Solar/Wind Access Policy

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Solar and wind access laws are designed to establish a right to install and operate a solar or wind energy system at a home or other facility. Some solar access laws also ensure a system owner’s access to sunlight. These laws may be implemented at both the state and local levels. In some states, access rights prohibit homeowners associations, neighborhood covenants and local ordinances from restricting a homeowner’s right to use solar energy. Easements, the most common form of solar access law, allow for the rights to existing access to a renewable resource on the part of one property owner to be secured from an owner whose property could be developed in such a way as to restrict that resource. An easement is usually transferred with the property title. At the local level, communities use several policies to protect solar access, including solar access ordinances, development guidelines requiring proper street orientation, zoning ordinances that contain building height restrictions, and solar permits. [1]


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Download all Solar/Wind Access Policies Incentives CSV


Solar/Wind Access Policy Incentives

Incentive Incentive Type Place Applicable Sector Eligible Technologies Active
Cape Charles - Architectural Guidelines (Virginia) Solar/Wind Access Policy Virginia Commercial
Industrial
Passive Solar Space Heat
Solar Water Heat
Solar Space Heat
Solar Thermal Electric
Photovoltaics
No
City of Ashland - Solar Rights Ordinance (Oregon) Solar/Wind Access Policy Oregon Commercial
Fed. Government
Industrial
Local Government
Nonprofit
Residential
Schools
State Government
Passive Solar Space Heat
Photovoltaics
Solar Space Heat
Solar Thermal Electric
Solar Water Heat
Yes
City of Austin - Zoning Code (Texas) Solar/Wind Access Policy Texas Commercial
Construction
Fed. Government
Industrial
Installer/Contractor
Institutional
Local Government
Multi-Family Residential
Nonprofit
Residential
Schools
State Government
Custom/Others pending approval
Photovoltaics
Unspecified technologies
Yes
City of Boulder - Solar Access Ordinance (Colorado) Solar/Wind Access Policy Boulder, Colorado Construction
Residential
Passive Solar Space Heat
Photovoltaics
Solar Space Heat
Solar Thermal Electric
Solar Water Heat
Yes
City of Davis - Solar Shade Control Act (California) Solar/Wind Access Policy California Commercial
Industrial
Residential
General Public/Consumer
Local Government
Passive Solar Space Heat
Solar Water Heat
Solar Space Heat
Solar Thermal Electric
Photovoltaics
No
City of Eugene - Solar Standards (Oregon) Solar/Wind Access Policy Oregon Residential Passive Solar Space Heat
Photovoltaics
Solar Space Heat
Solar Thermal Electric
Solar Water Heat
Yes
City of Gainesville - Public Facilities Siting (Florida) Solar/Wind Access Policy Florida Construction
Local Government
Passive Solar Space Heat
Photovoltaics
Solar Space Heat
Solar Water Heat
Yes
City of Los Angeles - Zoning Code (California) Solar/Wind Access Policy California Commercial
Industrial
Residential
Photovoltaics
Solar Space Heat
Solar Water Heat
Yes
City of Madison - Solar & Wind Access and Planning Laws (Wisconsin) Solar/Wind Access Policy Wisconsin Construction Passive Solar Space Heat
Photovoltaics
Small Wind
Solar Space Heat
Solar Water Heat
Wind energy
Yes
City of Oakland - Solar Access Ordinance (California) Solar/Wind Access Policy California Commercial
Industrial
Residential
