EZ Policies for Manitoba
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|Policy||Place||Policy Type||Active||Implementing Sector||Summary|
|Ambient Air Quality Criteria (Manitoba, Canada)||Manitoba||Environmental Regulations||Yes||State/Province||The Manitoba Ambient Air Quality Criteria schedule lists maximum time-based pollutant concentration levels for the protection and preservation of ambient air quality within the Province of Manitoba. Each criterion is classified as an objective, a guideline, or a Canada-wide Standard depending upon several factors. The objective classification is for those air pollutants sufficiently widespread in presence and potential environmental effect that national limits have been developed. The guideline classification is used for those pollutants of a more localized presence for which provincial limits have been developed. A Canada-wide Standard (CWS) is a national standard developed under the Canada-wide Environmental Standards Sub-agreement by the federal, provincial and territorial governments for a contaminant of national priority. This schedule is intended to serve as a guide for the evaluation of air quality and for planning purposes. The selection of the appropriate concentration category will depend upon the degree of protection to be afforded to affected receptors. Maximum Tolerable Levels are only for evaluation purposes to identify the severity of an anthropogenic or natural phenomenon in order to protect human health and institute appropriate corrective action. In general, Maximum Acceptable Levels are not to be exceeded in any urban centre including areas that are in the vicinity of industries with atmospheric emissions. Within rural areas, it is in the goal to maintain pollutant concentrations at or below Maximum Desirable Levels.|
|Canada Oil and Gas Operations Act (Canada)||Canada||Environmental Regulations
Generating Facility Rate-Making
Safety and Operational Guidelines
Siting and Permitting
|Yes||Federal||The purpose of this Act is to promote safety, the protection of the environment, the conservation of oil and gas resources, joint production arrangements, and economically efficient infrastructures.
The act sets up a regulatory structure for licensing, permitting, equipment certification, safety and operational regulations and standards, land owner rights and the rights of access for exploratory and extraction operations, as well as prohibited areas.The act also addresses the fee structures, the development plan approval process, employee benefits and training standards, financial obligations, pipeline and transmission tariffs, purchasing agreements and sales, and legal recourse.
|Canada Small Business Financing Program (Canada)||Canada||Loan Program||Yes||Federal||Since 1961, the Canada Small Business Financing Program (CSBFP) seeks to increase the availability of loans for establishing, expanding, modernizing and improving small businesses. It does this by encouraging financial institutions to make their financing available to small businesses. By sharing the risk with a financial institution, the program may help businesses secure up to $500,000.
Small businesses or start-ups operating for profit in Canada, with gross annual revenues of $5 million or less.
Not eligible under this program are farming businesses (Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada has a similar program for the farming industry — for information, visit www.agr.gc.ca), not-for-profit organizations, or charitable and religious organizations.
Up to a maximum of $500,000 for any one borrower is available, of which no more than $350,000 can be used for purchasing leasehold improvements or improving leased property and purchasing or improving new or used equipment.
Financial institutions deliver the program. The decision to grant a loan rests entirely with the financial institution.
Loans can be used for financing up to 90% of the cost of:
- purchasing or improving land, real property or immovables - purchasing new or existing leasehold improvements - purchasing or improving new or used equipment
The interest rate is determined by individual financial institutions. The interest rate may be variable or fixed:
Variable rate: The maximum chargeable is the lender's prime lending rate plus 3%.
Fixed rate: The maximum chargeable is the lender's single family residential mortgage rate plus 3%.
A registration fee of 2% of the total amount loaned under the program must also be paid by the borrower to the lender. It can be financed as part of the loan.
The registration fee and a portion of the interest are submitted to Industry Canada by the lender to help offset the costs of the program for the government.Lenders are required to take security in the assets financed. Lenders also have the option to take an additional unsecured personal guarantee, which cannot exceed 25% of the total amount loaned.
|Canadian Environmental Protection Act 1999 (Canada)||Canada||Environmental Regulations||Yes||Federal||The Canadian Environmental Protection Act of 1999 (CEPA 1999) provides the legislative framework for Environment Canada, and outlines the provisions for the prevention and management of risks posed by toxic and other harmful substances.
