Minnesota/EZFeed Policies

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EZ Feed Policies for Minnesota

Download EZFeed Policies for Minnesota CSV (rows 1 - 79)

Policy Place Policy Type Active Affected Technologies Implementing Sector Summary
Air Pollution Emissions and Abatement (Minnesota) Minnesota Environmental Regulations Yes Coal with CCS
Natural Gas
Nuclear
Biomass/Biogas
State/Province A person who controls the source of an emission must notify the Pollution Control Agency immediately of excessive or abnormal unpermitted emissions, and must take immediate or reasonable steps to minimize these emissions. The regulations accompanying this legislation list ambient air quality standards for Minnesota, as well as emissions standards for stationary sources.
Alternative Energy Engineering Activity (Minnesota) Minnesota Industry Recruitment/Support Yes Coal with CCS
Concentrating Solar Power
Energy Storage
Fuel Cells
Geothermal Electric
Natural Gas
Nuclear
Wave Energy
Wind energy
Biomass/Biogas
Hydroelectric energy
Hydroelectric (Small)
Solar Photovoltaics
State/Province This statute establishes an alternative energy engineering activity to provide on-site technical assistance for alternative energy and conservation projects; develop information materials and educational programs to meet the needs of engineers, technicians, developers, and others in the alternative energy field; conduct feasibility studies when the results of the studies would be of benefit to others working in the same area; facilitate development of energy projects through assistance in finding financing, meeting regulatory requirements, gaining public and private support, limited technical consultation, and similar forms of assistance; and work with and use the services of Minnesota design professionals.
Boundary Waters Canoe Area (Minnesota) Minnesota Environmental Regulations Yes Coal with CCS
Concentrating Solar Power
Energy Storage
Fuel Cells
Geothermal Electric
Natural Gas
Nuclear
Wave Energy
Wind energy
Biomass/Biogas
Hydroelectric energy
Hydroelectric (Small)
Solar Photovoltaics
State/Province The Boundary Waters Canoe Area occupies a large section of northern Minnesota, and is preserved as a primitive wilderness area. Construction and new development is prohibited. A map of the Boundary Waters Canoe Area can be found here: http://www.fs.usda.gov/Internet/FSE_DOCUMENTS/stelprdb5130164.pdf
Clean Energy Resource Teams (Minnesota) Minnesota Industry Recruitment/Support Yes Coal with CCS
Concentrating Solar Power
Energy Storage
Fuel Cells
Geothermal Electric
Natural Gas
Nuclear
Wave Energy
Wind energy
Biomass/Biogas
Hydroelectric energy
Hydroelectric (Small)
Solar Photovoltaics
State/Province Clean Energy Resource Teams (CERTs) are community-based groups stemming from a state, university, and nonprofit partnership to encourage community energy planning and clean energy project development. CERTs are tasked with developing and implementing community-based energy programs, and are meant to give citizens a voice in the implementation process and provide a broad-based resource and communications network that links local, county, and regional energy efficiency and renewable energy project efforts around the state. There are seven CERT regions, covering the entire state.
Clean Water Legacy Act (Minnesota) Minnesota Environmental Regulations Yes Coal with CCS
Biomass/Biogas
State/Province This Act provides authority, direction, and resources to achieve and maintain water quality standards for groundwater and surface waters by implementing the federal Clean Water Act as well as applicable state and federal regulations. The Council aims to identify and categorize impaired waters, to offer incentives to prevent water impairment, and to support effective measures to clean up waters. The Council sets pollutant total maximum daily load (TMDL) standards for the waters of the State.
Clean Water Partnership Law (Minnesota) Minnesota Environmental Regulations Yes Coal with CCS
Biomass/Biogas
State/Province The main purpose of the Clean Water Partnership Law is to provide financial and technical assistance to local governments for the protection, enhancement, and restoration of surface waters. However, this law also provides a legal basis for state implementation of federal laws controlling nonpoint sources of water pollution, such as pollution from runoff or transportation.
Climate Action Plan (Minnesota) Minnesota Climate Policies Yes Coal with CCS
Concentrating Solar Power
Energy Storage
Fuel Cells
Geothermal Electric
Natural Gas
Nuclear
Wave Energy
Wind energy
Biomass/Biogas
Hydroelectric energy
Hydroelectric (Small)
Solar Photovoltaics
State/Province Recognizing the implications that global climate change may have on the economy, environment and quality of life in Minnesota, Governor Tim Pawlenty signed into law the 2007 Next Generation Energy Act. The law builds on Minnesota’s nation-leading energy policies of more renewable energy, more energy savings, and lower carbon emissions, and specifies the development of a comprehensive plan to reduce Minnesota’s emissions of greenhouse gases.

The Center for Climate Strategies (CCS) was asked to help facilitate and provide technical support to a new Minnesota Climate Change Advisory Group (MCCAG) that would prepare a Climate Mitigation Action Plan for presentation to the governor and the legislature in February, 2008.

