Montana/EZFeed Policies

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EZ Feed Policies for Montana

Download EZFeed Policies for Montana CSV (rows 1 - 77)

Policy Place Policy Type Active Affected Technologies Implementing Sector Summary
Big Sky Trust Fund (Montana) Montana Grant Program Yes Coal with CCS
Concentrating Solar Power
Energy Storage
Fuel Cells
Geothermal Electric
Natural Gas
Nuclear
Wind energy
Biomass/Biogas
Hydroelectric energy
Hydroelectric (Small)
Solar Photovoltaics
State/Province The Big Sky Trust Fund reimburses expenses incurred in the purchase, leasing, or relocation of real assets for direct use of the assisted business or employee training costs. A local or tribal government on behalf of any business may apply. The funding limit of the program is $5,000 per new qualifying job created or $7,500 per qualifying job created in a high poverty county. A dollar for dollar match (or 50% match in a high poverty county) is required of businesses looking to qualify for program funds.
Clean Air Act of Montana (Montana) Montana Siting and Permitting Yes Coal with CCS
Concentrating Solar Power
Fuel Cells
Geothermal Electric
Natural Gas
Nuclear
Wind energy
Biomass/Biogas
Hydroelectric energy
Hydroelectric (Small)
Solar Photovoltaics
State/Province The purpose of the Clean Air Act of Montana is to achieve and maintain levels of air quality to "protect human health and safety and, to the greatest degree practicable, prevent injury to plant and animal life and property, foster the comfort and convenience of the people, promote the economic and social development of this state, and facilitate the enjoyment of the natural attractions of this state." It is also the purpose of the Act to achieve these goals without unduly compromising individual freedoms. The Act supports the establishment of local and regional air pollution control programs, and provides for a coordinated statewide program of air pollution prevention, abatement, and control. The Act addresses emissions from electricity generating facilities, fossil fuels, and small business stationary sources; ambient air quality standards, monitoring, and reporting; permitting and operating requirements for sources of air pollution; and local air pollution control programs.
Clean and Green Property Tax Incentives (Montana) Montana Property Tax Incentive Yes Coal with CCS
Concentrating Solar Power
Energy Storage
Fuel Cells
Geothermal Electric
Natural Gas
Nuclear
Wind energy
Biomass/Biogas
Hydroelectric energy
Hydroelectric (Small)
Solar Photovoltaics
State/Province In 2007, the Montana Legislature passed House Bill 3 (May special session) that established property tax incentives to encourage energy projects with less environmental impact than conventional facilities. The “Clean and Green” incentives come in three forms.

First, certain facilities and equipment can be classified as either Class 14 or Class 15 Property (15-6-157 and 15-6-158, MCA). These classes are taxed at 3 percent of market value; previously, these facilities may have been taxed at a higher percent of their market value. To qualify for the 3% tax rate, the standard prevailing wages for heavy construction must be paid during construction and some other qualifications may also apply.

Second, high-voltage direct-current converter stations that are constructed in a location and manner so that the station can direct power to two different regional power grids can be classified as Class 16 property. Class 16 property is taxed at 2.25 percent of market value.

Third, a subset of Class 14, 15, and 16 properties are eligible for a property tax abatement of 50 percent for up to 19 years (15-24-3101 et seq. MCA). This abatement applies to all mills levied against the qualifying facility or equipment. For qualifying clean advanced coal research and development equipment or for renewable energy research and development equipment, only the first $1 million of the value receives the abatement.

The Montana Department of Environmental Quality must certify that certain transmission lines, carbon dioxide pipelines and liquid fuel pipelines qualify as Class 14 or 15 property. The Department also certifies any facility or equipment seeking the property tax abatement. A taxpayer starts the process by filling out the appropriate application. Projects eligible for these property tax classifications and abatements are likely to have unique characteristics, so a follow-up interview or inspection may be necessary.
Climate Action Plan (Montana) Montana Climate Policies Yes Coal with CCS
Energy Storage
Natural Gas
Biomass/Biogas
State/Province Recognizing the profound implications that global warming and climate variation could have on the economy, environment and quality of life in Montana, the Climate Change Advisory Committee (CCAC) was established with the aim of formulating recommendations for specific actions for reducing or sequestering greenhouse gas emissions. The Committee also identified opportunities to promote energy efficient technologies and clean, renewable energy resources that will enhance economic growth. The Montana Department of Environmental Quality (DEQ) managed the CCAC, which was made up of 18 members representing a broad range of stakeholders including industry, environmental groups, local and tribal governments, transportation, and agriculture. The Center for Climate Strategies provided facilitation and technical support to the DEQ and the CCAC.
Coal Bed Methane Protection Act (Montana) Montana Environmental Regulations Yes Coal with CCS
Natural Gas
State/Province The Coal Bed Methane Protection Act establishes a long-term coal bed methane protection account and a coal bed methane protection program for the purpose of compensating private landowners and water right holders for damage to land and to water quality and availability that is attributable to the development of coal bed methane wells. The Act aims to provide for the responsible development of coal bed methane resources while mitigating adverse environmental impacts. However, the provisions of this Act do not relieve coal bed methane developers or operators of their legal obligation to compensate landowners and water right holders for damages caused by the exploration for development of coal bed methane. The Coal Bed Methane Protection Program is administered by local Conservation Districts in the state.
Coal Severance Tax (Montana) Montana Fees Yes Coal with CCS State/Province The Coal Severance Tax replaces and streamlines previous coal taxes to:

(a) allow the severance taxes on coal production to remain a constant percentage of the price of coal; (b) stabilize the flow of tax revenue from coal mines to local governments through the property taxation system; (c) simplify the structure of coal taxation in Montana, reducing tax overlap and improving the predictability of tax projections; (d) recognize the economic, transportation, and environmental advantages of electrical generation by modern electrical generation plants near coal mines; and (e) accomplish the purposes of this subsection by establishing categories of taxation that recognize the unique character of coal, as well as the variations found within the coal industry, and by encouraging the use of coal to produce electricity in modern generating plants near the coal mine.

Persons producing less than 50,000 tons of coal in a year are exempt from the severance tax. Persons producing in excess of 50,000 tons per year are exempt from the severance tax on the first 20,000 tons produced. The first 2 million tons of coal produced as "feed stock" for a coal enhancement facility is exempt.

