Renewables Portfolio Standard

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Renewable portfolio standards (RPS) require utilities to use renewable energy or renewable energy credits (RECs) to account for a certain percentage of their retail electricity sales -- or a certain amount of generating capacity -- according to a specified schedule. (Renewable portfolio goals are similar to RPS policies, but renewable portfolio goals are not legally binding.) Most U.S. states have established an RPS. The term “set-aside” or “carve-out” refers to a provision within an RPS that requires utilities to use a specific renewable resource (usually solar energy) to account for a certain percentage of their retail electricity sales (or a certain amount of generating capacity) within a specified timeframe. [1]


Renewables Portfolio Standard Incentives

Incentive Incentive Type Place Applicable Sector Eligible Technologies Active
Alternative Energy Law (AEL) (Iowa) Renewables Portfolio Standard Iowa Investor-Owned Utility Anaerobic Digestion
Biomass
Hydroelectric energy
Landfill Gas
Municipal Solid Waste
Photovoltaics
Solar Thermal Electric
Wind
Yes
Alternative Energy Portfolio Standard Renewables Portfolio Standard Ohio Investor-Owned Utility
Retail Supplier
CHP/Cogeneration
Anaerobic Digestion
Biomass
Fuel Cells
Geothermal Electric
Hydroelectric energy
Landfill Gas
Microturbines
Municipal Solid Waste
Photovoltaics
Solar Thermal Electric
Coal with CCS
Energy Storage
Nuclear
Wind
Natural Gas
Yes
Alternative Energy Portfolio Standard (Pennsylvania) Renewables Portfolio Standard Pennsylvania Investor-Owned Utility
Retail Supplier
Building Insulation
Ceiling Fan
Central Air conditioners
Chillers
Clothes Washers
Custom/Others pending approval
Dehumidifiers
Dishwasher
Duct/Air sealing
Heat pumps
Lighting
Lighting Controls/Sensors
Motor VFDs
Programmable Thermostats
Refrigerators
Windows
Anaerobic Digestion
Biomass
CHP/Cogeneration
Fuel Cells
Fuel Cells using Renewable Fuels
Geothermal Electric
Ground Source Heat Pumps
Hydroelectric energy
Landfill Gas
Municipal Solid Waste
Other Distributed Generation Technologies
Photovoltaics
Solar Space Heat
Solar Thermal Electric
Solar Thermal Process Heat
Solar Water Heat
Wind
Coal with CCS
Yes
Alternative and Renewable Energy Portfolio Standard (West Virginia) Renewables Portfolio Standard West Virginia Investor-Owned Utility
Retail Supplier
Anaerobic Digestion
Biodiesel
Biomass
CHP/Cogeneration
Fuel Cells
Geothermal Electric
Hydroelectric energy
Landfill Gas
Municipal Solid Waste
Photovoltaics
Small Hydroelectric
Solar Thermal Electric
Coal with CCS
Natural Gas
Wind
Yes
City of Austin - Renewables Portfolio Standard (Texas) Renewables Portfolio Standard Texas Municipal Utility Biomass
Geothermal Electric
Hydroelectric energy
Landfill Gas
Photovoltaics
Solar Thermal Electric
Tidal Energy
Wave Energy
Wind
Yes
Clean Energy Portfolio Goal Renewables Portfolio Standard Indiana Investor-Owned Utility
Retail Supplier
Utility
Heat recovery
Biomass
CHP/Cogeneration
Fuel Cells
Fuel Cells using Renewable Fuels
Geothermal Electric
Ground Source Heat Pumps
Hydroelectric energy
Hydrogen
Landfill Gas
Municipal Solid Waste
Photovoltaics
Solar Space Heat
Solar Thermal Electric
Solar Water Heat
Coal with CCS
Energy Storage
Natural Gas
Nuclear
Wind
Yes
Columbia - Renewables Portfolio Standard (Missouri) Renewables Portfolio Standard Missouri Municipal Utility Biomass
Geothermal Electric
Hydroelectric energy
Landfill Gas
Photovoltaics
Solar Space Heat
Solar Thermal Electric
Solar Thermal Process Heat
Solar Water Heat
Wind
Yes
