Underground Injection Control Permits and Registrations (Texas)

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Last modified on February 12, 2015.

EZFeed Policy

Place Texas


   
Applies to States or Provinces Texas
Name Underground Injection Control Permits and Registrations (Texas)
Policy Category Other Policy
Policy Type Environmental Regulations, Safety and Operational Guidelines
Affected Technologies Biomass/Biogas, Coal with CCS, Geothermal Electric, Natural Gas, Nuclear
Active Policy Yes

Implementing Sector State/Province



























Program Administrator Texas Commission on Environmental Quality, Railroad Commission of Texas
Primary Website http://www.tceq.texas.gov/permitting/waste_permits/uic_permits



Last Review 2014-08-21
Last Substantive Modification
to Summary
2014-08-21

Information Source http://www.tceq.texas.gov/permitting/waste_permits/uic_permits/RRCT_wells.html, http://www.rrc.state.tx.us/mining-exploration/


Summary

Chapter 27 of the Texas Water Code (the Injection Well Act) defines an “injection well” as “an artificial excavation or opening in the ground made by digging, boring, drilling, jetting, driving, or some other method, and used to inject, transmit, or dispose of industrial and municipal waste or oil and gas waste into a subsurface stratum; or a well initially drilled to produce oil and gas which is used to transmit, inject, or dispose of industrial and municipal waste or oil and gas waste into a subsurface stratum; or a well used for the injection of any other fluid; but the term does not include any surface pit, surface excavation, or natural depression used to dispose of industrial and municipal waste or oil and gas waste.” All injection wells are regulated by either Texas Commission on Environmental Quality or the Railroad Commission of Texas.

Included in the TCEQ's jurisdiction are wells that inject municipal, industrial, or hazardous wastes into a layer that is below the lowermost underground source of drinking water; wells that inject fluids to extract uranium or sulfur and to get rid of waste byproducts from the mining operation; wells that inject hazardous waste above an underground source of drinking water; any well or similar apparatus that releases a liquid or liquids into or above an underground source of drinking water.

The Railroad Commission of Texas has jurisdiction over: Wells injecting waste arising out, of or incidental to, drilling for or production of oil, gas, or geothermal resources (Class II).

Wells injecting waste arising out of, or incidental to, the underground storage of hydrocarbons other than storage in artificial tanks or containers (Class II).

Wells injecting waste arising out of, or incidental to, the operation of gasoline plants, natural gas processing plants, or pressure-maintenance or repressurizing plants. The injected waste fluid (usually salt water) may be commingled with wastewaters from gas plants, unless those waters are classified as hazardous waste at the time of injection. (Class II.)

Wells used for the enhanced recovery (secondary recovery) of oil or natural gas (Class II).

Wells used for the underground storage of hydrocarbons that are liquid at standard temperature and pressure (Class II).

Salt-mining/brine injection wells (Class III).

Wells used for in situ combustion of fossil fuels (in situ coal and lignite gasification) (Class V).

Injection wells associated with geothermal resources (Class V).



Policy Contact

Contact Name Lynne Haase
Department Texas Commission on Environmental Quality
Division Permitting and Registration Support Division




Phone 512-239-6088



Website http://www.tceq.texas.gov/about/directory/waste-directory.html
Contact Name Charles Maguire
Department Texas Commission on Environmental Quality
Division Radioactive Materials Division




Phone 512-239-5308



Website http://www.tceq.texas.gov/about/directory/waste-directory.html
Department Railroad Commission of Texas
Division Injection /Disposal/Storage Wells: Permitting and Compliance




Phone 512-463-6792





Authorities (Please contact the if there are any file problems.)

Authority 1: Injection Well Act
Date Effective 1981
Date Enacted 1977


















References