CCS worked closely with the Minnesota Department of Commerce and the Minnesota Pollution Control Agency to create and manage the MCCAG, which began meeting in April 2007. This 56-member group, representing a vast range of public-/private-sector organizations and citizen interests, is using a stakeholder-based consensus building process to develop set of state-level policy recommendations for reducing or sequestering greenhouse gas emissions. The MCCAG will also identify opportunities to promote energy-efficient technologies and clean, renewable energy resources that will enhance economic growth.
Community Development Block Grant/Economic Development Infrastructure Financing (United States) United States Grant Program
Loan Program
Yes Coal with CCS
Concentrating Solar Power
Energy Storage
Fuel Cells
Geothermal Electric
Natural Gas
Nuclear
Tidal Energy
Wave Energy
Wind energy
Biomass/Biogas
Hydroelectric energy
Hydroelectric (Small)
Solar Photovoltaics
Federal Community Development Block Grant/Economic Development Infrastructure Financing (CDBG/EDIF) provides public infrastructure financing to help communities grow jobs, enable new business startups and expansions for existing businesses. State programs help achieve the national objective of CDBG by funding projects in which at least 51 percent of the new jobs created are made available to low and moderate income individuals. The maximum amounts awarded under the program are $1 million for new businesses locating to the state and $500,000 for existing businesses expanding in the state.
Comprehensive Local Water Management Act (Minnesota) Minnesota Environmental Regulations Yes Coal with CCS
Concentrating Solar Power
Energy Storage
Fuel Cells
Geothermal Electric
Natural Gas
Nuclear
Wave Energy
Wind energy
Biomass/Biogas
Hydroelectric energy
Hydroelectric (Small)
Solar Photovoltaics
State/Province Each county is encouraged to develop and implement a local water management plan. This section sets the specifications that must be met by local plans. The status of county water plans is shown here: http://www.bwsr.state.mn.us/maps/Website/Land%20&%20Water/Water%20Management/County%20Water%20Plan%20Revisions.pdf See the Metropolitan Surface Water Management Act for a similar map of metropolitan water management plans.
Conservation of Biomass Fuel, Firewood (Minnesota) Minnesota Environmental Regulations Yes Biomass/Biogas State/Province When trees or portions of trees usable as firewood are removed from property under the control of a public utility, pipeline company, railroad, state agency or department, or a political subdivision, that portion of the tree material that is six inches or larger in diameter shall not be destroyed by open burning or deposited in a landfill without first being offered for use to the public, subject to the approval of the landowner or landowners involved.
Control of Mississippi Headwater Lakes (Minnesota) Minnesota Environmental Regulations Yes Hydroelectric energy State/Province The lakes at the headwaters of the Mississippi River are subject to joint federal and state control, and the Commissioner of the Department of Natural Resources is responsible for establishing a plan for the operation of dams on each of the Mississippi headwater reservoirs.
Critical Areas Act of 1973 (Minnesota) Minnesota Siting and Permitting Yes Coal with CCS
Concentrating Solar Power
Energy Storage
Fuel Cells
Geothermal Electric
Natural Gas
Nuclear
Wave Energy
Wind energy
Biomass/Biogas
Hydroelectric energy
Hydroelectric (Small)
Solar Photovoltaics
State/Province This Act applies to certain areas of the state with important historic, cultural, or esthetic values, or natural systems with functions of greater than local significance. Plans for a given critical area will be determined by the local government in conjunction with either the regional development commission or the Environmental Quality Board. This Act describes permitting procedures for development activities proposed in critical areas.
Dam Construction and Maintenance (Minnesota) Minnesota Siting and Permitting Yes Hydroelectric energy State/Province Dams may be constructed, improved, or repaired on private, non-navigable waters subject to certain timelines; however, previously-developed hydropower mechanisms cannot be disrupted. The State may also choose to construct dams, and has oversight of other dams for environmental and safety reasons. The Commissioner of the Department of Natural Resources or a local government may provide a lease or development agreement for the development of hydropower on an existing structure.
Energy Planning (Minnesota) Minnesota Renewables Portfolio Standards and Goals Yes Coal with CCS
Concentrating Solar Power
Energy Storage
Fuel Cells
Geothermal Electric
Natural Gas
Nuclear
Wave Energy
Wind energy
Biomass/Biogas
Hydroelectric energy
Hydroelectric (Small)
Solar Photovoltaics
State/Province This statute affirms the State's strong interest in the development and use of renewable energy resources, minimizing fossil fuel consumption and diversifying energy sources, as well as the creation of effective energy forecasting, planning, and education programs. The statute sets the energy policy for the State, aiming for a 15 percent reduction in per capita use of fossil fuels by 2015, and for 25 percent of total energy to be derived from renewables by 2025. The commissioner of the Department of Commerce is required to monitor renewable energy development in the state, and, in consultation with the Public Utilities Commission, to provide an annual report to the legislature describing existing and needed electricity transmission infrastructure. The commissioner can provide grants to local governments to assist with energy planning and renewable energy development purposes. The commissioner will also develop, implement, and administer a microenergy loan program to finance community-owned or publicly owned small scale renewable energy systems or to provide loans or other aids to small businesses to install small-scale renewable energy systems.
Energy Research Project, Review (Minnesota) Minnesota Climate Policies Yes Coal with CCS
Concentrating Solar Power
Energy Storage
Fuel Cells
Geothermal Electric
Natural Gas
Nuclear
Wave Energy
Wind energy
Biomass/Biogas
Hydroelectric energy
Hydroelectric (Small)
Solar Photovoltaics
State/Province The commissioner shall continuously identify, monitor, and evaluate research studies and demonstration projects pertaining to alternative energy and energy conservation systems and methodologies, including: (1) solar energy systems for heating and cooling; (2) energy systems using wind, agricultural wastes, forestry products, peat, and other nonconventional energy resources; (3) devices and technologies increasing the energy efficiency of energy-consuming appliances, equipment, and systems; (4) hydroelectric power; and (5) other projects the commissioner deems appropriate and of direct benefit to Minnesota and other states of the upper Midwest.
Environmental Impact Statements (Minnesota) Minnesota Environmental Regulations Yes Coal with CCS
Concentrating Solar Power
Energy Storage
Fuel Cells
Geothermal Electric
Natural Gas
Nuclear
Wave Energy
Wind energy
Biomass/Biogas
Hydroelectric energy
Hydroelectric (Small)
Solar Photovoltaics
State/Province These regulations apply to any actions or projects wholly or partially conducted, permitted, assisted, financed, regulated, or approved by units of government including the federal government. When such a project or activity has the potential for significant environmental impacts, the responsible government agency must prepare a detailed environmental impact report prior to authorization. The report will be used in the decision-making process regarding the relevant action or project. Specific regulations pertaining to Environmental Impact.
Floodplain Management Policy (Minnesota) Minnesota Siting and Permitting Yes Coal with CCS
Concentrating Solar Power
Energy Storage
Fuel Cells
Geothermal Electric
Natural Gas
Nuclear
Wave Energy
Wind energy
Biomass/Biogas
Hydroelectric energy
Hydroelectric (Small)
Solar Photovoltaics
State/Province The State aims to reduce flood damages through floodplain management, including floodplain zoning, proofing, and flood warning mechanisms; to encourage local governmental units to adopt, enforce, and administer sound floodplain management ordinances; and to coordinate federal, state, and local floodplain management practices. While major alterations and hazardous uses of floodplains are prohibited, consideration shall be given to industrial uses with a compelling reason to locate in a floodplain.
Flowage Easements (Minnesota) Minnesota Siting and Permitting Yes Hydroelectric energy
Hydroelectric (Small)
Local The governing body of a town or municipality may allow the overflow, obstruction, or impairment of a public street or other highway, or the digging of a raceway in a public street or highway if it is necessary for creating, improving, or operating a waterpower.
Forest Roads (Minnesota) Minnesota Siting and Permitting Yes Coal with CCS
Concentrating Solar Power
Energy Storage
Fuel Cells
Geothermal Electric
Natural Gas
Nuclear
Wave Energy
Wind energy
Biomass/Biogas
Hydroelectric energy
Hydroelectric (Small)
Solar Photovoltaics
State/Province Proposed forest roads must be approved and designated by the Commissioner of the Department of Natural Resources.
Forestry Policies (Minnesota) Minnesota Environmental Regulations Yes Biomass/Biogas State/Province Minnesota's forests are managed through the Department of Natural Resources Division of Forestry. The DNR has several programs and services intended to promote the sustainable use of woody biomass:

http://www.dnr.state.mn.us/forestry/biomass/index.html http://www.dnr.state.mn.us/forestry/biomass/resources.html

