Prospects Of The Exploitation Of Advanced Energy Resources In Water Production In The Middle East

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Journal Article: Prospects Of The Exploitation Of Advanced Energy Resources In Water Production In The Middle East

Abstract
The utilization of oil and natural gas in water production and in supplying steam for desalination plants is progressing with a remarkable rate in the Middle East and especially in the oil producing countries. Nevertheless, some of the available economically feasible energy sources are yet to be exploited. Available hot brine and steam fields in the Red Sea Deeps and in other locations in the Middle East are a valuable source of useful energy for desalination. The rapidly growing geothermal technology can be utilized in supplying fresh water to the Red Sea coasts for both of the western cities of Saudi Arabia and the new settlements on the eastern Egyptian coast. An assessment is made of the geothermal fields in the area and their characteristics with special consideration of their utility in water desalination projects. Other energy sources are also considered; such as the future exploitation of heavy water and heavy hydrogen isotopes obtained from the Red Sea in energy sources for desalination. In addition, the potential use of natural depressions in the production of power and water is discussed. A comparison is made between these advanced systems and contemporary alternates in a longterm plan for agricultural and industrial expansion.

Authors 
Z. A. Sabri, A. A. Husseiny, A. Valfells, A. F. Abdul-Fattah and Salah Galal








Published Journal 
Desalination, 1977





DOI 
10.1016/S0011-9164(00)88227-2


 

Citation

Z. A. Sabri,A. A. Husseiny,A. Valfells,A. F. Abdul-Fattah,Salah Galal. 1977. Prospects Of The Exploitation Of Advanced Energy Resources In Water Production In The Middle East. Desalination. (!) .