The CEPA 1999 implements pollution prevention, procedures for the investigation and assessment of substances, and requirements with respect to substances that the Minister of the Environment and the Minister of Health have determined to be toxic or capable of becoming toxic, and provisions regarding animate products of biotechnology. The enactment also contains provisions respecting fuels, international air and water pollution, motor emissions, nutrients whose release into water can cause excessive growth of aquatic vegetation and environmental emergencies, provisions to regulate the environmental effects of government operations and to protect the environment on and in relation to federal land and aboriginal land, disposal of wastes and other matter at sea, and the export and import of wastes.The enactment provides for the gathering of information for research and the creation of inventories of data, which are designed for publication, and for the development and publishing of objectives, guidelines and codes of practice.
|Clean Electric Power Generation (Canada)||Canada||Grant Program
|No||Federal||The Clean Electrical Power Generation (CEPG) SSA consists of research and development (R&D) and late-stage development and demonstration of technologies for promoting clean, reliable and efficient power generation, both centrally and distributed, including the production of energy from renewable sources and the integration of these resources into the grid. It addresses the reduction of GHG emissions and toxic pollutants from the production of energy from fossil fuels, including through the development of clean coal and carbon dioxide capture and storage technologies, and it provides support for Canada’s participation in the treaty of the Generation IV International Forum (GIF) to develop advanced nuclear based energy systems. The CEPG distributed more than $117 million (Canadian) of NRCan funding for the period from 2003-04 to 2008-09. The total estimated CEPG funding from all sources for this period was $250.5 million.|
|Climate Action Plan (Manitoba, Canada)||Manitoba||Climate Policies||Yes||State/Province||Manitoba's Climate Action Plan centers around energy efficiency, although it includes mandates and initiatives for renewable sources of energy.
The province has a goal of installing 1000 MWs of wind energy in the next 10 years. Geothermal heat resources are already being used, and will be further developed. The province has a biofuels mandate and tax incentives for biodiesel plants and ethanol standards for fuel.The province enacted legislation, the Climate Change and Emissions Reduction Act, that requires the province to meet the Kyoto targets.
|Commercialization Support for Business Program (Manitoba, Canada)||Manitoba||Grant Program||Yes||State/Province||The Commercialization Support for Business Program supports product and process commercialization and business development in all sectors and all regions of the province.
Commercialization Support for Business includes:
Concept Development (Max up to $25,000) – from concept to prototype development
Product Development (Max up to $40,000) – pre-commercialization activities like feasibility or engineering analyses, trial production and test marketing
Product Commercialization (Max up to $200,000) – moving from prototype to market-ready product.
Market Access Component (Max $15,000) – materials and activities needed to enter new markets successfully
Certification Assistance (Max $15,000) – obtaining plant or product certificationIntellectual Property (Max $25,000) – securing intellectual property rights for the product or process
|Community Development Block Grant/Economic Development Infrastructure Financing (United States)||United States||Grant Program
|Yes||Federal||Community Development Block Grant/Economic Development Infrastructure Financing (CDBG/EDIF) provides public infrastructure financing to help communities grow jobs, enable new business startups and expansions for existing businesses. State programs help achieve the national objective of CDBG by funding projects in which at least 51 percent of the new jobs created are made available to low and moderate income individuals. The maximum amounts awarded under the program are $1 million for new businesses locating to the state and $500,000 for existing businesses expanding in the state.|
|Energy Monitoring Act (Canada)||Alberta
Newfoundland and Labrador
Prince Edward Island
|Yes||State/Province||This act requires that every energy enterprise file with the Minister a return setting out statistics and information relating to its ownership and control; financial information; information, including financial, about its exploration for, development, production, processing, refining and marketing of energy commodities; its energy commodity resources, reserves and properties; and its research and development programs. This law does not apply to corporations incorporated outside Canada. For oil and gas, dealer is required to file a return must also submit additional statistics, information and documentation that may be required by the Minister for any purpose.|
|Environmental Approvals (Manitoba, Canada)||Manitoba||Environmental Regulations||Yes||State/Province||The Environmental Approvals Branch ensures that developments are regulated in a manner that protects the environment and public health, and sustains a high quality of life for present and future Manitobans.
The Environmental Approvals carries out its mission by: administering development approval requirements of The Environment Act, The Dangerous Goods Handling and Transportation Act, The Public Health Act, and the Pesticides Regulation; controlling municipal, industrial and hazardous waste sources of pollutants; minimizing environmental impact of development proposals; minimizing adverse effects to the environment and public health from pesticide use; and administering the Water and Wastewater Facility Operators Regulation.This is accomplished through the activities of three Sections of the Branch.
|Farm Credit Canada Energy Loan (Canada)||Canada||Loan Program||Yes||Non-Profit||Farm Credit Canada is a private institution, and offers financing for environmental solutions that can help farmers make environmental upgrades to operations and switch to renewable energy resources.|
|Green Energy Manufacturing Tax Credit (Manitoba, Canada)||Manitoba||Corporate Tax Incentive||Yes||State/Province||This refundable income tax credit will be equal to 10% of the value of qualifying property produced in Manitoba and sold before 2019 for residential or commercial use in Manitoba.
