Solar/Wind Permitting Standards

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Permitting standards can facilitate the installation of wind and solar energy systems by specifying the conditions and fees involved in project development. Some local governments have adopted simplified or expedited permitting standards for wind and/or solar. “Top-of-the-stack” or fast-track permitting saves system owners and project developers time and money. Some states have established maximum fees that local governments may charge for a permit for a solar or wind energy system. In addition, some states have developed (or have supported the development of) model wind ordinances for use by local governments. [1]


Solar/Wind Permitting Standards Incentives

Incentive Incentive Type Place Applicable Sector Eligible Technologies Active
Ashe County - Wind Energy System Ordinance (North Carolina) Solar/Wind Permitting Standards North Carolina Agricultural
Commercial
Industrial
Institutional
Investor-Owned Utility
Local Government
Multi-Family Residential
Municipal Utility
Nonprofit
Residential
Rural Electric Cooperative
Schools
State Government
Tribal Government
Utility
Wind Yes
Broward County Online Solar Permitting (Florida) Solar/Wind Permitting Standards Florida Commercial
Residential
Photovoltaics Yes
Camden County - Wind Energy Systems Ordinance (North Carolina) Solar/Wind Permitting Standards North Carolina Agricultural
Commercial
Industrial
Institutional
Local Government
Nonprofit
Residential
Schools
State Government
Tribal Government
Utility
Wind Yes
Carteret County - Wind Energy Facility Ordinance (North Carolina) Solar/Wind Permitting Standards North Carolina Commercial
Industrial
Residential
Nonprofit
Schools
Local Government
Utility
State Government
Tribal Government
Multi-Family Residential
Agricultural
Institutional
Wind No
Carteret County - Wind Energy System Ordinance (North Carolina) Solar/Wind Permitting Standards North Carolina Agricultural
Commercial
General Public/Consumer
Industrial
Institutional
Local Government
Multi-Family Residential
Residential
Schools
State Government
Wind Yes
City and County of Denver - Solar Panel Permitting (Colorado) Solar/Wind Permitting Standards Colorado Commercial
Construction
General Public/Consumer
Industrial
Low-Income Residential
Multi-Family Residential
Residential
Photovoltaics
Solar Water Heat
Yes
City of Oakland - Self Certification for Renewables (California) Solar/Wind Permitting Standards California Commercial
Industrial
Residential
Solar Water Heat
Photovoltaics
Wind
Solar Pool Heating
No
City of Portland - Streamlined Building Permits for Residential Solar Systems (Oregon) Solar/Wind Permitting Standards Solar/Wind Permitting Standards Oregon Commercial
Residential
Photovoltaics
Solar Water Heat
Yes
City of San Jose - Photovoltaic Permit Requirements (California) Solar/Wind Permitting Standards California Commercial
Construction
Industrial
Installer/Contractor
Multi-Family Residential
Residential
Photovoltaics Yes
Clark County - Solar and Wind Building Permit Guides (Nevada) Solar/Wind Permitting Standards Nevada Commercial
Residential
Photovoltaics
Wind
Yes
County Wind Ordinance Standards (California) Solar/Wind Permitting Standards California Agricultural
Commercial
Industrial
Local Government
Residential
Wind Yes
Currituck County - Wind Energy Systems Ordinance (North Carolina) Solar/Wind Permitting Standards North Carolina Agricultural
Commercial
Industrial
Institutional
Nonprofit
Residential
Schools
Utility
Wind Yes
Expedited Permitting Process for Solar Photovoltaic Systems (Vermont) Solar/Wind Permitting Standards Vermont Agricultural
Commercial
Low-Income Residential
Multi-Family Residential
Nonprofit
Residential
Photovoltaics Yes
Guidance for Local Wind Energy Ordinances (New York) Solar/Wind Permitting Standards New York Agricultural
Commercial
Fed. Government
Industrial
Institutional
Local Government
Nonprofit
Residential
Schools
State Government
Tribal Government
Wind Yes
Guidelines for Solar and Wind Local Ordinances (Virginia) Solar/Wind Permitting Standards Virginia Agricultural
Commercial
Fed. Government
General Public/Consumer
Industrial
Installer/Contractor
Investor-Owned Utility
Local Government
Low-Income Residential
Multi-Family Residential
Municipal Utility
Nonprofit
Residential
Rural Electric Cooperative
Schools
State Government
Tribal Government
Utility
Photovoltaics
Wind
Yes
Hyde County - Wind Energy Facility Ordinance (North Carolina) Solar/Wind Permitting Standards North Carolina Agricultural
