Public Benefits Fund

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Public benefit funds (PBF) are state-level programs typically developed during electric utility restructuring by some states in the late 1990s to ensure continued support for renewable energy resources, energy efficiency initiatives and low-income energy programs. These funds are most commonly supported through a very small surcharge on electricity consumption (e.g., $0.002/kWh). This charge is sometimes referred to as a system benefits charge (SBC). PBFs commonly support rebate programs for renewable energy systems, loan programs, research and development, and energy education programs. [1]


Public Benefits Fund Incentives

Incentive Incentive Type Place Applicable Sector Eligible Technologies Active
Advanced Energy Fund (Ohio) Public Benefits Fund Ohio Commercial
Industrial
Institutional
Residential
Utility
Biomass
CHP/Cogeneration
Fuel Cells
Fuel Cells using Renewable Fuels
Geothermal Electric
Hydroelectric energy
Landfill Gas
Microturbines
Municipal Solid Waste
Photovoltaics
Solar Space Heat
Solar Thermal Electric
Solar Water Heat
Wind
Yes
Alleghany Highlands Economic Development Authority (Virginia) Enterprise Zone
Industry Recruitment/Support
Loan Program
Public Benefits Fund
Virginia Commercial
Construction
Developer
Industrial
Investor-Owned Utility
Municipal/Public Utility
Utility
Biomass/Biogas
Coal with CCS
Concentrating Solar Power
Energy Storage
Fuel Cells
Geothermal Electric
Hydroelectric energy
Hydroelectric (Small)
Natural Gas
Nuclear
Solar Photovoltaics
Wind energy
Yes
City of Boulder - Climate Action Plan Fund (Colorado) Public Benefits Fund Boulder, Colorado Commercial
Industrial
Residential
Yes
Clean Energy Development Fund (CEDF) (Vermont) Public Benefits Fund Vermont Agricultural
Commercial
Industrial
Institutional
Nonprofit
Residential
Schools
Comprehensive Measures/Whole Building
Anaerobic Digestion
Biomass
CHP/Cogeneration
Fuel Cells
Geothermal Electric
Ground Source Heat Pumps
Photovoltaics
Small Hydroelectric
Solar Space Heat
Solar Thermal Electric
Solar Thermal Process Heat
Solar Water Heat
Wind
Yes
Clean Energy Fund (Colorado) Public Benefits Fund Colorado No
Colorado Clean Energy Fund (Colorado) Public Benefits Fund Colorado No
Connecticut Clean Energy Fund (Connecticut) Public Benefits Fund Connecticut Commercial
Industrial
Institutional
Residential
Utility
Biodiesel
Biomass
CHP/Cogeneration
Ethanol
Fuel Cells
Hydroelectric energy
Hydrogen
Ocean Thermal
Other Distributed Generation Technologies
Photovoltaics
Tidal Energy
Wave Energy
Yes
Conservation Improvement Program (Minnesota) Public Benefits Fund Minnesota Commercial
Industrial
Residential
Photovoltaics
Anaerobic Digestion
No
DEMEC - Green Energy Fund (Delaware) Public Benefits Fund Delaware Commercial
Industrial
Municipal Utility
Residential
Fuel Cells using Renewable Fuels
Ground Source Heat Pumps
Photovoltaics
Solar Space Heat
Solar Water Heat
Wind
Yes
Delaware Electric Cooperative - Green Energy Fund (Delaware) Public Benefits Fund Delaware Agricultural
Commercial
Industrial
Nonprofit
Residential
Rural Electric Cooperative
Lighting
Fuel Cells using Renewable Fuels
Ground Source Heat Pumps
Photovoltaics
Solar Space Heat
Solar Water Heat
Wind
Yes
Efficiency Maine Trust (Maine) Public Benefits Fund Maine Agricultural
Commercial
Industrial
Institutional
Local Government
Nonprofit
Residential
Schools
