Rural Energy Services Best Practices
"The rural electricity market is very complex in South Asia. This is due to fact that the traditional model of utility-based centralized grid extension cannot cover the entire population for demographic and economic reasons. To some extent the gap in providing rural electrification has been filled by the private sector, non-governmental organizations and cooperatives that have successfully developed alternative models with decentralized technologies like solar PV, micro hydro systems and rural grid extension. Other technologies such as wind, biomass and biogas also have a role to play in providing rural electrification. These are demand driven, customer centered and more sustainable. The rural electric cooperative approaches in Bangladesh and India are a variation of the utility grid model where the difference is having the rural communities participate actively in the process."