Malawi-National Adaptation Plan Global Support Programme (NAP-GSP)
The National Adaptation Plan Global Support Programme (NAP-GSP) is a United Nations Development Programme (UNDP)-United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) programme, financed by the Least Developed Countries Fund (LDCF). The NAP-GSP is assisting Least Developed Countries (LDCs) to advance National Adaptation Plans (NAPs). NAPs will bring greater focus and coordination to country-led efforts in disaster management and disaster risk reduction, and climate change adaptation. The NAP will add to the strategic suite of other sectoral plans and policies for countries that help to guide internal development resourcing mechanisms as well as those provided by donors. The programme was launched on 14 June 2013. As of November 2013, partner agencies to the NAP-GSP include UNDP, UNEP, World Health Organization (WHO), UN Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), International Fund for Agriculture and Development (IFAD), United Nations Institute for Training and Research (UNITAR), Global Environment Facility (GEF), United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), Global Water Partnership (GWP), German Society for International Cooperation (GIZ) , Programme of Research on Climate Change Vulnerability, Impacts and Adaptation (PROVIA), and United Nations Office for Disaster Risk Reduction (UNISDR).
NAP-GSP support is based on three main pillars:
1) Institutional support
2) Technical support
3) Knowledge brokering
UNDP-UNEP efforts will support LDCs in integrating medium- to long-term planning for adaptation to climate change. These NAPs will be integrated within or aligned with the current development planning and budgeting processes within each country. This will ensure that a successful NAP is not a stand-alone document, but will be integrated into existing development and poverty reduction plans. The NAP process is country-driven, continuous, participatory, progressive and iterative. The process will enable LDCs to identify, finance and implement appropriate adaptation measures, and to balance sectoral and cross-sectoral priorities, at national, sub-national and local levels. Importantly, the medium- to long-term adaptation planning underpinning the NAPs should be multi-stakeholder oriented, and based on and guided by the best available science, rigorous collection and analysis of appropriate data, and consideration of experiences and good practices within, and outside, countries.
NAP-GSP status in Malawi:
- Within weeks of the launch of the NAP-GSP, UNDP and UNEP, together with UNITAR reached out the Govt. of Malawi to discuss ways in which their request for assistance could be met.
- The discussions confirmed that the Govt of Malawi has already initiated steps to advance their NAP process in alignment with their National Climate Change Programme (NCCP). Potential entry points for support from the NAP-GSP were discussed.
- It was proposed that the NAP-GSP could also assist with facilitating stakeholder dialogue to determine the appropriate institutional arrangements for the implementation of NAP process including sharing of experience from other countries.
- The Government is closely coordinating on their NAP related work via the UNDP Country Office, and the NAP-GSP has aligned itself to provide the necessary support through the established working arrangements in Malawi.
- The NAP-GSP invited Dr. Aloysius Kamperewera, Secretary for Environment and Climate Change Management, to speak at a side event in Warsaw (organized by the GEF and GIZ) on progress of Malawi on their NAP process and the support requested from the NAP-GSP.
- In December 2013, NAP-GSP partner UNITAR met representatives of the Malawi Government, specifically Principal Secretary Ntupanyama, in Geneva and provided her with a brief on the NAP-GSP, highlighting the recent dialogue held with Malawi at COP19 in Warsaw (see below).
- An Aide Memoire was subsequently shared with Dr Ntupanyama and her team outlining possible next steps for collaboration with the NAP GSP.
The NAP-GSP held follow-up meeting with the Government of Malawi during COP19 on 14 November 2013. The following key issues were discussed for NAP-GSP support:
- A “system” for coordination and execution of the NAP roadmap needs to be put in place in Malawi. The government has expressed that there are climatic information gaps that need to be addressed as well as capacity-building for key people in government to use and update this data for mainstreaming adaptation into national and sectoral planning.
- The NAP-GSP will mobilize a one or two week, country-specific mission to conduct an in-depth assessment of institutional and financial needs and provide recommendations for a work plan to complete a NAP.
- This work plan could also be accompanied by a proposal for funding.
- A TOR for this initial mission to take place in January will be developed by the NAP-GSP as immediate next step.