Qualifying property includes equipment for wind power, solar energy, geothermal energy, hydrogen fuel cells, geothermal ground source heating systems and solar thermal heating equipment.In the 2011 Budget, the total Green Energy Equipment Tax Credit on geothermal heating systems has been increased from 10% to 15%, effective for installations after April 12, 2011. The tax credit for Manitoba manufacturers of qualifying geothermal heat pumps will increase from 5% to 7.5%. The tax credit for purchasers of qualifying made-in-Manitoba geothermal heat pumps installed in Manitoba will also increase from 5% to 7.5%. The tax credit applicable to other eligible installation costs for geothermal heating systems installed in Manitoba will increase from 10% to 15%. The province is also examining broadening the 10% tax credit to made-in-Manitoba transformers and converters which are sold for use in Manitoba.
|Manitoba Climate Change Action Fund (Manitoba, Canada)||Manitoba||Grant Program||No||State/Province||The Manitoba Climate Change Action Fund (MCCAF), established in January 2001, was a part of the Province's climate change plan of action. It supported made-in-Manitoba projects that develop innovative ways to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and assist in adaptation to climate change. The Climate and Green Initiatives Branch is currently working to redesign community-based climate programming. Part of this work includes redeveloping MCCAF to be more comprehensive, with an enhanced focus on increasing public awareness and measuring longer term greenhouse gas reductions.|
|Midwest Independent System Operator (Multiple States)||Montana
|Interconnection||Yes||Non-Profit||Midwest Independent Transmission System Operator (MISO) is a Regional Transmission Organization, which administers wholesale electricity markets in all or parts of 11 U.S. states and the Canadian province of Manitoba. MISO administers electricity transmission grids across the Midwest and into Canada, and provides tools, transmission planning strategies, and integration for utilities in those markets. MISO is working with PJM Interconnection to develop complementing system operations and one robust, non-discriminatory wholesale electricity market to meet the needs of all customers and stakeholders in 23 states, the District of Columbia and the Canadian province of Manitoba. The market is being developed through an open stakeholder process and is being designed to serve residents regardless of whether they reside in states with bundled or unbundled retail rates.|
|Midwest Renewable Energy Tracking System (Multiple States)||Illinois
|Green Power Purchasing||Yes||Non-Profit||The Midwest Renewable Energy Tracking System (M-RETS®) tracks renewable energy generation in participating States and Provinces and assists in verifying compliance with individual state/provincial or voluntary Renewable Portfolio Standards (RPS) and objectives. M-RETS® is a tool to keep track of all relevant information about renewable energy produced and delivered in the region. Currently, several States and Provinces participate in M-RETS®: Illinois, Iowa, Manitoba, Minnesota, Montana, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin have policies in place requiring or strongly encouraging utility development of renewable resources. M-RETS® uses verifiable production data for all participating generators and creates a Renewable Energy Credit (REC) in the form of a tradable digital certificate for each MWh.|
|National Energy Board Act Part VI (Oil and Gas) Regulations (Canada)||Canada||Environmental Regulations
Siting and Permitting
|Yes||Federal||These regulations from the National Energy Board cover licensing for oil and gas, including the exportation and importation of natural gas. The regulations also cover inspections, reporting requirements, and purchase contracts.|
|National Energy Board Export and Import Reporting Regulations (Canada)||Canada||Generating Facility Rate-Making
Siting and Permitting
|Yes||Federal||These regulations of the Canadian National Energy Board are for the administration of importing and exporting energy, including natural gas and electricity.
For electricity, every holder of a license or permit for the exportation of electricity must submit to the Board, on or before the 15th day of each month, a return for the previous month that contains the quantities and dollar value, in Canadian currency, of electricity exported, by customer, by type (firm or interruptable) and by class of electricity transfer. If the exportation is 1,000 kW or less of power to each customer served, the returns may be submitted to the Board every six months.Exporters of natural gas must submit a return of the total quantity exported, the highest quantity exported, the value or price, the name of the customer, the province in which the gas was produced, the cost of transportation, and other information.
