylvania and Virginia; the administrator of the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency; the mayor of the District of Columbia; and the chair of the Chesapeake Bay Commission, a legislative body serving Maryland, Pennsylvania, and Virginia.

The Council: (a) Establishes the policy direction for the restoration and protection of the Bay and its living resources; (b) Exerts leadership to marshal public support for the Bay effort; (c) Signs directives, agreements and amendments that set goals and guide policy for Bay restoration; and (d) Is accountable to the public for progress made under the Bay agreements.

The Virginia Department of Environmental Quality administers complementary programs and regulations to prevent future pollution and degradation of the Chesapeake Bay and surrounding lands. More information can be found here: http://www.deq.virginia.gov/Programs/Water/ChesapeakeBay.aspx
Chesapeake Bay, Drilling for Oil or Gas Prohibited (Virginia) Virginia Environmental Regulations Yes Natural Gas Local Drilling for oil or gas in the waters or within 500 hundred feet from the shoreline of the Chesapeake Bay or any of its tributaries is prohibited. If a person or entity desires to drill for oil or gas in any area of Tidewater Virginia where drilling is not prohibited, an environmental impact assessment is required as part of the permit to the Virginia Department of Mines, Minerals and Energy. Other provisions under the Virginia Department of Environmental Quality then apply. No permits for oil production wells will be issued until the Governor has had an opportunity to review the report and make recommendations, in the public interest, for legislative and regulatory changes, and that legislation has become effective.
Clean Coal Projects (Virginia) Virginia Siting and Permitting Yes Coal with CCS State/Province This legislation directs the Virginia Air Pollution Control Board to facilitate the construction and implementation of clean coal projects by expediting the permitting process for such projects.
Climate Action Plan (Virginia) Virginia Climate Policies Yes Biomass/Biogas
Coal with CCS
Concentrating Solar Power
Energy Storage
Fuel Cells
Geothermal Electric
Hydroelectric energy
Hydroelectric (Small)
Natural Gas
Nuclear
Solar Photovoltaics
Tidal Energy
Wave Energy
Wind energy
State/Province Governor Timothy M. Kaine established the Governor's Commission on Climate Change in December 2007. The commission prepared a plan for Virginia that identified ways to reduce greenhouse gas emissions. During the development of the plan, the commission took the following steps:

Inventoried the amount of and contributors to Virginia’s greenhouse gas emissions, including emissions projections through 2025

Inventory and projection of Greenhouse Gas Emissions (2000 – 2025) - added 12.19.2008 Inventory of Greenhouse Gas Emissions (1990 - 1999) - added 12.19.2008

GHG inventory - final draft

Evaluated the expected impacts of climate change on Virginia’s citizens, natural resources and economy

Identify climate change approaches being pursued by other states, regions and the federal government

Identified what Virginia needs to do to prepare for the likely consequences of climate change Identified any actions (beyond those identified in the Virginia Energy Plan) that need to be taken to achieve the 30 percent greenhouse gas reduction goal

The Virginia Energy Plan, released in September 2007, set a goal for the Commonwealth to reduce greenhouse gas emissions by 30 percent by 2025. The reduction in emissions will be partially achieved through energy conservation and renewable energy actions listed in the energy plan.
Coal Mine Safety Act (Virginia) Virginia Safety and Operational Guidelines Yes Coal with CCS State/Province This Act is the primary legislation pertaining to coal mine safety in Virginia. It contains information on safety rules, safety standards and required certifications for mine workers, prohibited acts in mines, mine inspections, rescue crews, incident procedures, fees, and worker training programs. Additional requirements, specific to underground and surface coal mines, are found in the next two sections.
Community Development Block Grant/Economic Development Infrastructure Financing (United States) United States Grant Program
Loan Program
Yes Coal with CCS
Concentrating Solar Power
Energy Storage
Fuel Cells
Geothermal Electric
Natural Gas
Nuclear
Tidal Energy
Wave Energy
Wind energy
Biomass/Biogas
Hydroelectric energy
Hydroelectric (Small)
Solar Photovoltaics
Federal Community Development Block Grant/Economic Development Infrastructure Financing (CDBG/EDIF) provides public infrastructure financing to help communities grow jobs, enable new business startups and expansions for existing businesses. State programs help achieve the national objective of CDBG by funding projects in which at least 51 percent of the new jobs created are made available to low and moderate income individuals. The maximum amounts awarded under the program are $1 million for new businesses locating to the state and $500,000 for existing businesses expanding in the state.
Conservation of Water Resources (Virginia) Virginia Environmental Regulations Yes Biomass/Biogas
Coal with CCS
Concentrating Solar Power
Geothermal Electric
Hydroelectric energy
Hydroelectric (Small)
Natural Gas
Nuclear
State/Province The State Water Control Board is responsible for formulating and implementing a comprehensive water use policy for the Commonwealth of Virginia. Implemented by the Department of Environmental Quality, the policy consists of ground water characterization, water supply planning, and water withdrawal permitting programs.
Drainage, Sanitation, and Public Facilities Districts (Virginia) Virginia Siting and Permitting Yes Biomass/Biogas
Coal with CCS
Hydroelectric energy
Hydroelectric (Small)
Natural Gas
Tidal Energy
State/Province This legislation provides for the establishment of sanitary, sanitation, drainage, and public facilities districts in Virginia. Designated districts are public bodies, and have the authority to regulate the construction and development of sanitation and waste disposal projects in their jurisdiction.
Economic Development Loan Fund (Virginia) Virginia Loan Program Yes Biomass/Biogas
Coal with CCS
Concentrating Solar Power
Energy Storage
Fuel Cells
Geothermal Electric
Hydroelectric energy
Hydroelectric (Small)
Natural Gas
Nuclear
Solar Photovoltaics
Tidal Energy
Wave Energy
Wind energy
State/Province The Economic Development Loan Fund helps to fill the financing gap between private debt financing and private equity. Up to $1 million is available for each project and can be used for the acquisition of land or facilities, or the purchase of machinery or equipment. Projects must create new jobs or “save” jobs in underserved or distressed areas. Eligible businesses include those engaged in technology, and those that provide for a locality’s economic and “quality of life” development.
Enterprise Zone Real Property Investment Grant (Virginia) Virginia Enterprise Zone
Grant Program
Yes Biomass/Biogas
Coal with CCS
Concentrating Solar Power
Energy Storage
Fuel Cells
Geothermal Electric
Hydroelectric energy
Hydroelectric (Small)
Natural Gas
Nuclear
Solar Photovoltaics
Tidal Energy
Wave Energy
Wind energy
State/Province The Enterprise Zone Real Property Investment Grant provides qualified zone investors with cash grants for industrial, commercial or mixed use property. The grant is equal to 20% of the excess above the minimum required investment up to a maximum of $100,000 for companies investing $5 million or less.
Exploration for Uranium Ore (Virginia) Virginia Safety and Operational Guidelines Yes Nuclear State/Province This legislation describes permitting procedures and requirements for exploration activities. For the purpose of this legislation, exploration is defined as the drilling of test holes or stratigraphic or core holes of a depth greater than fifty feet for the purpose of determining the location, quantity, or quality of uranium ore.
Flood Protection and Dam Safety (Virginia) Virginia Environmental Regulations
Safety and Operational Guidelines
Siting and Permitting
Yes Hydroelectric energy
Hydroelectric (Small)
State/Province All dams in Virginia are subject to the Dam Safety Act and Dam Safety Regulations unless specifically excluded. A dam is excluded if it: (a) is less than six feet high; (b) has a maximum capacity less than 50 acre-feet and is less than 25 feet in height; (c) has a maximum capacity of less than 15 acre-feet and is more than 25 feet in height; (d) is used primarily for agricultural purposes and has a maximum capacity of less than 100 acre-feet or is less than 25 feet in height (if the use or ownership changes, the dam may be subject to regulation); (e) is owned or licensed by the federal government; (f) is operated for mining purposes under 45.1-222 or 45.1-225.1 of the Code of Virginia; or (g) is an obstruction in a canal used to raise or lower water levels. Dams are classified with a hazard potential depending upon the downstream losses anticipated in event of failure. The owner of each regulated high, significant, or low hazard dam is required to apply to the board for an Operation and Maintenance Certificate. After a dam is certified by the board, annual inspections are required either by a professional engineer or the dam owner, and the Annual Inspection Report is submitted to the regional dam safety engineer. Floodplain Management Program staff works with localities to establish and enforce floodplain management zoning. Floodplain zoning regulates how development is allowed within floodplains. The program's main goal is to protect people and their property from unwise floodplain development. Localities use the program's state model ordinances, in which minimum standards for local regulations are set, to write their own. Local governments can set more restrictive standards to ensure higher levels of protection for residents in flood hazard areas. Also, the state has used the Virginia Uniform Statewide Building Code to set construction standards for structures built in Federal Emergency Management Agency designated flood hazard areas.
Forestry Policies (Virginia) Virginia Environmental Regulations Yes Biomass/Biogas
Concentrating Solar Power
Solar Photovoltaics
Wind energy
State/Province Virginia's forests are managed by the Virginia Department of Forestry. In 2010 the Department issued its Statewide Assessment of Forest Resources and Strategic Plan documents:

http://www.dof.virginia.gov/print/aboutus/2010-State-Assessment.pdf

http://www.dof.virginia.gov/print/aboutus/2010-Strategic-Plan.pdf

The Department has also issued a concise reference of the State Forestry Laws:

http://www.dof.virginia.gov/print/law/VAs-Forestry-Laws.pdf

State incentives for forest biomass energy are currently limited to the state's Renewable Portfolio Standard, however this standard favors wind and solar energy as those resources receive double credits toward the State's goals.
Ground Water Management Act (Virginia) Virginia Environmental Regulations
Siting and Permitting
Yes Biomass/Biogas
Coal with CCS
Hydroelectric energy
Hydroelectric (Small)
Natural Gas
Nuclear
Local Under the Ground Water Management Act of 1992, Virginia manages ground water through a program regulating the withdrawals in certain areas called Ground Water Management Areas (GWMA). Currently, there are two Ground Water Management Areas in the state. The Eastern Virginia Ground Water Management Area comprises an area east of Interstate 95 and south of the Mattaponi and York rivers. The Eastern Shore Ground Water Management Area includes Accomack and Northampton counties. Any person or entity wishing to withdraw 300,000 gallons per month or more in a declared management area must obtain a permit.
Impact of Electric Generating Facilities (Virginia) Virginia Environmental Regulations
Siting and Permitting
Yes Biomass/Biogas
Coal with CCS
Concentrating Solar Power
Energy Storage
Fuel Cells
Geothermal Electric
Hydroelectric energy
Hydroelectric (Small)
Natural Gas
Nuclear
Solar Photovoltaics
Tidal Energy
Wave Energy
Wind energy
State/Province After a proposed power plant has received approval from the State Corporation Commission (SCC) and location approval from the local government, it must apply for all applicable permits from the Virginia Department of Environmental Quality. Depending on the plant, this could include permits for air, water and/or waste. Air permits that are issued to power plants undergo a very rigorous review and can take a year or more to issue depending on the size and make-up of the plant. The review includes the determination of the Best Available Control Technology (BACT) for each criteria pollutant being emitted and may require a determination of the Maximum Achievable Control Technology (MACT) for Hazardous Air Pollutants (HAPs) if the potential emissions of HAPs is over 10 tons per year (tpy) for a single HAP or 25 tpy for multiple HAPs.

In addition to control technology reviews, the source must also conduct air quality analyses. This involves running multiple computer models (simulations) to demonstrate the plant will not cause or significantly contribute to the exceeding of any of the National Ambient Air Quality Standards (NAAQS). For most power plants, the air permit process involves multiple opportunities for public comment. Comment is usually taken either in written form or orally at a public hearing. Comments received from the public are taken into consideration prior to a permit being issued.

Power plants in Virginia use many different types of fuel including coal, nuclear, wood, biomass, distillate oil, landfill gas and natural gas.
Impoundment of Surface Waters (Virginia) Virginia Siting and Permitting Yes Biomass/Biogas
Coal with CCS
Energy Storage
Fuel Cells
Geothermal Electric
Hydroelectric energy
Hydroelectric (Small)
Natural Gas
Nuclear
Wave Energy
State/Province Many water withdrawal projects involve planning and engineering long before any permits are obtained. DEQ's Office of Water Supply is responsible for assisting the public with such planning and is also involved with the permitting process.

While there are exceptions, such as for agricultural operations, projects involving surface water withdrawals from state waters and related permanent structures and fill are permitted under the Virginia Water Protection Permit (VWPP) Program. The VWPP Program is administered by the DEQ Office of Wetlands and Stream Protection and by the DEQ Office of Water Supply. DEQ issues Virginia Water Protection permits for such impacts through use of the Joint Permit Application process.

