Maine/EZFeed Policies

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EZ Feed Policies for Maine

Download EZFeed Policies for Maine CSV (rows 1 - 49)

Policy Place Policy Type Active Affected Technologies Implementing Sector Summary
Air Permits, Licenses, Certifications (Maine) Maine Siting and Permitting Yes Coal with CCS
Natural Gas
Nuclear
Biomass/Biogas
State/Province This program regulates and limits air emissions from a variety of sources within Maine through a statewide permitting program. Separate regulations exist for limiting emissions of nitrogen oxides (NOx), sulfur dioxide (SO2), particulate matter (PM), and carbon monoxide (CO) from smaller-scale electricity generating resources. Affected electricity generating resources are non-mobile generators having a capacity equal to or greater than 50 kilowatts installed on or after January 1, 2005.
An Act to Facilitate Testing and Demonstration of Renewable Ocean Energy Technology (Maine) Maine Siting and Permitting Yes Tidal Energy
Wave Energy
Wind energy
State/Province This law streamlines and coordinates State permitting and submerged lands leasing requirements for renewable ocean energy demonstration projects, aiding Maine's goal to become an international proving ground for testing new technologies in specific locations along the coast in an environmentally responsible manner. This law amended the Maine Waterway Development and Conservation Act (MWDCA) to establish a new general permit process for tidal energy demonstration projects. To qualify for a general permit as a tidal energy demonstration project, a project must use tidal action as a source of electrical power; must have a total installed generating capacity of 5 megawatts or less; and must be proposed for the primary purpose of testing tidal energy generation technology, including mooring or anchoring systems and transmission lines, and collecting and assessing information on the environmental and other effects of the technology. This law also amended the Natural Resources Protection Act (NRPA) to establish a new general permit process for offshore wind energy demonstration projects, including wave energy test projects. To qualify for this general permit, a wave energy test project must use ocean wave energy to produce electricity; be proposed as part of an offshore wind energy demonstration project and be designed and sited to test production of electricity from wave energy in conjunction with and in a manner that complements electricity produced by an offshore wind energy turbine; employ up to 2 wave energy converters, each of which may use different technology, not already in use in the Gulf of Maine for commercial energy production, for the primary purpose of testing and validating the overall design of the converter and related systems; and may include a mooring or anchoring system and an ocean sensor package.
An Act to Implement the Recommendations of the Governor's Ocean Energy Task Force (Maine) Maine Siting and Permitting Yes Tidal Energy
Wave Energy
State/Province This law was enacted to overcome economic, technical and regulatory obstacles and to provide economic incentives for vigorous and efficient development of promising indigenous, renewable ocean energy resources. The law amended the Maine Waterway Development and Conservation Act (MWDCA) to provide that it is the policy of the State to encourage the attraction of appropriately sited development related to tidal and wave energy, including any additional transmission and other energy infrastructure needed to transport such energy to market, consistent with all state environmental standards; the permitting and siting of tidal and wave energy projects; and the siting, permitting, financing and construction of tidal and wave energy research and manufacturing facilities. Thus, all applications for tidal and wave energy projects must be processed in keeping with this policy. The Act also made several procedural changes to existing law, including specifying that tidal and wave energy projects are not required to be consistent with Land Use Regulation Commission zoning, even if located in an unorganized territory.
An Act to Reform Land Use Planning in the Unorganized Territory (Maine) Maine Siting and Permitting Yes Wind energy State/Province An Act to Reform Land Use Planning in the Unorganized Territory alters the makeup and responsibilities of Maine's Land Use Regulation Commission (LURC). It took effect on August 29, 2012 and changed the Commission’s name to the Land Use Planning Commission. Under the Act, permitting review for significant projects, such as grid-scale wind projects, in the "unorganized territories" is no longer the responsibility of the Commission, but falls under the jurisdiction of the Maine Department of Environmental Protection (DEP). This change enables wind project permitting to have a standard procedure and review process throughout the state.
