The REDD Opportunities Scoping Exercise (ROSE)
"This report explains the ROSE methodology and process and also summarizes key findings of the case studies. This includes a brief description of the high potential project types identified at the three ROSE expert workshops. The case studies revealed considerable similarity as regards the higher-level gaps or constraints, many of them key issues for the national REDD+ strategy development and capacity-building phase of REDD+ (or Phase 1 of the proposed three phase REDD+ development approach), including:
- Uncertainty as regards carbon property rights, including whether they will be linked to tree and/or land tenure, as well as potential legal conflicts over carbon ownership;
- The need to clarify benefit shares between the government and communities in joint forest management (JFM) arrangements in Tanzania and Uganda, and to develop thinking around (net carbon revenue) benefit-sharing mechanisms in all three countries, probably involving the development of trust funds based on democratic and accountable governance systems;
- A range of governance concerns surrounding accountability, transparency, and legal compliance;
- The need for aggregation mechanisms that reduce transaction costs, especially in the context of community forest management;
- Concerns about overlaps or confusion in state institutional roles and responsibilities, and the challenge of how to develop strong inter-agency and inter-sectoral coordination;
- The need for information and capacity-building (technical and institutional) at all levels, including at the community, regional, and local government levels.
The report finishes with some suggestions for improving the ROSE tool, but recommends it as a cost-effective approach for engagement with REDD+ in a given country, including feeding into the development of national REDD+ Readiness processes."