State Government
Wind Yes
Efficiency Maine Trust - Renewable Resource Fund (Maine) Public Benefits Fund Maine Institutional
Nonprofit
Residential
Rural Electric Cooperative
Schools
Biomass
Fuel Cells
Geothermal Electric
Hydroelectric energy
Municipal Solid Waste
Photovoltaics
Solar Thermal Electric
Tidal Energy
Wind
Yes
Efficiency Vermont (Vermont) Public Benefits Fund Vermont Agricultural
Commercial
Industrial
Institutional
Local Government
Nonprofit
Residential
Schools
State Government
Yes
Efficient Use of Energy Act (New Mexico) Public Benefits Fund New Mexico Commercial
Industrial
Residential
Yes
Energy Efficiency Fund (Connecticut) Public Benefits Fund Connecticut Commercial
Industrial
Institutional
Residential
Comprehensive Measures/Whole Building
Lighting
Lighting Controls/Sensors
Water Heaters
Ceiling Fan
Central Air conditioners
Chillers
Dehumidifiers
Dishwasher
Heat pumps
Refrigerators
Yes
Energy Efficiency Fund (Massachusetts) Public Benefits Fund Massachusetts Agricultural
Commercial
Industrial
Institutional
Nonprofit
Residential
Schools
Utility
CHP/Cogeneration
Ground Source Heat Pumps
Yes
Energy Efficiency Public Benefits Funds Public Benefits Fund Illinois Low-Income Residential
Multi-Family Residential
Retail Supplier
Utility
Building Insulation
Duct/Air sealing
Lighting
Windows
Custom/Others pending approval
Yes
Energy Efficiency and Demand Response Fund (Illinois) Public Benefits Fund Illinois Commercial
Industrial
Residential
Nonprofit
Schools
Local Government
Utility
Institutional
Custom/Others pending approval No
Energy Loan Fund (ELF) (Ohio) Public Benefits Fund Ohio Commercial
Industrial
Residential
General Public/Consumer
Utility
Institutional
Lighting
Heat recovery
Building Insulation
Solar Water Heat
Solar Space Heat
Solar Thermal Electric
Photovoltaics
Landfill Gas
Wind
Biomass
Hydroelectric energy
Renewable Transportation Fuels
Geothermal Electric
Fuel Cells
Municipal Solid Waste
CHP/Cogeneration
Microturbines
No
Energy Trust of Oregon (Oregon) Public Benefits Fund Oregon Agricultural
Commercial
Industrial
Institutional
Local Government
Multi-Family Residential
Nonprofit
Residential
Schools
State Government
Utility
Boilers
Comprehensive Measures/Whole Building
Furnaces
Heat pumps
Heat recovery
Lighting
Processing and Manufacturing Equipment
Water Heaters
Windows
Biomass
CHP/Cogeneration
Fuel Cells using Renewable Fuels
Geothermal Electric
Hydroelectric energy
Photovoltaics
Solar Space Heat
Solar Thermal Electric
Solar Water Heat
Wind
Yes
Florida Growth Fund (Florida) Public Benefits Fund Florida Commercial Biomass/Biogas
Coal with CCS
Concentrating Solar Power
Energy Storage
Fuel Cells
Geothermal Electric
Hydroelectric energy
Hydroelectric (Small)
Natural Gas
Nuclear
Solar Photovoltaics
Tidal Energy
Wave Energy
Wind energy
Yes
Focus on Energy Program (Wisconsin) Public Benefits Fund Wisconsin Agricultural
Commercial
Fed. Government
Industrial
Institutional
Local Government
Multi-Family Residential
Nonprofit
Residential
Schools
State Government
Tribal Government
Biomass
Geothermal Electric
Ground Source Heat Pumps
Photovoltaics
Solar Pool Heating
Solar Water Heat
Wind
Yes
Georgia Hazardous Site Response Act (Georgia) Environmental Regulations
Public Benefits Fund
Georgia Agricultural
Commercial
Construction
Developer
Fed. Government
Fuel Distributor
General Public/Consumer
Industrial
Installer/Contractor
Institutional
Investor-Owned Utility