Minnesota was the first state to develop biomass harvesting guidelines to manage the removal of woody biomass at forest operations sites. These guidelines are mandatory on all state lands and many private lands as well: http://files.dnr.state.mn.us/forestry/biomass/biomassHarvestingGuidelines.pdf

The DNR publishes a quarterly newsletter covering the forest products market, including relevant information on the biomass energy industry in Minnesota: http://www.dnr.state.mn.us/publications/forestry/index.html

The DNR annually issues its Forest Resources Report, which includes discussion of the opportunity and potential for the utilization of forest residues for energy generation: http://files.dnr.state.mn.us/forestry/um/forestresourcesreport_11.pdf

The University of Minnesota Department of Forest Resources issued the document "2010 Outlook for Forest Biomass Availability in Minnesota", providing inventory of supplies and demand for residual woody biomass for energy generation, including social and economic impact analysis:

http://www.forestry.umn.edu/prod/groups/cfans/@pub/@cfans/@forestry/documents/asset/cfans_asset_260126.pdf
Great Lakes-St. Lawrence River Basin Water Resources Compact (multi-state) Illinois
Indiana
Minnesota
New York
Ohio
Pennsylvania
Wisconsin
Ontario
Quebec
Environmental Regulations Yes Coal with CCS
Energy Storage
Natural Gas
Nuclear
Biomass/Biogas
Hydroelectric energy
Hydroelectric (Small)
State/Province This Act describes the management of the Great Lakes - St. Lawrence River basin, and regulates water withdrawals, diversions, and consumptive uses from the basin. The Act establishes a Council, which is responsible for water conservation and efficiency programs and reviewing proposed projects. Projects which may lead to new or increased water diversions are limited; exceptions are described in this statute. More information can be found on the website of the Council: http://www.glslcompactcouncil.org/
Greenhouse Gas Emissions (Minnesota) Minnesota Climate Policies Yes Coal with CCS
Concentrating Solar Power
Energy Storage
Fuel Cells
Geothermal Electric
Natural Gas
Nuclear
Wave Energy
Wind energy
Biomass/Biogas
Hydroelectric energy
Hydroelectric (Small)
Solar Photovoltaics
State/Province This statute sets goals for the reduction of statewide greenhouse gas emissions by at least 15 percent by 2015, 30 percent by 2025, and 80 percent by 2050, calculated relative to 2005 levels. These levels will be reviewed based on the climate change action plan study compiled by the commissioners of Commerce, the Pollution Control Agency, the Housing Finance Agency, and the Departments of Natural Resources, Agriculture, Employment and Economic Development, and Transportation, and the chair of the Metropolitan Council. To facilitate these goals, the commissioner of the Pollution Control Agency shall establish a system for reporting and maintaining an inventory of greenhouse gas emissions. These regulations place limits on the construction of new power plant facilities that will contribute to carbon dioxide emissions, unless such facilities demonstrate that they will also offset emissions. Some other exemptions apply. Additional regulations apply for the emissions of high-GWP greenhouse gases, including chlorofluorocarbons, perfluorocarbons, sulfur hexafluoride, nitrous trifluoride, and others.
Groundwater Policy (Minnesota) Minnesota Environmental Regulations Yes Coal with CCS
Nuclear
Biomass/Biogas
State/Province This section lists the agencies responsible for protecting groundwater in the state of Minnesota. Chapter 103H gives further procedures for protection of sensitive groundwater areas and groundwater quality monitoring.
Hazardous and Industrial Waste (Minnesota) Minnesota Siting and Permitting Yes Coal with CCS
Nuclear
Biomass/Biogas
State/Province This section describes standards that must be met by facilities generating and processing hazardous and industrial waste, as well as required permits for the construction and operation of such a facility. The statute also offers support for technology development that can lead to more efficient and sustainable waste management practices. Certain waste facilities are subject to supplementary review.
Intrastate Pipeline Safety (Minnesota) Minnesota Siting and Permitting Yes Natural Gas State/Province These regulations provide standards for gas and liquid pipeline maintenance and operating procedures, per the Federal Hazardous Liquid and Natural Gas Pipeline Safety Acts, and give the commissioner of public safety the authority to establish more stringent standard. State-specific standards can be found in the Minnesota Administrative Rules, chapter 7530.
Job Opportunity Building Zones (JOBZ) Initiative (Minnesota) Minnesota Corporate Tax Incentive Yes Coal with CCS
Concentrating Solar Power
Energy Storage
Fuel Cells
Geothermal Electric
Natural Gas
Nuclear
Wave Energy
Wind energy
Biomass/Biogas
Hydroelectric energy
Hydroelectric (Small)
Solar Photovoltaics
State/Province Minnesota’s Job Opportunity Building Zones (JOBZ) Initiative state and local tax incentives to qualified companies that expand or relocate in targeted areas outside the Twin Cities metropolitan area. There are ten job zones with opportunities for manufacturing, value-added, or high-wage service businesses in over 300 communities. Qualifying businesses may be eligible for corporate franchise tax exemptions, income tax exemptions for investors, sales tax exemptions for goods used in the zone, wind energy production tax exemptions, and employment tax credits.
Lake Improvement District Law and County Lake Improvement Program (Minnesota) Minnesota Siting and Permitting Yes Coal with CCS
Concentrating Solar Power
Energy Storage
Fuel Cells
Geothermal Electric
Natural Gas
Nuclear
Wave Energy
Wind energy
Biomass/Biogas
Hydroelectric energy
Hydroelectric (Small)
Solar Photovoltaics
Local Lake Improvement Districts may be established by county boards in order to “improve the quality of water in lakes; provide for reasonable assurance of water quantity in lakes, where feasible and practicable; and to assure protection of the lakes from the detrimental effects of human activities and certain natural processes.” Lake Improvement or Conservation Districts may also authorize county boards to manage water bodies located within their jurisdiction. With proper approval, county boards may choose to construct and operate water control structures, undertake projects to divert waters, improve navigation, undertake research to determine the condition of the body of water, conduct a program of water improvement and conservation, develop and implement a comprehensive plan to prevent water pollution, and make agreements regarding the body of water.
Lake Minnetonka Conservation District (Minnesota) Minnesota Siting and Permitting Yes Coal with CCS
Concentrating Solar Power
Energy Storage
Fuel Cells
