Prince Edward Island/EZ Policies
EZ Policies for Prince Edward Island
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|Policy||Place||Policy Type||Active||Implementing Sector||Summary|
|Air Quality Permits (Prince Edward Island, Canada)||Prince Edward Island: Energy Resources||Environmental Regulations||Yes||State/Province||Companies that operate any of the following:
- fuel burning equipment (utilities and non-utility boilers), - incinerators, and - industrial sources (e.g., asphalt plants)must get a permit to operate under the Air Quality Regulations of the Environmental Protection Act.
|Bioeconomy Crop Initiative (Prince Edward Island, Canada)||Prince Edward Island: Energy Resources||Rebate Program||No||State/Province||The Bioeconomy Crop Initiative was being offered by the P.E.I. Department of Agriculture through the Agricultural Flexibility Fund, a cost-sharing agreement between the Government of Canada and the Province of Prince Edward Island. The Bioeconomy Crop Initiative was an approximate $2.9 million dollar initiative that allowed Island farmers to pursue emerging market opportunities by producing crops for the bioeconomy while working to improve the environmental sustainability of the Province.
This initiative is part of the overall effort to increase the competitiveness of the agriculture sector.
The purpose of the Bioeconomy Crop Initiative is to identify the economic and environmental benefits of crops that will serve as platforms for the development of the provincial bioeconomy. Fall rye, perennial grasses, hybrid willows and other potential bioeconomy crops will be evaluated to progress towards the commercialization stage through a series of trials, demonstrations and pilot projects. Assistance is available through this program for producers, agri-businesses and agricultural industry organizations.
Perennial Biomass Development The preliminary evaluation of certain perennial grass and hybrid willows under P.E.I. conditions is necessary for the development of these two bioeconomy crops. It is anticipated that by the time the preliminary evaluations are complete, the particular role of these two crops in the bioeconomy will be more clearly defined. Technical assistance may be provided by staff from the Department of Agriculture for site preparation and monitoring of results. This program is not intended for crops to be planted in buffer zones and funding will not be provided for such activity.
Eligibility: • Applications will be accepted from primary producers, agriculture industry organizations and agribusinesses. • Applications are to be submitted at least sixty (60) days in advance of the intended date of planting the proposed crop. Late applications may be accepted if funding is not fully committed. • Applicants must agree to maintain the plantation site(s) until the end of the program in 2014. In the event of a crop failure or loss, a project may be terminated early upon mutual agreement of the applicant and the Department of Agriculture. • Applicants must agree to follow a management protocol that is mutually agreed upon by the applicant and the Department of Agriculture. This protocol may be modified upon mutual consent. Rate of assistance*: Funding will be provided on an annual basis. The level of funding differs for primary producers/agribusinesses and agriculture industry organizations. • 50% for primary producers and agribusinesses • Up to 100% for agriculture industry organizations Eligible expenses will include, but may not be limited to, the documented costs for:• Site preparation, cost of seed, planting, crop maintenance and harvesting.
|Biomass Guidelines (Prince Edward Island, Canada)||Prince Edward Island: Energy Resources||Environmental Regulations||Yes||State/Province||PEI Biomass Guidelines identify two major pathways that biomass projects may follow: No Public Investment, and Public Investment. Projects with Public Investment include any project that has:
• Grants or loans for start-up, capital, or operating costs;
• Silvicultural or other land management incentives provided through Departmental programs (e.g. Forest Enhancement Program, ALUS); or
• Green credits or certification from Government.
Guidelines for No Public Investment projects must only comply with existing legislation such as the Environmental Protection Act, Wildlife Conservation Act, and other applicable laws.