Climate Action Plan (Maine) Maine Climate Policies Yes Coal with CCS
Concentrating Solar Power
Energy Storage
Fuel Cells
Geothermal Electric
Natural Gas
Nuclear
Tidal Energy
Wave Energy
Wind energy
Biomass/Biogas
Hydroelectric energy
Hydroelectric (Small)
Solar Photovoltaics
State/Province In June 2003, the Maine State Legislature passed a bill charging the Department of Environmental Protection (DEP) with developing an action plan with the goal of reducing greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions from state sources. DEP initiated a stakeholder process, seeking input and building consensus on how best to meet the required emissions reductions. DEP submitted a Climate Action Plan for Maine 2004 to the Legislature in December 2004.
Community Development Block Grant/Economic Development Infrastructure Financing (United States) United States Grant Program
Loan Program
Yes Coal with CCS
Concentrating Solar Power
Energy Storage
Fuel Cells
Geothermal Electric
Natural Gas
Nuclear
Tidal Energy
Wave Energy
Wind energy
Biomass/Biogas
Hydroelectric energy
Hydroelectric (Small)
Solar Photovoltaics
Federal Community Development Block Grant/Economic Development Infrastructure Financing (CDBG/EDIF) provides public infrastructure financing to help communities grow jobs, enable new business startups and expansions for existing businesses. State programs help achieve the national objective of CDBG by funding projects in which at least 51 percent of the new jobs created are made available to low and moderate income individuals. The maximum amounts awarded under the program are $1 million for new businesses locating to the state and $500,000 for existing businesses expanding in the state.
Cost of Gas Adjustment for Gas Utilities (Maine) Maine Generation Disclosure Yes Natural Gas State/Province This rule, applicable to gas utilities, establishes rules for calculation of gas cost adjustments, procedures to be followed in establishing gas cost adjustments and refunds, and describes reports required to be filed with the Commission.
Economic Recovery Loan Program (Maine) Maine Loan Program Yes Coal with CCS
Concentrating Solar Power
Energy Storage
Fuel Cells
Geothermal Electric
Natural Gas
Nuclear
Tidal Energy
Wave Energy
Wind energy
Biomass/Biogas
Hydroelectric energy
Hydroelectric (Small)
Solar Photovoltaics
State/Province The Economic Recovery Loan Program provides subordinate financing to help businesses remain viable and improve productivity. Eligibility criteria are based on ability to repay, and the loan is repayable over five years at a fixed interest rate.
Employment Tax Increment Financing Program (Maine) Maine Corporate Tax Incentive Yes Coal with CCS
Concentrating Solar Power
Energy Storage
Fuel Cells
Geothermal Electric
Natural Gas
Nuclear
Tidal Energy
Wave Energy
Wind energy
Biomass/Biogas
Hydroelectric energy
Hydroelectric (Small)
Solar Photovoltaics
State/Province The Employment Tax Increment Financing Program assists business investment projects that create at least five new, high quality jobs within Maine. An approved business may be reimbursed 30, 50, or 75% (80% in Pine Tree Development Zones) of the state income tax withholdings from net new payroll for up to ten years.
Equipment Tax Reimbursement Program (Maine) Maine Property Tax Incentive Yes Coal with CCS
Concentrating Solar Power
Energy Storage
Fuel Cells
Geothermal Electric
Natural Gas
Nuclear
Tidal Energy
Wave Energy
Wind energy
Biomass/Biogas
Hydroelectric energy
Hydroelectric (Small)
Solar Photovoltaics
State/Province The Equipment Tax Reimbursement Program reimburses taxpayers for local property taxes paid on qualified business machinery and equipment. The reimbursement is available for twelve years.
Expedited Permitting of Grid-Scale Wind Energy Development (Maine) Maine Siting and Permitting Yes Wind energy State/Province Maine's Expedited Permitting of Grid-Scale Wind Energy Development statue provides an expedited permitting pathway for proposed wind developments in certain designated locations, known as expedited permitting areas. The statute makes wind development an allowed land use in Maine's unorganized territories, and provides guidelines for assessing the visual impact of proposed wind turbines. Expedited permitting areas are described in the Report of the Governor's Task Force on Wind Power Development in Maine. These areas may be extended when the requested enlargement is a logical geographic extension of the permitting area, would help meet state goals for wind energy development, and would not compromise principal values and goals of the Maine Land Use Regulation Commission.


