Solid waste composting

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About Solid Waste Composting

Solid waste composting refers to utilizing wastes by turning them back into organic matter which can be absorbed by the soil. It avoids depositing solid wastes in landfills where they will sit and have the potential to leak hazardous material into the soil. Solid waste composting can help reduce land degradation while also significantly decreasing methane emissions.

The U.S. EPA's Clean Development Mechanism is part of the Kyoto Protocol that gives aid to nations, helping them clean up their hazardous waste sites. Utilizing solid waste composting is a great way for countries worldwide to clean up some of their hazardous waste sites, reducing land degradation, and decreasing methane emissions.

Uganda solid waste program (from News gateway)

Uganda will create a solid waste composting program aimed at reducing methane emissions. The program will target nine municipalities in Uganda: Soroti, Mbale, Mukono, Jinja, Fort Portal, Kasese, Mbarara and Kabale. The solid waste composting program is registered under the Kyoto Protocol's Clean Development Mechanism (CDM). Uganda is the first nation to register an activity under CDM, and the solid waste composting program will be the first of its kind in the world. These are major accomplishments for a developing nation. CDM is a program within Kyoto that defines a strategy for how to achieve an emissions reduction target. Programs like CDM are intended to offset emissions and stimulate further emission-reduction strategies. The Kyoto Protocol holds CDM as 1 of its 3 mechanisms for achieving this:

1. Emissions trading

2. Clean development mechanism

3. Joint implementation

These mechanisms are intended to be cost-effective while also stimulating further investments in green technology for energy and emissions solutions. The composting facilities in Uganda will trap methane emissions equivalent to 750,000 tons of carbon dioxide over the next decade.