Geothermal Electric
Natural Gas
Nuclear
Wave Energy
Wind energy
Biomass/Biogas
Hydroelectric energy
Hydroelectric (Small)
Solar Photovoltaics
Local This statute establishes the Lake Minnetonka Conservation District, which has the authority to set water and land use regulations for the area around Lake Minnetonka.
Marginal, Erodible Land Retirement Policy (Minnesota) Minnesota Environmental Regulations Yes Coal with CCS
Concentrating Solar Power
Energy Storage
Fuel Cells
Geothermal Electric
Natural Gas
Nuclear
Wave Energy
Wind energy
Biomass/Biogas
Hydroelectric energy
Hydroelectric (Small)
Solar Photovoltaics
State/Province It is state policy to encourage the retirement of marginal, highly erodible land, particularly land adjacent to public waters and drainage systems, from crop production and to reestablish a cover of perennial vegetation.
Metropolitan Groundwater Plans (Minnesota) Minnesota Environmental Regulations Yes Coal with CCS
Concentrating Solar Power
Energy Storage
Fuel Cells
Geothermal Electric
Natural Gas
Nuclear
Wave Energy
Wind energy
Biomass/Biogas
Hydroelectric energy
Hydroelectric (Small)
Solar Photovoltaics
Local This section gives metropolitan counties the authority to prepare and adopt groundwater plans, or to grant this responsibility to soil and water conservation districts.
Metropolitan Land Use Planning (Minnesota) Minnesota Environmental Regulations Yes Coal with CCS
Concentrating Solar Power
Energy Storage
Fuel Cells
Geothermal Electric
Natural Gas
Nuclear
Wave Energy
Wind energy
Biomass/Biogas
Hydroelectric energy
Hydroelectric (Small)
Solar Photovoltaics
Local This statute establishes the Metropolitan Land Use Advisory Committee within the Metropolitan Council to coordinate plans, programs, and controls related to urbanization and development among individual governmental units in metropolitan areas. The committee is responsible for monitoring growth and urbanization patterns and open space, as well as air and water pollution and water shortages. The committee may make recommendations, adopt guidelines and procedures, and alter zoning rules.
Metropolitan Landfill Abatement Act (Minnesota) Minnesota Fees Yes Biomass/Biogas State/Province A fee is imposed on operators of mixed municipal solid waste disposal facilities corresponding to the amount of waste taken in. Waste residue from recycling facilities or resource recovery facilities is exempt from this fee if there is at least an 85 percent weight reduction in the solid waste processed. The money will be used to fund the research, development, and implementation of alternative solid waste management practices and resource recovery facilities.
Midwest Independent System Operator (Multiple States) Montana
North Dakota
South Dakota
Minnesota
Iowa
Missouri
Wisconsin
Illinois
Michigan
Indiana
Kentucky
Manitoba
Interconnection Yes Coal with CCS
Concentrating Solar Power
Energy Storage
Fuel Cells
Geothermal Electric
Natural Gas
Nuclear
Tidal Energy
Wave Energy
Wind energy
Biomass/Biogas
Hydroelectric energy
Hydroelectric (Small)
Solar Photovoltaics
Non-Profit Midwest Independent Transmission System Operator (MISO) is a Regional Transmission Organization, which administers wholesale electricity markets in all or parts of 11 U.S. states and the Canadian province of Manitoba. MISO administers electricity transmission grids across the Midwest and into Canada, and provides tools, transmission planning strategies, and integration for utilities in those markets. MISO is working with PJM Interconnection to develop complementing system operations and one robust, non-discriminatory wholesale electricity market to meet the needs of all customers and stakeholders in 23 states, the District of Columbia and the Canadian province of Manitoba. The market is being developed through an open stakeholder process and is being designed to serve residents regardless of whether they reside in states with bundled or unbundled retail rates.
Midwest Interstate Compact on Low-Level Radioactive Waste (Multiple States) Indiana
Iowa
Minnesota
Missouri
Ohio
Wisconsin
Environmental Regulations Yes Nuclear State/Province The Midwest Interstate Low-Level Radioactive Waste Compact is an agreement between the states of Indiana, Iowa, Minnesota, Missouri, Ohio, and Wisconsin that provides for the cooperative and safe disposal of commercial low-level radioactive waste. The Compact was enacted into law by each member state legislature during the period from 1982 through 1984, and received Congressional consent in 1985. The Midwest Interstate Low-Level Radioactive Waste Compact Commission is the administrative body of the Compact. It consists of one voting Commissioner from each of the six member states. Each state determines how it will appoint its Commissioner, and the state’s Governor must provide written notification to the Commission of the appointment of a Commissioner and any Alternate Commissioners.
Midwest Renewable Energy Tracking System (Multiple States) Illinois
Iowa
Minnesota
Montana
North Dakota
Ohio
South Dakota
Wisconsin
Manitoba
Green Power Purchasing Yes Coal with CCS
Concentrating Solar Power
Energy Storage
Fuel Cells
Geothermal Electric
Natural Gas
Nuclear
Tidal Energy
Wave Energy
Wind energy
Biomass/Biogas
Hydroelectric energy
Hydroelectric (Small)
Solar Photovoltaics
Non-Profit The Midwest Renewable Energy Tracking System (M-RETS®) tracks renewable energy generation in participating States and Provinces and assists in verifying compliance with individual state/provincial or voluntary Renewable Portfolio Standards (RPS) and objectives. M-RETS® is a tool to keep track of all relevant information about renewable energy produced and delivered in the region. Currently, several States and Provinces participate in M-RETS®: Illinois, Iowa, Manitoba, Minnesota, Montana, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin have policies in place requiring or strongly encouraging utility development of renewable resources. M-RETS® uses verifiable production data for all participating generators and creates a Renewable Energy Credit (REC) in the form of a tradable digital certificate for each MWh.
Minnesota Environmental Coordination Procedures Act (Minnesota) Minnesota Siting and Permitting Yes Coal with CCS
Concentrating Solar Power
Energy Storage
Fuel Cells
Geothermal Electric
Natural Gas
Nuclear
Wave Energy
Wind energy
Biomass/Biogas
Hydroelectric energy
Hydroelectric (Small)
Solar Photovoltaics
State/Province This Act is designed to streamline the review procedures for a given project that requires multiple environmental permits “by establishing a mechanism in state government which will coordinate administrative decision-making procedures, and related quasi-judicial and judicial review, pertaining to these permits.” The Act is designed to promote a better exchange of information among state agencies, as well as a faster process for project permitting.