A proposed wind project seeking to qualify for expedited permitting will be evaluated based on its impact on views from a scenic resource of state or national significance, and will be expected to provide tangible benefits, including employment, energy generation, property tax payments, and community benefits. The applicant for an expedited wind energy development is required to establish a community benefits package valued at no less than $4,000 per year per wind turbine included in the expedited wind energy development, averaged over a 20-year period. The community benefits package requirement is waived if the wind energy has an installed capacity less than 20 megawatts, or is owned by a nonprofit, public, or quasi-public entity, and may not apply to wind turbines located in certain communities (e.g., where the local legislative body has voted to waive or reduce the community benefits requirement, or on Passamaquoddy, Penobscot, or Aroostook Indian Territory). The community benefits package may be used by the host community for projects and programs of public benefit. Smaller-scale wind energy developments may not need site location development permits. However, the applicant must demonstrate that the proposed smaller-scale wind energy project will meet the requirements of the noise control rules adopted by the Board of Environmental Protection, will be designed and sited to avoid unreasonable adverse shadow flicker effects, and will be constructed with setbacks adequate to protect public safety. Municipalities may also choose to request DEP review for smaller-scale wind energy projects. Wind energy developments with a total generating capacity of less than 100 kilowatts are not required to be certified under this section.
Forestry Policies (Maine) Maine Environmental Regulations Yes Biomass/Biogas State/Province Maine has diverse forest lands which support a diverse and strong forest products industry. The vast majority of forest lands in the state are privately owned. The Maine Forest Service completed its State Forest Assessment and Strategy in 2010, a plan that includes the goal of enhanced benefit from the production of renewable energy using wood and wood wastes.