No
City of Sacramento - Zoning and Subdivision Regulations (California) Solar/Wind Access Policy California Commercial
Industrial
Institutional
Nonprofit
Residential
Schools
Passive Solar Space Heat
Photovoltaics
Solar Space Heat
Solar Water Heat
Yes
City of San Diego - Planned Development Regulations (California) Solar/Wind Access Policy California Residential
Construction
Passive Solar Space Heat
Solar Water Heat
Solar Space Heat
Photovoltaics
No
City of San Jose - Solar Access Design Guidelines (California) Solar/Wind Access Policy California Construction
Residential
Passive Solar Space Heat
Photovoltaics
Solar Space Heat
Solar Water Heat
Yes
City of Santa Cruz - Solar Access Ordinance (California) Solar/Wind Access Policy California Commercial
Construction
Local Government
Multi-Family Residential
Residential
Passive Solar Space Heat
Photovoltaics
Solar Pool Heating
Solar Space Heat
Solar Thermal Process Heat
Solar Water Heat
Wind energy
Yes
City of Sebastopol - Solar Access (California) Solar/Wind Access Policy California Local Government Passive Solar Space Heat
Photovoltaics
Solar Space Heat
Solar Thermal Electric
Solar Water Heat
Yes
Denver - Solar Access (Colorado) Solar/Wind Access Policy Colorado Residential
Construction
Passive Solar Space Heat
Solar Water Heat
Photovoltaics
No
Energy Strategy (Prince Edward Island, Canada) Industry Recruitment/Support
Renewables Portfolio Standards and Goals
Solar/Wind Access Policy
Prince Edward Island Commercial
Developer
General Public/Consumer
Industrial
Institutional
Investor-Owned Utility
Local Government
Low-Income Residential
Multi-Family Residential
Municipal/Public Utility
Nonprofit
Residential
Schools
State/Provincial Govt
Utility
Biomass/Biogas
Geothermal Electric
Nuclear
Photovoltaics
Wind energy
Yes
Marin County - Solar Access Code (California) Solar/Wind Access Policy California Commercial
Industrial
Residential
Passive Solar Space Heat Yes
New Hampshire - Proper Municipal Regulations to Encourage Renewable Energy and Energy Conservation (New Hampshire) Solar/Wind Access Policy New Hampshire Local Government Passive Solar Space Heat
Solar Water Heat
Photovoltaics
Wind energy
No
Omnibus Energy Bill of 2013 (Maine) Climate Policies
Generating Facility Rate-Making
Green Power Purchasing
Interconnection
Line Extension Analysis
Loan Program
Public Benefits Fund
Renewables Portfolio Standards and Goals
Solar/Wind Access Policy
Siting and Permitting
Maine Agricultural
Commercial
Construction
Developer
Fed. Government
Fuel Distributor
General Public/Consumer
Industrial
Installer/Contractor
Institutional
Investor-Owned Utility
Local Government
Low-Income Residential
Multi-Family Residential
Municipal/Public Utility
Nonprofit
Residential
Retail Supplier
Rural Electric Cooperative
Schools
State/Provincial Govt
Systems Integrator
Transportation
Tribal Government
Utility
Biomass/Biogas
Energy Storage
Geothermal Electric
Natural Gas
Nuclear
Tidal Energy
Wave Energy
Wind energy
Yes
Palo Alto - Solar Access (California) Solar/Wind Access Policy California Local Government Passive Solar Space Heat
Solar Water Heat
Solar Space Heat
Solar Thermal Electric
Photovoltaics
No
Portland - Solar Access Permit (Oregon) Solar/Wind Access Policy Oregon Commercial
Industrial
Residential
Schools
Local Government
Construction
State Government
Fed. Government
Passive Solar Space Heat
Solar Water Heat
Solar Space Heat
Solar Thermal Electric
Photovoltaics
No
