Occurrence Of Almandine, And Its Implications For Ancient High Temperature Activity Of The Orakeikorako Geothermal Field, Taupo Volcanic Zone, New Zealand

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Journal Article: Occurrence Of Almandine, And Its Implications For Ancient High Temperature Activity Of The Orakeikorako Geothermal Field, Taupo Volcanic Zone, New Zealand

Abstract
Exploration drilling at Orakeikorako provides information on the hydrologic and thermal regime of the geothermal system, which is presently as high as 265 degrees C. The presence of almandine in Drillhole OK-1, at 1312.5m drilled depth, is the only known occurrence of hydrothermal garnet in an active geothermal system from New Zealand. The formation temperature of the almandine, is not consistent with measured (bore) temperatures, but does coincide with fluid inclusion data and temperatures inferred from other secondary minerals, which suggest it formed at >240 degrees C, and possibly as much as 310 degrees C. Almandine is an important mineral geothermometer in active hydrothermal systems, and implications for its occurrence should not be discounted in fossil (mineralised) epithermal-type hydrothermal systems.

Author 
G. Bignall






Published Journal 
Resource Geology, 2000



DOI 
Not Provided
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Citation

G. Bignall. 2000. Occurrence Of Almandine, And Its Implications For Ancient High Temperature Activity Of The Orakeikorako Geothermal Field, Taupo Volcanic Zone, New Zealand. Resource Geology. (!) .