Funds from the Coal Severance Tax are placed into a tax trust bond fund, which is used as a reserve fund to guarantee repayment of state bonds for renewable resource projects if the normal funding source is unavailable.
Community Development Block Grant/Economic Development Infrastructure Financing (United States) United States Grant Program
Loan Program
Yes Coal with CCS
Concentrating Solar Power
Energy Storage
Fuel Cells
Geothermal Electric
Natural Gas
Nuclear
Tidal Energy
Wave Energy
Wind energy
Biomass/Biogas
Hydroelectric energy
Hydroelectric (Small)
Solar Photovoltaics
Federal Community Development Block Grant/Economic Development Infrastructure Financing (CDBG/EDIF) provides public infrastructure financing to help communities grow jobs, enable new business startups and expansions for existing businesses. State programs help achieve the national objective of CDBG by funding projects in which at least 51 percent of the new jobs created are made available to low and moderate income individuals. The maximum amounts awarded under the program are $1 million for new businesses locating to the state and $500,000 for existing businesses expanding in the state.
Comprehensive Environmental Cleanup and Responsibility Act (Montana) Montana Environmental Regulations Yes Coal with CCS
Geothermal Electric
Natural Gas
Biomass/Biogas
State/Province The Comprehensive Environmental Cleanup and Responsibility Act contains general provisions (sections 705-729), along with the Voluntary Cleanup and Redevelopment Act (sections 730-738) and the Controlled Allocation of Liability Act (sections 742-751). Together, the three sections describe state regulations pertaining to remedial actions following the release of hazardous substances. Private parties are encouraged to clean up sites where such releases have occurred, and funding is allocated to study, plan, and undertake the rehabilitation, removal, and cleanup of sites within the state at which no voluntary action has been taken.
Conservation Districts (Montana) Montana Siting and Permitting Yes Coal with CCS
Concentrating Solar Power
Fuel Cells
Geothermal Electric
Natural Gas
Nuclear
Wind energy
Biomass/Biogas
Hydroelectric energy
Hydroelectric (Small)
Solar Photovoltaics
Local Local Conservation Districts in the state of Montana may be formed by approval of the Department of Natural Resources and Conservation and local referendum, to take place following a petition by 10% of qualified local electors. When formed, Conservation Districts function as governmental subdivisions of the state and may exercise public powers, such as by adopting and implementing regulations regarding local conservation, water and land use practices, and erosion control. The Department of Natural Resources and Conservation is tasked with encouraging the formation of Conservation Districts, offering assistance to Districts in carrying out policies and programs, and coordinating programs between Districts.
Drainage Districts (Montana) Montana Environmental Regulations Yes Coal with CCS
Natural Gas
Nuclear
Biomass/Biogas
Hydroelectric energy
Hydroelectric (Small)
State/Province A Drainage District may be created by petition of landowners who desire to construct one or more drains, ditches, levees, waste ditches, or other works across the lands of others or to straighten, widen, deepen, or otherwise alter any natural stream or watercourse not navigable. Such activities must be for the promotion of the public health or welfare and the drainage of the lands and removal of surface waters therefrom; or the desire to maintain and keep in repair any such drain, ditch, or levee heretofore constructed under any law of this state. This section provides information pertaining to the creation, dissolution, operation, and alteration of such districts. Districts are authorized to issue bonds and otherwise finance relevant projects, and to participate in flood control and planning, as well as development activities.
Electrical Energy Producer's License Tax (Montana) Montana Fees Yes Coal with CCS
Concentrating Solar Power
Energy Storage
Fuel Cells
Geothermal Electric
Natural Gas
Nuclear
Wind energy
Biomass/Biogas
Hydroelectric energy
Hydroelectric (Small)
Solar Photovoltaics
State/Province Each person or other organization engaged in the generation, manufacture, or production of electricity and electrical energy in the state of Montana, either through waterpower or by any other means, is required to pay a quarterly license tax of $.0002 per kilowatt hour on all electricity and electrical energy generated, manufactured, or produced, as measured at the place of production. There is no production incentive; however, an interest differential credit is allowed to utility providers for low-interest loans provided to customers for energy efficiency improvements.
Electrical Generation Tax Reform Act (Montana) Montana Fees Yes Coal with CCS
Concentrating Solar Power
Energy Storage
Fuel Cells
Geothermal Electric
Natural Gas
Nuclear
Wind energy
Biomass/Biogas
Hydroelectric energy
Hydroelectric (Small)
Solar Photovoltaics
State/Province This Act reforms taxes paid by electricity generators to reduce tax rates and imposes replacement taxes in response to the 1997 restructuring of the Montana electric utility industry that allows Montana customers to choose their supplier of electricity and related services in a competitive market. The Act reduces property taxes applied to electrical generation facilities while adding a wholesale energy transaction tax imposed on each kilowatt hour of electricity transmitted in the state.
Empowerment Zone Tax Credit (Montana) Montana Corporate Tax Incentive Yes Coal with CCS
Concentrating Solar Power
Energy Storage
Fuel Cells
Geothermal Electric
Natural Gas
Nuclear
Wind energy
Biomass/Biogas
Hydroelectric energy
Hydroelectric (Small)
Solar Photovoltaics
State/Province The Empowerment Zone Tax Credit allows for eligible businesses located in such zones a $500 credit against income tax liability for each qualifying employee the first year, $1,000 for the second year and $1,500 for the third year of employment. If the credit exceeds the taxpayers' income tax liability, the credit may be carried forward 7 years and carried back 3 years. In addition to the income tax credits, the employer is also entitled to a credit against the taxes imposed by the insurance premium tax.
Exemption from Wholesale Energy Transaction Tax (Montana) Montana Corporate Tax Incentive
Personal Tax Incentives
Yes Coal with CCS
Concentrating Solar Power
Geothermal Electric
Natural Gas
Nuclear
Wind energy
Biomass/Biogas
Hydroelectric energy
Hydroelectric (Small)
Solar Photovoltaics
State/Province Electricity from wind generation on state lands is exempt from the wholesale energy transaction tax of $0.00015/kWh transmitted. Electricity from any source, including renewables, that is generated on a reservation is exempt if it is for delivery out of state. Electricity generated by a US government agency for delivery outside the state and electricity from any source delivered to members of a cooperative or municipal is exempt from the WET tax.
Exploration Incentive Tax Credit (Montana) Montana Personal Tax Incentives Yes Coal with CCS State/Province The Mineral and Coal Exploration Incentive Tax Credit provides tax incentives to entities conducting exploration for minerals and coal. Expenditures related to the following activities are eligible for tax incentives:
    (a) surveying by geophysical or geochemical methods;
    (b) drilling exploration holes;
    (c) conducting underground exploration;
    (d) surface trenching and bulk sampling; or
    (e) performing other exploratory work, including aerial photographs, geological and geophysical logging, sample analysis, and metallurgical testing.
Some exceptions apply. The credit may not exceed 50% of the person's tax liability. A credit for each distinct mining operation may not exceed a total of $20 million for all exploration activities and accrues at the rate of 50% of the certified expenditures each year. The credit must be applied within 15 tax years after the taking of the credit. However, the tax year or years in which the credit is applied need not be the tax year in which the person first incurs liability for payment of tax based on the person's activity that is the basis of the claim for the credit; or consecutive tax years.
Flathead Basin Commission Act (Montana) Montana Environmental Regulations Yes Natural Gas
Wind energy
Biomass/Biogas
Hydroelectric energy
Local This Act establishes the Flathead Basin Commission, the purpose of which is to protect the Flathead Lake aquatic environment, its waters, and surrounding lands and natural resources. The Commission will monitor the natural resources of the basin and make recommendations, and will provide for economic development and use of natural resources which does not compromise the environmental quality of the area.
Flood Plain and Floodway Management (Montana) Montana Siting and Permitting Yes Coal with CCS
Concentrating Solar Power
Energy Storage
Fuel Cells
Geothermal Electric
Natural Gas
Nuclear
Wind energy
Biomass/Biogas
Hydroelectric energy
Hydroelectric (Small)
Solar Photovoltaics
State/Province The state regulates flood-prone lands and waters to prevent and alleviate flooding threats to life and health and reduce private and public economic losses. The purpose of 76-5 MCA, parts 1-4 is to manage and guide the development of state floodway areas and to coordinate federal, state, and local management activities.