Commercial
Industrial
Institutional
Local Government
Multi-Family Residential
Nonprofit
Residential
Schools
State Government
Tribal Government
Utility
Wind Yes
Local Option - Building Permit Fee Waivers for Renewable Energy Projects (Connecticut) Solar/Wind Permitting Standards Connecticut Agricultural
Commercial
Construction
Fed. Government
General Public/Consumer
Industrial
Installer/Contractor
Institutional
Local Government
Low-Income Residential
Multi-Family Residential
Nonprofit
Residential
Schools
State Government
Tribal Government
Biomass
Fuel Cells
Fuel Cells using Renewable Fuels
Hydroelectric energy
Landfill Gas
Ocean Thermal
Photovoltaics
Small Hydroelectric
Tidal Energy
Wave Energy
Wind
Yes
Madison County - Wind Energy Systems Ordinance (North Carolina) Solar/Wind Permitting Standards North Carolina Agricultural
Commercial
Industrial
Residential
Wind Yes
Maricopa Assn. of Governments - PV and Solar Domestic Water Heating Permitting Standards (Arizona) Solar/Wind Permitting Standards Arizona Commercial
Construction
Installer/Contractor
Residential
Photovoltaics
Solar Water Heat
Yes
Maricopa County - Renewable Energy Systems Zoning Ordinance Solar/Wind Permitting Standards Arizona Commercial
Industrial
Residential
Biomass
Hydroelectric energy
Landfill Gas
Other Distributed Generation Technologies
Photovoltaics
Solar Water Heat
Unspecified technologies
Wind
Yes
Model As-of Right Zoning Ordinance or Bylaw: Allowing Use of Large-Scale Solar Energy Facilities (Massachusetts) Solar/Wind Permitting Standards Massachusetts Local Government Photovoltaics Yes
Model As-of Right Zoning Ordinance or Bylaw: Allowing Use of Wind Energy Facilities (Massachusetts) Solar/Wind Permitting Standards Massachusetts Agricultural
Commercial
Fed. Government
Industrial
Institutional
Local Government
Nonprofit
Residential
Schools
State Government
Wind Yes
Model Ordinance for Permitting of Small Wind Facilities (Massachusetts) Solar/Wind Permitting Standards Massachusetts Commercial
Industrial
Residential
Nonprofit
Schools
Local Government
State Government
Fed. Government
Agricultural
Institutional
Wind No
Model Ordinance for Renewable Energy Projects (Oregon) Solar/Wind Permitting Standards Oregon Agricultural
Commercial
Fed. Government
Industrial
Institutional
Local Government
Nonprofit
Residential
Schools
State Government
Anaerobic Digestion
Biodiesel
Biomass
CHP/Cogeneration
Geothermal Electric
Photovoltaics
Solar Thermal Electric
Wind
Yes
Model Ordinance for Siting of Wind-Energy Systems (South Dakota) Solar/Wind Permitting Standards South Dakota Agricultural
Fed. Government
Institutional
Local Government
Nonprofit
Residential
Schools
State Government
Wind Yes
Model Ordinance for Wind Energy Systems (Michigan) Solar/Wind Permitting Standards Michigan Agricultural
Commercial
Fed. Government
Industrial
Institutional
Local Government
Nonprofit
Residential
Schools
State Government
Wind No
Model Wind Energy Facility Ordinance (Maine) Solar/Wind Permitting Standards Maine Agricultural
Commercial
Fed. Government
Industrial
Institutional
Local Government
Nonprofit
Residential
Schools
State Government
Wind Yes
Model Wind Ordinance (North Carolina) Solar/Wind Permitting Standards North Carolina Agricultural
Commercial
Fed. Government
Industrial
Institutional
Local Government
Nonprofit
Residential
Schools
State Government
Utility
Wind Yes
Model Wind Ordinance for Local Governments (Pennsylvania) Solar/Wind Permitting Standards Pennsylvania Agricultural
Commercial
Fed. Government
Industrial
Institutional
Local Government
Nonprofit
Schools
State Government
Wind Yes
Orange County - Small Wind Energy Systems Solar/Wind Permitting Standards California Agricultural
Commercial
Residential
Small Wind
Wind
Yes
Permits and Variances for Solar Panels, Calculation of Impervious Cover (Maryland) Solar/Wind Permitting Standards Maryland Agricultural
Commercial
Industrial
Institutional
Local Government
Nonprofit
Residential
Schools
State Government
Photovoltaics
Solar Thermal Process Heat
Solar Water Heat
Yes
Pike County - Wind Turbine Siting Standards (Illinois) Solar/Wind Permitting Standards Illinois Commercial
Residential
Nonprofit
Schools
Local Government
Utility
Agricultural
Institutional
Wind No
Pitt County - Wind Energy Systems Ordinance (North Carolina) Solar/Wind Permitting Standards North Carolina Commercial
Residential
Wind Yes
Requirements for Wind Development (Oklahoma) Solar/Wind Permitting Standards Oklahoma Commercial