For Public Investment projects, the following guidelines must also be met:
• All harvest sites require a pre-harvest management plan meeting the standards set out in the Forests, Fish and Wildlife Division’s Ecosystem-based Forest Management Manual;
• All harvests must be in compliance with the standards set out in the Forests, Fish and Wildlife Division’s Ecosystem-based Forest Management Manual;
• For clearcut harvests, only the tree bole may be removed, with branches and foliage to be spread throughout the harvest site (i.e. no whole tree removal);
• For commercial thinnings and other non-clearcut harvests, whole tree harvest is allowed, but stumps must be left in situ; and
• All biomass harvest sites must be mapped via GPS and the map files submitted to the Forests, Fish and Wildlife Division.Clearcut harvests on sites being converted to agriculture or other non-forest uses are exempt from the management plan requirement and other standards of the Ecosystem-based Forest Management Manual.
|Canada Oil and Gas Operations Act (Canada)||Canada: Energy Resources||Environmental Regulations|
Generating Facility Rate-Making
Safety and Operational Guidelines
Siting and Permitting
|Yes||Federal||The purpose of this Act is to promote safety, the protection of the environment, the conservation of oil and gas resources, joint production arrangements, and economically efficient infrastructures.
The act sets up a regulatory structure for licensing, permitting, equipment certification, safety and operational regulations and standards, land owner rights and the rights of access for exploratory and extraction operations, as well as prohibited areas.The act also addresses the fee structures, the development plan approval process, employee benefits and training standards, financial obligations, pipeline and transmission tariffs, purchasing agreements and sales, and legal recourse.
|Canada Small Business Financing Program (Canada)||Canada: Energy Resources||Loan Program||Yes||Federal||Since 1961, the Canada Small Business Financing Program (CSBFP) seeks to increase the availability of loans for establishing, expanding, modernizing and improving small businesses. It does this by encouraging financial institutions to make their financing available to small businesses. By sharing the risk with a financial institution, the program may help businesses secure up to $500,000.
Small businesses or start-ups operating for profit in Canada, with gross annual revenues of $5 million or less.
Not eligible under this program are farming businesses (Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada has a similar program for the farming industry — for information, visit www.agr.gc.ca), not-for-profit organizations, or charitable and religious organizations.
Up to a maximum of $500,000 for any one borrower is available, of which no more than $350,000 can be used for purchasing leasehold improvements or improving leased property and purchasing or improving new or used equipment.
Financial institutions deliver the program. The decision to grant a loan rests entirely with the financial institution.
Loans can be used for financing up to 90% of the cost of:
- purchasing or improving land, real property or immovables - purchasing new or existing leasehold improvements - purchasing or improving new or used equipment
The interest rate is determined by individual financial institutions. The interest rate may be variable or fixed:
Variable rate: The maximum chargeable is the lender's prime lending rate plus 3%.
Fixed rate: The maximum chargeable is the lender's single family residential mortgage rate plus 3%.
A registration fee of 2% of the total amount loaned under the program must also be paid by the borrower to the lender. It can be financed as part of the loan.
The registration fee and a portion of the interest are submitted to Industry Canada by the lender to help offset the costs of the program for the government.Lenders are required to take security in the assets financed. Lenders also have the option to take an additional unsecured personal guarantee, which cannot exceed 25% of the total amount loaned.
|Canadian Environmental Protection Act 1999 (Canada)||Canada: Energy Resources||Environmental Regulations||Yes||Federal||The Canadian Environmental Protection Act of 1999 (CEPA 1999) provides the legislative framework for Environment Canada, and outlines the provisions for the prevention and management of risks posed by toxic and other harmful substances.
The CEPA 1999 implements pollution prevention, procedures for the investigation and assessment of substances, and requirements with respect to substances that the Minister of the Environment and the Minister of Health have determined to be toxic or capable of becoming toxic, and provisions regarding animate products of biotechnology. The enactment also contains provisions respecting fuels, international air and water pollution, motor emissions, nutrients whose release into water can cause excessive growth of aquatic vegetation and environmental emergencies, provisions to regulate the environmental effects of government operations and to protect the environment on and in relation to federal land and aboriginal land, disposal of wastes and other matter at sea, and the export and import of wastes.The enactment provides for the gathering of information for research and the creation of inventories of data, which are designed for publication, and for the development and publishing of objectives, guidelines and codes of practice.