Energy Portfolio Standard (Nevada) Renewables Portfolio Standard Nevada Investor-Owned Utility
Retail Supplier
Anaerobic Digestion
Biodiesel
Biomass
Geothermal Electric
Hydroelectric energy
Landfill Gas
Municipal Solid Waste
Photovoltaics
Solar Pool Heating
Solar Space Heat
Solar Thermal Electric
Solar Thermal Process Heat
Solar Water Heat
Wind
Yes
Fort Collins - Electric Energy Supply Policy (Colorado) Renewables Portfolio Standard Fort Collins, Colorado Utility No
Guam - Renewable Energy Portfolio Goal (Guam) Renewables Portfolio Standard Guam Investor-Owned Utility
Municipal Utility
Rural Electric Cooperative
Biomass
Ocean Thermal
Photovoltaics
Wave Energy
Wind
Yes
JEA - Clean Power Program (Florida) Renewables Portfolio Standard Florida Municipal Utility Biomass
Landfill Gas
Municipal Solid Waste
Photovoltaics
Wind
Yes
Lansing Board of Water and Light - Renewables Portfolio Goal (Michigan) Renewables Portfolio Standard Michigan Municipal Utility Photovoltaics
Landfill Gas
Biomass
Hydroelectric energy
Wind
No
Long Island Power Authority - Renewable Electricity Goal (New York) Renewables Portfolio Standard New York Municipal Utility Anaerobic Digestion
Biodiesel
Biomass
Ethanol
Fuel Cells
Fuel Cells using Renewable Fuels
Hydroelectric energy
Landfill Gas
Methanol
Ocean Thermal
Photovoltaics
Tidal Energy
Wave Energy
Wind
Yes
N. Mariana Islands - Renewables Portfolio Standard (N. Mariana Islands) Renewables Portfolio Standard N. Mariana Islands Utility Anaerobic Digestion
Biomass
Fuel Cells using Renewable Fuels
Geothermal Electric
Hydrogen
Landfill Gas
Municipal Solid Waste
Ocean Thermal
Photovoltaics
Renewable Fuels
Solar Space Heat
Solar Thermal Electric
Solar Water Heat
Wave Energy
Hydroelectric energy
Wind
Yes
Non-Mandated Renewable Energy Objective (Minnesota) Renewables Portfolio Standard Minnesota Utility Solar Thermal Electric
Photovoltaics
Landfill Gas
Wind
Biomass
Hydroelectric energy
Municipal Solid Waste
Hydrogen
No
Puerto Rico - Renewable Energy Portfolio Standard (Puerto Rico) Renewables Portfolio Standard Puerto Rico Utility Anaerobic Digestion
Biomass
Fuel Cells
Fuel Cells using Renewable Fuels
Geothermal Electric
Landfill Gas
Municipal Solid Waste
Ocean Thermal
Photovoltaics
Renewable Fuels
Small Hydroelectric
Small Wind
Tidal Energy
Wave Energy
Hydroelectric energy
Wind
Yes
Renewable Electricity Standard (Missouri) Renewables Portfolio Standard Missouri Investor-Owned Utility Anaerobic Digestion
Biomass
Ethanol
Fuel Cells using Renewable Fuels
Hydroelectric energy
Landfill Gas
Municipal Solid Waste
Photovoltaics
Small Hydroelectric
Solar Thermal Electric
Wind
Yes
Renewable Energy Goal (Oklahoma) Renewables Portfolio Standard Oklahoma Utility Biomass
Geothermal Electric
Landfill Gas
Other Distributed Generation Technologies
Photovoltaics
Small Hydroelectric
Solar Thermal Electric
Energy Storage
Hydroelectric energy
Wind
Hydrogen
Yes
Renewable Energy Portfolio Standard (Maryland) Renewables Portfolio Standard Maryland Investor-Owned Utility
Municipal Utility
Retail Supplier
Rural Electric Cooperative
Anaerobic Digestion
Biomass
Fuel Cells using Renewable Fuels
Geothermal Direct Use
Geothermal Electric
Ground Source Heat Pumps
Hydroelectric energy
Landfill Gas
Municipal Solid Waste
Ocean Thermal
Photovoltaics
Solar Thermal Electric
Solar Water Heat
Tidal Energy
Wave Energy
Wind
Yes
Renewable Energy Standard (Arizona) Renewables Portfolio Standard Arizona Investor-Owned Utility
Retail Supplier
Rural Electric Cooperative
Anaerobic Digestion
Biomass
CHP/Cogeneration
Fuel Cells using Renewable Fuels
Geothermal Electric
Ground Source Heat Pumps
Hydroelectric energy
Landfill Gas
