The Evolution Of A Dynamic Geological System- The Support Of A Gis For Geochemical Measurements At The Fumarole Field Of Vulcano, Italy

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Journal Article: The Evolution Of A Dynamic Geological System- The Support Of A Gis For Geochemical Measurements At The Fumarole Field Of Vulcano, Italy

Abstract
The island of Vulcano (Aeolian arc, Southern Italy) has displayed several periods of volcanic unrest since the end of the last eruption (1890). We report here results obtained from a long-term survey concerning variations of both the steam output and the exhaling surface area at the summit crater fumarolic field of La Fossa. The field measurements analysed in a Geographical Information System (GIS) show a highly dynamic volcanic system in which deep variations in the geochemistry and the temperature of the released fluids were accompanied by fluctuations in the mass output of steam and the topography of the crater field. The use of a GIS facilitated digitized reconstructions of maps of the crater field in addition to analysis of the steam flux data. The fumarolic field expanded its surface area from 50 m2 in 1983 to more than 2400 m2 in 1995, accompanied by an increase in steam output from 152 to about 1400 tonnes per day. The possibility that the observed phenomena are related to volcano-tectonic activity and to magma uprising is taken into consideration.

Authors 
T. Bukumirovic, F. Italiano and P. M. Nuccio








Published Journal 
Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, 1997





DOI 
Not Provided
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Citation

T. Bukumirovic,F. Italiano,P. M. Nuccio. 1997. The Evolution Of A Dynamic Geological System- The Support Of A Gis For Geochemical Measurements At The Fumarole Field Of Vulcano, Italy. Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research. (!) .