|Clean Electric Power Generation (Canada)||Canada: Energy Resources||Grant Program|
|No||Federal||The Clean Electrical Power Generation (CEPG) SSA consists of research and development (R&D) and late-stage development and demonstration of technologies for promoting clean, reliable and efficient power generation, both centrally and distributed, including the production of energy from renewable sources and the integration of these resources into the grid. It addresses the reduction of GHG emissions and toxic pollutants from the production of energy from fossil fuels, including through the development of clean coal and carbon dioxide capture and storage technologies, and it provides support for Canada’s participation in the treaty of the Generation IV International Forum (GIF) to develop advanced nuclear based energy systems. The CEPG distributed more than $117 million (Canadian) of NRCan funding for the period from 2003-04 to 2008-09. The total estimated CEPG funding from all sources for this period was $250.5 million.|
|Climate Action Plan (Prince Edward Island, Canada)||Prince Edward Island: Energy Resources||Climate Policies||Yes||State/Province||Prince Edward Island's Climate Action Plan has four main goals:
- Reducing greenhouse gas emissions to mitigate the effects of global warming - Enhancing carbon sinks to reduce the harmful build-up of CO in the atmosphere - Improving PEI's communities' ability to adapt to climate change - Increase public awarenessThe plan addresses PEI's energy strategy to add 500 MW of new wind power by 2013, as well as the planned increase in biomass energy and support for small-scale geothermal (heat) and solar projects.
|Community Economic Development Business Program (Prince Edward Island, Canada)||Prince Edward Island: Energy Resources||Personal Tax Incentives||Yes||State/Province||The Community Economic Development Business (CEDB) program has been created as part of the Prince Edward Island Rural Action Plan to support local investment in innovative Prince Edward Island businesses.
The program is coordinated by the Department of Finance and Municipal Affairs under the Community Development Equity Tax Credit Act and its regulations. Its objective is to facilitate local investment in Prince Edward Island businesses, with the ultimate aim of stimulating rural community development.
The Community Economic Development Business program is a made-in-PEI initiative designed to achieve similar objectives to the Nova Scotia Community Economic Development Investment Funds.Local investors in Community Economic Development Businesses will receive relatively generous personal income tax credits for their commitment to local community investment. An investment is eligible for RRSP tax deductibility. The total cost to provincial government will depend on the success of local entrepreneurs in establishing community economic development businesses as well as local community investment interest.
|Energy Monitoring Act (Canada)||Alberta: Energy Resources|
British Columbia: Energy Resources
Canada: Energy Resources
Manitoba: Energy Resources
New Brunswick: Energy Resources
Newfoundland and Labrador: Energy Resources
Nova Scotia: Energy Resources
Ontario: Energy Resources
Prince Edward Island: Energy Resources
Quebec: Energy Resources
Saskatchewan: Energy Resources
|Yes||State/Province||This act requires that every energy enterprise file with the Minister a return setting out statistics and information relating to its ownership and control; financial information; information, including financial, about its exploration for, development, production, processing, refining and marketing of energy commodities; its energy commodity resources, reserves and properties; and its research and development programs. This law does not apply to corporations incorporated outside Canada. For oil and gas, dealer is required to file a return must also submit additional statistics, information and documentation that may be required by the Minister for any purpose.|
|Energy Strategy (Prince Edward Island, Canada)||Prince Edward Island: Energy Resources||Industry Recruitment/Support|
Renewables Portfolio Standards and Goals
Solar/Wind Access Policy
|Yes||State/Province||Without a local supply of natural gas and oil resources, Prince Edward Island is heavily
reliant on imported sources of energy. Imported oil accounts for 76 percent of PEI's total energy supply, including transportation and heating. Wind resources currently meet approximately 18 percent of the province’s electricity supply with the remainder tied primarily to oil and nuclear power supplied by the new Brunswick Power corporation and imported via two submarine cables connected to the mainland. Ten percent of energy in PEI is supplied by biomass, which includes fuel wood, sawmill residue and municipal waste.