Minnesota Peatland Protection Act (Minnesota) Minnesota Siting and Permitting Yes Coal with CCS
Concentrating Solar Power
Energy Storage
Fuel Cells
Geothermal Electric
Natural Gas
Nuclear
Wave Energy
Wind energy
Biomass/Biogas
Hydroelectric energy
Hydroelectric (Small)
Solar Photovoltaics
State/Province Certain peatland core areas are designated as scientific and natural areas, and development is restricted. Currently, only two peatlands have been protected: the Pine Creek Peatland in Roseau County, and the Winter Road Lake Peatland in Roseau and Lake of the Woods Counties.
Minnesota Power Plant Siting Act (Minnesota) Minnesota Siting and Permitting Yes Coal with CCS
Concentrating Solar Power
Energy Storage
Fuel Cells
Geothermal Electric
Natural Gas
Nuclear
Wave Energy
Wind energy
Biomass/Biogas
Hydroelectric energy
Hydroelectric (Small)
Solar Photovoltaics
State/Province This Act regulates the siting of large electric power generating plants, which are defined as plants designed for or capable of operating with a capacity of 50,000 kW or more. The policy of the state is to choose locations for large electric power facilities that minimize adverse human and environmental impact while insuring continuing electric power system reliability and integrity and that electric energy needs are met and fulfilled in an orderly and timely fashion. A site permit from the Public Utilities Commission is required prior to the construction of a large electric power generating facility or of a high-voltage transmission line directly associated with the power generating facility. This is the sole permit required for such construction, and it supersedes and preempts all zoning, building, or land use rules, regulations, or ordinances promulgated by regional, county, local and special purpose government. However, other state permits may be required.
Mississippi Headwaters Planning and Management (Minnesota) Minnesota Siting and Permitting Yes Coal with CCS
Concentrating Solar Power
Energy Storage
Fuel Cells
Geothermal Electric
Natural Gas
Nuclear
Wave Energy
Wind energy
Biomass/Biogas
Hydroelectric energy
Hydroelectric (Small)
Solar Photovoltaics
Local Construction and development is restricted and largely prohibited near the Mississippi headwaters. Land use permits must be obtained from the Mississippi Headwaters Board.
Municipal Electric Power (Minnesota) Minnesota Green Power Purchasing Yes Hydroelectric energy
Hydroelectric (Small)
Local This section describes energy procurement for local utilities operating in Minnesota and provides a means for Minnesota cities to construct and operate hydroelectric power plants. The statute gives cities the power to create a separate municipal corporation with the authority to finance and acquire facilities for the generation or transmission of electric energy.
Municipal Water Pollution Control (Minnesota) Minnesota Siting and Permitting Yes Coal with CCS
Nuclear
Biomass/Biogas
State/Province This statute applies to a city, sanitary district, or other governmental subdivision or public corporation. The statute gives the Pollution Control Agency the authority to prepare and enforce a long-range plan pertaining to the prevention and mitigation of water pollution in municipal areas. The statute also sets standards for wastewater treatment facilities.
Noise Pollution Control (Minnesota) Minnesota Environmental Regulations Yes Coal with CCS
Concentrating Solar Power
Energy Storage
Fuel Cells
Geothermal Electric
Natural Gas
Nuclear
Wave Energy
Wind energy
Biomass/Biogas
Hydroelectric energy
Hydroelectric (Small)
Solar Photovoltaics
Local These regulations set noise standards and direct municipalities to take reasonable measures to prevent the establishment of land use activities with a high noise pollution potential.
Oil and Gas Wells: Rules Relating to Spacing, Pooling, and Unitization (Minnesota) Minnesota Siting and Permitting Yes Natural Gas State/Province The Department of Natural Resources is given the authority to create and promulgate regulations related to spacing, pooling, and utilization of oil and gas wells. However, as of September 2012, no such rules were found.
Oil and Hazardous Substance Discharge Preparedness (Minnesota) Minnesota Environmental Regulations Yes Coal with CCS
Nuclear
Biomass/Biogas
State/Province Anyone who owns or operates a vessel or facility that transports, stores, or otherwise handles hazardous wastes must take reasonable steps to prevent the discharge of those materials.
Pipeline Setback Ordinance (Minnesota) Minnesota Siting and Permitting Yes Natural Gas State/Province This statute establishes the Office of Pipeline Safety to regulate pipelines in Minnesota. Among other duties, the office is responsible for implementing a Model Pipeline Setback Ordinance.
Pipelines (Minnesota) Minnesota Siting and Permitting Yes Coal with CCS
Natural Gas
State/Province This section regulates pipelines that are used to carry natural or synthetic gas at a pressure of more than 90 pounds per square inch, along with pipelines used to carry petroleum products and coal. Special rules apply to pipelines used to carry natural gas at a pressure of more than 125 pounds per square inch. The construction of a pipeline requires a routing permit from the Public Utilities Commission, with some exceptions. Interstate gas pipelines are subject to federal law and exempt from these requirements.
Postsecondary Energy Education (Minnesota) Minnesota Workforce development Yes Coal with CCS
Concentrating Solar Power
Energy Storage
Fuel Cells
Geothermal Electric
Natural Gas
Nuclear
Wave Energy
Wind energy
Biomass/Biogas
Hydroelectric energy
Hydroelectric (Small)
Solar Photovoltaics
State/Province The commissioner of commerce, in consultation with the commissioner of education, the Minnesota Office of Higher Education, the Board of Trustees of the Minnesota State Colleges and Universities, and the Board of Regents of the University of Minnesota, shall assist in the development and implementation of adult and postsecondary energy education programs.
Project Riverbend (Minnesota) Minnesota Siting and Permitting Yes Coal with CCS
Concentrating Solar Power
Energy Storage
Fuel Cells
Geothermal Electric
Natural Gas
Nuclear
Wave Energy
Wind energy
Biomass/Biogas
Hydroelectric energy
Hydroelectric (Small)
Solar Photovoltaics
Local This statute implements a comprehensive land use plan for area surrounding the Minnesota River from the city of Franklin in Renville County to Le Sueur in Le Sueur County. Construction, grading, and filling activities near the river are heavily limited by the plan.
Qualifying RPS State Export Markets (Minnesota) Minnesota Renewables Portfolio Standards and Goals Yes Coal with CCS
Concentrating Solar Power
Energy Storage
Geothermal Electric
Natural Gas
Nuclear
Wave Energy
Wind energy
Biomass/Biogas
Hydroelectric energy
Hydroelectric (Small)
Solar Photovoltaics
