China-NREL Cooperation

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"NREL supports biofuels, wind, rural electrification, photovoltaics (PV), and buildings projects in China. The biofuels work includes collaboration on ethanol synthesis processes and organism evaluation, pretreatment, and resource supply characterization. Regarding wind technologies, China and NREL have a continuing partnership on multi-gigawatt project analysis. NREL has assisted China with rural system design and finance evaluation methods now incorporated into rural electrification regulations. NREL has provided technical assistance to Chinese partners on PV standards and certification, and is working with the Chinese Academy of Sciences to establish a world-class measurement and characterization facility in China. The buildings work, part of the Asia-Pacific Partnership, includes developing data sets of simulation inputs that are specific to China and performing climate-sensitive analyses to identify energy efficiency solutions for the Chinese commercial buildings sector."[1]

Buildings

"The NREL tasks for buildings in China began in FY08 under the Building and Efficiency Task Force of the Asia Pacific Partnership (APP). NREL’s efforts under the APP build on core DOE/NREL capabilities in building energy simulation and focus on key collaborative activities in the commercial building sector in China. All activities outlined below target priority sectors where significant near-term opportunities exist for improving building design and energy standards, and where significant GHG emission reductions can be achieved through collaborative efforts. The tasks are intended to provide the energy simulation tools, preliminary data, and training to help create low-energy buildings in China.

Wind Energy Collaboration

NREL will provide technical assistance to Chinese technical partners who provide analytic and policy support to the National Development and Reform Commission (NDRC) and the National Energy Administration, in the following areas:

• Techno-economic assessment; development strategy;

• Wind resource assessment

• Wind turbine testing issues

• Intra-wind farm fluid mechanics (wake and inflow effects); and

• Wind energy policy analysis, evaluation, and design

The goal of all these efforts is to advance the use of renewable energy in collaboration with key Chinese partners, in support of USDOE-China bilateral agreements. The primary Chinese technical partners will include the China Hydropower Engineering Consulting Group (HydroChina) and the Center for Renewable Energy Development/Energy Research Institute (CRED). At the broader, coordinating and policy level, the audience for the analytic products includes the National Development and Reform Commission (NDRC), the National Energy Administration and the Ministry of Science and Technology (MOST). The NREL lead for this task is David Kline.


Support for the US-China Strategic and Economic Dialogue

Building upon the announcement made at the US-China Strategic and Economic Dialogue (SED) IV conference, the United States and China signed the Framework for Eco-Partnerships under the U.S.-China Ten Year Energy and Environment Cooperation Framework, aimed at developing new models for energy security, economic sustainability, and environmental sustainability in both countries. Seven initial eco-partnerships have been announced, and NREL has been assisting DOE in facilitating activities under two of these partnerships; including: i) Denver, Colorado, USA, Ford Motor Company and Chongqing, China, Changan Auto Group Corporation and ii) Greensburg, Kansas, USA and Mianzhu, Sichuan, China. In addition at the fourth meeting of the SED, the United States and China developed several action plans for high priority cooperation areas under the Ten Year Framework. Clean and Efficient Transportation was one of the five goals that was identified by both countries. Due to factors such as economic scale, population and territory, the transportation sector plays a major role both in the United States and China, accounting for a large proportion of both countries’ energy consumption mixes and still growing. Clean and efficient transportation, therefore, is critical to increasing energy security, improving public health and environmental protection, and promoting economic growth, in both nations. Additional opportunities for further advancing the objectives of the Eco-Partnership program have also been identified associated with China’s aggressive trends in eco-city project development and low carbon development zones, using sustainable energy efficiency and renewable energy technology applications for clean energy development. Examples of such developing include the Tianjin Regional Integrated Energy Planning Eco-City project, the Wuxi low carbon industrial development zone, and the Chongming Island (in Shanghai) Clean Energy Development project." [2]


References

  1. 1.0 1.1 NREL's Bilateral Partnerships
  2. National Renewable Energy Laboratory, EERE Supported International Activities FY 2009 Annual Operating Plan (August 25, 2009)

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