Specific goals: - 500 MW of wind power online by 2013, of which 100 MW will be for domestic use. - 50 percent increase in biomass use by 2013, which will lead to 10 MW of new electrical generation capacity for island utilities. - Increased community wind projects by 2018 - 25 percent further increase in use of biomass by 2018 for an additional 10 MW of electrical generation capacity. - Long-term fixed price contracts for the various forms of renewable energy sources (wind, solar, biomass and earth energy) for community-based renewable projectsAlso published is a separate wind energy strategy that outlines a 10-point plan to meet PEI's wind energy goals.
|Environmental Impact Assessment (Prince Edward Island, Canada)||Prince Edward Island: Energy Resources||Environmental Regulations||Yes||State/Province||The Province of PEI has established an environmental impact assessment process for projects that could have an impact on the environment. The Province and the Federal Government cooperate in the implementation of the process to ensure a thorough assessment is conducted of any submitted project. Any manufacturing undertaking which could have a significant effect on the environment must be submitted in proposal form to the PEI Department of Environment, Labour and Justice. At this point, the department will decide whether an Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) is warranted. The purpose of this process is to predict the impact of the project early in the planning stage.|
|Farm Credit Canada Energy Loan (Canada)||Canada: Energy Resources||Loan Program||Yes||Non-Profit||Farm Credit Canada is a private institution, and offers financing for environmental solutions that can help farmers make environmental upgrades to operations and switch to renewable energy resources.|
|Maritime Electric - Net Metering (Prince Edward Island, Canada)||Prince Edward Island: Energy Resources||Net Metering||Yes||Utility||In December 2005 The Renewable Energy Act and associated Regulations came into effect. A Government policy objective incorporated in the Act was the introduction of net metering for
small capacity renewable energy generators up to 100 kW in size.
Net Metering service is available to all MECL customers who are served from the distribution system and are billed under one of the metered service rates, and who install a renewable energy generator of less than 100 kW capacity, which meets the requirements of the Renewable Energy Act. For an account to be eligible for Net Metering service, the customer’s renewable energy generator must be connected on the customer’s side of the meter. Net Metering is not applicable for un-metered services.The utility is required to compensate the customer for kWh supplied to its system at the same cents per kWh rate that it charges for kWh delivered to the customer. For a Residential customer this rate is approximately 12 cents per kWh. The utility is required to pay for the extra costs associated with the customer having two meters.
|Minimum Purchase Price Regulations (Prince Edward Island, Canada)||Prince Edward Island: Energy Resources||Mandatory Utility Green Power Option||Yes||State/Province||The Minimum Purchase Price Regulations establish the price which utilities must pay for power produced by large-scale renewable energy generators – that is those capable of producing more than 100 kilowatts of energy. The rate has been set at 7.75 cents per kilowatt hour with 5.75 cents of that as a fixed rate and 2.0 cents as a variable rate.|
|National Energy Board Act Part VI (Oil and Gas) Regulations (Canada)||Canada: Energy Resources||Environmental Regulations|
Siting and Permitting
|Yes||Federal||These regulations from the National Energy Board cover licensing for oil and gas, including the exportation and importation of natural gas. The regulations also cover inspections, reporting requirements, and purchase contracts.|
|National Energy Board Export and Import Reporting Regulations (Canada)||Canada: Energy Resources||Generating Facility Rate-Making|
Siting and Permitting
|Yes||Federal||These regulations of the Canadian National Energy Board are for the administration of importing and exporting energy, including natural gas and electricity.
For electricity, every holder of a license or permit for the exportation of electricity must submit to the Board, on or before the 15th day of each month, a return for the previous month that contains the quantities and dollar value, in Canadian currency, of electricity exported, by customer, by type (firm or interruptable) and by class of electricity transfer. If the exportation is 1,000 kW or less of power to each customer served, the returns may be submitted to the Board every six months.Exporters of natural gas must submit a return of the total quantity exported, the highest quantity exported, the value or price, the name of the customer, the province in which the gas was produced, the cost of transportation, and other information.
|PST Exemption on Renewable Energy Equipment (Prince Edward Island, Canada)||Prince Edward Island: Energy Resources||Sales Tax Incentive||No||State/Province||Overview
A provincial sales tax (PST) exemption on small-scale renewable energy equipment with a rating of 100 kilowatts or less (100 kilowatts = 340,000 BTUs).