Record is corrupted - don't delete (California) Solar/Wind Access Policy California Local Government Passive Solar Space Heat
Solar Water Heat
Solar Space Heat
Solar Thermal Electric
Photovoltaics
No
Renewable Energy Act (Prince Edward Island, Canada) Equipment Certification
Renewables Portfolio Standards and Goals
Solar/Wind Access Policy
Prince Edward Island Commercial
Developer
General Public/Consumer
Industrial
Installer/Contractor
Institutional
Investor-Owned Utility
Local Government
Low-Income Residential
Municipal/Public Utility
Residential
Rural Electric Cooperative
Schools
State/Provincial Govt
Utility
Biomass/Biogas
Geothermal Electric
Photovoltaics
Wind energy
Yes
Renewable Energy Easements & Rights Laws (Florida) Solar/Wind Access Policy Florida Commercial
Industrial
Residential
Passive Solar Space Heat
Photovoltaics
Solar Water Heat
Wind energy
Yes
Renewable Energy Rights (Vermont) Solar/Wind Access Policy Vermont Commercial
Industrial
Residential
Passive Solar Space Heat
Photovoltaics
Solar Space Heat
Solar Water Heat
Wind energy
Yes
Residential Solar Rights (New Jersey) Solar/Wind Access Policy New Jersey Residential Photovoltaics
Solar Space Heat
Solar Water Heat
Yes
Santa Cruz - Solar Access Ordinance (California) Solar/Wind Access Policy California Commercial
Industrial
Residential
Daylighting
Passive Solar Space Heat
Photovoltaics
Solar Pool Heating
Solar Space Heat
Solar Thermal Process Heat
Solar Water Heat
No
Santa Cruz County - Solar Access Protection (California) Solar/Wind Access Policy California Commercial
Industrial
Residential
Yes
Small Wind Access Law (California) Solar/Wind Access Policy California Commercial
Residential
Agricultural
Wind energy No
Solar Easement and the Solar Shade Control Act (California) Solar/Wind Access Policy California Commercial
Industrial
Residential
Passive Solar Space Heat
Photovoltaics
Solar Pool Heating
Solar Space Heat
Solar Thermal Electric
Solar Thermal Process Heat
Solar Water Heat
Yes
Solar Easements & Local Option Solar Rights Laws (New York) Solar/Wind Access Policy New York Agricultural
Commercial
Fed. Government
Industrial
Institutional
Local Government
Nonprofit
Residential
Schools
State Government
Passive Solar Space Heat
Photovoltaics
Solar Space Heat
Solar Thermal Electric
Solar Thermal Process Heat
Solar Water Heat
Yes
Solar Easements & Local Option Solar Rights Laws (Utah) Solar/Wind Access Policy Utah Commercial
Fed. Government
Industrial
Local Government
Nonprofit
Residential
Schools
State Government
Passive Solar Space Heat
Photovoltaics
Solar Space Heat
Solar Thermal Electric
Solar Thermal Process Heat
Solar Water Heat
Yes
Solar Easements & Rights Laws (Indiana) Solar/Wind Access Policy Indiana Commercial
Fed. Government
Industrial
Local Government
Nonprofit
Residential
Schools
State Government
Passive Solar Space Heat
Photovoltaics
Solar Space Heat
Solar Thermal Electric
Solar Thermal Process Heat
Solar Water Heat
Yes
Solar Easements & Rights Laws (Maryland) Solar/Wind Access Policy Maryland Agricultural
Commercial
Construction
Fed. Government
Industrial
Local Government
Nonprofit
Residential
State Government
Passive Solar Space Heat
Photovoltaics
Solar Pool Heating
Solar Space Heat
Solar Water Heat
Yes
Solar Easements & Rights Laws (Massachusetts) Solar/Wind Access Policy Massachusetts Commercial
Fed. Government
Industrial
Local Government
Nonprofit
Residential
Schools
State Government
Passive Solar Space Heat
Photovoltaics
Solar Space Heat
Solar Thermal Electric
Solar Thermal Process Heat
Solar Water Heat
Yes