State/Province This entry lists the states with Renewable Portfolio Standard (RPS) policies that accept generation located in Minnesota as eligible sources towards their RPS targets or goals. For specific information with regard to eligible technologies or other restrictions which may vary by state, see the RPS policy entries for the individual states, shown below in the Authority listings. Typically energy must be delivered to an in-state utility or Load Serving Entity, and often only a portion of compliance targets may be met by out-of-state generation. In addition to geographic and energy delivery requirements, ownership, registry, and other requirements may apply, such as resource eligibility, generator vintage and capacity limitations, as well as limits on Renewable Energy Certificate (REC) vintage. The listing applies to RPS Main Tiers only, and excludes solar or distributed generation that may require interconnection only within the RPS state. This assessment is based on energy delivery requirements and reasonable transmission availability. Acceptance of unbundled RECs varies. There may be additional sales opportunities in RPS states outside the Eastern Interconnection. REC prices in markets with voluntary goals (North Dakota, South Dakota) may be lower.
Radiation Hazards Program (Minnesota) Minnesota Safety and Operational Guidelines Yes Nuclear State/Province These regulations, promulgated by the Department of Health, set allowable radiation standards and mitigation practices, as well as procedures for the transportation of hazardous material.
Radioactive Waste Management (Minnesota) Minnesota Environmental Regulations Yes Nuclear State/Province This section regulates the transportation and disposal of high-level radioactive waste in Minnesota, and establishes a Nuclear Waste Council to monitor the federal high-level radioactive waste disposal program. These regulations state that the construction of a radioactive waste facility in Minnesota as well as the transportation of radioactive waste for disposal into Minnesota must be expressly authorized by the Minnesota Legislature. Any geologic or hydrologic drilling activities related to disposal require a permit from the Environmental Quality Board. This section also sets allowable levels for radionuclide release into groundwater. Specific regulations regarding exploratory drilling for high-level radioactive waste disposal can be found in the Minnesota Administrative Rules, sections 4100.7900-7934, below.
Regulatory and Hydropower Policy (Minnesota) Minnesota Environmental Regulations Yes Hydroelectric energy
Hydroelectric (Small)
State/Province These statutes establish the State's authority to “control and supervise activity that changes or will change the course, current, or cross section of public waters, including the construction, reconstruction, repair, removal, abandonment, alteration, or the transfer of ownership of dams, reservoirs, control structures, and waterway obstructions in public waters.” The statutes also establish that hydroelectric power generation serves a valid public purpose.
Regulatory and Wetlands Policy (Minnesota) Minnesota Environmental Regulations Yes Coal with CCS
Concentrating Solar Power
Energy Storage
Fuel Cells
Geothermal Electric
Natural Gas
Nuclear
Wave Energy
Wind energy
Biomass/Biogas
Hydroelectric energy
Hydroelectric (Small)
Solar Photovoltaics
State/Province These statutes establish wetlands as a natural resource of public value in the State, and state that it is in the public interest to restore and preserve these wetlands and their biological diversity, as well as to avoid direct or indirect detrimental impacts. Sections 103G.221-237 discuss rules pertaining to the drainage of wetlands and access to public wetlands.
Reinvest in Minnesota Resources Law (Minnesota) Minnesota Siting and Permitting Yes Coal with CCS
Concentrating Solar Power
Energy Storage
Fuel Cells
Geothermal Electric
Natural Gas
Nuclear
Wave Energy
Wind energy
Biomass/Biogas
Hydroelectric energy
Hydroelectric (Small)
Solar Photovoltaics
State/Province This statute aims to restore certain marginal agricultural land and protect environmentally sensitive areas to enhance soil and water quality, minimize damage to flood-prone areas, sequester carbon, and support native plant, fish, and wildlife habitats. The Board of Water and Soil Resources may place eligible land in the Minnesota reserve program and impose conservation standards. The statute also addresses conservation easements. Allowable development and construction is very limited on such land. Other eligible lands may be set aside for the clean energy program, as described in section 103F.518. This land will be prioritized for the development of cellulosic biofuel or bioenergy production facilities, or for development that meets other state goals or objectives.
Scenic River Protection Policy, Minnesota Wild and Scenic Rivers Act (Minnesota) Minnesota Siting and Permitting Yes Coal with CCS
Concentrating Solar Power
Energy Storage
Fuel Cells
Geothermal Electric
Natural Gas
Nuclear
Wave Energy
Wind energy
Biomass/Biogas
Hydroelectric energy
Hydroelectric (Small)
Solar Photovoltaics
State/Province The State aims to preserve and protect Minnesota rivers and adjacent lands with outstanding scenic, recreational, natural, historical, scientific and similar values. Chapter 103F defines recreational, scenic, and wild rivers, and describes standards for a river management plan. More specific regulations can be found in the Minnesota Administrative Rules, chapter 6105.
Scientific and Natural Areas (Minnesota) Minnesota Siting and Permitting Yes Coal with CCS
Concentrating Solar Power
Energy Storage
Fuel Cells
Geothermal Electric
Natural Gas
Nuclear
Wave Energy
Wind energy
Biomass/Biogas
Hydroelectric energy
Hydroelectric (Small)
Solar Photovoltaics
State/Province Certain scientific and natural areas are established throughout the state for the purpose of preservation and protection. Construction and new development is prohibited in these areas.
Shoreland Development (Minnesota) Minnesota Siting and Permitting Yes Coal with CCS
Concentrating Solar Power
Energy Storage
Fuel Cells
Geothermal Electric
Natural Gas
Nuclear
Wave Energy
Wind energy
Biomass/Biogas
Hydroelectric energy
Hydroelectric (Small)
Solar Photovoltaics