Under this statute, the Department of Natural Resources and Conservation will survey and designate flood plains and floodways for each watercourse and drainway in the state. The Department will also set minimum standards for use and development of floodplains and floodways. Upon receipt of the survey information, local governments are responsible for setting land use regulations that meet or exceed the standards set by the Department. Some open-space uses are allowed within designated areas, but permits from the Department are required for other projects, including the construction of structures. Additionally, the following uses are prohibited within designated floodways:

    (1) a building for living purposes or place of assembly or permanent use by human beings;
    (2) a structure or excavation that will cause water to be diverted from the established floodway, cause erosion, obstruct the natural flow of water, or reduce the carrying capacity of the floodway;
    (3) the construction or permanent storage of an object subject to flotation or movement during flood level periods.

Some exemptions apply (see section 76-5-4). Local governments may adopt the authority to issue permits by petitioning the Department.

The purpose of 76-5 MCA, part 11 is to describe the water conservation and flood control projects that may be initiated by local and municipal governments.
Forestry Policies (Montana) Montana Environmental Regulations Yes Biomass/Biogas State/Province Montana has over 20 million acres of public and private forested lands, about a quarter of the state's land area. Montana's Forests are managed by the Department of Natural Resources and Conservation's Forestry Division. The DNRC's 2010 Statewide Forest Resource Strategy document specifies the promotion and facilitation of forest biomass for energy generation as a key strategic goal:

http://dnrc.mt.gov/Forestry/Assistance/Documents/SAResponseStrategy2010.pdf

The DNRC also offers financial assistance under its Woody Biomass Utilization program, with a mission to promote the beneficial use of forest biomass in the state. Current grants include a biomass utilization grant and energy assessment grant: http://dnrc.mt.gov/forestry/assistance/biomass/default.asp http://dnrc.mt.gov/Forestry/Assistance/Biomass/FinAsst/FinAsst.asp#resources

In 2009, the DNRC completed an inventory of forest biomass supply, "An Assessment of Forest-based Woody Biomass Supply and Use in Montana":

http://dnrc.mt.gov/forestry/Assistance/Biomass/Documents/MT_WoodyBiomassAssessment.pdf
Game Preserves and Closed Areas (Montana) Montana Environmental Regulations Yes Coal with CCS
Concentrating Solar Power
Energy Storage
Fuel Cells
Geothermal Electric
Natural Gas
Nuclear
Wind energy
Biomass/Biogas
Hydroelectric energy
Hydroelectric (Small)
Solar Photovoltaics
State/Province Game preserves and closed areas exist within the state of Montana for the protection of all the game animals and birds. Construction and development is limited in these areas. Currently, only three such preserves are listed: the Sun River preserve, the Flathead Lake bird preserve, and the Gates of the Mountains game preserve (as described in pts. 403, 404, and 406).
Geophysical Exploration (Montana) Montana Siting and Permitting Yes Coal with CCS
Geothermal Electric
Natural Gas
State/Province An exploration permit is required for any entity conducting geophysical exploration within the state of Montana. Such entities are also required to follow rules adopted by the Board of Oil and Gas Conservation, including those pertaining to:
 (a) Adequate identification of seismic exploration crews operating in this state;
 (b) Areas where seismic exploration and activities may not be allowed; and
(c) The plugging and abandonment of seismic shot holes.
Geothermal Resources on State Lands (Montana) Montana Leasing Program Yes Geothermal Electric State/Province This chapter authorizes the leasing of state-owned lands for the development of geothermal resources, and provides regulations pertaining to the nature of the resources, compensation, and water rights, as well as for the duration, extension, and operation of the lease.
Grass Conservation Act (Montana) Montana Siting and Permitting Yes Coal with CCS
Concentrating Solar Power
Geothermal Electric
Natural Gas
Nuclear
Wind energy
Biomass/Biogas
Hydroelectric energy
Hydroelectric (Small)
Solar Photovoltaics
State/Province The Grass Conservation Act provides for the conservation, protection, restoration, and proper utilization of grass, forage, and range resource of the state of Montana. The Act establishes the Montana Grass Conservation Commission to coordinate between the Department and Conservation Districts on issues pertaining to grass conservation, and act in an advisory capacity to the Department. Under the Act, property and livestock owners may petition the Commission to establish a Grazing District. Membership in Grazing Districts is limited to persons engaged in the livestock business and owners or leasers of forage lands. Grazing District Boards may set land use regulations and distribute permits for grazing rights on land in their jurisdiction.
Growth Through Agriculture (GTA) Program (Montana) Montana Grant Program Yes Biomass/Biogas State/Province The Agriculture Development Council is tasked with enhancing the future development of agriculture in Montana through establishing policies and priorities, and awarding loans or grants that have a short-term or long-term ability to stimulate agriculture development and diversification in rural, urban, and tribal settings in Montana. The Council administers the Growth Through Agriculture (GTA) program, a grant and loan program established by the Montana Legislature to strengthen and diversify Montana's agricultural industry through the development of new agricultural products and processes.
Hydroelectric Resources on State Lands (Montana) Montana Leasing Program Yes Hydroelectric energy
Hydroelectric (Small)
State/Province This chapter authorizes the leasing of state lands for the development of hydroelectric resources. It provides regulations for the granting and duration of leases, as well as for the inspection of leased sites.
Industrial Development Projects (Montana) Montana Bond Program Yes Coal with CCS
Concentrating Solar Power
Energy Storage
Fuel Cells
Geothermal Electric
Natural Gas
Nuclear
Wind energy
Biomass/Biogas
Hydroelectric energy
Hydroelectric (Small)
Solar Photovoltaics
State/Province This legislation authorizes municipalities and counties to issue bonds or interest coupons to finance industrial projects, including energy generation facilities.
Interstate Oil and Gas Conservation Compact (Montana) Montana Environmental Regulations Yes Natural Gas State/Province This legislation authorizes the State to join the Interstate Compact for the Conservation of Oil and Gas. The Compact is an agreement that has been entered into by 30 oil- and gas-producing states, as well as eight associate states and 10 international affiliates (including seven Canadian provinces). Members participate in the Interstate Oil and Gas Compact Commission, which functions as a forum for governors, state appointees and key policy staff focusing on key oil and natural gas issues, and tracks, evaluates, and disseminates information on state activities and best practices.
Interstate Oil and Gas Conservation Compact (Multiple States) Alabama
Alaska
Arizona
Arkansas
California
Colorado
Florida
Georgia
Idaho
Illinois
Indiana
Kansas
Kentucky
Louisiana
Maryland
Michigan
Mississippi
Montana
Nebraska
Nevada
New Mexico
New York
North Dakota
Ohio
Oklahoma
Pennsylvania
South Dakota
Texas
Utah
Virginia
West Virginia
Wyoming
Environmental Regulations Yes Coal with CCS
Natural Gas
Biomass/Biogas
State/Province The Interstate Oil and Gas Compact Commission assists member states efficiently maximize oil and natural gas resources through sound regulatory practices while protecting the nation's health, safety and the environment.

