The Petrology And Geochemistry Of Volcanic Rocks From The Northern Harsit River Area, Pontid Volcanic Province, Northeast Turkey

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Journal Article: The Petrology And Geochemistry Of Volcanic Rocks From The Northern Harsit River Area, Pontid Volcanic Province, Northeast Turkey

Abstract
Two volcanic cycles can be distinguished, in the Pontid magmatic arc. They comprise an Upper Cretaceous, Lower Volcanic Cycle of which only the waning stage contains abundant pyroclastic rocks. The latter show spatial association to the fault pattern and are closely related to mineralisation. The overlying, early Tertiary, Upper Volcanic Cycle shows evidence of explosive vulcanicity in the Upper Basic Series. Dacites and rhyodacites are only locally developed and again show spatial association with the faulting. Comparison of the major and minor element chemistries of the two cycles demonstrates the clear separation into a lower tholeiitic and an upper calc-alkaline cycle. The rocks show similar chemistry to volcanic suites from island arcs in other areas. The origin of the tholeiitic magma is ascribed to melting of "dry" amphibolite during early subduction of Tethyan ocean floor beneath "Pontian Land". This resulted in low K abundances and K/Rb ratios, and some Fe enrichment in the tholeiitic basalts. The calc-alkaline magma is thought to be derived from a later stage in the subduction process when melting of amphibole was joined by melting of biotite or phlogopite. The Upper Volcanic Cycle is thus enriched in K and shows no Fe enrichment due to a probable higher water content. The higher Cr and Ni contents of the Upper Volcanic Cycle, together with K, may imply some melting of lherzolite overlying the subducted slab.

Authors 
D. Egin, D. M. Hirst and R. Phillips








Published Journal 
Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, 1979





DOI 
Not Provided
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Citation

D. Egin,D. M. Hirst,R. Phillips. 1979. The Petrology And Geochemistry Of Volcanic Rocks From The Northern Harsit River Area, Pontid Volcanic Province, Northeast Turkey. Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research. (!) .