Temporal Change Of Characteristics Of Shallow Volcano-Tectonic Earthquakes Associated With Increase In Volcanic Activity At Kuchinoerabujima Volcano, Japan

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Journal Article: Temporal Change Of Characteristics Of Shallow Volcano-Tectonic Earthquakes Associated With Increase In Volcanic Activity At Kuchinoerabujima Volcano, Japan

Abstract
Shallow volcano-tectonic (VT) earthquakes recorded at the Kuchinoerabujima island volcano in southwest Japan are analyzed in order to clarify the role of hydrothermal activity in the development of volcanic seismicity. From analysis of shallow VT earthquakes in 2006, two specific episodes of elevated seismicity are observed in April and November 2006. The VT earthquakes have hypocenters at depths of 0-0.4 km beneath the summit crater, and normal fault focal mechanisms with WNW-ESE extension consistent with the tensional stress field indicated by the alignment of craters and fissures. Although the hypocenters and focal mechanisms are found to be largely invariant during these episodes, the corner frequencies of the VT earthquakes underwent a pronounced increase and decrease accompanying the changes in seismicity rates. The corner frequencies increased to 20-25 Hz approximately one month prior to the onset of elevated seismicity, and then decreased to 10-15 Hz in the period of peak seismicity. The rupture length also decreased at the onset of seismicity, thereafter increasing as the seismicity continued. The peak seismicity in terms of the daily number of VT events was accompanied by inflation around the crater, suggestive of a pressure increase in the volcanic system. It is inferred that the increase in shallow VT seismicity and rupture length is related to the development of a fractured zone. The pressure increase in the volcanic system is attributed to the intrusion of hydrothermal fluids, which is supported by an observed increase in fumarolic temperature and activity. The preceding monochromatic events are thus considered to be generated by the effect of fluid-filled cracks. The shortening of rupture length is then inferred to be related to the closing of non-fluid-filled cracks in the fracture zone under the increasing pressure field, leading to a transition from monochromatic events to low-frequency and shallow VT seismicity.

Authors 
Hetty Triastuty, Masato Iguchi and Takeshi Tameguri








Published Journal 
Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, 2009





DOI 
Not Provided
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Citation

Hetty Triastuty,Masato Iguchi,Takeshi Tameguri. 2009. Temporal Change Of Characteristics Of Shallow Volcano-Tectonic Earthquakes Associated With Increase In Volcanic Activity At Kuchinoerabujima Volcano, Japan. Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research. (!) .