Solar and Wind Easements (Montana)

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Last modified on February 12, 2015.

Rules Regulations Policies Program

Place Montana

Name Solar and Wind Easements
Incentive Type Solar/Wind Access Policy
Applicable Sector Commercial, Fed. Government, Industrial, Local Government, Nonprofit, Residential, Schools, State Government
Eligible Technologies Passive Solar Space Heat, Photovoltaics, Solar Space Heat, Solar Thermal Electric, Solar Thermal Process Heat, Solar Water Heat, Wind
Active Incentive Yes

Implementing Sector State/Territory
Energy Category Renewable Energy Incentive Programs

Date added to DSIRE 2000-01-01
Last DSIRE Review 2013-06-04
Last Substantive Modification
to Summary by DSIRE

References DSIRE[1]


Montana's solar and wind easement provisions allow property owners to create solar and wind easements for the purpose of protecting and maintaining proper access to sunlight and wind. Solar easements should be negotiated with neighboring property owners. Montana's solar easement law was enacted in 1979; the wind easement law was originally enacted in 1983.

In April 2011, the provisions related to wind easements were repealed by House Bill 295 (2011) and replaced with more extensive wind easements provisions. This legislation defines wind energy rights as property rights and specifies that real property owners can enter into an agreement to grant a wind easement to give wind energy developers the right to use real property and the wind resource located on or flowing over the real property to develop a project. The agreement details provisions such as requirements that the property owner "ensure the undisturbed flow of wind on and over the real property", tax liability related to wind equipment, and compensation to the property owner. A property owner can either enter into a wind energy agreement or a wind option agreement. The former is the document that contains the wind easement and the later is a document where a property owner grants a developer the exclusive right to obtain a wind easement. Wind option agreements generally only last for 20 years, unless extended. The wind easement that is created runs with the property.

Incentive Contact

Contact Name Paul Cartwright
Department Montana Department of Environmental Quality
Division Planning, Prevention and Assistance
Address 1100 North Last Chance Gulch
Address 2 P. O. Box 200902
Place Helena, Montana
Zip/Postal Code 59620
Phone (406) 841-5234

Fax (406) 841-5091

Authorities (Please contact the if there are any file problems.)

Authority 1: MCA § 70-17-301 et seq.

Date Enacted 1979 (solar), 1983 (wind)
Expiration Date None

Authority 2: HB 295
Date Effective 2011-04-21
Date Enacted 2011-04-21

  • Incentive and policy data are reviewed and approved by the N.C. Solar Center's DSIRE project staff.[1]


  1. 1.0 1.1  "Database of State Incentives for Renewables and Efficiency (DSIRE)"