Ventana's Energy, Environment, Economy-Society (E3S) Model

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The Energy, Environment, Economy-Society (E3S) Model is a macroscopic model encompassing the economy, energy, and the environment, which focuses on the exploration of the impact of policies, e.g., taxation, on the patterns of energy consumption and in turn on the environment and the economy.

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This tool is included in the Development Impacts Assessment (DIA) Toolkit from the LEDS Global Partnership.

When to Use This Tool

This tool is most useful for development impacts assessments focused on:

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Learn more about the topics for assessing the impacts of low-emission development strategies (LEDS).

How to Use This Tool

Level of Expertise
Not Available

"Ventana® Macroeconomic Models typically use agent-based techniques coupled with aggregate constraints to understand the fundamental drivers of economic activity, such as basic science research, and outputs of interest, such as climate impact."


  1.  "Ventana's Energy, Environment, Economy-Society (E3S) Model"