The type of project determines which DEQ office will handle permitting tasks. Projects involving, but not limited to, reservoirs; power plants; industrial impoundments or intakes; and interbasin transfers (multi-regional supply projects), as regulated under the VWPP Program, are permitted by DEQ's Central Office staff. Staff from both the Office of Wetlands and Stream Protection and the Office of Water Supply work on these permits. At this time, DEQ's regional VWPP staff work on permits for water withdrawal and water supply projects involving, but not limited to, golf course operations and dam construction, maintenance, or removal.
Interstate Commission on the Potomac River Basin (Multiple States) District of Columbia
Maryland
Pennsylvania
Virginia
West Virginia
Environmental Regulations
Siting and Permitting
Yes Biomass/Biogas
Coal with CCS
Hydroelectric energy
Hydroelectric (Small)
Natural Gas
Nuclear
Local The Interstate Commission on the Potomac River Basin's (ICPRB) mission is to enhance, protect, and conserve the water and associated land resources of the Potomac River and its tributaries through regional and interstate cooperation. The IPCRB administers an interstate compact, authorized by Congress in 1940, which aims to help the Potomac basin states and the federal government to enhance, protect, and conserve the water and associated land resources of the Potomac River basin. The Commission is responsible for regulating and controlling pollution impacts and water uses. The Commission provides planning coordination for the development and use of the water and associated land resources through cooperation with, and support and coordination of, the activities of federal, state, local and private agencies, groups, and interests concerned with the development, utilization and conservation of the water and associated land resources.
Interstate Mining Compact Commission (multi-state) Alabama
Arkansas
Illinois
Indiana
Kentucky
Louisiana
Maryland
Missouri
New York
North Carolina
North Dakota
Ohio
Oklahoma
Pennsylvania
South Carolina
Tennessee
Texas
Virginia
West Virginia
Safety and Operational Guidelines
Siting and Permitting
Yes Coal with CCS
Natural Gas
Nuclear
State/Province The Interstate Mining Compact is a multi-state governmental agency / organization that represents the natural resource and related environmental protection interests of its member states. Currently, 23 states are members to the compact, and 6 additional states are associate members. The compact is administered by the Interstate Mining Compact Commission, which does not possess regulatory powers but “provides a forum for interstate action and communication on issues of concern to the member states” and thus aids the development of effective regulatory programs and environmental protection initiatives. The Commission exercises several powers on behalf of the states, all of which are of a study, recommendatory or consultative nature. The Commission does not possess regulatory powers, as some Compacts do. The Commission provides a forum for interstate action and communication on issues of concern to the member states. It is the potential to stimulate the development and production of each state's mineral wealth through effective regulatory programs that draws many of the states together in the prosecution of the Commission's work. Given the environmental sensitivities associated with this objective, a significant portion of the Commission's work is dedicated to the environmental protection issues naturally associated with this mineral development. It is the significant value and clout that comes from "compacting" together and speaking with a strong, united voice that can make a difference in each state's efforts to implement effective regulatory programs that will conserve natural resources and secure a vibrant state (and thus national) mineral economy.
Interstate Oil and Gas Conservation Compact (Multiple States) Alabama
Alaska
Arizona
Arkansas
California
Colorado
Florida
Georgia
Idaho
Illinois
Indiana
Kansas
Kentucky
Louisiana
Maryland
Michigan
Mississippi
Montana
Nebraska
Nevada
New Mexico
New York
North Dakota
Ohio
Oklahoma
Pennsylvania
South Dakota
Texas
Utah
Virginia
West Virginia
Wyoming
Environmental Regulations Yes Coal with CCS
Natural Gas
Biomass/Biogas
State/Province The Interstate Oil and Gas Compact Commission assists member states efficiently maximize oil and natural gas resources through sound regulatory practices while protecting the nation's health, safety and the environment.

The Commission serves as the collective voice of member governors on oil and gas issues and advocates states' rights to govern petroleum resources within their borders.

The Commission formed the Geological CO2 Sequestration Task Force, which examines the technical, policy and regulatory issues related to safe and effective storage of CO2 in the subsurface (depleted oil and natural gas fields, saline formations and coal beds).

The Commission also funds research on hydraulic fracking, reusing water used in extracting oil and gas, and makes recommendations on national energy policies and statutes for individual states.