Photovoltaics
Solar Space Heat
Solar Thermal Electric
Solar Thermal Process Heat
Solar Water Heat
Wind
Yes
Renewable Energy Standard (Colorado) Renewables Portfolio Standard Colorado Investor-Owned Utility
Municipal Utility
Rural Electric Cooperative
Anaerobic Digestion
Biomass
Fuel Cells using Renewable Fuels
Geothermal Electric
Hydroelectric energy
Landfill Gas
Photovoltaics
Solar Thermal Electric
Wind
Yes
Renewable Energy Standard (Michigan) Renewables Portfolio Standard Michigan Investor-Owned Utility
Municipal Utility
Retail Supplier
Rural Electric Cooperative
Anaerobic Digestion
Biomass
CHP/Cogeneration
Geothermal Electric
Hydroelectric energy
Landfill Gas
Municipal Solid Waste
Photovoltaics
Solar Thermal Electric
Tidal Energy
Wave Energy
Coal with CCS
Wind
Yes
Renewable Energy Standard (Rhode Island) Renewables Portfolio Standard Rhode Island Investor-Owned Utility
Retail Supplier
Anaerobic Digestion
Biodiesel
Biomass
Fuel Cells using Renewable Fuels
Geothermal Electric
Hydroelectric energy
Landfill Gas
Ocean Thermal
Photovoltaics
Solar Thermal Electric
Tidal Energy
Wave Energy
Wind
Yes
Renewable Energy Standard (Washington) Renewables Portfolio Standard Washington Investor-Owned Utility
Municipal Utility
Rural Electric Cooperative
Anaerobic Digestion
Biodiesel
Biomass
CHP/Cogeneration
Geothermal Electric
Hydroelectric energy
Landfill Gas
Ocean Thermal
Photovoltaics
Solar Thermal Electric
Tidal Energy
Wave Energy
Wind
Yes
Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Portfolio Standard (North Carolina) Renewables Portfolio Standard North Carolina Investor-Owned Utility
Municipal Utility
Rural Electric Cooperative
Anaerobic Digestion
Biomass
CHP/Cogeneration
Geothermal Electric
Hydrogen
Landfill Gas
Photovoltaics
Small Hydroelectric
Solar Space Heat
Solar Thermal Electric
Solar Thermal Process Heat
Solar Water Heat
Tidal Energy
Wave Energy
Wind
Natural Gas
Yes
Renewable Generation Requirement (Texas) Renewables Portfolio Standard Texas Investor-Owned Utility
Retail Supplier
Biomass
Geothermal Electric
Ground Source Heat Pumps
Hydroelectric energy
Landfill Gas
Ocean Thermal
Photovoltaics
Solar Thermal Electric
Solar Water Heat
Tidal Energy
Wave Energy
Wind
Yes
Renewable Portfolio Standard (Hawaii) Renewables Portfolio Standard Hawaii Investor-Owned Utility
Rural Electric Cooperative
Heat pumps
Anaerobic Digestion
Biodiesel
Biomass
CHP/Cogeneration
Ethanol
Fuel Cells using Renewable Fuels
Geothermal Electric
Ground Source Heat Pumps
Hydroelectric energy
Hydrogen
Landfill Gas
Methanol
Municipal Solid Waste
Ocean Thermal
Photovoltaics
Solar Space Heat
Solar Thermal Electric
Solar Thermal Process Heat
Solar Water Heat
Tidal Energy
Wave Energy
Wind
Yes
Renewable Portfolio Standard (Illinois) Renewables Portfolio Standard Illinois Investor-Owned Utility
Retail Supplier
Anaerobic Digestion
Biodiesel
Biomass
Hydroelectric energy
Landfill Gas
Photovoltaics
Solar Thermal Electric
Wind
Yes
Renewable Portfolio Standard (Massachusetts) Renewables Portfolio Standard Massachusetts Investor-Owned Utility
Retail Supplier
Anaerobic Digestion
Biomass
Fuel Cells using Renewable Fuels
Geothermal Electric
Hydroelectric energy
Landfill Gas
Municipal Solid Waste
Ocean Thermal
Photovoltaics
Renewable Fuels
Small Hydroelectric
Solar Thermal Electric
Tidal Energy
Wave Energy
Wind
Natural Gas
Yes
Renewable Portfolio Standard (New York) Renewables Portfolio Standard New York Investor-Owned Utility Anaerobic Digestion
Biodiesel
Biomass
CHP/Cogeneration
Ethanol
Fuel Cells
Hydroelectric energy
Landfill Gas
Methanol
Ocean Thermal
Photovoltaics
Solar Water Heat
Tidal Energy
