Spatial And Alignment Analyses For A Field Of Small Volcanic Vents South Of Pavonis Mons And Implications For The Tharsis Province, Mars

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Journal Article: Spatial And Alignment Analyses For A Field Of Small Volcanic Vents South Of Pavonis Mons And Implications For The Tharsis Province, Mars

Abstract
A field of small volcanic vents south of Pavonis Mons was mapped with each vent assigned a two-dimensional data point. Nearest neighbor and two-point azimuth analyses were applied to the resulting location data. Nearest neighbor results show that vents within this field are spatially random in a Poisson sense, suggesting that the vents formed independently of each other without sharing a centralized magma source at shallow depth. Two-point azimuth results show that the vents display north-trending alignment relationships between one another. This trend corresponds to the trends of faults and fractures of the Noachian-aged Claritas Fossae, which might extend into our study area buried beneath more recently emplaced lava flows. However, individual elongate vent summit structures do not consistently display the same trend. The development of the volcanic field appears to display tectonic control from buried Noachian-aged structural patterns on small, ascending magma bodies while the surface orientations of the linear vents might reflect different, younger tectonic patterns. These results suggest a complex interaction between magma ascension through the crust, and multiple, older, buried Tharsis-related tectonic structures.

Authors 
Jacob E. Bleacher, Lori S. Glaze, Ronald Greeley, Ernst Hauber, Stephen M. Baloga, Susan E. H. Sakimoto, David A. Williams and Timothy D. Glotch








Published Journal 
Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, 2009





DOI 
Not Provided
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Citation

Jacob E. Bleacher,Lori S. Glaze,Ronald Greeley,Ernst Hauber,Stephen M. Baloga,Susan E. H. Sakimoto,David A. Williams,Timothy D. Glotch. 2009. Spatial And Alignment Analyses For A Field Of Small Volcanic Vents South Of Pavonis Mons And Implications For The Tharsis Province, Mars. Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research. (!) .