Mineral Mapping In The Pyramid Lake Basin- Hydrothermal Alteration, Chemical Precipitates And Geothermal Energy Potential

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Journal Article: Mineral Mapping In The Pyramid Lake Basin- Hydrothermal Alteration, Chemical Precipitates And Geothermal Energy Potential

Abstract
Geothermal resources exist on the Pyramid Lake Paiute Tribal Lands (PLPTL) in northwestern Nevada. We compiled numerous indicators of these resources into a geographic information system along with concurrent investigative results. This effort required acquisition and analysis of spaceborne multispectral and airborne hyperspectral remote sensing data for early-stage geothermal exploration. We identified minerals such as alunite, kaolinite, and montmorillonite through analysis of hyperspectral data indicating regions of hydrothermally altered rock associated with areas of geothermal potential. Tertiary volcanic and granitic rocks also contain these indicator minerals. Quaternary environments displayed gypsum-bearing evaporite crusts that we postulate were deposited by sulfate-rich thermal waters. Throughout the PLPTL, tufa towers and tufa shoreline deposits are extensively distributed as remnants of paleo-lake Lahontan. Based on measured spectra of calcium carbonate, we mapped tufa towers elucidating the strike direction of associated faults. Additionally, we correlated remotely-derived maps of shoreline tufa deposits with climate-related changes in lake level. Our mapping results helped guide detailed exploration efforts to areas with the most geothermal potential.

Authors 
Christopher Kratt, Wendy M. Calvin and Mark F. Coolbaugh








Published Journal 
Remote Sensing of Environment, Date Not Provided





DOI 
10.1016/j.rse.2010.05.006


 

Citation

Christopher Kratt,Wendy M. Calvin,Mark F. Coolbaugh. . Mineral Mapping In The Pyramid Lake Basin- Hydrothermal Alteration, Chemical Precipitates And Geothermal Energy Potential. Remote Sensing of Environment. (!) .