Seismic Study Of The Mesozoic Carbonate Basement Around Mt Somma-Vesuvius, Italy

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Journal Article: Seismic Study Of The Mesozoic Carbonate Basement Around Mt Somma-Vesuvius, Italy

Abstract
Fifteen seismic reflection lines from AGIP surveys, in and around the Campanian Plain and Mt. Somma-Vesuvius (south Italy) have been interpreted. The attention has been focused to the horizon pertinent to the top of the Mesozoic carbonate sequence and the Quaternary faults dissecting it. As a matter of fact, both are very important elements for understanding the origin of the volcanic activity in the area, that often in the past, has been the topic of debates not supported by reliable data. In the study area, referring to the depth of the carbonate basement, comparison between the result achieved by the seismic prospecting and previous gravity studies has been made. It shows coherence in some areas but large discrepancy within others. Near the town of S. Anastasia, the gravity and seismic depth estimates differ as much as 1000 m or more. Furthermore, the seismic data show that the source of the greatest volcanic eruption in the area (the so-called 'Campanian Ignimbrite') is probably not located in the Acerra depression, as suggested by other authors. A main NE-SW fault directed toward Vesuvius, considered as playing a primary role on volcanogenetic processes and previously recognised only offshore by marine seismic survey, has been now identified also inland using this new seismic information. The results presented here strengthen the hypothesis that Mt. Vesuvius is located at the crossing point of two regional Quaternary sets of fault heading NW-SE and NE-SW.

Authors 
Pier Paolo G. Bruno, Giuseppe Cippitelli and Antonio Rapolla








Published Journal 
Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, 1998





DOI 
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Citation

Pier Paolo G. Bruno,Giuseppe Cippitelli,Antonio Rapolla. 1998. Seismic Study Of The Mesozoic Carbonate Basement Around Mt Somma-Vesuvius, Italy. Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research. (!) .