The P-Wave Velocity Structure Of Deception Island, Antarctica, From Two-Dimensional Seismic Tomography
Journal Article: The P-Wave Velocity Structure Of Deception Island, Antarctica, From Two-Dimensional Seismic Tomography
AbstractDeception Island is a volcanic island with a flooded caldera that has a complex geological setting in Bransfield Strait, Antarctica. We use P-wave arrivals recorded on land and seafloor seismometers from airgun shots within the caldera and around the island to invert for the P-wave velocity structure along two orthogonal profiles. The results show that there is a sharp increase in velocity to the north of the caldera which coincides with a regional normal fault that defines the northwestern boundary of the Bransfield Strait backarc basin. There is a low-velocity region beneath the caldera extending from the seafloor to > 4 km depth with a maximum negative anomaly of 1 km/s. Refracted arrivals are consistent with a 1.2-km-thick layer of low-velocity sediments and pyroclastites infilling the caldera. Synthetic inversions show that this layer accounts for only a small portion of the velocity anomaly, implying that there is a significant region of low velocities at greater depths. Further synthetic inversions and melt fraction calculations are consistent with, but do not require, the presence of an extensive magma chamber beneath the caldera that extends downwards from <= 2 km depth.
- Tami Ben-Zvi, William S. D. Wilcock, Andrew H. Barclay, Daria Zandomeneghi, Jesus M. Ibanez and Javier Almendros
- Published Journal
- Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, 2009
- Not Provided
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Tami Ben-Zvi,William S. D. Wilcock,Andrew H. Barclay,Daria Zandomeneghi,Jesus M. Ibanez,Javier Almendros. 2009. The P-Wave Velocity Structure Of Deception Island, Antarctica, From Two-Dimensional Seismic Tomography. Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research. (!) .