Solar Easements & Rights Laws (Missouri) Solar/Wind Access Policy Missouri Commercial
Fed. Government
Industrial
Local Government
Nonprofit
Residential
Schools
State Government
Passive Solar Space Heat
Photovoltaics
Solar Space Heat
Solar Thermal Electric
Solar Thermal Process Heat
Solar Water Heat
Yes
Solar Easements & Rights Laws (New Mexico) Solar/Wind Access Policy New Mexico Commercial
Fed. Government
Industrial
Local Government
Nonprofit
Residential
Schools
State Government
Passive Solar Space Heat
Photovoltaics
Solar Pool Heating
Solar Space Heat
Solar Thermal Electric
Solar Thermal Process Heat
Solar Water Heat
Yes
Solar Easements & Rights Laws (Washington) Solar/Wind Access Policy Washington Agricultural
Commercial
Fed. Government
Industrial
Institutional
Local Government
Nonprofit
Residential
Schools
State Government
Passive Solar Space Heat
Photovoltaics
Solar Space Heat
Solar Thermal Electric
Solar Thermal Process Heat
Solar Water Heat
Yes
Solar Easements (Alaska) Solar/Wind Access Policy Alaska Commercial
Industrial
Residential
Passive Solar Space Heat
Photovoltaics
Solar Space Heat
Solar Thermal Electric
Solar Water Heat
Yes
Solar Easements (Georgia) Solar/Wind Access Policy Georgia Commercial
Fed. Government
Industrial
Local Government
Nonprofit
Residential
Schools
State Government
Photovoltaics
Solar Space Heat
Solar Thermal Electric
Solar Thermal Process Heat
Solar Water Heat
Yes
Solar Easements (Idaho) Solar/Wind Access Policy Idaho Commercial
Residential
Photovoltaics
Solar Space Heat
Solar Thermal Electric
Solar Water Heat
Yes
Solar Easements (Iowa) Solar/Wind Access Policy Iowa Commercial
Fed. Government
Industrial
Local Government
Nonprofit
Residential
Schools
State Government
Passive Solar Space Heat
Photovoltaics
Solar Space Heat
Solar Thermal Electric
Solar Water Heat
Yes
Solar Easements (Kansas) Solar/Wind Access Policy Kansas Commercial
Fed. Government
Industrial
Local Government
Nonprofit
Residential
State Government
Passive Solar Space Heat
Photovoltaics
Solar Pool Heating
Solar Space Heat
Solar Thermal Electric
Solar Thermal Process Heat
Solar Water Heat
Yes
Solar Easements (Kentucky) Solar/Wind Access Policy Kentucky Commercial
Fed. Government
Industrial
Local Government
Nonprofit
Residential
Schools
State Government
Daylighting
Passive Solar Space Heat
Photovoltaics
Solar Pool Heating
Solar Space Heat
Solar Thermal Process Heat
Solar Water Heat
Yes
Solar Easements (Maine) Solar/Wind Access Policy Maine Commercial
Fed. Government
Industrial
Local Government
Nonprofit
Residential
Schools
State Government
Passive Solar Space Heat
Photovoltaics
Solar Space Heat
Solar Thermal Electric
Solar Water Heat
Yes
Solar Easements (New Hampshire) Solar/Wind Access Policy New Hampshire Commercial
Fed. Government
Industrial
Local Government
Nonprofit
Residential
Schools
State Government
Passive Solar Space Heat
Photovoltaics
Solar Space Heat
Solar Thermal Electric
Solar Water Heat
Yes
Solar Easements (New Jersey) Solar/Wind Access Policy New Jersey Commercial
Fed. Government
Industrial
Institutional
Local Government
Nonprofit
Residential
Schools
State Government
Passive Solar Space Heat
Photovoltaics
Solar Space Heat
Solar Thermal Electric
Solar Thermal Process Heat
Solar Water Heat
Yes
Solar Easements (North Dakota) Solar/Wind Access Policy North Dakota Commercial
Fed. Government
Industrial
Local Government
Nonprofit
Residential
Schools
State Government
Passive Solar Space Heat
Photovoltaics
Solar Space Heat
Solar Thermal Electric