Local Government
Low-Income Residential
Multi-Family Residential
Municipal/Public Utility
Nonprofit
Residential
Retail Supplier
Rural Electric Cooperative
Schools
State/Provincial Govt
Systems Integrator
Transportation
Tribal Government
Utility
Biomass/Biogas
Coal with CCS
Concentrating Solar Power
Energy Storage
Fuel Cells
Geothermal Electric
Hydroelectric energy
Hydroelectric (Small)
Natural Gas
Nuclear
Solar Photovoltaics
Tidal Energy
Wave Energy
Wind energy
Yes
Green Energy Fund (Delaware) Public Benefits Fund Delaware Commercial
Industrial
Institutional
Residential
Utility
Fuel Cells using Renewable Fuels
Ground Source Heat Pumps
Photovoltaics
Solar Space Heat
Solar Water Heat
Wind
Yes
Hawaii Energy (Hawaii) Public Benefits Fund Hawaii Commercial
Fed. Government
Industrial
Nonprofit
Residential
Ceiling Fan
Central Air conditioners
Chillers
Custom/Others pending approval
Heat pumps
Heat recovery
Lighting
Lighting Controls/Sensors
Motors
Pool Pumps
Processing and Manufacturing Equipment
Refrigerators
Water Heaters
Windows
LED Exit Signs
CHP/Cogeneration
Commercial Refrigeration Equipment
Food Service Equipment
Solar Space Heat
Solar Water Heat
Yes
Investments in Job Creation (Massachusetts) Public Benefits Fund Massachusetts Agricultural
Commercial
Construction
Fuel Distributor
Industrial
Installer/Contractor
Institutional
Investor-Owned Utility
Municipal/Public Utility
Nonprofit
Retail Supplier
Rural Electric Cooperative
Systems Integrator
Transportation
Utility
Concentrating Solar Power
Energy Storage
Fuel Cells
Geothermal Electric
Tidal Energy
Wave Energy
Wind energy
Biomass/Biogas
Hydroelectric energy
Hydroelectric (Small)
Solar Photovoltaics
Yes
Low-Income and Energy Efficiency Fund (LIEEF) (Michigan) Public Benefits Fund Michigan Agricultural
Commercial
Industrial
Institutional
Local Government
Nonprofit
Residential
Schools
State Government
Tribal Government
Anaerobic Digestion
Biomass
CHP/Cogeneration
Fuel Cells
Photovoltaics
Wind
No
Omnibus Energy Bill of 2013 (Maine) Climate Policies
Generating Facility Rate-Making
Green Power Purchasing
Interconnection
Line Extension Analysis
Loan Program
Public Benefits Fund
Renewables Portfolio Standards and Goals
Siting and Permitting
Solar/Wind Access Policy
Maine Agricultural
Commercial
Construction
Developer
Fed. Government
Fuel Distributor
General Public/Consumer
Industrial
Installer/Contractor
Institutional
Investor-Owned Utility
Local Government
Low-Income Residential
Multi-Family Residential
Municipal/Public Utility
Nonprofit
Residential
Retail Supplier
Rural Electric Cooperative
Schools
State/Provincial Govt
Systems Integrator
Transportation
Tribal Government
Utility
Biomass/Biogas
Energy Storage
Geothermal Electric
Natural Gas
Nuclear
Tidal Energy
Wave Energy
Wind energy
Yes
Pennsylvania Solid Waste - Resource Recovery Development Act Public Benefits Fund
Environmental Regulations
Grant Program
Pennsylvania Industrial
Investor-Owned Utility
Local Government
Municipal/Public Utility
Rural Electric Cooperative
State/Provincial Govt
Utility
Biomass/Biogas Yes
Public Benefits Fee for Energy Efficiency (Hawaii) Public Benefits Fund Hawaii Utility No
Public Benefits Fund (Wisconsin) Public Benefits Fund Wisconsin Commercial
Industrial
Residential
General Public/Consumer
Utility
Institutional
Solar Water Heat
Photovoltaics
Biomass
Anaerobic Digestion
Wind
No
Public Benefits Funds for Renewables and Efficiency (California) Public Benefits Fund California Commercial
