Petrography And Uplift History Of The Quaternary Takidani Granodiorite- Could It Have Hosted A Supercritical (Hdr) Geothermal Reservoir?

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Journal Article: Petrography And Uplift History Of The Quaternary Takidani Granodiorite- Could It Have Hosted A Supercritical (Hdr) Geothermal Reservoir?

Abstract
The Quaternary Takidani Granodiorite (Japan Alps) is analogous to the type of deep-seated (3-5 km deep) intrusive-hosted fracture network system that might support (supercritical) hot dry/wet rock (HDR/HWR) energy extraction. The I-type Takidani Granodiorite comprises: porphyritic granodiorite, porphyritic granite, biotite-hornblende granodiorite, hornblende-biotite granodiorite, biotite-hornblende granite and biotite granite facies; the intrusion has a reverse chemical zonation, characterized by >70 wt% SiO2 at its inferred margin and <67 wt% SiO2 at the core. Fluid inclusion evidence indicates that fractured Takidani Granodiorite at one time hosted a liquid-dominated, convective hydrothermal system, with <380°C, low-salinity reservoir fluids at hydrostatic (mesothermal) pressure conditions. 'Healed' microfractures also trapped >600°C, hypersaline (~35 wt% NaCleq) fluids of magmatic origin, with inferred minimum pressures of formation being ~600-750 bar, which corresponds to fluid entrapment at ~2.4-3.0 km depth. Al-in-hornblende geobarometry indicates that hornblende crystallization occurred at about 1.45 Ma (7.7-9.4 km depth) in the (marginal) eastern Takidani Granodiorite, but later (at ~1.25 Ma) and shallower (~6.5-7.0 km) near the core of the intrusion. The average rate of uplift across the Takidani Granodiorite from the time of hornblende crystallization has been 5.1-5.9 mm/yr (although uplift was about 7.5 mm/yr prior to ~1.2 Ma), which is faster than average uplift rates in the Japan Alps (~3 mm/yr during the last 2 million years). A temperature-depth-time window, when the Takidani Granodiorite had potential to host an HDR system, would have been when the internal temperature of the intrusive was cooling from 500°C to ~400°C. Taking into account the initial (7.5 mm/yr) rate of uplift and effects of erosion, an optimal temperature-time-depth window is proposed: for 500°C at 1.54-1.57 Ma and ~5.2±0.9 km (drilling) depth; and 400°C at 1.36-1.38 Ma and ~3.3±0.8 km (drilling) depth, which is within the capabilities of modern drilling technologies, and similar to measured temperature-depth profiles in other active hydrothermal systems (e.g. at Kakkonda, Japan).

Authors 
Masatoshi Bando, Greg Bignall, Kotaro Sekine and Noriyoshi Tsuchiya








Published Journal 
Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, 2003





DOI 
Not Provided
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Citation

Masatoshi Bando,Greg Bignall,Kotaro Sekine,Noriyoshi Tsuchiya. 2003. Petrography And Uplift History Of The Quaternary Takidani Granodiorite- Could It Have Hosted A Supercritical (Hdr) Geothermal Reservoir?. Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research. (!) .