Wave Energy
Wind
Yes
Renewable Portfolio Standard (Oregon) Renewables Portfolio Standard Oregon Investor-Owned Utility
Municipal Utility
Retail Supplier
Rural Electric Cooperative
Anaerobic Digestion
Biomass
Geothermal Electric
Hydroelectric energy
Hydrogen
Landfill Gas
Municipal Solid Waste
Ocean Thermal
Photovoltaics
Solar Thermal Electric
Tidal Energy
Wave Energy
Wind
Yes
Renewable Portfolio Standard (Pennsylvania) Renewables Portfolio Standard Pennsylvania Utility Biomass
Geothermal Electric
Landfill Gas
Photovoltaics
Solar Thermal Electric
Wind
No
Renewable Portfolio Standard (Wisconsin) Renewables Portfolio Standard Wisconsin Investor-Owned Utility
Municipal Utility
Rural Electric Cooperative
Utility
Anaerobic Digestion
Biodiesel
Biomass
CHP/Cogeneration
Fuel Cells using Renewable Fuels
Geothermal Electric
Ground Source Heat Pumps
Hydroelectric energy
Landfill Gas
Municipal Solid Waste
Photovoltaics
Small Hydroelectric
Small Wind
Solar Thermal Electric
Solar Thermal Process Heat
Solar Water Heat
Tidal Energy
Wave Energy
Energy Storage
Wind
Yes
Renewable Resource Standard (Montana) Renewables Portfolio Standard Montana Investor-Owned Utility
Retail Supplier
Anaerobic Digestion
Biomass
Fuel Cells using Renewable Fuels
Geothermal Electric
Hydroelectric energy
Landfill Gas
Photovoltaics
Solar Thermal Electric
Energy Storage
Wind
Yes
Renewable and Recycled Energy Objective (North Dakota) Renewables Portfolio Standard North Dakota Investor-Owned Utility
Municipal Utility
Rural Electric Cooperative
Anaerobic Digestion
Biomass
Geothermal Electric
Hydroelectric energy
Hydrogen
Landfill Gas
Photovoltaics
Solar Thermal Electric
Energy Storage
Wind
Yes
Renewable, Recycled and Conserved Energy Objective (South Dakota) Renewables Portfolio Standard South Dakota Investor-Owned Utility
Municipal Utility
Rural Electric Cooperative
Anaerobic Digestion
Biomass
CHP/Cogeneration
Geothermal Electric
Hydroelectric energy
Hydrogen
Landfill Gas
Municipal Solid Waste
Photovoltaics
Solar Thermal Electric
Unspecified technologies
Energy Storage
Wind
Yes
Renewables Portfolio Goal (Utah) Renewables Portfolio Standard Utah Investor-Owned Utility
Municipal Utility
Rural Electric Cooperative
Anaerobic Digestion
Biomass
CHP/Cogeneration
Geothermal Electric
Hydroelectric energy
Hydrogen
Landfill Gas
Municipal Solid Waste
Ocean Thermal
Photovoltaics
Small Hydroelectric
Solar Space Heat
Solar Thermal Electric
Solar Water Heat
Tidal Energy
Wave Energy
Wind
Yes
Renewables Portfolio Standard (California) Renewables Portfolio Standard California Investor-Owned Utility
Municipal Utility
Anaerobic Digestion
Biodiesel
Biomass
Fuel Cells using Renewable Fuels
Geothermal Electric
Landfill Gas
Municipal Solid Waste
Ocean Thermal
Photovoltaics
Small Hydroelectric
Solar Thermal Electric
Tidal Energy
Wave Energy
Wind
Yes
Renewables Portfolio Standard (Connecticut) Renewables Portfolio Standard Connecticut Investor-Owned Utility
Municipal Utility
Retail Supplier
Anaerobic Digestion
Biomass
CHP/Cogeneration
Fuel Cells
Geothermal Electric
Hydroelectric energy
Landfill Gas
Municipal Solid Waste
Ocean Thermal
Photovoltaics
Solar Thermal Electric
Tidal Energy
Wave Energy
Natural Gas
Custom/Others pending approval
Wind
Energy Storage
Yes
Renewables Portfolio Standard (Delaware) Renewables Portfolio Standard Delaware Investor-Owned Utility
Municipal Utility
Retail Supplier
Rural Electric Cooperative
Anaerobic Digestion
Biomass
Fuel Cells
Fuel Cells using Renewable Fuels
Geothermal Electric
Hydroelectric energy
Landfill Gas
Ocean Thermal
Photovoltaics
Solar Thermal Electric
Tidal Energy
Wave Energy
Wind
Yes