The Commission also has several associate states: North Carolina, South Carolina, Georgia, Tennessee, Missouri, Idaho, Oregon and Washington. In addition, it has international affiliations with the Canadian provinces of Alberta, British Columbia, New Brunswick, Newfoundland and Labrador, Nova Scotia, Saskatchewan, and the Yukon.
Land Conservation (Virginia) Virginia Siting and Permitting Yes Biomass/Biogas
Coal with CCS
Concentrating Solar Power
Energy Storage
Fuel Cells
Geothermal Electric
Hydroelectric energy
Hydroelectric (Small)
Natural Gas
Nuclear
Solar Photovoltaics
Tidal Energy
Wave Energy
Wind energy
State/Province The Virginia Department of Conservation and Recreation has developed the Commonwealth's first comprehensive, continually maintained GIS data layer for Virginia's protected conservation lands. This database includes mapped boundaries and attributes for public and certain private lands having various conservation, recreation and open-space roles. Most federal, state, regional and interstate lands are included. This includes water and park authorities, parks and undeveloped or partially-developed lands owned by localities, as well as lands owned as preserves by nonprofit conservation organizations such as The Nature Conservancy. Also included are conservation easements held by the Virginia Outdoors Foundation, land trusts and others. The Virginia Natural Area Preserves System was established in the late 1980's to protect some of the most significant natural areas in the Commonwealth. A site becomes a component of the preserve system once it is dedicated as a natural area preserve by the Director of the Department of Conservation and Recreation. Natural area dedication works in much the same way as a conservation easement by placing legally binding restrictions on future activities on a property; future development and construction is severely restricted in these areas. This system now includes sixty one dedicated natural areas totaling 51,948 acres.
Loan Guaranty Program (Virginia) Virginia Loan Program Yes Biomass/Biogas
Coal with CCS
Concentrating Solar Power
Energy Storage
Fuel Cells
Geothermal Electric
Hydroelectric energy
Hydroelectric (Small)
Natural Gas
Nuclear
Solar Photovoltaics
Tidal Energy
Wave Energy
Wind energy
State/Province The Loan Guaranty Program is designed to help small businesses obtain funds to start, enhance, or expand their operations, and create new jobs. To qualify, businesses must have $10 million or less in annual revenues over the last three years; or have a net worth of $2 million or less; or have fewer than 250 employees; or be a non-profit. The maximum guaranty is $750,000 or 85% of the loan amount, and the lines of credit are provided on an annual basis, with up to four renewals.
Major Business Facility Job Tax Credit (Virginia) Virginia Corporate Tax Incentive Yes Biomass/Biogas
Coal with CCS
Concentrating Solar Power
Energy Storage
Fuel Cells
Geothermal Electric
Hydroelectric energy
Hydroelectric (Small)
Natural Gas
Nuclear
Solar Photovoltaics
Tidal Energy
Wave Energy
Wind energy
State/Province The Major Business Facility Job Tax Credit is a program administered by the Virginia Department of Taxation. The credit provides $1,000 per job over a 25 or 50-job threshold, which varies by locality. The job threshold must be met within a 12 month period and is taken in equal installments over a two year period.
Management and Use of Public Lands (Virginia) Virginia Leasing Program
Siting and Permitting
Yes Biomass/Biogas
Coal with CCS
Concentrating Solar Power
Energy Storage
Fuel Cells
Geothermal Electric
Hydroelectric energy
Hydroelectric (Small)
Natural Gas
Nuclear
Solar Photovoltaics
Tidal Energy
Wave Energy
Wind energy
State/Province The Virginia Department of Conservation and Recreation may elect to lease its lands for the development of mineral interests (defined herein as petroleum, natural gas, coal, ore, rock and any other solid chemical element or compound which results from the inorganic process of nature), or to convey, lease, or demise lands for other purposes deemed by the Department to be in the public interest.
Marine Habitats and Land Use (Virginia) Virginia Siting and Permitting Yes Biomass/Biogas
Coal with CCS
Concentrating Solar Power
Energy Storage
Fuel Cells
Geothermal Electric
Hydroelectric energy
Hydroelectric (Small)
Natural Gas
Nuclear
Solar Photovoltaics
Tidal Energy
Wave Energy
Wind energy
State/Province The Virginia Marine Resources Commission has jurisdiction over submerged lands off the state's coast and in inland rivers and streams, wetlands and tidal wetlands, coastal sand dunes and beaches, and other shores. A permit from the Commission is required to dredge, fill, or otherwise disturb these areas. The Subaqueous Guidelines section on the Commission's website contains guidelines for when permits may be granted for activities affecting submerged lands.
Natural Gas Conservation and Ratemaking Efficiency Act (Virginia) Virginia Generating Facility Rate-Making
Safety and Operational Guidelines
Yes Natural Gas State/Province This Act applies to any investor-owned public service company engaged in the business of furnishing natural gas service to the public. The Act provides financial incentives to natural gas utilities that set conservation and ratemaking efficiency plans to efficiently use natural gas.
Ohio River Valley Water Sanitation Commission (Multiple States) Illinois
Indiana
Kentucky
New York
Ohio
Pennsylvania
Virginia
West Virginia
Environmental Regulations Yes Biomass/Biogas
Coal with CCS
Hydroelectric energy
Hydroelectric (Small)
Natural Gas
Nuclear
State/Province The Ohio River Valley Water Sanitation Commission (ORSANCO), was established on June 30, 1948 to control and abate pollution in the Ohio River Basin. ORSANCO is an interstate commission representing eight states and the federal government. ORSANCO operates programs to improve water quality in the Ohio River and its tributaries, including: setting waste water discharge standards; performing biological assessments; monitoring for the chemical and physical properties of the waterways; and conducting special surveys and studies. ORSANCO also coordinates emergency response activities for spills or accidental discharges to the river, and promotes public participation in programs, such as the Ohio River Sweep and the RiverWatchers Volunteer Monitoring Program. ORSANCO sets Pollution Control Standards for industrial and municipal waste water discharges to the Ohio River, and tracks certain dischargers whose effluent can seriously impact water quality. The standards designate specific uses for the Ohio, and establish guidelines to ensure that the river is capable of supporting these uses. To keep pace with current issues, ORSANCO reviews the standards every three years. As part of the review process, workshops and public hearings are held for public input.
PJM Interconnection (Multiple States) Delaware
Illinois
Indiana
Kentucky
Maryland
Michigan
New Jersey
North Carolina
Ohio
Pennsylvania
Tennessee
Virginia
West Virginia
District of Columbia
Interconnection Yes Coal with CCS
Concentrating Solar Power
Energy Storage
Fuel Cells
Geothermal Electric
Natural Gas
Nuclear
Tidal Energy
Wave Energy
Wind energy
Biomass/Biogas
Hydroelectric energy
Hydroelectric (Small)
Solar Photovoltaics
Non-Profit PJM (originally Pennsylvania, Jersey, Maryland) Interconnection is a Regional Transmission Organization (RTO) that coordinates the movement of wholesale electricity in all or parts of Delaware, Illinois, Indiana, Kentucky, Maryland, Michigan, New Jersey, North Carolina, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Tennessee, Virginia, West Virginia and the District of Columbia. The PJM region has an area of 214,000 square miles, a population of about 60 million and a peak demand of 163,848 megawatts.
Permit by Rule for Small Renewable Energy Projects (Virginia) Virginia Siting and Permitting Yes Biomass/Biogas
Concentrating Solar Power
Energy Storage
Fuel Cells
Geothermal Electric
Hydroelectric energy
Hydroelectric (Small)
Solar Photovoltaics
Tidal Energy
Wave Energy
Wind energy
State/Province In 2009, the Virginia General Assembly enacted legislation directing the Virginia Department of Environmental Quality to develop regulations for the construction and operation of renewable energy projects of 100 megawatts and less, to take the form of permits by rule (PBRs).The first permit by rule for wind energy projects was developed in 2009-10 and went into effect on December 22, 2010. The permit by rule for solar projects became effective on July 18, 2012. The proposed combustion permit by rule is undergoing executive review, which will be followed by a public comment period. In addition to PBRs for wind, solar, and combustion-based resources, the 2009 statute directed DEQ to develop a PBR for water-related resources, that is, falling water, wave motion, tides and geothermal resources, if considered by the department to be necessary and appropriate. After careful consideration of the issues, the Water-Related Regulatory Advisory Panel recommended, and the DEQ director agreed, that it is not necessary or appropriate at this time and under current conditions for DEQ to develop a PBR regulation for projects that generate electricity from falling water, wave motion, tides or geothermal resources. The RAP further recommended that DEQ re-evaluate the potential need for a PBR regulation concerning these water-related resources in 2014, or sooner if circumstances or public requests so indicate.
Port of Virginia Economic and Infrastructure Development Zone Grant Program (Virginia) Virginia Grant Program Yes Natural Gas
Tidal Energy
Wave Energy
Wind energy