Local This program aims to (1) provide guidance for the wise development of shorelands of public waters and thus preserve and enhance the quality of surface waters; (2) preserve the economic and natural environmental values of shorelands; and (3) provide for the wise use of water and related land resources of the state. For the purpose of these regulations, shorelands are defined as land located within the following distances from the ordinary high water elevation of public waters: (1) 1,000 feet from the normal high watermark of a lake, pond, or flowage; and (2) 300 feet of a river or stream or the landward side of a floodplain delineated by ordinance on the river or stream, whichever is greater. The Department of Natural Resources sets model standards and criteria for shoreland management and allowable development; municipalities can also choose to set complementary or more stringent standards, but these must be submitted to the DNR for review. Specific regulations can be found on the DNR Shoreland Management Programs website: http://www.dnr.state.mn.us/waters/watermgmt_section/shoreland/index.html and in the Minnesota Administrative Rules, chapter 6120.
Small Business Air Quality Compliance Assistance Act (Minnesota) Minnesota Environmental Regulations Yes Coal with CCS
Concentrating Solar Power
Energy Storage
Fuel Cells
Geothermal Electric
Natural Gas
Nuclear
Wave Energy
Wind energy
Biomass/Biogas
Hydroelectric energy
Hydroelectric (Small)
Solar Photovoltaics
State/Province A small business stationary source that is owned or operated by a person that employs 100 or fewer individuals, is not a major stationary source (as defined by the federal Clean Air Act), does not emit 50 tons or more per year of any regulated pollutant, and emits less than 75 tons per year of all regulated pollutants may qualify for information and technical assistance under this program.
Small Business Development Loan Program (Minnesota) Minnesota Loan Program Yes Coal with CCS
Concentrating Solar Power
Energy Storage
Fuel Cells
Geothermal Electric
Natural Gas
Nuclear
Wave Energy
Wind energy
Biomass/Biogas
Hydroelectric energy
Hydroelectric (Small)
Solar Photovoltaics
State/Province The Small Business Development Loan Program, sponsored by Minnesota’s Agricultural and Economic Development Board, issues industrial development bonds to provide small business loans up to $5 million to businesses whose expansion results in the creation of new jobs. Loans are available to manufacturing and industrial companies with fewer than 500 employees. The loan may be used for real estate or machinery and equipment.
Soil Erosion (Minnesota) Minnesota Siting and Permitting Yes Coal with CCS
Concentrating Solar Power
Energy Storage
Fuel Cells
Geothermal Electric
Natural Gas
Nuclear
Wave Energy
Wind energy
Biomass/Biogas
Hydroelectric energy
Hydroelectric (Small)
Solar Photovoltaics
Local The Board of Water and Soil Resources has adopted a model ordinance to serve as the minimum standard for local governments, which are asked to implement standards and administrative procedures designed to control soil loss and erosion. Activities that cause excessive soil loss are not permitted. Landowners may request assistance from local soil and water conservation districts to plan activities to minimize soil loss. A person engaged in a development activity that will disturb over one acre of land must submit a sedimentation control plan and time schedule that will prevent excessive soil loss to the local government, before the development activity is to begin. A permit is required prior to beginning such activity.
Soil and Water Conservation Policy (Minnesota) Minnesota Siting and Permitting Yes Coal with CCS
Concentrating Solar Power
Energy Storage
Fuel Cells
Geothermal Electric
Natural Gas
Nuclear
Wave Energy
Wind energy
Biomass/Biogas
Hydroelectric energy
Hydroelectric (Small)
Solar Photovoltaics
Local This statute establishes that it is the responsibility of land occupiers to implement practices that conserve soil and water resources, and the policy of the state encourages them to do so. Chapter 103C of the Minnesota Statutes establishes local Soil and Water Conservation Districts to implement these programs.
Solid Waste Management Policy and Programs (Minnesota) Minnesota Siting and Permitting Yes Biomass/Biogas Local These statutes encourage the State and local governments to develop waste management strategies to achieve the maximum possible reduction in waste generation, eliminate or reduce adverse environmental impacts, encourage source separation of materials, and improve the efficiency of the overall system. The legislation also establishes solid waste management districts, to provide for coordinated planning of waste disposal strategies.
South Dakota-Minnesota Boundary Waters Commission (Minnesota) Minnesota Environmental Regulations Yes Coal with CCS
Concentrating Solar Power
Energy Storage
Fuel Cells
Geothermal Electric
Natural Gas
Nuclear
Wave Energy
Wind energy
Biomass/Biogas
Hydroelectric energy
Hydroelectric (Small)
Solar Photovoltaics
Local This section establishes an interstate commission to set standards for water levels and quality, and to coordinate among local governments to maintain and preserve water resources on the Minnesota/South Dakota boundary.
South Dakota-Minnesota Boundary Waters Commission (South Dakota) South Dakota
Minnesota
Environmental Regulations Yes Coal with CCS
Natural Gas
Nuclear
Wave Energy
Biomass/Biogas
Hydroelectric energy
Hydroelectric (Small)
State/Province This legislation establishes an interstate commission to set standards for water levels and quality, and to coordinate among local governments to maintain and preserve water resources on the Minnesota/South Dakota boundary.
Star Lakes and Rivers (Minnesota) Minnesota Siting and Permitting Yes Coal with CCS
Concentrating Solar Power
Energy Storage
Fuel Cells
Geothermal Electric
Natural Gas
Nuclear
Wave Energy
Wind energy
Biomass/Biogas
Hydroelectric energy
Hydroelectric (Small)
Solar Photovoltaics
Local An association organized for the purpose of addressing issues on a specific lake or river, a lake improvement district, or a lake conservation district may apply to the Star Lake Board for designation as a star lake or river. An association applying for Star Lake or River designation must have a lake or river management plan, maintain a membership of at least 50 percent of the private shoreland owners, participate in a water quality monitoring program, work with state agencies and local government units to identify water pollution sources and impairments, promote compliance with adopted shoreland zoning standards and best management practices, and undertake other responsibilities. The designation aims to promote sustainable water management practices and protect water resources, and can lead to greater state funding for improvement and mitigation projects.
State Small Business Credit Initiative (Minnesota) Minnesota Loan Program Yes Coal with CCS
Concentrating Solar Power
Energy Storage
Fuel Cells
Geothermal Electric
Natural Gas
Nuclear
Wave Energy
Wind energy
Biomass/Biogas
Hydroelectric energy
Hydroelectric (Small)
Solar Photovoltaics
State/Province The State Small Business Credit Initiative (SSBCI) uses federal funding to stimulate private-sector lending and improve access to capital for small businesses and manufacturers that are credit worthy but not getting loans they need to expand and create jobs.

