Structural Pattern And Co2-Ch4 Degassing Of Ustica Island, Southern Tyrrhenian Basin

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Journal Article: Structural Pattern And Co2-Ch4 Degassing Of Ustica Island, Southern Tyrrhenian Basin

Abstract
Brittle tectonics and ground degassing, including fracture-field, soil-gas and exhalation flux analyses of CO2 and CH4, were studied at Ustica Island, a Pleistocene volcanic complex in the Southern Tyrrhenian Sea. The mesoscopic fracture pattern perfectly fits an E-W-trending left-lateral strike-slip master fault, in agreement with the main morpho-structural submarine alignment including Ustica Island and Anchise Seamount. Along the SW-NE high-angle normal Arso Fault, geological evidence of reactivation with different kinematics (left- to right-lateral displacements) was recognised. Major CO2 and CH4 degassing (with fluxes up to 93,750 and 20 t km-2 a-1, respectively, and soil-gas concentrations of 11.3% and 5.7 ppm) occur over the Arso Fault. Although this fault is mapped just in the SW sector of the island, soil-gas CO2 anomalies point out its clear continuation up to the NE margin of the island. These data, together with those of previous geophysical and geochemical results from off-shore Ustica, suggest that the Arso Fault is the local evidence of a more important active, gas-bearing structure. This tectonic feature is interpreted as a reactivation of a preexistent SW-NE trend, inherited as a second-order structure of the E-W deep shear zone. The reactivation is related to the interplay among different structures of the Southern Tyrrhenian basin.

Authors 
G. Etiope, P. Beneduce, M. Calcara, P. Favali, F. Frugoni, M. Schiattarella and G. Smriglio








Published Journal 
Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, 1999





DOI 
Not Provided
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Citation

G. Etiope,P. Beneduce,M. Calcara,P. Favali,F. Frugoni,M. Schiattarella,G. Smriglio. 1999. Structural Pattern And Co2-Ch4 Degassing Of Ustica Island, Southern Tyrrhenian Basin. Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research. (!) .