Shallow Submarine And Subaerial, Low-Enthalpy Hydrothermal Manifestations In Punta Banda, Baja California, Mexico- Geophysical And Geochemical Characterization

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Journal Article: Shallow Submarine And Subaerial, Low-Enthalpy Hydrothermal Manifestations In Punta Banda, Baja California, Mexico- Geophysical And Geochemical Characterization

Abstract
The low-enthalpy geothermal system at Punta Banda (NW Baja California Peninsula, Mexico) has been studied because it might provide heat to future desalination plants in the city of Ensenada. Utilization of subaerial, intertidal and submarine hot springs is evaluated based on geochemical and geophysical data. The results of the geochemical studies show that the geothermal fluids have a major meteoric water component because seawater is not present at the subaerial springs and hot wells. The highest estimated reservoir temperature (140°C) calculated using a silica geothermometer corresponds to the Agua Caliente intertidal manifestation, a promising area also identified by geophysics. Geothermometric calculations applied to the computed composition of the thermal end member yield a reservoir temperature of 137°C. Cl/B ratios indicate that the thermal fluids discharged by the intertidal vents and subaerial springs are similar, but they differ from those of submarine vents. Geoelectrical models depict an anomalous conductive trend from the La Jolla well to the Agua Caliente manifestation, suggesting the presence of a fault that allows upflow of hot water from depth. Lastly, integration of geochemical and geophysical data identified the best site for future exploration drilling at Punta Banda.

Authors 
Claudia Arango-Galvan, Rosa Maria Prol-Ledesma, Elsa Leticia Flores-Marquez, Carles Canet and Ruth Esther Villanueva Estrada








Published Journal 
Geothermics, Date Not Provided





DOI 
10.1016/j.geothermics.2011.03.002


 

Citation

Claudia Arango-Galvan,Rosa Maria Prol-Ledesma,Elsa Leticia Flores-Marquez,Carles Canet,Ruth Esther Villanueva Estrada. . Shallow Submarine And Subaerial, Low-Enthalpy Hydrothermal Manifestations In Punta Banda, Baja California, Mexico- Geophysical And Geochemical Characterization. Geothermics. (!) .