Qualifications Items which are exempt from provincial sales tax include: wind energy generating systems biogas energy generating systems ground-source or geothermal heat pump energy generating systems solar thermal energy collection systems solar photovoltaic energy collection systems drain water heat recovery energy collection devicesThe PST exemption on small-scale renewable energy equipment is retroactive to April 8, 2005. If you have purchased an item since April 8, 2005 and paid PST, you may request a tax rebate by completing the form below. You must attach the original invoice or receipt. It will take about six weeks to receive the rebate.
|Qualifying RPS Market States (Prince Edward Island, Canada)||Prince Edward Island: Energy Resources||Renewables Portfolio Standards and Goals||Yes||State/Province||This entry lists the states with RPS policies that accept generation located in Prince Edward Island, Canada as eligible sources towards their Renewable Portfolio Standard targets or goals. For specific information with regard to eligible technologies or other restrictions which may vary by state, see the RPS policy entries for the individual states, shown below in the Authority listings. Typically energy must be delivered to an in-state utility or Load Serving Entity, and often only a portion of compliance targets may be met by out-of-state generation. In addition to geographic and energy delivery requirements, ownership, registry, and other requirements may apply, such as resource eligibility, generator vintage and capacity limitations, as well as limits on REC vintage. The listing applies to RPS Main Tiers only, and excludes solar or distributed generation that may require interconnection only within the RPS state. This assessment is based on energy delivery requirements and reasonable transmission availability. Acceptance of unbundled RECs varies. There may be additional sales opportunities in RPS states outside the Eastern Interconnection.|
|Renewable Energy Act (Prince Edward Island, Canada)||Prince Edward Island: Energy Resources||Equipment Certification|
Renewables Portfolio Standards and Goals
Solar/Wind Access Policy
|Yes||State/Province||The Renewable Energy Act outlines the renewable portfolio goals, permitting for renewable projects, regulatory authority, net metering system regulations, purchase price regulations, and renewable energy designated area regulations.
Development permits are required from the Minister of Environment, Energy and Forestry for projects larger than 1 MW.
The minimum purchase price set by the law for a public utility to purchase energy from a renewable energy generator is $0.0775 per kilowatt-hour, with a minimum contract agreement of 20 years.Renewable energy designated areas apply to wind power generators that are larger than 100 kW in nameplate capacity. The designated areas limit the installation of wind energy systems - development of a wind energy project larger than 100 kW may only happen within these areas. Areas are defined by the Minister of Environment, Energy and Forestry.
|Renewable Energy Initiative (Prince Edward Island, Canada)||Prince Edward Island: Energy Resources||Rebate Program||No||State/Province||The Renewable Energy Initiative was being offered through the Agricultural Flexibility Fund, a cost-sharing agreement between the Government of Canada and the Province of Prince Edward Island. The Renewable Energy Initiative was an approximate $7 million dollar initiative that allowed Island farmers to pursue opportunities in renewable energy by providing financial assistance towards a farm energy audit and implementation of an on-farm renewable energy system(s).
The purpose of the Renewable Energy Initiative is to demonstrate the potential for on-farm renewable energy to improve farm net income while enhancing environmental sustainability.
Alternative energy sources would provide farmers with some energy independence while improving the agriculture sector's environmental footprint. Renewable energy is perceived as a major opportunity for farms on Prince Edward Island to reduce their input costs. This initiative is part of the overall effort to increase the competitiveness of the agriculture sector.
There were three components to the program: On-Farm Energy Audit (a pre-requisite for Component 2) Implementation of Renewable Energy System(s)Post Energy Audit (compulsory for those that receive funding under Component 2)
|Renewable Portfolio Standard (Prince Edward Island, Canada)||Prince Edward Island: Energy Resources||Renewables Portfolio Standards and Goals||Yes||State/Province||For the calendar year beginning on January 1, 2010 and for each calendar year thereafter, every public utility shall obtain at least 15 percent of the total amount of electric energy that it sells during that calendar year from renewable energy sources.|
|EcoAgriculture Biofuels Capital Initiative (ecoABC) (Canada)||Canada: Energy Resources||Grant Program||No||Federal||The ecoABC Initiative was a federal $200 million four-year program ending on March 31, 2011 that provided repayable contributions for the construction or expansion of transportation biofuel production facilities. Funding was conditional upon agricultural producer investment in the biofuel projects, and the use of agricultural feedstock to produce the biofuel.|