The initiative allocates up to $15.4 million into three state programs:

- The Capital Access Program
- Emerging Entrepreneurs Fund
- Small Business Loan Guarantees

And for businesses certified to participate in the Angel Tax Credit Program:

- Angel Fund Loan Program
With a goal of attracting $10 of private investment for each federal dollar invested, the SSBCI is expected to spur more than $150 million in lending to small businesses statewide and fuel the creation of more than 3,000 new jobs in Minnesota.
The Border Cities Enterprise Zone Program (Minnesota) Minnesota Enterprise Zone Yes Coal with CCS
Concentrating Solar Power
Energy Storage
Fuel Cells
Geothermal Electric
Natural Gas
Nuclear
Wave Energy
Wind energy
Biomass/Biogas
Hydroelectric energy
Hydroelectric (Small)
Solar Photovoltaics
State/Province The Border Cities Enterprise Zone Program provides business tax credits to businesses that invest, develop, expand, and create jobs in identified Border-Cities Enterprise Zones. Companies may be eligible for property tax credits, debt financing on new construction, sales tax credit on equipment, machinery, and materials, and employee tax credits.
The Metropolitan Surface Water Management Act (Minnesota) Minnesota Siting and Permitting Yes Coal with CCS
Concentrating Solar Power
Energy Storage
Fuel Cells
Geothermal Electric
Natural Gas
Nuclear
Wave Energy
Wind energy
Biomass/Biogas
Hydroelectric energy
Hydroelectric (Small)
Solar Photovoltaics
Local The Metropolitan Surface Water Management Act aims to protect, preserve, and use natural, surface, and groundwater storage and retention systems; identify and plan for means to improve and protect groundwater quality; establish more uniform local policies and controls for surface and groundwater management; prevent the erosion of soil into surface water systems; and promote groundwater recharge. The Act establishes metropolitan watershed districts which set local watershed management plans. Each local plan defines water quality and water quality protection methods, and identifies regulated areas. The Board of Water and Soil Resources establishes minimum standards.
Water Diversion and Appropriation (Minnesota) Minnesota Siting and Permitting Yes Coal with CCS
Nuclear
Biomass/Biogas
State/Province The Commissioner of the Department of Natural Resources is responsible for administering the use, allocation, and control of waters in the state, as well as the establishment, maintenance, and control of lake levels and water storage reservoirs. Local governments may apply to the Commissioner to request authority to establish and monitor water levels. Permits from the Commissioner are required for water diversion or consumptive use greater than 2,000,000 gallons per day, or for diversion or consumptive use from the Great Lakes greater than 5,000,000 gallons per day. Additional restrictions may apply when certain water sources are used. Water use for once-through cooling systems is restricted, in the majority of cases, to 5,000,000 gallons annually. No major change in the operation of an installation using the waters of the state may be made without a permit from the commissioner. More specific regulations can be found in the Minnesota Administrative Rules, sections 6115.0300-0810.
Water Pollution Control Act (Minnesota) Minnesota Siting and Permitting Yes Coal with CCS
Nuclear
Biomass/Biogas
State/Province This Act gives the Minnesota Pollution Control Agency broad responsibility to establish pollution standards for state waters; monitor water conditions and sources of pollution; review construction, installation, and operational practices which may lead to additional pollution; establish and revise pretreatment standards; and regulate wastewater treatment plants, stormwater discharges, disposal systems, point sources, and radioactive discharges. Separate standards exist for waters in the Lake Superior Basin. See the Minnesota Administrative Rules, sections 7050-7060 for more specific regulations.
Water Use Permitting (Wisconsin) Wisconsin Siting and Permitting Yes Nuclear Local Withdrawers in the Great Lakes Basin who withdraw water in quantities that average 100,000 gallons per day or more in any 30-day period are required to get a water use permit. Two types of water use permits exist: a general permit is required for withdrawals that average 100,000 gallons per day or more in any 30-day period but do not equal at least 1,000,000 gallons per day for 30 consecutive days. An individual permit is required for withdrawals that equal at least 1,000,000 gallons per day for 30 consecutive days. There are no permit application fees.
Watershed Management Policy (Minnesota) Minnesota Siting and Permitting Yes Coal with CCS
Concentrating Solar Power
Energy Storage
Fuel Cells
Geothermal Electric
Natural Gas
Nuclear
Wave Energy
Wind energy
Biomass/Biogas
Hydroelectric energy
Hydroelectric (Small)
Solar Photovoltaics
Local It is state policy to manage groundwater and surface water resources from the perspective of aquifers, watersheds, and river basins to achieve protection, preservation, enhancement, and restoration of the state's valuable groundwater and surface water resources. Chapter 103D establishes Watershed Districts across the state to implement watershed management plans. This chapter also provides procedures for construction projects proposed in watershed management districts.
Wells, Borings, and Underground Uses (Minnesota) Minnesota Siting and Permitting Yes Coal with CCS
Natural Gas
State/Province This section regulates wells, borings, and underground storage with regards to protecting groundwater resources. The Commissioner of the Department of Health has jurisdiction, and can grant permits for proposed activities, including natural gas exploration and underground storage.
Western Lake Superior Sanitary District (Minnesota) Minnesota Siting and Permitting Yes Coal with CCS
Nuclear
Biomass/Biogas
Local A sanitary board is established to deal with long-term serious problems relating to water pollution and solid waste disposal in the area. The district can set regulations regarding garbage management and recycling, composting and yard waste, wastewater and biosolids, and pollution prevention for the St. Louis River basin area and other territory west of Lake Superior.
Wetland Conservation Act (Minnesota) Minnesota Siting and Permitting Yes Coal with CCS
Nuclear
Biomass/Biogas
State/Province This chapter of the Minnesota Administrative Rules implements the Wetland Conservation Act of 1991, setting standards for water preservation, withdrawal, and replacement.
Wetland Preservation Areas (Minnesota) Minnesota Siting and Permitting Yes Coal with CCS
Concentrating Solar Power
Energy Storage
Fuel Cells
Geothermal Electric
Natural Gas
Nuclear
Wave Energy
Wind energy
Biomass/Biogas
Hydroelectric energy
Hydroelectric (Small)
Solar Photovoltaics
Local A wetland owner can apply to the host county for designation of a wetland preservation area. Once designated, the area remains designated until the owner initiates expiration, except where a state or governmental agency exercises eminent domain. Construction and certain public projects are prohibited on designated wetland preservation areas.
White Bear Lake Conservation District (Minnesota) Minnesota Siting and Permitting Yes Coal with CCS
Concentrating Solar Power
Energy Storage
Fuel Cells
Geothermal Electric
Natural Gas
Nuclear
Wave Energy
Wind energy
Biomass/Biogas
Hydroelectric energy
Hydroelectric (Small)
Solar Photovoltaics
State/Province This statute establishes the White Bear Lake Conservation District, which has the authority to set water and land use regulations for the area around White Bear Lake.
Lower St. Croix Wild and Scenic River Act (Minnesota and Wisconsin) Minnesota
Wisconsin
Sales Tax Incentive Yes Biomass/Biogas
Coal with CCS
Concentrating Solar Power
Energy Storage
Fuel Cells
Geothermal Electric
Hydroelectric energy
Hydroelectric (Small)
Natural Gas
Nuclear
Solar Photovoltaics
Wind energy
Federal The lower portion of the St. Croix River in Minnesota and Wisconsin is regulated under the National Wild and Scenic Rivers Program. Most new residential, commercial, and industrial uses are prohibited, riverway lands are protected by acreage, frontage, and setback requirements, and affected municipalities are required to adopt zoning ordinances in the spirit of these regulations.
Wildlife Management Areas (Minnesota) Minnesota Siting and Permitting Yes Coal with CCS
Concentrating Solar Power
Energy Storage
Fuel Cells
Geothermal Electric
Natural Gas
Nuclear
Wave Energy
Wind energy
Biomass/Biogas
Hydroelectric energy
Hydroelectric (Small)
Solar Photovoltaics
State/Province Certain areas of the State are designated as wildlife protection areas and refuges; new construction and development is restricted in these areas.
Wind Energy Conversion Systems (Minnesota) Minnesota Siting and Permitting Yes Wind energy Local This section distinguishes between large (capacity 5,000 kW or more) and small (capacity of less than 5,000 kW) wind energy conversion systems (WECS), and regulates the siting of large conversion systems. The statute makes provisions for grouping WECS that are located within five miles and built within one year of each other, and exhibit characteristics (e.g., ownership) of being part of the same development. It is the policy of the state to site LWECS in an orderly manner compatible with environmental preservation, sustainable development, and the efficient use of resources. A permit under this chapter is required prior to the construction of an LWECS, and is the only site approval necessary. The site permit supersedes and preempts all zoning, building, or land use rules, regulations, or ordinances adopted by regional, county, local, and special purpose governments.
Work Affecting Public Waters (Minnesota) Minnesota Siting and Permitting Yes Coal with CCS
Concentrating Solar Power
Energy Storage
Fuel Cells
Geothermal Electric
Natural Gas
Nuclear
Wave Energy
Wind energy
Biomass/Biogas
Hydroelectric energy
Hydroelectric (Small)
Solar Photovoltaics
State/Province Earlier sections of chapter 103G describe the process of delineating public waters; this section describes the responsibility of contractors and property owners when construction or other activity affects public waters. No person may construct, reconstruct, remove, or make a change in a reservoir, dam, or waterway obstruction on a public water or in any manner change or diminish the course, current, or cross section of public waters without obtaining a permit, as described by this section.