Solar Thermal Process Heat
Solar Water Heat
Yes
Solar Easements (Ohio) Solar/Wind Access Policy Ohio Commercial
Fed. Government
Industrial
Local Government
Nonprofit
Residential
Schools
State Government
Passive Solar Space Heat
Photovoltaics
Solar Space Heat
Solar Water Heat
Yes
Solar Easements (Rhode Island) Solar/Wind Access Policy Rhode Island Commercial
Fed. Government
Industrial
Local Government
Nonprofit
Residential
Schools
State Government
Passive Solar Space Heat
Photovoltaics
Solar Pool Heating
Solar Space Heat
Solar Thermal Electric
Solar Thermal Process Heat
Solar Water Heat
Yes
Solar Easements (Tennessee) Solar/Wind Access Policy Tennessee Commercial
Fed. Government
Industrial
Local Government
Nonprofit
Residential
Schools
State Government
Passive Solar Space Heat
Photovoltaics
Solar Pool Heating
Solar Space Heat
Solar Thermal Electric
Solar Thermal Process Heat
Solar Water Heat
Yes
Solar Easements (Virginia) Solar/Wind Access Policy Virginia Agricultural
Commercial
Fed. Government
Industrial
Institutional
Local Government
Nonprofit
Residential
Schools
State Government
Passive Solar Space Heat
Photovoltaics
Solar Pool Heating
Solar Space Heat
Solar Water Heat
Yes
Solar Rights Solar/Wind Access Policy West Virginia Residential Photovoltaics
Solar Pool Heating
Solar Space Heat
Solar Thermal Electric
Solar Water Heat
Yes
Solar Rights (Arizona) Solar/Wind Access Policy Arizona Residential Daylighting
Passive Solar Space Heat
Photovoltaics
Solar Pool Heating
Solar Space Heat
Solar Thermal Electric
Solar Water Heat
Yes
Solar Rights (Hawaii) Solar/Wind Access Policy Hawaii Residential Passive Solar Space Heat
Photovoltaics
Solar Space Heat
Solar Water Heat
Yes
Solar Rights (Louisiana) Solar/Wind Access Policy Louisiana Commercial
Fed. Government
Industrial
Local Government
Nonprofit
Residential
Schools
State Government
Daylighting
Passive Solar Space Heat
Photovoltaics
Solar Pool Heating
Solar Space Heat
Solar Water Heat
Yes
Solar Rights (Maine) Solar/Wind Access Policy Maine Multi-Family Residential
Residential
Passive Solar Space Heat
Photovoltaics
Solar Pool Heating
Solar Space Heat
Solar Water Heat
Yes
Solar Rights (North Carolina) Solar/Wind Access Policy North Carolina Multi-Family Residential
Residential
Passive Solar Space Heat
Photovoltaics
Solar Pool Heating
Solar Space Heat
Solar Thermal Process Heat
Solar Water Heat
Yes
Solar Rights (Texas) Solar/Wind Access Policy Texas Residential Photovoltaics
Solar Pool Heating
Solar Space Heat
Solar Water Heat
Yes
Solar Rights (Virginia) Solar/Wind Access Policy Virginia Low-Income Residential
Multi-Family Residential
Residential
Passive Solar Space Heat
Photovoltaics
Solar Pool Heating
Solar Water Heat
Yes
Solar Rights Act (California) Solar/Wind Access Policy California Agricultural
Commercial
Fed. Government
Industrial
Local Government
Nonprofit
Residential
Schools
State Government
Passive Solar Space Heat
Photovoltaics
Solar Pool Heating
Solar Space Heat
Solar Thermal Electric
Solar Thermal Process Heat
Solar Water Heat
Yes
Solar Rights Law (Delaware) Solar/Wind Access Policy Delaware Residential Photovoltaics Yes
Solar and Wind Easements & Local Option Rights Laws (Minnesota) Solar/Wind Access Policy Minnesota Commercial
Fed. Government
Industrial
Local Government
Nonprofit
Residential
Schools
State Government
Passive Solar Space Heat
Photovoltaics
Solar Space Heat
Solar Thermal Electric
Solar Thermal Process Heat
Solar Water Heat
Wind energy
Yes