The Commission serves as the collective voice of member governors on oil and gas issues and advocates states' rights to govern petroleum resources within their borders.

The Commission formed the Geological CO2 Sequestration Task Force, which examines the technical, policy and regulatory issues related to safe and effective storage of CO2 in the subsurface (depleted oil and natural gas fields, saline formations and coal beds).

The Commission also funds research on hydraulic fracking, reusing water used in extracting oil and gas, and makes recommendations on national energy policies and statutes for individual states.

The Commission also has several associate states: North Carolina, South Carolina, Georgia, Tennessee, Missouri, Idaho, Oregon and Washington. In addition, it has international affiliations with the Canadian provinces of Alberta, British Columbia, New Brunswick, Newfoundland and Labrador, Nova Scotia, Saskatchewan, and the Yukon.
Lakeshore Management by Local Governments (Montana) Montana Siting and Permitting Yes Coal with CCS
Concentrating Solar Power
Geothermal Electric
Natural Gas
Nuclear
Wind energy
Biomass/Biogas
Hydroelectric energy
Hydroelectric (Small)
Solar Photovoltaics
State/Province This statute grants primary authority to local governments to establish laws and regulations to conserve and protect lakes in their jurisdiction, provided that this authority is used to maintain public health, welfare, and safety. For the purpose of these regulations, lakes are defined as water bodies with a water surface area of at least 160 acres. However, local governments may choose to redefine the minimum size of a lake to a water surface area of no less than 20 acres. Permits from the local governing body are required for any work that will alter or diminish the course, current, or cross-sectional area of a lake or its lakeshore. This statute sets some guidelines for local governments regarding permit issuance. The Department of Natural Resources and Conservation may set regulations for a given lake following petition by five owners or 30% of the owners of land abutting a lake, whichever is smaller.
Local Government Revenue Bonds (Montana) Montana Bond Program Yes Coal with CCS
Concentrating Solar Power
Energy Storage
Fuel Cells
Geothermal Electric
Natural Gas
Nuclear
Wind energy
Biomass/Biogas
Hydroelectric energy
Hydroelectric (Small)
Solar Photovoltaics
Local Limited obligation local government bonds ("special revenue bonds") may be issued for qualified electric energy generation facilities, including those powered by renewables. These bonds generally are secured by the project itself. The taxing power or general credit of the government may not be used to secure the bonds. Local governments may not operate any project financed by the sale of revenue bonds as a business except to lease it to some other party.

These bonds are exempt from state taxes and may qualify for federal tax incentives. The tax-exemption feature allows funds to be borrowed at a significantly lower rate (1-2 percent) than possible with taxable bonds. There are various restrictions on how such bonds may be used. Because of the legal complexity of a bond issue, retaining bond counsel is important.

