Methodology for Estimating Reductions of GHG Emissions from Mosaic Deforestation
"This methodology is for project activities that reduce emissions of greenhouse gases (GHG) from mosaic deforestation and, where relevant and measurable, enhance carbon stocks of degraded and secondary forests that would be deforested in the absence of the project activity. The methodology is applicable under the following conditions:
- At project commencement most of the project area is already accessible to deforestation agents.
- Baseline activities that may be displaced by the RED project activity include fuelwood collection, charcoal production, agricultural and grazing activities.
- The project area can include different types of forest, such as old-growth forest, degraded forest, secondary forests, planted forests and agro-forestry systems meeting the definition of “forest”.
- The project activity can include logging activities leading to carbon stock increase in long-lived wood products. However, such activities are excluded or are not significant under the baseline scenario.
- Changes in the ground water table are excluded in both the baseline and project scenarios.
- At project commencement, all land within the project area meets the criteria for definition as forest.
The methodology defines three analytical domains from which information on historical deforestation is extracted and projected into the future: a broader reference region, the project area and a leakage belt surrounding or adjacent to the project area. Data from the reference region are used to demonstrate that deforestation will happen in the project area and to estimate the baseline deforestation rate for the project area. Data from the leakage belt are used to set a reference against which to assess any potential future displacement of baseline activities. The baseline projections of all three domains are revisited after each crediting period and adjusted, as necessary, based on land-use and land-cover changes observed during the past period and monitored changes at the level of agents, drivers and underlying causes of deforestation."