State/Province The Port of Virginia Economic and Infrastructure Development Grant Program (POV Grant) provides a grant to certain Qualified Companies to incentivize companies to locate new maritime-related employment centers or expand existing centers in specified localities in order to encourage and facilitate the growth of the Port of Virginia in accordance with criteria established by legislation. Subject to appropriation, a POV Grant is available from January 1, 2014 until June 30, 2020. The maximum amount of grant allowable per Qualified Company is $500,000 and the maximum amount of POV Grants allowable among all Qualified Companies in any given fiscal year is $5 million. For Fiscal Year 2015, the maximum amount of POV Grants allowable among all Qualified Companies is $2 million.
Public Service Companies, General Provisions (Virginia) Virginia Safety and Operational Guidelines
Siting and Permitting
Yes Biomass/Biogas
Coal with CCS
Concentrating Solar Power
Energy Storage
Fuel Cells
Geothermal Electric
Hydroelectric energy
Hydroelectric (Small)
Natural Gas
Nuclear
Solar Photovoltaics
Tidal Energy
Wave Energy
Wind energy
State/Province Public Service Companies includes gas, pipeline, electric light, heat, power and water supply companies, sewer companies, telephone companies, and all persons authorized to transport passengers or property as a common carrier. This legislation contains general provisions for the operation, permitting, and regulation of public service companies.
Qualified Projects of Natural Gas Utilities (Virginia) Virginia Property Tax Incentive Yes Natural Gas State/Province Permits a natural gas utility to construct the necessary facilities of a qualifying project and to recover the eligible infrastructure development costs necessary to develop the eligible infrastructure for designated projects in future rates. Eligible infrastructure development costs include planning, development, and construction costs and, if applicable, an allowance for funds used during construction, in addition to a return on investment, a revenue conversion factor, depreciation, and property taxes.
Qualifying RPS State Export Markets (Virginia) Virginia Renewables Portfolio Standards and Goals Yes Concentrating Solar Power
Energy Storage
Fuel Cells
Geothermal Electric
Tidal Energy
Wave Energy
Wind energy
Coal with CCS
Nuclear
Natural Gas
Biomass/Biogas
Hydroelectric energy
Hydroelectric (Small)
Solar Photovoltaics
State/Province This entry lists the states with Renewable Portfolio Standard (RPS) policies that accept generation located in Virginia as eligible sources towards their RPS targets or goals. For specific information with regard to eligible technologies or other restrictions which may vary by state, see the RPS policy entries for the individual states, shown below in the Authority listings. Typically energy must be delivered to an in-state utility or Load Serving Entity, and often only a portion of compliance targets may be met by out-of-state generation. In addition to geographic and energy delivery requirements, ownership, registry, and other requirements may apply, such as resource eligibility, generator vintage and capacity limitations, as well as limits on Renewable Energy Certificate (REC) vintage. The listing applies to RPS Main Tiers only, and excludes solar or distributed generation that may require interconnection only within the RPS state. This assessment is based on energy delivery requirements and reasonable transmission availability. Acceptance of unbundled RECs varies. There may be additional sales opportunities in RPS states outside the Eastern Interconnection. REC prices in markets with voluntary goals (Indiana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Virginia) may be lower.
Radiation Control (Virginia) Virginia Safety and Operational Guidelines Yes Nuclear State/Province The Department of Health is responsible for regulating radiation and radioactive materials in the Commonwealth of Virginia. Although the Department's Radiation Control Program primarily focuses on radiation in medical equipment, this legislation also addresses regulations, permits, and inspections pertaining to radiation and radioactive materials more generally.
Rappahannock River Basin Commission (Virginia) Virginia Siting and Permitting Yes Biomass/Biogas
Coal with CCS
Concentrating Solar Power
Energy Storage
Fuel Cells
Geothermal Electric
Hydroelectric energy
Hydroelectric (Small)
Natural Gas
Nuclear
Solar Photovoltaics
Wind energy
Local The Rappahannock River Basin Commission is an independent local entity tasked with providing guidance for the stewardship and enhancement of the water quality and natural resources of the Rappahannock River Basin. Although the Commission has no regulatory authority, it is a forum in which local governments and citizens can discuss issues affecting the Basin's water quality and quantity and other natural resources. Through promoting communication, coordination and education, and by suggesting appropriate solutions to identified problems, the Commission promotes activities by local, state and federal governments, and by individuals, that foster resource stewardship for the environmental and economic health of the Basin.
Reclamation of Land Used for Mineral Mining (Virginia) Virginia Environmental Regulations Yes Nuclear State/Province This legislation aims to provide for the rehabilitation and conservation of land affected by the mining of minerals through proper planning, proper use of appropriate methods of mining, consideration of the impact of mining upon the environment as well as the land use of surrounding areas, and through the incorporation and use of control techniques and reclamation actions as an integral and simultaneous part of the mining of minerals. This legislation contains information on permitting requirements for mining activities constituting all or part of a process for the extraction or removal of minerals so as to make them suitable for commercial, industrial, or construction use; but shall not include those aspects of deep mining not having significant effect on the surface.
Renewable Energy Co-Location of Distribution Facilities (Virginia) Virginia Siting and Permitting Yes Biomass/Biogas
Concentrating Solar Power
Energy Storage
Fuel Cells
Geothermal Electric
Hydroelectric energy
Hydroelectric (Small)
Solar Photovoltaics
Tidal Energy
Wave Energy
Wind energy
State/Province This legislation applies to distribution facilities, which include poles and wires, cables, pipelines, or other underground conduits by which a renewable generator is able to (i) supply electricity generated at its renewable energy facility to the electric distribution grid, (ii) distribute steam generated at its renewable energy facility to customers, or (iii) supply landfill gas it collects to customers or a natural gas distribution or transmission pipeline. The legislation applies to any renewable energy facility that is (i) an electrical generation facility that produces not more than 2 MW peak net power output to the distribution grid, which electricity is generated only from a renewable energy source; (ii) a steam reduction facility with a rated capacity of not more than 5,000 mmBtus per hour that produces steam only from a renewable energy source; or (iii) a solid waste management facility permitted by the Department of Environmental Quality from which landfill gas is transmitted or distributed off premises. The legislation contains provisions for siting, permitting, construction, and rights-of-way for such facilities.
Renewable Energy Production Grant Program (Virginia) Virginia Grant Program No Biomass/Biogas
Concentrating Solar Power
Solar Photovoltaics
Wind energy
State/Province The Renewable Energy Production Grant Program provides grant funding for the installation of qualified renewable energy systems. Subject to fund availability, an eligible corporation may receive a grant for certain kilowatt hours of electricity produced after December 31, 2006. The grant amount shall be $.0085 for each kilowatt hour of electricity (i) produced by the corporation from qualified energy resources at a qualified Virginia facility and (ii) sold and transmitted into the electric grid, or used in production by a qualified Virginia facility, in a calendar year. Grant amounts shall be based on each such kilowatt hour of electricity sold or used in production by a qualified Virginia facility beginning with calendar year 2007. The effective date of this grant is contingent, and it is unclear whether it is temporarily or permanently inactive.
Rivanna River Basin Commission (Virginia) Virginia Environmental Regulations Yes Biomass/Biogas
Coal with CCS
Hydroelectric energy
Hydroelectric (Small)
Natural Gas
Nuclear
Local The Rivanna River Basin Commission is an independent local entity tasked with providing guidance for the stewardship and enhancement of the water quality and natural resources of the Rivanna River Basin. Although the Commission has no regulatory authority, it is a forum in which local governments and citizens can discuss issues affecting the Basin's water quality and quantity and other natural resources. Through promoting communication, coordination and education, and by suggesting appropriate solutions to identified problems, the Commission promotes activities by local, state and federal governments, and by individuals, that foster resource stewardship for the environmental and economic health of the Basin.
Roanoke River Basin Bi-State Commission (Multiple States) North Carolina
Virginia
Environmental Regulations Yes Biomass/Biogas
Coal with CCS
Hydroelectric energy
Hydroelectric (Small)
Natural Gas
Nuclear
Local The Roanoke River Basin Bi-State Commission was established as a bi-state commission composed of members from the Commonwealth of Virginia and the State of North Carolina. The purpose of the commission is to:

(a) Provide guidance, conduct joint meetings, and make recommendations to local, state, and federal legislative and administrative bodies, and to others as it deems necessary and appropriate, regarding the use, stewardship, and enhancement of the Basin's water and other natural resources;

(b) Provide a forum for discussion of issues affecting the Basin's water quantity, water quality, and other natural resources; (c) Promote communication, coordination, and education among stakeholders within the Basin; (d) Identify Basin-related problems and recommend appropriate solutions; and

(e) Undertake studies and prepare, publish, and disseminate information through reports, and other communications related to water quantity, water quality, and other natural resources of the Basin.
Scenic Rivers Act (Virginia) Virginia Environmental Regulations Yes Biomass/Biogas
Coal with CCS
Concentrating Solar Power
Energy Storage
Fuel Cells
Geothermal Electric
Hydroelectric energy
Hydroelectric (Small)
Natural Gas
Nuclear
Solar Photovoltaics
Tidal Energy
Wave Energy
Wind energy
State/Province Virginia Scenic Rivers Program’s intent is to identify, designate and help protect rivers and streams that possess outstanding scenic, recreational, historic and natural characteristics of statewide significance for future generations. Construction and development is restricted on designated scenic rivers and adjacent lands. In addition to the designated scenic rivers, the Lower James River has been declared a State Historic River and is subject to similar activity restrictions: http://www.dcr.virginia.gov/recreational_planning/trailjrh.shtml
Soil and Water Conservation (Virginia) Virginia Environmental Regulations Yes Biomass/Biogas
Coal with CCS
Concentrating Solar Power
Energy Storage
Fuel Cells
Geothermal Electric
Hydroelectric energy
Hydroelectric (Small)
Natural Gas
Nuclear
Solar Photovoltaics
Tidal Energy
Wave Energy
Wind energy
State/Province Soil and water conservation districts (SWCDs) were established in the 1930s to develop comprehensive programs and plans to conserve soil resources, control and prevent soil erosion, prevent floods and conserve, develop, utilize and dispose water. Today, forty-seven districts encompass nearly all Virginia localities. The Virginia Soil and Water Conservation Board may choose to set planning, zoning, and regulatory guidelines for local Soil and Water Conservation Districts. The Erosion Control Program in the Department of Conservation and Recreation will adopt regulations for the effective control of soil erosion, sediment deposition, and nonagricultural runoff that must be met in any control program to prevent the unreasonable degradation of properties, stream channels, waters, and other natural resources.
Solar and Wind Energy System Acquisition Grant Program (Virginia) Virginia Grant Program No Concentrating Solar Power
Solar Photovoltaics
Wind energy
State/Province The Solar and Wind Energy System Acquisition Grant Program provides grant funding for the installation of solar and wind energy generators. Subject to fund availability, beginning with calendar year 2007, an eligible individual or corporation may receive a grant for a portion of the cost of photovoltaic property, solar water heating property, or wind-powered electrical generators placed in service during the calendar year by such individual or corporation. The grant amount shall be 15% of the total installed cost of photovoltaic property, solar water heating property, or wind-powered electrical generators but shall not exceed an aggregate total of:

1. $2,000 for each system of photovoltaic property; 2. $1,000 for each system of solar water heating property; and 3. $1,000 for each system of wind-powered electrical generators.

The effective date of this grant is contingent, and it is unclear whether it is temporarily or permanently inactive.
Southeast Interstate Low-Level Radioactive Waste Management Compact (Multiple States) Alabama
Florida
Georgia
Mississippi
Tennessee
Virginia
Environmental Regulations Yes Nuclear State/Province The Southeast Interstate Low-Level Radioactive Waste Management Compact is administered by the Compact Commission. The Compact provides for rotating responsibility for the region's low-level radioactive waste, and the Commission can set rules for waste disposal in the region.
Southern States Energy Compact (Multiple States) Alabama
Arkansas
Florida
Georgia
Kentucky
Louisiana
Maryland
Mississippi
Missouri
North Carolina
Oklahoma
Puerto Rico
South Carolina
Tennessee
Texas
United States Virgin Islands
Virginia
West Virginia
Industry Recruitment/Support
Environmental Regulations
Yes Coal with CCS
Concentrating Solar Power
Energy Storage
Fuel Cells
Geothermal Electric
Natural Gas
Nuclear
Tidal Energy
Wave Energy
Wind energy
Biomass/Biogas
Hydroelectric energy
Hydroelectric (Small)
Solar Photovoltaics
State/Province The Southern States Energy Compact provides for the proper employment and conservation of energy, and for the employment of energy-related facilities, materials, and products, within the context of a responsible regard for the environment, among the Southeastern states, Puerto Rico, and the U.S. Virgin Islands. The Southern States Energy Board is responsible for administering the Compact and may adopt bylaws, rules, and regulations in conjunction with state agencies. The Board also encourages the development, conservation, and responsible use of energy and energy-related facilities, installations, and products as part of a balanced economy and a healthy environment.
State Water Quality (Virginia) Virginia Environmental Regulations
Siting and Permitting
Yes Biomass/Biogas
Coal with CCS
Hydroelectric energy
Hydroelectric (Small)
Natural Gas
Nuclear
State/Province It is the policy of the Commonwealth of Virginia to: (1) protect existing high quality state waters and restore the quality of all other state waters to permit all reasonable public uses and support the propagation and growth of all aquatic life which might reasonably be expected to inhabit them; (2) safeguard the clean waters of the Commonwealth from pollution; (3) prevent any increase in pollution; (4) reduce existing pollution; (5) promote and encourage the reclamation and reuse of wastewater in a manner protective of the environment and public health; and (6) promote water resource conservation, management and distribution, and encourage reduced water consumption.

The State Water Control Board, a citizen board, is responsible for overseeing the quality of state waters. The Board may authorize projects or developments which would constitute a new or an increased discharge of effluent to high quality water, when it has been affirmatively demonstrated that a change is justifiable to provide necessary economic or social development; and provided, further, that the necessary degree of waste treatment to maintain high water quality will be required where physically and economically feasible. A permit from the Board is required prior to the discharge of waste or effluent into state waters, excavation in a wetland area, alteration of the physical, chemical or biological properties of state waters, or filling, dumping, or permanent flooding or impounding of a wetland.