The total amount of special revenue bonds that can be issued by state and local governments combined is capped, which theoretically could limit a government’s ability to issue new bonds for a generation facility.
Local Water Quality Districts (Montana) Montana Siting and Permitting Yes Coal with CCS
Natural Gas
Nuclear
Biomass/Biogas
Hydroelectric energy
Hydroelectric (Small)
State/Province This statute provides for the creation of local water quality districts to prevent and mitigate ground and surface water contamination. Each local water quality district may develop and implement a local water quality program, administer local ordinances, and construct and maintain facilities necessary to accomplish the purposes of the district.
Microbusiness Loan Program (Montana) Montana Loan Program Yes Coal with CCS
Concentrating Solar Power
Energy Storage
Fuel Cells
Geothermal Electric
Natural Gas
Wind energy
Biomass/Biogas
Hydroelectric energy
Hydroelectric (Small)
Solar Photovoltaics
State/Province Businesses producing energy using an alternative renewable energy source are eligible for microbusiness loans, which are capped at $100,000. A microbusiness is a Montana-based company with fewer than ten full-time employees and a gross annual revenue of less than $1 million. Application for a loan is made to a certified microbusiness development corporation; there currently are five located around the state.
Midwest Independent System Operator (Multiple States) Montana
North Dakota
South Dakota
Minnesota
Iowa
Missouri
Wisconsin
Illinois
Michigan
Indiana
Kentucky
Manitoba
Interconnection Yes Coal with CCS
Concentrating Solar Power
Energy Storage
Fuel Cells
Geothermal Electric
Natural Gas
Nuclear
Tidal Energy
Wave Energy
Wind energy
Biomass/Biogas
Hydroelectric energy
Hydroelectric (Small)
Solar Photovoltaics
Non-Profit Midwest Independent Transmission System Operator (MISO) is a Regional Transmission Organization, which administers wholesale electricity markets in all or parts of 11 U.S. states and the Canadian province of Manitoba. MISO administers electricity transmission grids across the Midwest and into Canada, and provides tools, transmission planning strategies, and integration for utilities in those markets. MISO is working with PJM Interconnection to develop complementing system operations and one robust, non-discriminatory wholesale electricity market to meet the needs of all customers and stakeholders in 23 states, the District of Columbia and the Canadian province of Manitoba. The market is being developed through an open stakeholder process and is being designed to serve residents regardless of whether they reside in states with bundled or unbundled retail rates.
Midwest Renewable Energy Tracking System (Multiple States) Illinois
Iowa
Minnesota
Montana
North Dakota
Ohio
South Dakota
Wisconsin
Manitoba
Green Power Purchasing Yes Coal with CCS
Concentrating Solar Power
Energy Storage
Fuel Cells
Geothermal Electric
Natural Gas
Nuclear
Tidal Energy
Wave Energy
Wind energy
Biomass/Biogas
Hydroelectric energy
Hydroelectric (Small)
Solar Photovoltaics
Non-Profit The Midwest Renewable Energy Tracking System (M-RETS®) tracks renewable energy generation in participating States and Provinces and assists in verifying compliance with individual state/provincial or voluntary Renewable Portfolio Standards (RPS) and objectives. M-RETS® is a tool to keep track of all relevant information about renewable energy produced and delivered in the region. Currently, several States and Provinces participate in M-RETS®: Illinois, Iowa, Manitoba, Minnesota, Montana, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin have policies in place requiring or strongly encouraging utility development of renewable resources. M-RETS® uses verifiable production data for all participating generators and creates a Renewable Energy Credit (REC) in the form of a tradable digital certificate for each MWh.
Mining (Montana) Montana Siting and Permitting Yes Coal with CCS
Natural Gas
State/Province This section provides general rules and regulations pertaining to mining practices in the state of Montana. It addresses mining locations and claims, procedures for rights-of-way and eminent domain, land ownership, and landowner notification. The Montana Bureau of Mines and Geology is authorized to establish a sand and gravel deposit program under this statute.
Montana Beginning Farm/Ranch Loan Program (Montana) Montana Loan Program Yes Concentrating Solar Power
Geothermal Electric
Wind energy
Biomass/Biogas
Hydroelectric energy
Hydroelectric (Small)
Solar Photovoltaics
State/Province Loans subsidized by tax-exempt bonds issued by the Montana Agricultural Loan Authority may be used for the production of energy using an alternative renewable energy source. The program is run through existing private agricultural lenders. The intent is to provide lower interest (1-2 percent below market) loans up to $477,000 to eligible beginning agricultural operators. To meet IRS regulations, the energy generated must be used within the agricultural operation.
Montana Clean Renewable Energy Bond Act (Montana) Montana Bond Program Yes Concentrating Solar Power
Energy Storage
Fuel Cells
Geothermal Electric
Nuclear
Wind energy
Biomass/Biogas
Hydroelectric energy
Hydroelectric (Small)
Solar Photovoltaics
Local This legislation gives local government bodies the authority to acquire, construct, and operate projects, as well as the authority to issue revenue bonds to finance in whole or in part the cost of the acquisition, purchase, construction, reconstruction, improvement, or extension of any renewable energy project.
Montana Coal Mining Code (Montana) Montana Environmental Regulations Yes Coal with CCS State/Province The Department of Labor and Industry is authorized to adopt rules pertaining to safety standards for all coal mines in the state. The Code requires coal mine operators to make an accurate map or plan of each mine, which must be provided to the Department and updated on the basis of semiannual surveys. The Code lists other duties of the mine operator, including reporting of the amount of coal produced, providing and maintaining airways, and giving notice of certain occurrences, injuries, and fatalities. Part 4 of the Code lists rules for coal mine inspections, investigations, and compliance.
Montana Dam Safety Act (Montana) Montana Siting and Permitting Yes Hydroelectric energy
Hydroelectric (Small)
State/Province This Act establishes the state's interest in the construction of dams for water control and regulation and for hydropower generation purposes. It regulates dam construction, operation, and permitting in order to minimize inherent risks to public safety, and authorizes the Department of Natural Resources and Conservation to adopt rules to:
    (1) classify high-hazard dams and reservoirs;
    (2) review, approve, and issue permits;
    (3) govern inspections under this chapter;
    (4) establish safety standards for the design, construction, operation, and maintenance of high-hazard dams and reservoirs;
    (5) establish emergency preparedness and warning procedures; and
(6) establish fees commensurate with costs to cover inspections under this chapter.
Montana Environmental Policy Act (Montana) Montana Environmental Regulations Yes Coal with CCS
Concentrating Solar Power
Energy Storage
Fuel Cells
Geothermal Electric
Natural Gas
Nuclear
Wind energy
Biomass/Biogas
Hydroelectric energy
Hydroelectric (Small)
Solar Photovoltaics
State/Province The Montana Environmental Policy Act aims to provide for the consideration of environmental impacts by the legislature when enacting laws, and for public transparency regarding the possible environmental impacts of potential state actions. The policy of the state is to support harmony between humans and their environment as well as efforts to prevent, mitigate, or eliminate environmental damage and to gain a greater understanding of the environment, without imposing undue government regulation on private property. The Act specifies that the planning and decision-making process for state-sponsored projects will include the creation and consideration of Environmental Impact Statements, which will address the potential environmental impacts and adverse effects of the proposed action, as well as reasonable alternatives. The Environmental Quality Council is tasked with monitoring environmental quality, reviewing and appraising state environmental programs, and making recommendations to the legislature regarding environmental policy.
Montana Ground Water Assessment Act (Montana) Montana Environmental Regulations Yes Coal with CCS
Natural Gas
Nuclear
Biomass/Biogas
Hydroelectric energy
Hydroelectric (Small)
State/Province This statute establishes a program to systematically assess and monitor the state's ground water and to disseminate the information to interested persons in order to improve the quality of ground water management, protection, and development decisions within the public and private sectors. It also aims to improve coordination of ground water management, protection, development, and research functions among units of state, federal, and local government by establishing a ground water assessment steering committee.
Montana Hazardous Waste Act (Montana) Montana Siting and Permitting Yes Nuclear