General Public/Consumer
Industrial
Institutional
Residential
Utility
Anaerobic Digestion
Biomass
Fuel Cells using Renewable Fuels
Geothermal Electric
Hydroelectric energy
Landfill Gas
Municipal Solid Waste
Ocean Thermal
Photovoltaics
Small Hydroelectric
Solar Thermal Electric
Tidal Energy
Wave Energy
Wind
Yes
Public Benefits Programs (Pennsylvania) Public Benefits Fund Pennsylvania Commercial
General Public/Consumer
Industrial
Institutional
Residential
Utility
Unspecified technologies
Biomass
Fuel Cells
Fuel Cells using Renewable Fuels
Ground Source Heat Pumps
Hydroelectric energy
Landfill Gas
Municipal Solid Waste
Photovoltaics
Solar Space Heat
Solar Thermal Electric
Solar Thermal Process Heat
Solar Water Heat
Energy Storage
Wind
Yes
Public Service Commission Authorization to Utilize an Alternative Method of Cost Recovery for Certain Base Load Generation (Mississippi) Green Power Purchasing
Industry Recruitment/Support
Performance-Based Incentive
Public Benefits Fund
Mississippi Commercial
Construction
Developer
Fuel Distributor
General Public/Consumer
Industrial
Installer/Contractor
Investor-Owned Utility
Rural Electric Cooperative
Utility
Biomass/Biogas
Coal with CCS
Fuel Cells
Natural Gas
Nuclear
Yes
Puerto Rico - Green Energy Fund (Puerto Rico) Public Benefits Fund Puerto Rico Commercial
General Public/Consumer
Industrial
Institutional
Residential
Utility
Anaerobic Digestion
Biomass
Fuel Cells
Fuel Cells using Renewable Fuels
Geothermal Electric
Hydroelectric energy
Landfill Gas
Municipal Solid Waste
Ocean Thermal
Photovoltaics
Renewable Fuels
Small Hydroelectric
Tidal Energy
Wave Energy
Wind
Yes
Renewable Development Fund (RDF) (Minnesota) Public Benefits Fund Minnesota Agricultural
Commercial
Fed. Government
General Public/Consumer
Industrial
Institutional
Local Government
Nonprofit
Residential
Schools
State Government
Tribal Government
Utility
Anaerobic Digestion
Biomass
CHP/Cogeneration
Fuel Cells using Renewable Fuels
Hydroelectric energy
Photovoltaics
Renewable Fuels
Wind
Yes
Renewable Energy Jobs Fund (Manitoba, Canada) Public Benefits Fund Manitoba General Public/Consumer Geothermal Electric
Hydroelectric energy
Yes
Renewable Energy Resources Trust Fund (Illinois) Public Benefits Fund Illinois Commercial
Industrial
Institutional
Residential
Utility
Biomass
Fuel Cells
Geothermal Electric
Hydroelectric energy
Photovoltaics
Solar Space Heat
Solar Thermal Electric
Solar Thermal Process Heat
Solar Water Heat
Wind
Yes
Renewable Energy Trust Fund (Massachusetts) Public Benefits Fund Massachusetts Agricultural
Commercial
Industrial
Institutional
Nonprofit
Residential
Schools
Utility
Anaerobic Digestion
Biomass
CHP/Cogeneration
Fuel Cells
Fuel Cells using Renewable Fuels
Geothermal Electric
Ground Source Heat Pumps
Hydroelectric energy
Landfill Gas
Municipal Solid Waste
Ocean Thermal
Photovoltaics
Renewable Fuels
Small Hydroelectric
Solar Thermal Electric
Tidal Energy
Wave Energy
Energy Storage
Wind
Yes
Rhode Island Renewable Energy Fund (RIREF) (Rhode Island) Public Benefits Fund Rhode Island Commercial
Industrial
Institutional
Residential
Utility
Anaerobic Digestion
Biomass
Fuel Cells using Renewable Fuels
Geothermal Electric
Hydroelectric energy
Landfill Gas
Ocean Thermal
Passive Solar Space Heat
Photovoltaics
Small Wind
Solar Space Heat
Solar Thermal Electric
Solar Thermal Process Heat
Solar Water Heat
Tidal Energy