The remainder of this legislation addresses permit fees and regulations, wetland impacts, waste discharges, animal waste management, sewage sludge and septage disposal, water quality monitoring and reporting, and liability for unpermitted discharges.
Surface Water Management Areas (Virginia) Virginia Environmental Regulations Yes Biomass/Biogas
Coal with CCS
Hydroelectric energy
Hydroelectric (Small)
Natural Gas
Nuclear
State/Province This legislation establishes surface water management areas, geographically defined surface water areas in which the State Water Control Board has deemed the levels or supply of surface water to be potentially adverse to public welfare, health and safety. It is unclear whether any areas have been designated as surface water management areas to date. This legislation also addresses permitting procedures for water withdrawals. No surface water withdrawal permit is required for (i) any nonconsumptive use, (ii) any water withdrawal of less than 300,000 gallons in any single month, (iii) any water withdrawal from a farm pond collecting diffuse surface water and not situated on a perennial stream, (iv) any withdrawal in any area which has not been declared a surface water management area, or (v) any withdrawal from a wastewater treatment system permitted by the State Water Control Board or the Department of Mines, Minerals and Energy.
Technology Zones (Virginia) Virginia Corporate Tax Incentive Yes Biomass/Biogas
Coal with CCS
Concentrating Solar Power
Energy Storage
Fuel Cells
Geothermal Electric
Hydroelectric energy
Hydroelectric (Small)
Natural Gas
Nuclear
Solar Photovoltaics
Tidal Energy
Wave Energy
Wind energy
Local Virginia’s 26 designated Technology Zones offer tax relief in the form of abatements, credits, deductions, deferrals, exemptions, or rebates. Local governments may designate technology zones to promote industry growth. Alternative energy is a qualifying technology in some counties. Qualified industries locating in these zones may receive permit waivers, special zoning treatment, and tax incentives for up to ten years.
Virginia Capital Access Program (Virginia) Virginia Loan Program Yes Biomass/Biogas
Coal with CCS
Concentrating Solar Power
Energy Storage
Fuel Cells
Geothermal Electric
Hydroelectric energy
Hydroelectric (Small)
Natural Gas
Nuclear
Solar Photovoltaics
Tidal Energy
Wave Energy
Wind energy
State/Province The Virginia Capital Access Program (CAP), in partnership with Virginia’s Small Business Financing Authority, provides access to capital for small businesses. Businesses must apply to participating banks for a traditional loan, and the lender advises the company of enrollment in CAP. The program offers loan guarantees on a portfolio of loans through a loan loss reserve, which it establishes at each participating bank. Funds can be used for general working capital and fixed-asset financing. The maximum loan amount is $250,000.
Virginia Coal Surface Mining Control and Reclamation Act (Virginia) Virginia Environmental Regulations Yes Coal with CCS State/Province This legislation implements the federal Surface Mining Control and Reclamation Act and establishes a statewide regulatory program for reclamation following coal surface mining activities. The Division of Mined Land Reclamation may also establish additional regulations for reclamation following coal exploration activities which substantially disturb the land surface. The Act contains additional information on reclamation plans, permitting procedures, inspections, and liability.
Virginia Coalfield Economic Development Authority (Virginia) Virginia Industry Recruitment/Support
Loan Program
Public Benefits Fund
Yes Coal with CCS Local The Virginia Coalfield Economic Development Authority (VACEDA) was created in 1988 to encourage economic development in the western section of the state. The Authority administers incentive and financing programs designed to encourage new job creation and economic diversification, specifically in the electronic information technology, energy, education, and emerging technology sectors. VCEDA provides financial support for fixed assets, construction of buildings for sale or lease, installation of utilities and direct loans to private for-profit basic employers and industrial development authorities. Financing is based in part upon the number of new jobs created, wage rates and amount of private investment.
Virginia Economic Development Incentive Grant (Virginia) Virginia Grant Program Yes Biomass/Biogas
Coal with CCS
Concentrating Solar Power
Energy Storage
Fuel Cells
Geothermal Electric
Hydroelectric energy
Hydroelectric (Small)
Natural Gas
Nuclear
Solar Photovoltaics
Tidal Energy
Wave Energy
Wind energy
State/Province The Virginia Economic Development Incentive Grant is a discretionary cash grant, designed to assist and encourage companies to invest and create new employment opportunities by locating significant headquarters, administrative or service sector operations in Virginia. The program requires a capital investment of at least $5 million or $6,500 per job (whichever is greater) and job creation thresholds ranging between 200-400 depending upon the locality.
Virginia Electric Utility Regulation Act (Virginia) Virginia Safety and Operational Guidelines Yes Biomass/Biogas
Coal with CCS
Concentrating Solar Power
Energy Storage
Fuel Cells
Geothermal Electric
Hydroelectric energy
Hydroelectric (Small)
Natural Gas
Nuclear
Solar Photovoltaics
Tidal Energy
Wave Energy
Wind energy
State/Province The Virginia Electric Utility Regulation Act constitutes the main legislation in Virginia that pertains to the regulation of the state's electric utilities. The Act directs the State Corporation Commission to construct regulations for electric utilities, and contains information on rate regulations. Section 56-585.2 specifically pertains to the integration of renewable energy sources into the electric grid through the state's renewable portfolio program. More specific regulations can be found in the state's Administrative Code.
Virginia Energy Plan (Virginia) Virginia Industry Recruitment/Support Yes Biomass/Biogas
Coal with CCS
Concentrating Solar Power
Energy Storage
Fuel Cells
Geothermal Electric
Hydroelectric energy
Hydroelectric (Small)
Natural Gas
Nuclear
Solar Photovoltaics
Tidal Energy
Wave Energy
Wind energy
State/Province The 2010 Virginia Energy Plan affirms the state's support for the development of renewable energy. The Plan assesses the state’s energy picture through an examination of the state’s primary energy sources: electricity, coal, nuclear, natural gas, renewables, and petroleum. The plan recommends actions to meet three goals: (1) Make Virginia the energy capital of the East Coast; (2) Grow both traditional and alternative energy production, jobs and investment; (3) Increase the use of conservation and efficiency; (4) Expand public education about Virginia’s energy production and consumption, its effect on Virginia's economy, and how Virginians can use energy more efficiently; and (5) Maximize the investment in clean energy research and development through the work of the Universities Clean Energy Development and Economic Stimulus Foundation. The Plan also sets rules for local governments to follow in the development of local ordinances addressing the siting of renewable energy facilities that generate electricity from wind or solar resources. In addition to being consistent with the state energy plan, such ordinances must: (1) Provide reasonable criteria to be addressed in the siting of any renewable energy facility that generates electricity from wind and solar resources. The criteria shall provide for the protection of the locality in a manner consistent with the goals of the Commonwealth to promote the generation of energy from wind and solar resources; and (2) Include provisions establishing reasonable requirements upon the siting of any such renewable energy facility, including provisions limiting noise, requiring buffer areas and setbacks, and addressing generation facility decommissioning.
Virginia Enterprise Zone Job Creation Grant (Virginia) Virginia Enterprise Zone
Grant Program
Yes Biomass/Biogas
Coal with CCS
Concentrating Solar Power
Energy Storage
Fuel Cells
Geothermal Electric
Hydroelectric energy
Hydroelectric (Small)
Natural Gas
Nuclear
Solar Photovoltaics
Tidal Energy
Wave Energy
Wind energy
State/Province The Virginia Enterprise Zone Job Creation Grant provides cash grants to businesses located in Enterprise zones that create permanent new jobs over a four-job threshold. State incentives are available to businesses and zone investors who create jobs and invest in real property within the boundaries of enterprise zones. The positions must pay at least 175 percent of the federal minimum wage rate and the availability of health benefits. The cash grant maximum is $500 per position and may be claimed for up to five years.
Virginia Gas and Oil Act (Virginia) Virginia Safety and Operational Guidelines
Siting and Permitting
Yes Natural Gas State/Province The Gas and Oil Act addresses the exploration, development, and production of oil and gas resources in the Commonwealth of Virginia. It contains provisions pertaining to wells and well spacing, permits and fees, ownership of coalbed methane gas, and land leases. No county, city, town or other political subdivision of the Commonwealth may impose any condition, or require any other local license, permit, fee or bond to perform any gas, oil, or geophysical operations which varies from or is in addition to the requirements of this chapter.
Virginia Geothermal Resources Conservation Act (Virginia) Virginia Safety and Operational Guidelines Yes Geothermal Electric State/Province It is the policy of the Commonwealth of Virginia to foster the development, production, and utilization of geothermal resources, prevent waste of geothermal resources, protect correlative rights to the resource, protect existing high quality state waters and safeguard potable waters from pollution, safeguard the natural environment, and promote geothermal and water resource conservation and management. The Department of Mines, Minerals, and Energy is responsible for implementing regulations pertaining to the exploration, development, production, and conservation of geothermal resources. Specific regulations can be found in section 4, chapter 25-170 of the Virginia Administrative Code.
Virginia Jobs Investment Program (Virginia) Virginia Industry Recruitment/Support
Training/Technical Assistance
Workforce development
Yes Biomass/Biogas
Coal with CCS
Concentrating Solar Power
Energy Storage
Fuel Cells
Geothermal Electric
Hydroelectric energy
Hydroelectric (Small)
Natural Gas
Nuclear
Solar Photovoltaics
Tidal Energy
Wave Energy
Wind energy
State/Province The Virginia Jobs Investment Program provides cash grants to existing businesses that are creating new jobs or experiencing technological change. To be eligible, businesses must directly or indirectly derive more than 50% of their revenues from out-of-state sources.