Biomass/Biogas
State/Province This Act addresses the safe and proper management of hazardous wastes and used oil, the permitting of hazardous waste facilities, and the siting of facilities. The Department of Environmental Quality is authorized to enact regulations pertaining to all aspects of hazardous waste storage and disposal, and the Act addresses permitting requirements for disposal facilities; siting, monitoring, and reporting requirements; and hazardous waste remediation.
Montana Integrated Waste Management Act (Montana) Montana Industry Recruitment/Support Yes Biomass/Biogas State/Province This legislation sets goals for the reduction of solid waste generated by households, businesses, and governments, through source reduction, reuse, recycling, and composting. The state aims to achieve recycling and composting rates of:
 (a) 17% of the state's solid waste by 2008;
 (b) 19% of the state's solid waste by 2011; and
 (c) 22% of the state's solid waste by 2015.
In addition, the Department of Environmental Quality is required to prepare, adopt, and implement a state solid waste management and resource recovery plan.
Montana Major Facility Siting Act (Montana) Montana Siting and Permitting Yes Coal with CCS
Concentrating Solar Power
Energy Storage
Fuel Cells
Geothermal Electric
Natural Gas
Nuclear
Wind energy
Biomass/Biogas
Hydroelectric energy
Hydroelectric (Small)
Solar Photovoltaics
State/Province The Montana Major Facility Siting Act aims to protect the environment from unreasonable degradation caused by irresponsible siting of electric transmission, pipeline, and geothermal facilities. The Act encourages upgrades within existing corridors, when possible, versus the creation of new corridors for the transmission of electricity, pipelines, and geothermal resources. The Board of Environmental Review is authorized to adopt additional regulations to further the goals of this Act. Entities issued a certificate to construct or alter major facilities per this chapter may invoke eminent domain to acquire property to aid in that task. The remainder of chapter (parts 2-12) contains provisions for acquiring certifications for the construction or alteration of major facilities, legal responsibilities attached to such certifications, required notification prior to exploration for geothermal resources, and additional requirements for nuclear power facilities.
Montana Natural Areas Act (Montana) Montana Environmental Regulations Yes Coal with CCS
Concentrating Solar Power
Energy Storage
Fuel Cells
Geothermal Electric
Natural Gas
Nuclear
Wind energy
Biomass/Biogas
Hydroelectric energy
Hydroelectric (Small)
Solar Photovoltaics
State/Province The Montana Natural Areas Act of 1974 provides for the designation and establishment of a system of natural areas in order to preserve the natural ecosystems of these areas. Designated natural areas are protected from development which may adversely affect the integrity of the area, unless the legislature specifically authorizes such development. Existing land uses at the time of designation may continue under appropriate leases or agreements, but will be subject to regulations established by the Board of Land Commissioners. State natural areas are managed by local managing entities.
Montana Oil and Natural Gas Production Tax Act (Montana) Montana Fees Yes Natural Gas State/Province The State of Montana imposes a quarterly tax on the gross taxable value of oil and natural gas production. This tax replaces several previous taxes, simplifying fees and rates as well as compliance procedures for oil and natural gas producers.
Montana Radon Control Act (Montana) Montana Environmental Regulations Yes Nuclear State/Province The Radon Control Act regulates the emission of radon, the gaseous decay products of uranium or thorium. The Act addresses operator certification of radon-producing facilities, testing and monitoring requirements, voluntary disclosure of information to the Department of Environmental Quality, and mandatory disclosures during real estate transactions.
Montana Rangeland Resources Act (Montana) Montana Environmental Regulations Yes Coal with CCS
Concentrating Solar Power
Geothermal Electric
Natural Gas
Nuclear
Wind energy
Biomass/Biogas
Hydroelectric energy
Hydroelectric (Small)
Solar Photovoltaics
State/Province The Montana Rangeland Resources Act establishes a program of rangeland management, to preserve Montana rangeland for livestock, wildlife habitat, high-quality water production, pollution control, erosion control, recreation, and the natural beauty of the state. The Act also provides for the cooperation and coordination of range management activities. The program aims to promote and coordinate the adoption and implementation of sound range management plans to minimize conflicts between governmental agencies and private landowners, aid the development of zoning and planning regulations, and coordinate range management research. The Act further establishes a loan program to aid the conservation of rangeland resources.
Montana Solid Waste Management Act (Montana) Montana Environmental Regulations Yes Biomass/Biogas State/Province It is the public policy of the state to control solid waste management systems to protect the public health and safety and to conserve natural resources whenever possible. The Department of Environmental Quality is authorized to adopt rules and regulations governing solid waste management systems. This statute contains provisions pertaining to groundwater monitoring, disposal of specific types of wastes, and licensing requirements.
Natural Gas Utility Restructuring and Customer Choice Act (Montana) Montana Generating Facility Rate-Making Yes Natural Gas State/Province These regulations apply to natural gas utilities that have restructured in order to acquire rate-based facilities. The regulations address customer choice offerings by natural gas utilities, which are intended to allow customers to choose their natural gas supplier.
Natural Streambed and Land Preservation Act (Montana) Montana Siting and Permitting Yes Coal with CCS
Concentrating Solar Power
Geothermal Electric
Natural Gas
Nuclear
Wind energy
Biomass/Biogas
Hydroelectric energy
Hydroelectric (Small)
Solar Photovoltaics
State/Province The Natural Streambed and Land Preservation Act of 1975 aims to prevent the environmental degradation of streams and land resources, and to provide reasonable remedies for the depletion of these resources. The Act establishes that streams and adjacent lands within the state are to be preserved, that soil erosion and sedimentation are to be kept to a minimum, and that unauthorized projects in these areas are prohibited. The Act sets procedures for project applications, permitting, maintenance, and operation.
New Industrial Property Tax Credit (Montana) Montana Property Tax Incentive Yes Coal with CCS
Concentrating Solar Power
Energy Storage
Fuel Cells
Geothermal Electric
Natural Gas
Nuclear
Wind energy
Biomass/Biogas
Hydroelectric energy
Hydroelectric (Small)
Solar Photovoltaics
State/Province Under the New Industrial Property Tax Credit, businesses are eligible for a reduced taxable valuation rate of 3% for the first three years of operation. All real and personal property of the new industry qualify.
New or Expanding Industries Tax Credit (Montana) Montana Property Tax Incentive Yes Coal with CCS
Concentrating Solar Power
Energy Storage
Fuel Cells
Geothermal Electric
Natural Gas
Nuclear
Wind energy
Biomass/Biogas
Hydroelectric energy
Hydroelectric (Small)
Solar Photovoltaics
State/Province Under the New or Expanding Industries Tax Credit, property used by certain new or expanding industries is eligible for reduced taxable valuation (up to 50% of their taxable value for the first 5 years) during the first 9 years after construction or expansion. Industry includes firms that engage in a variety of activities, including the production of renewable energy.
Northwest Interstate Compact on Low-Level Radioactive Waste Management (Multiple States) Alaska
Hawaii
Idaho
Montana
Oregon
Utah
Washington
Wyoming
Siting and Permitting Yes Nuclear State/Province The Northwest Interstate Compact on Low-Level Radioactive Waste Management, enacted in 1981, was ratified by Congress in 1985. The Compact is a cooperative effort of the party states to protect their citizens, and maintain and enhance economic viability, while sharing the responsibilities of low-level radioactive waste management. The member states of Alaska, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming have ratified the Compact.
Nuclear Regulation (Montana) Montana Siting and Permitting Yes Nuclear State/Province This statute establishes a regulatory program for sources of ionizing radiation, to be administered by the Montana Department of Health and Human Services. These regulations address permitting and licensing of nuclear facilities for peaceful purposes, the control and disposal of radioactive substances, and inspection and enforcement procedures.
Oil and Gas Conservation (Montana) Montana Environmental Regulations Yes Natural Gas State/Province Parts 1 and 2 of this chapter contain a broad range of regulations pertaining to oil and gas conservation, including requirements for the regulation of oil and gas exploration and extraction by the Board of Oil and Gas, as well as well spacing and operation requirements. Specific regulations are also found in the Administrative Rules of Montana, 36.22.