Wave Energy
Wind
Yes
Societal Benefits Charge (New Jersey) Public Benefits Fund New Jersey Agricultural
Commercial
Fed. Government
General Public/Consumer
Industrial
Institutional
Local Government
Nonprofit
Residential
Schools
State Government
Utility
Anaerobic Digestion
Biomass
CHP/Cogeneration
Fuel Cells using Renewable Fuels
Geothermal Electric
Hydroelectric energy
Landfill Gas
Photovoltaics
Solar Thermal Electric
Solar Water Heat
Tidal Energy
Wave Energy
Wind
Yes
Sustainable Energy Trust Fund (District of Columbia) Public Benefits Fund District of Columbia Commercial
General Public/Consumer
Industrial
Institutional
Residential
Utility
Anaerobic Digestion
Biomass
Geothermal Electric
Photovoltaics
Solar Space Heat
Solar Water Heat
Wind
Yes
Sustainable Energy Utility (Delaware) Public Benefits Fund Delaware Agricultural
Commercial
Industrial
Institutional
Low-Income Residential
Multi-Family Residential
Nonprofit
Residential
Schools
Ground Source Heat Pumps
Photovoltaics
Solar Water Heat
No
System Benefits Charge (New Hampshire) Public Benefits Fund New Hampshire Commercial
Industrial
Residential
Schools
Utility
Yes
System Benefits Charge (New Mexico) Public Benefits Fund New Mexico General Public/Consumer Solar Water Heat
Solar Space Heat
Solar Thermal Electric
Photovoltaics
Wind
Biomass
Hydroelectric energy
Renewable Transportation Fuels
Geothermal Electric
Municipal Solid Waste
No
System Benefits Charge (New York) Public Benefits Fund New York Commercial
Fed. Government
Industrial
Institutional
Local Government
Low-Income Residential
Multi-Family Residential
Nonprofit
Residential
Schools
State Government
Utility
Unspecified technologies
Anaerobic Digestion
Biodiesel
Biomass
CHP/Cogeneration
Daylighting
Ethanol
Fuel Cells
Fuel Cells using Renewable Fuels
Geothermal Electric
Hydroelectric energy
Landfill Gas
Methanol
Ocean Thermal
Photovoltaics
Solar Space Heat
Solar Thermal Electric
Solar Water Heat
Tidal Energy
Wave Energy
Wind
Yes
Texas Capital Fund (Texas) Public Benefits Fund
Grant Program
Texas Agricultural
Commercial
Construction
Industrial
Local Government
Rural Electric Cooperative
Natural Gas
Biomass/Biogas
Yes
Universal System Benefits Program (Montana) Public Benefits Fund Montana Commercial
General Public/Consumer
Industrial
Institutional
Residential
Utility
Geothermal Electric
Passive Solar Space Heat
Photovoltaics
Solar Space Heat
Solar Thermal Electric
Solar Thermal Process Heat
Solar Water Heat
Wind
Yes
Virginia Coalfield Economic Development Authority (Virginia) Industry Recruitment/Support
Loan Program
Public Benefits Fund
Virginia Commercial
Construction
Industrial
Coal with CCS Yes
Virginia Resources Authority Act (Virginia) Bond Program
Grant Program
Loan Program
Public Benefits Fund
Virginia Agricultural
Commercial
Construction
Developer
Industrial
Investor-Owned Utility
Local Government
Municipal/Public Utility
Nonprofit
Rural Electric Cooperative
Systems Integrator
Tribal Government
Utility
Biomass/Biogas
Coal with CCS
Concentrating Solar Power
Energy Storage
Fuel Cells
Geothermal Electric
Hydroelectric energy
Hydroelectric (Small)
Natural Gas
Nuclear
Solar Photovoltaics
Tidal Energy
Wave Energy
Wind energy
Yes
Voluntary Solar Resource Development Fund (Virginia) Public Benefits Fund Virginia Commercial
Nonprofit
Residential
Photovoltaics
Solar Space Heat
Solar Water Heat
Yes

All Public Benefit Funds

References

  1. DSIRE Glossary