The Evolution From Miocene Potassic To Quaternary Sodic Magmatism In Western Turkey- Implications For Enrichment Processes In The Lithospheric Mantle

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Journal Article: The Evolution From Miocene Potassic To Quaternary Sodic Magmatism In Western Turkey- Implications For Enrichment Processes In The Lithospheric Mantle

Abstract
New K-Ar dating and major- and trace-element analyses from the Usak-Selendi-Emet (USE) area constrain the timing of changes in the nature of volcanism in the Miocene in western Turkey. The data reveal a change from dominantly calc-alkaline and silicic in the Early Miocene to largely alkaline and more mafic volcanism in the Middle Miocene. This probably reflects a decreasing amount of crustal contamination with time, a result of extensional tectonics. High levels of various incompatible elements (including K) in the more mafic members, suggest an enriched subcontinental lithospheric source region for the Middle Miocene USE lavas. Highly variable Nb/Y, Ti/Y and Th/Nb ratios suggest a lithospheric mantle heterogeneously enriched by two processes: (1) enrichment by subduction-related processes producing high Th/Nb but low Nb/Y and Ti/Y; and (2) enrichment by small degree melts of depleted upper mantle producing low Th/Nb but high Nb/Y and Ti/Y. Both of these enrichment processes have variably contributed to Middle Miocene K-rich lavas in the USE area. The mechanism which initiated the melting of the enriched lithosphere is considered to be extension which produced decompression melting. Comparisons with the nearby Kula lavas reveals that by the Pliocene to Quaternary, volcanism, although still enriched in incompatible elements, had become sodic. It seems likely that continued extension up to this time thinned the lithosphere to such an extent that asthenospheric melts were produced which ascended and mixed with previously enriched lithosphere.

Authors 
Gurol Seyitoglu, Duncan Anderson, Geoff Nowell and Barry Scott








Published Journal 
Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, 1997





DOI 
Not Provided
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Citation

Gurol Seyitoglu,Duncan Anderson,Geoff Nowell,Barry Scott. 1997. The Evolution From Miocene Potassic To Quaternary Sodic Magmatism In Western Turkey- Implications For Enrichment Processes In The Lithospheric Mantle. Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research. (!) .