Oil and Gas General Provisions (Montana) Montana Siting and Permitting Yes Natural Gas State/Province This chapter describes general provisions for the exploration and development of oil and gas resources in Montana. The chapter addresses royalty interests, regulations for the lease of local government land, underground gas storage reservoirs and the use of eminent domain, reclamation procedures for abandoned oil and gas wells, and disruption notice and compensation for landowners.
Opencut Mining Act (Montana) Montana Siting and Permitting Yes Coal with CCS
Natural Gas
Nuclear
State/Province The policy of the state is to provide adequate remedies to protect the environmental life support system from degradation and to prevent unreasonable depletion and degradation of natural resources from strip and underground mining. This Act imposes permitting and operating restrictions on opencut mining activities. The Act contains permitting, siting, and procedural requirements; more specific regulations can be found in the Administrative Rules of Montana.
Pipeline Carriers (Montana) Montana Siting and Permitting Yes Coal with CCS
Natural Gas
State/Province Pipeline carriers transporting crude petroleum, coal, the products of crude petroleum or coal, or carbon dioxide produced in the combustion or gasification of fossil fuels are required to abide by these regulations. The regulations address construction permits and the use of eminent domain by pipeline carriers, records and reporting, connection and interchange facilities, and the prohibition of discrimination in rates and service.
Protection of Forest Resources (Montana) Montana Environmental Regulations Yes Coal with CCS
Concentrating Solar Power
Geothermal Electric
Natural Gas
Nuclear
Wind energy
Biomass/Biogas
Hydroelectric energy
Hydroelectric (Small)
Solar Photovoltaics
State/Province This statute addresses the conservation and protection of forest resources by encouraging the use of land management best practices pertaining to soil erosion, timber sale planning, associated road construction and reconstruction, timber harvesting, site preparation, and related activities. The statute provides for the classification of forest lands for conservation purposes, and establishes permit requirements for land use and development in forested areas.
Qualifying RPS State Export Markets (Montana) Montana Renewables Portfolio Standards and Goals Yes Concentrating Solar Power
Energy Storage
Fuel Cells
Geothermal Electric
Natural Gas
Wind energy
Biomass/Biogas
Hydroelectric energy
Hydroelectric (Small)
Solar Photovoltaics
State/Province This entry lists the states with Renewable Portfolio Standard (RPS) policies that accept generation located in Montana as eligible sources towards their RPS targets or goals. For specific information with regard to eligible technologies or other restrictions which may vary by state, see the RPS policy entries for the individual states, shown below in the Authority listings. Typically energy must be delivered to an in-state utility or Load Serving Entity, and often only a portion of compliance targets may be met by out-of-state generation. In addition to geographic and energy delivery requirements, ownership, registry, and other requirements may apply, such as resource eligibility, generator vintage and capacity limitations, as well as limits on Renewable Energy Certificate (REC) vintage. The listing applies to RPS Main Tiers only, and excludes solar or distributed generation that may require interconnection only within the RPS state. This assessment is based on energy delivery requirements and reasonable transmission availability. Acceptance of unbundled RECs varies. There may be additional sales opportunities in RPS states outside the Eastern Interconnection. REC prices in markets with voluntary goals (North Dakota, South Dakota) may be lower.
Renewable Resource Grant and Loan Program (Montana) Montana Grant Program Yes Concentrating Solar Power
Geothermal Electric
Wind energy
Biomass/Biogas
Hydroelectric energy
Hydroelectric (Small)
Solar Photovoltaics
State/Province The renewable resource grant and loan program is administered by the Department of Natural Resources and Conservation. Historically the program primarily has funded water projects, but it does offer grants to renewable energy projects of state, local, or tribal government entities. On a biennial basis, DNRC evaluates and recommends projects to the Legislature for funding.
Research and Commercialization Grants (Montana) Montana Grant Program Yes Coal with CCS
Concentrating Solar Power
Energy Storage
Fuel Cells
Geothermal Electric
Natural Gas
Nuclear
Wind energy
Biomass/Biogas
Hydroelectric energy
Hydroelectric (Small)
Solar Photovoltaics
State/Province The Board of Research and Commercialization Technology provides grants for renewable resource research and development projects, among other types, to be conducted at research and commercialization centers located in Montana.
State Lands (Montana) Montana Siting and Permitting Yes Coal with CCS
Natural Gas
State/Province This chapter authorizes and regulates prospecting permits and mining leases for the exploration and development of rock, mineral, oil, coal, and gas resources on state lands.
Septage Disposal, Licensure (Montana) Montana Siting and Permitting Yes Biomass/Biogas State/Province This statute describes licensing requirements for septage disposal, and addresses land disposal and processing facilities.
Small Power Production Facilities (Montana) Montana Interconnection Yes Coal with CCS
Concentrating Solar Power
Fuel Cells
Geothermal Electric
Natural Gas
Wind energy
Biomass/Biogas
Hydroelectric energy
Hydroelectric (Small)
Solar Photovoltaics
State/Province For the purpose of these regulations, a small power production facility is defined as a facility that:
(a) produces electricity by the use, as a primary energy source, of biomass, waste, water, wind, or other renewable resource, or any combination of those sources; or
(b) produces electricity and useful forms of thermal energy, such as heat or steam, used for industrial, commercial, heating, or cooling purposes through the sequential use of energy known as cogeneration; and
(c) has a power production capacity that together with any other facilities located at the same site is not greater than 80 megawatts; and
(d) is owned by a person not primarily engaged in the generation or sale of electricity other than electric power from a small power production facility.
The State of Montana encourages the development of small power production facilities and their interconnection to the main utility electric grid. These regulations stipulate that if a small power production facility and a utility are unable to mutually agree to a contract or price for the sale of electricity to be purchased by the utility, the commission shall require the utility to purchase the electricity under rates and conditions established by the commission, following provisions outlined in these regulations.
Special Improvement Districts (Montana) Montana Fees Yes Concentrating Solar Power
Energy Storage
Fuel Cells
Geothermal Electric
Wind energy
Biomass/Biogas
Hydroelectric energy
Hydroelectric (Small)
Solar Photovoltaics
Local A city or town council may create a special improvement district for the purchase, installation, maintenance, and management of alternative energy production facilities. Under certain conditions, abutting property in the county can be included in a district. Property owners in the district are assessed a fee to pay for the investment and operation of the facilities.
State Energy Policy Goal and Development (Montana) Montana Generation Disclosure Yes Coal with CCS
Concentrating Solar Power
Energy Storage
Fuel Cells
Geothermal Electric
Natural Gas
Nuclear
Wind energy
Biomass/Biogas
Hydroelectric energy
Hydroelectric (Small)
Solar Photovoltaics
State/Province This statute establishes the state of Montana's support for the development and implementation of renewable energy technologies as well as environmentally-friendly modifications to existing technologies. The state aims to develop a reliable mix of energy sources, promote the development of new technologies and the continued exploration for oil, gas, and coal reserves, build new transmission lines and increase the capacity of existing lines, promote large-scale utility wind generation and small-scale distributed generation, facilitate the incorporation of new energy sources into the electric grid, and develop best management practices for energy resources. The Montana Energy and Telecommunications Interim Committee, of the Montana State Legislature, is responsible for reviewing this policy and proposing revisions.