Solar and Wind Easements & Rights Laws & Local Option Solar Rights Law (Oregon) Solar/Wind Access Policy Oregon Agricultural
Commercial
Fed. Government
Industrial
Institutional
Local Government
Nonprofit
Residential
Schools
State Government
Passive Solar Space Heat
Photovoltaics
Solar Pool Heating
Solar Space Heat
Solar Thermal Electric
Solar Thermal Process Heat
Solar Water Heat
Wind energy
Yes
Solar and Wind Easements & Rights Laws (Nevada) Solar/Wind Access Policy Nevada Commercial
Fed. Government
Industrial
Local Government
Nonprofit
Residential
Schools
State Government
Photovoltaics
Solar Space Heat
Solar Thermal Electric
Solar Thermal Process Heat
Solar Water Heat
Wind energy
Yes
Solar and Wind Easements (Montana) Solar/Wind Access Policy Montana Commercial
Fed. Government
Industrial
Local Government
Nonprofit
Residential
Schools
State Government
Passive Solar Space Heat
Photovoltaics
Solar Space Heat
Solar Thermal Electric
Solar Thermal Process Heat
Solar Water Heat
Wind energy
Yes
Solar and Wind Easements and Local Option Rights Laws (Nebraska) Solar/Wind Access Policy Nebraska Commercial
Fed. Government
Industrial
Local Government
Nonprofit
Residential
Schools
State Government
Passive Solar Space Heat
Photovoltaics
Solar Space Heat
Solar Thermal Electric
Solar Thermal Process Heat
Solar Water Heat
Wind energy
Yes
Solar and Wind Rights Solar/Wind Access Policy Illinois Residential Daylighting
Passive Solar Space Heat
Photovoltaics
Solar Pool Heating
Solar Space Heat
Solar Water Heat
Wind energy
Yes
Solar and Wind Rights (Wisconsin) Solar/Wind Access Policy Wisconsin Commercial
Fed. Government
General Public/Consumer
Industrial
Local Government
Nonprofit
Residential
Schools
State Government
Passive Solar Space Heat
Photovoltaics
Solar Space Heat
Solar Thermal Electric
Solar Thermal Process Heat
Solar Water Heat
Wind energy
Yes
Solar, Wind, and Energy Efficiency Easements and Rights Laws (Colorado) Solar/Wind Access Policy Colorado Residential Lighting
Passive Solar Space Heat
Photovoltaics
Solar Space Heat
Solar Water Heat
Wind energy
Yes
Town of Chapel Hill - Land-Use Management Ordinance (North Carolina) Solar/Wind Access Policy North Carolina Residential Photovoltaics
Solar Space Heat
Solar Water Heat
Yes
U.S. Virgin Islands - Solar and Wind Easements & Rights Laws (Virgin Islands) Solar/Wind Access Policy United States Virgin Islands Commercial
Fed. Government
Industrial
Institutional
Local Government
Nonprofit
Residential
Schools
State Government
Photovoltaics
Small Wind
Solar Space Heat
Solar Water Heat
Wind energy
Yes
Wind Easements (North Dakota) Solar/Wind Access Policy North Dakota Agricultural
Fed. Government
Institutional
Local Government
Nonprofit
Residential
Schools
State Government
Tribal Government
Wind energy Yes
Wind Easements (South Dakota) Solar/Wind Access Policy South Dakota Agricultural
Fed. Government
Institutional
Local Government
Nonprofit
Residential
Schools
State Government
Tribal Government
Wind energy Yes
Wind Energy Act (Maine) Solar/Wind Access Policy
Siting and Permitting
Maine Developer
Utility
Agricultural
Commercial
Construction
Fed. Government
Fuel Distributor
General Public/Consumer
Industrial
Installer/Contractor
Institutional
Investor-Owned Utility
Local Government
Low-Income Residential
Multi-Family Residential
Municipal/Public Utility
Nonprofit
Residential
Retail Supplier
Rural Electric Cooperative
Schools
State/Provincial Govt
Systems Integrator
Transportation
Tribal Government
Wind energy Yes


References

  1. DSIRE Glossary