Construction
Industrial
Installer/Contractor
Utility
Wind Yes
Rockbridge County - Small Wind Energy Ordinance (Virginia) Solar/Wind Permitting Standards Virginia Commercial
Industrial
Residential
General Public/Consumer
Local Government
Agricultural
Wind No
Rockingham County - Small Wind Ordinance (Virginia) Solar/Wind Permitting Standards Virginia Agricultural
Commercial
Construction
Industrial
Institutional
Local Government
Nonprofit
Residential
Schools
Wind Yes
San Diego County - Solar Regulations (California) Solar/Wind Permitting Standards California Commercial
Industrial
Residential
Photovoltaics Yes
San Diego County - Wind Regulations (California) Solar/Wind Permitting Standards California Commercial
Industrial
Residential
Wind Yes
Santa Clara County - Zoning Ordinance (California) Solar/Wind Permitting Standards California Agricultural
Commercial
Residential
Photovoltaics
Wind
Yes
Seattle - Priority Green Permitting (Washington) Solar/Wind Permitting Standards Washington Commercial
Industrial
Residential
Construction
Installer/Contractor
Multi-Family Residential
Comprehensive Measures/Whole Building
Custom/Others pending approval
Passive Solar Space Heat
Solar Water Heat
Solar Space Heat
Photovoltaics
Biomass
Geothermal Electric
CHP/Cogeneration
Daylighting
Small Hydroelectric
Wind
No
Small Wind Innovation Zone Program and Model Ordinance Solar/Wind Permitting Standards Iowa Institutional
Local Government
Schools
State Government
Utility
Wind Yes
Solar Construction Permitting Standards (Arizona) Solar/Wind Permitting Standards Arizona Agricultural
Commercial
General Public/Consumer
Industrial
Local Government
Nonprofit
Residential
Photovoltaics
Solar Water Heat
Yes
Solar Construction Permitting Standards (California) Solar/Wind Permitting Standards California Commercial
Industrial
Local Government
Residential
Photovoltaics
Solar Space Heat
Solar Water Heat
Yes
Solar Construction Permitting Standards (Colorado) Solar/Wind Permitting Standards Colorado Agricultural
Commercial
General Public/Consumer
Industrial
Local Government
Nonprofit
Residential
Photovoltaics
Solar Water Heat
Yes
Solar Permitting Law (Oregon) Solar/Wind Permitting Standards Oregon Commercial
Multi-Family Residential
Residential
Photovoltaics
Solar Water Heat
Yes
Solar and Wind Permitting Laws (New Jersey) Solar/Wind Permitting Standards New Jersey Commercial
Industrial
Nonprofit
Residential
Schools
Photovoltaics
Solar Thermal Electric
Wind
Yes
Standards for Municipal Small Wind Regulations and Model Ordinance (New Hampshire) Solar/Wind Permitting Standards New Hampshire Agricultural
Commercial
Fed. Government
Industrial
Institutional
Local Government
Nonprofit
Residential
Schools
State Government
Tribal Government
Utility
Wind Yes
Statewide Renewable Energy Setback Standards (Illinois) Solar/Wind Permitting Standards Illinois Agricultural
Commercial
Fed. Government
Industrial
Institutional
Local Government
Nonprofit
Residential
Schools
State Government
Photovoltaics
Solar Water Heat
Wind
Yes
Town of Kill Devil Hills - Wind Energy Systems Ordinance (North Carolina) Solar/Wind Permitting Standards North Carolina Agricultural
Commercial
Industrial
Institutional
Local Government
Nonprofit
Residential
Schools
Wind Yes
Tyrrell County - Wind Energy Facility Ordinance (North Carolina) Solar/Wind Permitting Standards North Carolina Agricultural
Commercial
Industrial
Institutional
Local Government
Multi-Family Residential
Nonprofit
Residential
Schools
State Government
Tribal Government
Utility
Wind Yes
Watauga County - Wind Energy System Ordinance (North Carolina) Solar/Wind Permitting Standards North Carolina Agricultural
Commercial
Industrial
Institutional
Local Government
Nonprofit
Residential
Schools
Tribal Government
Utility
Wind Yes
Wind Access and Permitting Law (Delaware) Solar/Wind Permitting Standards Delaware Residential Wind Yes
Wind Energy Permitting Standards (North Carolina) Solar/Wind Permitting Standards North Carolina Commercial
Installer/Contractor
Systems Integrator
Wind Yes
Wind Energy Permitting Standards (Wyoming) Solar/Wind Permitting Standards Wyoming Commercial
Construction
Industrial
Installer/Contractor
Wind Yes
Wind Siting Rules and Model Small Wind Ordinance (Wisconsin) Solar/Wind Permitting Standards Wisconsin Commercial
General Public/Consumer
Industrial
Local Government
Nonprofit
Residential
Schools
State Government
Small Wind
Wind
Yes

All Solar and Wind Permitting Standards

References

  1. DSIRE Glossary