State Solid Waste Management and Resource Recovery Plan (Montana) Montana Environmental Regulations Yes Biomass/Biogas Local The State supports the "good management of solid waste and the conservation of natural resources through the promotion or development of systems to collect, separate, reclaim, recycle, and dispose of solid waste for energy production purposes when economically feasible and to provide a coordinated state solid waste management and resource recovery plan." This statute grants the primary responsibility for implementing adequate solid waste management systems to local governments. The statute limits the ability of the Department of Environmental Quality to enact regulations that are more stringent than comparable federal laws.
Streamside Management Zones (Montana) Montana Environmental Regulations Yes Coal with CCS
Concentrating Solar Power
Geothermal Electric
Natural Gas
Nuclear
Wind energy
Biomass/Biogas
Hydroelectric energy
Hydroelectric (Small)
Solar Photovoltaics
State/Province This chapter sets streamside management zones as encompassing a strip at least 50 feet wide on each side of a stream, lake, or other body of water, measured from the ordinary high-water mark, and extending beyond the high-water mark to include wetlands and areas that provide additional protection in zones with steep slopes or erosive soils. This legislation is designed to maintain the integrity of forest streams by limiting development and land use in streamside management zones. The Department of Natural Resources and Conservation is responsible for publishing regulations pertaining to streamside zone management and land use.
Strip and Underground Mine Reclamation Act (Montana) Montana Siting and Permitting Yes Coal with CCS
Nuclear
State/Province The policy of the state is to provide adequate remedies to protect the environmental life support system from degradation and to prevent unreasonable depletion and degradation of natural resources from strip and underground mining. This Act imposes permitting and operating restrictions on strip and underground mining activities for coal and uranium, and authorizes the Department of Environmental Quality to administer a reclamation program. The Act contains permitting, siting, and procedural requirements; more specific regulations can be found in the Administrative Rules of Montana.
Strip and Underground Mine Siting Act (Montana) Montana Siting and Permitting Yes Coal with CCS
Natural Gas
Nuclear
State/Province The policy of the state is to provide adequate remedies to protect the environmental life support system from degradation and to prevent unreasonable depletion and degradation of natural resources from strip and underground mining. This Act grants the Department of Environmental Quality the authority to review and approve or disapprove new strip-mine and new underground-mine site locations and reclamation plans and to adopt relevant rules and regulations. The Act contains permitting and procedural requirements; more specific regulations can be found in the Administrative Rules of Montana.
Uniform Transboundary Pollution Reciprocal Access Act (Montana) Montana Environmental Regulations Yes Coal with CCS
Natural Gas
Nuclear
Biomass/Biogas
State/Province This Act allows any entity in a Reciprocating Jurisdiction harmed by pollution originating in the state of Montana to bring an action or other proceeding against the source of that pollution in the state of Montana. Such an entity has the same rights in the state of Montana as they would if the harm had occurred within the state.
Utility Lines and Facilities (Montana) Montana Siting and Permitting Yes Coal with CCS
Concentrating Solar Power
Energy Storage
Fuel Cells
Geothermal Electric
Natural Gas
Nuclear
Wind energy
Biomass/Biogas
Hydroelectric energy
Hydroelectric (Small)
Solar Photovoltaics
State/Province These regulations apply to the construction of utility and power lines and facilities. They address the use of public right-of-ways for such construction, underground power lines, and construction and relocation standards.
Water Quality (Montana) Montana Environmental Regulations Yes Coal with CCS
Natural Gas
Nuclear
Biomass/Biogas
Hydroelectric energy
State/Province The Water Quality Act establishes water conservation and protection, as well as the prevention, abatement, and control of water pollution, as the policy of the state of Montana. The Act establishes a comprehensive state water quality program, which is administered by the Department of Environmental Quality: http://www.deq.mt.gov/wqinfo/default.mcpx The Act sets limitations on the state's ability to set regulations that are more stringent than federal regulations (section 75-5-203), establishes a Water Pollution Control Advisory Council in the Department of Environmental Protection, establishes classifications and standards for state waters, addresses the cooperation of the department and local water quality districts in establishing local water quality programs, and sets permitting, monitoring, and reporting requirements.
Water Resources (Montana) Montana Environmental Regulations Yes Coal with CCS
Natural Gas
Nuclear
Biomass/Biogas
Hydroelectric energy
Hydroelectric (Small)
State/Province The state policy of Montana requires that water resources of the state be put to optimum beneficial use and not wasted. The state must promote the conservation, development, and beneficial use of the state's water resources to secure maximum economic and social prosperity for its citizens, and this chapter authorizes the Department of Natural Resources and Conservation to coordinate the development and use of the water resources of the state so as to effect full utilization, conservation, and protection of its water resources. This chapter addresses regulations pertaining to public ways, navigable waters, project financing, water storage, and land leasing, as well as Department duties and property acquisition. Part 5 of this chapter contains rules specific to power generation at water projects.
Water Use Act (Montana) Montana Environmental Regulations Yes Coal with CCS
Natural Gas
Nuclear
Biomass/Biogas
Hydroelectric energy
Hydroelectric (Small)
State/Province Any use of water in the state of Montana is established as a public use, and the waters within the state are established as property of the people of the state. This chapter provides for the administration, control, and regulation of water rights by the state and establishes a system of centralized records of all water rights. The chapter addresses the powers and duties of the Department of Natural Resources and Conservation, water rights records, costs and fees for environmental impact statements, water measurement and leasing, the adjudication of water rights, as well as relevant permits, appropriations, and certificates. The chapter has sections pertaining to the utilization of water, groundwater, water use and diversion from the Yellowstone River Basin, and Indian and Federal water rights.
Western Interstate Nuclear Compact State Nuclear Policy (Multiple States) Arizona
California
Colorado
Idaho
Montana
Nevada
New Mexico
Oregon
Utah
Washington
Wyoming
Alberta
British Columbia
Saskatchewan
Siting and Permitting Yes Coal with CCS
Concentrating Solar Power
Energy Storage
Fuel Cells
Geothermal Electric
Natural Gas
Nuclear
Wind energy
Biomass/Biogas
Hydroelectric energy
Hydroelectric (Small)
Solar Photovoltaics
State/Province Legislation authorizes states' entrance into the Western Interstate Nuclear Compact, which aims to undertake the cooperation of participating states in deriving the optimum benefit from nuclear and related scientific or technological resources, facilities, and skills. The Compact is the legal basis for the Western Interstate Energy Board, which provides the instruments and framework for cooperative state efforts to "enhance the economy of the West and contribute to the well-being of the region's people." While originally intended to oversee nuclear issues, the Board's purview extends beyond nuclear power to state cooperation on general energy, electricity, and climate issues. The western states of Arizona, California, Colorado, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming, along with associate members Alberta, British Columbia, and Saskatchewan, comprise the membership of the Board and are party to the Compact.
Workforce Training Grant (WTG) Program (Montana) Montana Training/Technical Assistance
Workforce development
Yes Coal with CCS
Concentrating Solar Power
Energy Storage
Fuel Cells
Geothermal Electric
Natural Gas
Nuclear
Wind energy
Biomass/Biogas
Hydroelectric energy
Hydroelectric (Small)
Solar Photovoltaics
State/Province The Workforce Training Grant (WTG) Program reimburses $5,000 per full time employee meeting wage requirements (lower of county or state average weekly wage) for new and existing employee training costs. The term of the program is 24 months. Business must demonstrate 50% sales from outside Montana and meet other eligibility criteria. Additionally, a $1 of match for every $3 WTG Funds is required of participating businesses.
Yellowstone River Compact (North Dakota) North Dakota Siting and Permitting Yes Coal with CCS
Natural Gas
Nuclear
Biomass/Biogas
Hydroelectric energy
State/Province The Yellowstone River Compact, agreed to by the States of Montana, North Dakota, and Wyoming, provides for an equitable division and apportionment of the waters of the Yellowstone River, as well as for the conservation, development, and beneficial use of water in the Yellowstone River Basin. This chapter provides more specific information on regulations governing the basin.