Multiple Ruptures For Long Valley Microearthquakes- A Link To Volcanic Tremor(Question)

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Journal Article: Multiple Ruptures For Long Valley Microearthquakes- A Link To Volcanic Tremor(Question)

Abstract
Despite several episodes of ground deformation and intense seismic activity starting in 1978, the Long Valley, California, volcanic area has not produced clearly recognized volcanic tremor. Instead, a variety of atypical microearthquakes have been recorded during these episodes, including events dominated by low-frequency (long-period) or mixed high and low-frequency (hybrid) signals. During a 1997 episode, a number of unusual microearthquakes occurred within a temporary 40-station seismic network surrounding the Casa Diablo area, allowing the events to be precisely located and analyzed as a function of azimuth, offset, and source characteristics. Eight prime examples lie within two, 7 km-deep clusters of seismicity separated by about 1 km, with four events in each cluster. Empirical Green's function deconvolution shows that these events are composed of two to three sub-events, the sub-events consisting of ordinary (single rupture, double-couple) microearthquakes. The delay times between the sub-events are constant within each cluster, equaling 0.092 s in one and 0.06 s in the other. Events from other clusters show similar delays. The signal interference produced by the closely spaced sub-events gives rise to modulated, delay-dependent source spectra. The regularity of the delays suggests that the sub-events are being triggered by a fixed length and/or time scale process, an example being the length/inflation rate of a magmatic or hydrothermal flow structure. With continued action of the triggering process, the sub-events could proliferate and evolve into observable volcanic tremors at Mammoth.

Authors 
A. Stroujkova and P. Malin








Published Journal 
Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, 2001





DOI 
Not Provided
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Citation

A. Stroujkova,P. Malin. 2001. Multiple Ruptures For Long Valley Microearthquakes- A Link To Volcanic Tremor(Question). Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research. (!) .


Related Geothermal Exploration Activities
Activities (1)


Areas (1)
  1. Long Valley Caldera Geothermal Area
Regions (0)