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Regulatory and Permitting Information Desktop Toolkit

Hawaii Underground Injection Control Permit (14-HI-c)

The developer must receive an Underground Injection Control Permit from the Hawaii Department of Health Safe Drinking Water Branch under Hawaii Administrative Rules Title 11, Chapter 23 to construct, operate, modify, or abandon an underground injection control well.

Underground Injection Control Permit Process

14-HI-c.1 to 14-HI-c.2 – Will the Activity Require Constructing a New Injection Well/Sign Application

If the activity will require constructing a new underground injection well a geologist or professional engineer must prepare and sign the developer’s Underground Injection Control Application.

14-HI-c.3 – Underground Injection Control Permit Application

The developer completes and submits an Underground Injection Control Permit Application to the Safe Drinking Water Branch, which includes all of the information required under H.A.R. 11-23-13. Each applicant must provide the following information:

  • Facility name and description;
  • Facility location, including street address and zip code;
  • Tax map key (TMK) number and map at the most detailed scale available, showing the location of the proposed injection well or wells on the property, the correct scale and north arrow;
  • USGS topographic quadrangle map or good copy (scale 1:24,000) indicating the location of the proposed injection well or wells, and all other injection and withdrawal wells within one-quarter mile of the facility boundary;
  • Ownership of facility;
  • Name and address of lessor, if applicant is a lessee, and written consent of the property owner;
  • Name and address of legal contact;
  • Name of proposed operator;
  • Nature and source of injected fluid;
  • Proposed design capacity and operating volume of injected fluid;
  • Number and type of injection wells, including construction materials and procedures;
  • Elevation section for proposed well or wells, as found on the application form;
  • Description of injection system, including emergency standby or monitoring wells, if any, and system blueprints;
  • Details of proposed injection testing, the duration of which shall be for not less than twelve hours, and preferably for twenty-four hours;
  • For injection wells sited mauka of the UIC line, water quality data, including, at a minimum, values for chloride, total dissolved solids, and coliform, from several of the nearest water supply wells;
  • Number of each type of injection well actually constructed, including emergency standby and monitoring wells, if any;
  • Well log maintained by a geologist, including: (1) Lithology of injection interval or intervals and confining formation or formations; (2) Physical and structural characteristics of the formations encountered;(3) Initial water level, and subsequent water levels as fluctuations occur, especially for artesian conditions; and (4) Tidal fluctuations and efficiency;
  • Elevation section, as found on the application form, showing exact final dimensions for each of the injection wells and materials used in construction;
  • Complete results of injection testing, including maximum capacity;
  • Water quality data, if required;
  • Nature and source of formation water;
  • Description of operating plans, including identification of legal operator, maximum and average volumes of injected fluids, number of hours per day of use, and degree and type of treatment, if any.

14-HI-c.4 to 14-HI-c.5 – Review Application Materials for Completeness

The Safe Drinking Water Branch reviews the Underground Injection Control Permit Application for completeness and accepts the application if complete.

14-HI-c.6 – Review Application

The Safe Drinking Water Branch reviews the complete Underground Injection Control Permit Application [possibly add other agency and public review to this section]

14-HI-c.7 to 18-HI-8 – Will the Activity Inject any Substance into an Underground Source of Drinking Water/Publish Notice and Allow for Comment

If the activity will inject any substance into an underground source of drinking water, the director must provide a period at least 30 days following the date of the public notice for interested persons to submit comments on the UIC application. The director must publish public notice in either/or both a post office and public places of the municipality nearest the premises of the proposed activity or in the local newspapers and periodicals or newspaper of general circulation. The Public notice must include the information listed in H.A.R. §11-23-14(C), including:

  • Name, address and phone number of the agency issuing the public notice;
  • Name and address of each applicant;
  • Brief description of each applicant's activities or operations which intend to utilize the injection wells described in the UIC application
  • A brief description of the procedures for the formulation of final determinations, including the thirty-day comment period and any other means by which interested persons may influence or comment upon those determinations; and
  • Address and phone number of the state agency premises at which interested persons may obtain further information; and may inspect and copy UIC forms and related documents.

14-HI-c.9 – Does the Developer or an Interested Person Petition DOH for a Public Hearing

An applicant or any interested person or group of persons may request or petition the DOH for a public hearing on the Underground Injection Control Permit Application within 30 days of the publication date of the public notice.

18-HI-a.10 – Does the DOH Director Determine that Significant Public Interest Exists

If the DOH Director determines that significant public interest exists, the DOH can hold a hearing in the geographical area of the proposed injection.

14-HI-c.11 – Hold Public Hearing

If the DOH Director decides to hold a public hearing the public shall receive public notice through the newspaper or by request at least 30 days prior to any hearing.

14-HI-c.12 – Does the DOH approve the construction of the injection well

The DOH determines whether to approve the construction of the injection well.

14-HI-c.13 – Construct Well

The developer constructs the well after receiving approval from the DOH.

14-HI-c.14 – Test Injection Well

Construction of the injection well is followed by injection testing for inclusion in the final engineer/geologist report.

14-HI-c.15 – Final Engineer/Geologist Report

The test injection results, geologic logs, and other requested information is submitted to the DOH as a final engineer/geologist report.

14-HI-c.16 – Does the DOH Deem the Final Report Satisfactory

The DOH determines whether the final engineer/geologist report is satisfactory before issuing the Underground Injection Control Permit. In approving the Underground Injection Control Permit, the DOH considers whether in an exempted aquifer:

  • existing or new injections wells do not or will not endanger the quality of underground sources of drinking water;
  • existing or new injection wells are designed and are or will be constructed or modified to operate without causing a violation of H.A.R. § 11-23 or applicable laws; and
  • proposed injection wells are designed and built in compliance with the standards and limitations stated in H.A.R. 11-23-07 to 11-23-10.

Additionally, wells which propose to inject into USDW require an evaluation of the contamination potential of the local water quality by the injection fluids and the water development potential for public or private consumption.

14-HI-c.17 – Underground Injection Control Permit

The DOH issues an Underground Injection Control Permit to the developer if it deems the final engineer/geologist report satisfactory.

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Edit Hawaii Department of Health Safe Drinking Water Branch
Underground Injection Control Chief