The Virginia Jobs Investment Program offers three programs to both new and existing businesses.

Virginia New Jobs Program: For companies or start ups expecting significant growth in the next three years. See the program website for qualifications.

Small Business Program: For companies or start-ups with fewer than 250 employees who are expanding in the next 12 months. See the program website for qualifications.

Workforce Retraining Program: For companies implementing significant technological upgrades affecting a large number of employees. See the program website for qualifications.
Virginia Offshore Wind Development Authority (Virginia) Virginia Industry Recruitment/Support Yes Wind energy State/Province The Virginia Offshore Wind Development Authority is a public body, established for the purposes of facilitating, coordinating, and supporting the development, either by the Authority or by other qualified entities, of the offshore wind energy industry, offshore wind energy projects, and associated supply chain vendors. The Authority is tasked with collecting relevant metocean and environmental data, identifying existing state and regulatory or administrative barriers to the development of the offshore wind energy industry, working in cooperation with relevant local, state, and federal agencies to upgrade port and other logistical facilities and sites to accommodate the manufacturing and assembly of offshore wind energy project components and vessels, and ensuring that the development of such projects is compatible with other ocean uses and avian and marine resources. In cooperation with the relevant state and federal agencies as necessary, the Authority will recommend ways to encourage and expedite the development of the offshore wind energy industry. The Authority is also responsible for consulting with research institutions, businesses, nonprofit organizations, and stakeholders as the Authority deems appropriate.
Virginia Regional Industrial Facilities Act (Virginia) Virginia Industry Recruitment/Support Yes Biomass/Biogas
Coal with CCS
Concentrating Solar Power
Energy Storage
Fuel Cells
Geothermal Electric
Hydroelectric energy
Hydroelectric (Small)
Natural Gas
Nuclear
Solar Photovoltaics
Tidal Energy
Wave Energy
Wind energy
Local The Virginia Regional Industrial Facilities Act is meant to aid the economic development of localities within the Commonwealth. The Act provides a mechanism for localities to establish regional industrial facility authorities, enabling them to pool financial resources to stimulate economic development. The purpose of a regional industrial facility authority is to enhance the economic base for the member localities by developing, owning, and operating one or more facilities on a cooperative basis involving its member localities.
Virginia Resources Authority Act (Virginia) Virginia Bond Program
Grant Program
Loan Program
Public Benefits Fund
Yes Biomass/Biogas
Coal with CCS
Concentrating Solar Power
Energy Storage
Fuel Cells
Geothermal Electric
Hydroelectric energy
Hydroelectric (Small)
Natural Gas
Nuclear
Solar Photovoltaics
Tidal Energy
Wave Energy
Wind energy
State/Province The Virginia Resources Authority provides financing options to support community investment in a number of areas, including wastewater, flood prevention and dam safety, solid waste, water, land conservation and preservation, energy, and site acquisition and development for economic and community development. The Authority also administers the Water Facilities, Water Supply, and Solid Waste or Recycling Revolving Funds, as described in subsequent chapters of the Virginia Code.
Virginia Waste Management Act (Virginia) Virginia Environmental Regulations Yes Biomass/Biogas
Nuclear
State/Province Solid waste and hazardous waste are regulated under a number of programs at the Department of Environmental Quality. These programs are designed to encourage the reuse and recycling of solid waste and to regulate the disposal and treatment of solid waste, including regulated medical waste, and to ensure that hazardous waste is properly managed. Standards are designed to protect human health and the environment and are driven by regulatory requirements. The Virginia solid waste and hazardous waste programs are primarily implemented through DEQ’s regional offices, which provide primary review of solid waste permits and conduct inspection of solid waste management facilities. Regional offices conduct regular inspections of hazardous waste generators and hazardous waste management facilities. Permits for the hazardous waste program are issued through DEQ’s central office.
Water-Power Development, Conservation of Hydroelectric Power Dams and Works (Virginia) Virginia Siting and Permitting Yes Hydroelectric energy
Hydroelectric (Small)
State/Province It is the policy of the Commonwealth of Virginia to encourage the utilization of its water resources to the greatest practicable extent, to control the waters of the Commonwealth, and also to construct or reconstruct dams in any rivers or streams within the Commonwealth for the generation of hydroelectric energy for use or sale in public service. The State Corporation Commission is responsible for regulating the development of waters of the Commonwealth. A license from the Commission is required prior to the construction or reconstruction of any dam in the Commonwealth that will be used for the generation of hydroelectric energy. This legislation contains additional information on the siting, permitting, and licensing of hydroelectric dams.
Watercourses (Virginia) Virginia Siting and Permitting Yes Hydroelectric energy
Hydroelectric (Small)
State/Province No entity may construct a dam or other obstruction on any watercourse that has been declared to be navigable or a public highway.