|Qualifying RPS Market States (Manitoba, Canada)||Manitoba||Renewables Portfolio Standards and Goals||Yes||State/Province||This entry lists the states with RPS policies that accept generation located in Manitoba, Canada as eligible sources towards their Renewable Portfolio Standard targets or goals. For specific information with regard to eligible technologies or other restrictions which may vary by state, see the RPS policy entries for the individual states, shown below in the Authority listings. Typically energy must be delivered to an in-state utility or Load Serving Entity, and often only a portion of compliance targets may be met by out-of-state generation. In addition to geographic and energy delivery requirements, ownership, registry, and other requirements may apply, such as resource eligibility, generator vintage and capacity limitations, as well as limits on REC vintage. The listing applies to RPS Main Tiers only, and excludes solar or distributed generation that may require interconnection only within the RPS state. This assessment is based on energy delivery requirements and reasonable transmission availability. Acceptance of unbundled RECs varies. There may be additional sales opportunities in RPS states outside the Eastern Interconnection. REC prices in markets with voluntary goals (North Dakota, South Dakota) may be lower.|
|Renewable Energy Jobs Fund (Manitoba, Canada)||Manitoba||Public Benefits Fund||Yes||State/Province||To maximize the economic benefits of hydro investment and other renewable energy projects, Manitoba is establishing a new Energy Jobs Fund. The fund will assist companies manufacturing equipment for hydro dams, electricity transmission and other forms of renewable energy, and will build on the province’s manufacturing strengths and work toward attracting new investment by helping companies that have or establish a manufacturing presence in Manitoba to bid successfully on the estimated $18 billion in capital investments that Manitoba Hydro will be making over the next 10 years; and encouraging the expansion of made-in-Manitoba equipment used in geothermal, wind, next‑generation biofuels, biomass, solar, smart grid and other renewable energy initiatives. The primary role of the fund will be to offer an additional source of financing to renewable energy equipment manufacturers. The loan is another tool that complements existing tax credits, training support and grant programs to support manufacturers.|
|Resource & Energy Investment Program - First Peoples Economic Growth Fund Inc. (Manitoba, Canada)||Manitoba||Loan Program||Yes||State/Province||The Resource and Energy Investment Program is intended to provide debt or equity financing to large-scale businesses in either the resource or energy sectors of the Manitoba economy. All investments will be made in Manitoba to enhance the ownership and participation of First Nations or First Nations entrepreneurs in those businesses that show high potential for viability. Applicants must present a sound business plan.
Financing is available from $500,000 to $2,000,000 (Canada)and will typically represent about 20% of the total financing required. A variety of debt or equity financing instruments can be tailored to meet the client’s needs.
Businesses funded under this program must:
- have a profit objective (not-for-profit projects will not be considered) - demonstrate viability through a sound business plan - primarily operate in Manitoba - be in the resource or energy sectors (including servicing major resource or energy developments)While First Nation ownership and control is the ultimate goal, it is recognized that many of these larger-scale business ventures may be partnerships or joint ventures where the First Nation owners will be less than 50%.
|Small Business Venture Capital Tax Credit Program (Manitoba, Canada)||Manitoba||Corporate Tax Incentive
Personal Tax Incentives
|Yes||State/Province||The Small Business Venture Capital Tax Credit Program (SBVCTC) assists eligible small corporations to issue new equity to primarily new investors.
Eligible small business corporations can issue eligible shares for new equity investments of $100,000 up to a maximum of $10, 000,000. Eligible investors who purchase eligible investments are able to earn a 45% non-refundable tax credit against Manitoba taxes payable. The SBVC tax credit is not a tax benefit for the eligible corporation.
An eligible investor must invest a minimum of $20,000 during the approval period to be eligible for the tax credit; the maximum investment for tax credit eligibility purposes is $450,000. The maximum tax credit that may be earned is $202,500, and the maximum that can be claimed in a tax year is $67,500. Any unused tax credit may be carried forward for up to ten years or carried back for three years.
An applicant will be eligible to issue shares under the SBVC tax credit program if it meets ALL the following criteria: 1. a Canadian Controlled Private Corporation (CCPC) with a permanent establishment in Manitoba; 2. all, or substantially all of the corporation's assets are used in active business; 3. all, or substantially all of the corporation's revenue is derived from active business 4. the corporation's stated capital is at least $25,000 prior to the issue of eligible shares; 5. the corporation has either: a. 50 or less full time equivalent employees (defined below), or b. Less than $15 million in gross revenue 6. 25% of the corporation's employees are resident in Manitoba; 7. it is not a Reporting Issuer as defined in The Securities Act (Manitoba (http://web2.gov.mb.ca/laws/statutes/ccsm/s050e.php); and8. it has previously issued less than $10,000,000 in eligible shares under the SBVC tax credit program either on its own, or combined with an affiliated company.
|The High-Level Radioactive Waste Act (Manitoba, Canada)||Manitoba||Environmental Regulations
Safety and Operational Guidelines
|Yes||State/Province||Manitoba bars the storage of high-level radioactive wastes from spent nuclear fuel, not intended for research purposes, that was produced at a nuclear facility or in a nuclear reactor outside the province. The statute also prohibits the storage of high-level radioactive waste or spent nuclear fuel underground or in an above-surface environment that is not subject to continuous monitoring.|
|EcoAgriculture Biofuels Capital Initiative (ecoABC) (Canada)||Canada||Grant Program||No||Federal||The ecoABC Initiative was a federal $200 million four-year program ending on March 31, 2011 that provided repayable contributions for the construction or expansion of transportation biofuel production facilities. Funding was conditional upon agricultural producer investment in the biofuel projects, and the use of agricultural feedstock to produce the biofuel.|