Net Metering (North Dakota)

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Last modified on February 12, 2015.

Rules Regulations Policies Program

Place North Dakota

Name Net Metering
Incentive Type Net Metering
Applicable Sector Commercial, Industrial, Residential
Eligible Technologies Biomass, CHP/Cogeneration, Geothermal Electric, Hydroelectric, Municipal Solid Waste, Photovoltaics, Small Hydroelectric, Solar Thermal Electric, Wind
Active Incentive Yes

Implementing Sector State/Territory
Energy Category Renewable Energy Incentive Programs
Aggregate Capacity Limit No limit specified
Applicable Utilities Investor-owned utilities

Meter Aggregation Not addressed
Net Excess Generation Reconciled monthly at avoided-cost rate

REC Ownership Customer and utility own RECs*

System Capacity Limit 100 kW

Date added to DSIRE 2000-01-01
Last DSIRE Review 2012-12-04

References DSIRE[1]


North Dakota's net-metering policy, adopted in 1991 by the state Public Service Commission (PSC), applies to renewable-energy systems and combined heat and power (CHP) systems up to 100 kilowatts (kW) in capacity.** Net metering is available to all customers of investor-owned electric utilities; it is not available to customers of municipal utilities or electric cooperatives. There is no specified statewide limit on the aggregate capacity of all net-metered systems. If a customer has net excess generation (NEG) at the end of a monthly billing period, the utility must purchase the NEG at the utility's avoided-cost rate. Customers retain ownership of renewable-energy credits (RECs) associated with the customer's load, while RECs associated with NEG convey to the utility (with compensation to the customer-generator). However, the utility may recover metering costs associated with production monitoring from a net-metered system.

*Some utilities compensate customers at the avoided-cost rate plus a REC adder.

** The North Dakota Legislative Council's Committee on Administrative Rules has objected to the PSC's provisions for net metering, asserting that the PSC violated legislative intent by establishing net metering. However, according to the PSC, net metering is currently available to qualifying customers in North Dakota.

Contact Name Jerry Lein
Department North Dakota Public Service Commission

Address 600 East Boulevard Avenue, Department 408

Place Bismarck, North Dakota
Zip/Postal Code 58505
Phone (701) 328-1035


Authorities (Please contact the if there are any file problems.)

Authority 1: ND Administrative Code 69-09-07-09
Date Effective 1991-05-01
Date Enacted 1991-08-09

  • Incentive and policy data are reviewed and approved by the N.C. Solar Center's DSIRE project staff.[1]


  1. 1.0 1.1  "Database of State Incentives for Renewables and Efficiency (DSIRE)"