Opportunities for the Use of Renewable Energy in Road Transport
"This report discusses the current state of the art of the use of options for using renewable energies in road transport, and explores possible synergetic effects between the evolution of road transport and the increased uptake of renewable energy. Also, policy options are identified to accelerate the transformation of road transport towards significantly lower carbon emissions. The focus of this report is on battery-electric and plug-in hybrid vehicles using renewable electricity. One reason for taking electric vehicles as example is that this option is currently receiving a lot of attention, with part of the interest stemming from electricity companies looking for options to use electric vehicles to resolve challenges related to the foreseen increased use of intermittent renewable electricity production. Given the state-of-the-art of electric and plug-in vehicles on the one hand and the immanence of problems associated with large shares of wind energy production already occurring in some countries, this option is likely to be the first where the synergies emerging from a co-evolution of vehicles and energy system can be harvested."