Renewables Portfolio Standard (District of Columbia) Renewables Portfolio Standard District of Columbia Investor-Owned Utility
Retail Supplier
Biomass
Fuel Cells using Renewable Fuels
Geothermal Electric
Hydroelectric energy
Landfill Gas
Municipal Solid Waste
Ocean Thermal
Photovoltaics
Solar Space Heat
Solar Thermal Electric
Solar Thermal Process Heat
Solar Water Heat
Tidal Energy
Wave Energy
Wind
Yes
Renewables Portfolio Standard (Kansas) Renewables Portfolio Standard Kansas Investor-Owned Utility
Rural Electric Cooperative
Biomass
Fuel Cells using Renewable Fuels
Hydroelectric energy
Landfill Gas
Photovoltaics
Small Hydroelectric
Solar Space Heat
Solar Thermal Electric
Solar Thermal Process Heat
Wind
Yes
Renewables Portfolio Standard (Maine) Renewables Portfolio Standard Maine Investor-Owned Utility
Retail Supplier
Biomass
CHP/Cogeneration
Fuel Cells
Geothermal Electric
Hydroelectric energy
Landfill Gas
Municipal Solid Waste
Other Distributed Generation Technologies
Photovoltaics
Solar Thermal Electric
Tidal Energy
Wind
Yes
Renewables Portfolio Standard (Minnesota) Renewables Portfolio Standard Minnesota Investor-Owned Utility
Municipal Utility
Rural Electric Cooperative
Anaerobic Digestion
Biomass
Hydroelectric energy
Hydrogen
Landfill Gas
Municipal Solid Waste
Photovoltaics
Solar Thermal Electric
Wind
Yes
Renewables Portfolio Standard (New Hampshire) Renewables Portfolio Standard New Hampshire Investor-Owned Utility
Retail Supplier
Rural Electric Cooperative
Anaerobic Digestion
Biodiesel
Biomass
CHP/Cogeneration
Fuel Cells
Fuel Cells using Renewable Fuels
Ground Source Heat Pumps
Hydroelectric energy
Hydrogen
Landfill Gas
Microturbines
Ocean Thermal
Photovoltaics
Renewable Fuels
Small Hydroelectric
Solar Space Heat
Solar Thermal Electric
Solar Thermal Process Heat
Solar Water Heat
Tidal Energy
Wave Energy
Wind
Yes
Renewables Portfolio Standard (New Jersey) Renewables Portfolio Standard New Jersey Investor-Owned Utility
Retail Supplier
Anaerobic Digestion
Biomass
Fuel Cells using Renewable Fuels
Geothermal Electric
Hydroelectric energy
Landfill Gas
Municipal Solid Waste
Photovoltaics
Solar Thermal Electric
Tidal Energy
Wave Energy
Wind
Yes
Renewables Portfolio Standard (New Mexico) Renewables Portfolio Standard New Mexico Investor-Owned Utility
Rural Electric Cooperative
Anaerobic Digestion
Biomass
Fuel Cells using Renewable Fuels
Geothermal Electric
Hydroelectric energy
Landfill Gas
Photovoltaics
Solar Thermal Electric
Wind
Yes
San Antonio City Public Service (CPS Energy) - Renewables Portfolio Goal (Texas) Renewables Portfolio Standard Texas Municipal Utility Landfill Gas
Photovoltaics
Wind
Yes
Sustainably Priced Energy Enterprise Development (SPEED) Goals (Vermont) Renewables Portfolio Standard Vermont Investor-Owned Utility
Municipal Utility
Rural Electric Cooperative
Anaerobic Digestion
Biomass
Fuel Cells using Renewable Fuels
Geothermal Electric
Hydroelectric energy
Landfill Gas
Photovoltaics
Solar Thermal Electric
Solar Water Heat
Wind
Yes
U.S. Virgin Islands - Renewables Portfolio Targets (Virgin Islands) Renewables Portfolio Standard United States Virgin Islands Utility Yes
Voluntary Renewable Energy Portfolio Goal (Virginia) Renewables Portfolio Standard Virginia Investor-Owned Utility Anaerobic Digestion
Biomass
Geothermal Electric
Hydroelectric energy
Landfill Gas
Photovoltaics
Solar Thermal Electric
Tidal Energy
Wave Energy
Wind
Yes
Xcel Energy Wind and Biomass Generation Mandate (Minnesota) Renewables Portfolio Standard Minnesota Investor-Owned Utility Biomass
Wind
Yes

All Renewables Portfolio Standards/Set Asides

References

  1. DSIRE Glossary