The combination of markets including a growing biomass energy industry and increased wood heating have created significant demand for wood material in Maine. The Maine Forest Service together with the University of Maine issued its "Woody Biomass Retention Guidelines" in 2010. This document provides recommendation on the sustainable harvest of forest residues.

In 2008 the Maine Forest Service issued its "Assessment of Sustainable Biomass Activity" which included identification and quantification of unutilized forestry residues.
Gas Utilities (Maine) Maine Safety and Operational Guidelines
Siting and Permitting
Yes Natural Gas State/Province Rules regarding the production, sale, and transfer of manufactured gas will also apply to natural gas. This section regulates natural gas utilities that serve ten or more customers, more than one customer when any portion of the central tank system is located in a public area, or at least one customer when any portion of the central tank system is located off the customer's premises in a public area. The regulations describe permitting and application requirements, cost-of-gas adjustment requirements that must be met by regulated facilities, requirements for natural gas used in vehicles, rate assistance programs for low-income customers, rules for the relationship between natural gas utilities and marketers, the allowable exercise of eminent domain by natural gas utilities, and required response in the event of gas emergencies.
Green Power Offer (Maine) Maine Green Power Purchasing Yes Coal with CCS
Concentrating Solar Power
Energy Storage
Fuel Cells
Geothermal Electric
Natural Gas
Nuclear
Tidal Energy
Wave Energy
Wind energy
Biomass/Biogas
Hydroelectric energy
Hydroelectric (Small)
Solar Photovoltaics
State/Province This chapter establishes requirements, standards and procedures and a competitive bidding process to implement the green power offer program. The program is designed to make renewable energy credits available for purchase by residential and small commercial electricity customers.
ISO New England Forward Capacity Market (Multiple States) Connecticut
Maine
Massachusetts
New Hampshire
Rhode Island
Vermont
Generating Facility Rate-Making Yes Coal with CCS
Concentrating Solar Power
Energy Storage
Fuel Cells
Geothermal Electric
Natural Gas
Nuclear
Tidal Energy
Wave Energy
Wind energy
Biomass/Biogas
Hydroelectric energy
Hydroelectric (Small)
Solar Photovoltaics
Non-Profit Under the Forward Capacity Market (FCM), ISO New England projects the capacity needs of the region’s power system three years in advance and then holds an annual auction to purchase the power resources that will satisfy those future regional requirements. Resources that clear in the auction are obligated to provide power or curtail demand when called upon by the ISO. The Forward Capacity Market was developed by ISO New England, the six New England states, and industry stakeholders to promote investment in generation and demand-response resources to meet future demand. The results ensure that the region will have sufficient resources to meet future demand. Resources that clear in the auction are committed to provide power or curtail demand when called upon by the ISO, or risk financial penalties.
Intermediary Relending Program (Maine) Maine Loan Program Yes Coal with CCS
Concentrating Solar Power
Energy Storage
Fuel Cells
Geothermal Electric
Natural Gas
Nuclear
Tidal Energy
Wave Energy
Wind energy
Biomass/Biogas
Hydroelectric energy
Hydroelectric (Small)
Solar Photovoltaics
State/Province The Intermediary Relending Program assists small businesses by providing subordinate financing for certain businesses activities. The loan will not exceed 75% of project costs, with the maximum loan amount being $150,000. The term depends on the type of activity financed. Machinery and equipment financing, for example, is repayable up to ten years.
Jobs and Investment Tax Credit (Maine) Maine Corporate Tax Incentive Yes Coal with CCS
Concentrating Solar Power
Energy Storage
Fuel Cells
Geothermal Electric
Natural Gas
Nuclear
Tidal Energy
Wave Energy
Wind energy
Biomass/Biogas
Hydroelectric energy
Hydroelectric (Small)
Solar Photovoltaics
State/Province The Jobs and Investment Tax Credit is available to businesses that create at least 100 new jobs within two years and invest at least $5 million in one year. The credit is limited to tax liability or to $500,000, whichever is less. The credit can be carried forward seven years.
Linked Investment Program for Commercial Enterprises (Maine) Maine Loan Program Yes Coal with CCS
Concentrating Solar Power
Energy Storage
Fuel Cells
Geothermal Electric
Natural Gas
Nuclear
Tidal Energy
Wave Energy
Wind energy
Biomass/Biogas
Hydroelectric energy
Hydroelectric (Small)
Solar Photovoltaics
State/Province The Linked Investment Program for Commercial Enterprises reduces a borrower’s interest rate. The Maine State Treasurer makes a certificate of deposit at up to 2% less than the prevailing rate on the lender’s loan to the business. This interest rate reduction program is available to manufacturers or to companies that are 50% owned by Maine residents. The maximum CD investment is $200,000.
Loan Insurance Program (Maine) Maine Loan Program Yes Coal with CCS
Concentrating Solar Power
Energy Storage
Fuel Cells
Geothermal Electric
Natural Gas
Nuclear
Tidal Energy
Wave Energy
Wind energy
Biomass/Biogas
Hydroelectric energy
Hydroelectric (Small)
Solar Photovoltaics
State/Province The Loan Insurance Program provides businesses with loan insurance. Two types are available―Pro-rated insurance covering a certain percentage of lenders loss or leveraged insurance covering 100% of lender’s loss up to 25% of the loan amount. The program can help businesses access commercial credit.
Maine Rivers Policy (Maine) Maine Siting and Permitting Yes Hydroelectric energy State/Province The Maine Rivers Policy accompanies the Maine Waterway Development and Conservation Act and provides additional protection for some river and stream segments, which are designated as “outstanding rivers” due to their natural and/or recreational value. Permits cannot be granted on these rivers for the construction of new dams or the alteration of existing dams that may diminish the resource value of the river without the specific approval of the Maine Legislature. Dams located at the outlet of lakes or ponds are not considered to be located on outstanding river segments. The significant resource values of the special protection rivers were identified by the 1982 Maine Rivers Study, and outstanding river segments are listed in 12 M.R.S.A., Sec. 403.
Maine Seed Capital Tax Credit Program (Maine) Maine Corporate Tax Incentive Yes Coal with CCS
Concentrating Solar Power
Energy Storage
Fuel Cells
Geothermal Electric
Natural Gas
Nuclear
Tidal Energy
Wave Energy
Wind energy
Biomass/Biogas
Hydroelectric energy
Hydroelectric (Small)
Solar Photovoltaics
State/Province This program is designed to encourage equity and near-equity investments in eligible Maine businesses, directly and through private venture capital funds. FAME may authorize state income tax credits to investors for up to 50% of the cash equity they provide to eligible Maine businesses. Investments may be used for fixed assets, research or working capital.

Eligibility Businesses located in Maine. Investors must own less than 50% of the business. Principal owners and their immediate relatives are not eligible. Annual gross sales of less than $5 million. Business must either: 1) be a manufacturer; 2) provide goods or services with 60% of sales derived from outside the state or to out-of-state residents; 3) develop or apply advanced technologies; 4) be a value added natural resource enterprise; 5) be certified as a visual media production company. Operating the business must be the professional, full-time activity of at least one of the principal owners.

Basic Terms Tax credits equal to 50% of the investment. An investor may provide up to $500,000 per business. Aggregate investment limit per business is $5 million for which tax credit may be received. Investments must be at risk for five years. Dividends, royalties, interest, stock options or warrants and other forms of return, which are not in the nature of return of principal, are allowed.

Credits must be taken in increments of 25% (of the credit) per year commencing in the year of the investment. For investment not made through private venture capital funds, credits used cannot exceed 50% of the total tax due by the investor for that taxable year before application of the tax credit, and to the extent this limitation requires the taxpayer to take the credit over more than four years, unused credits may be carried forward no more than 15 years. For private venture capital funds, credits are refundable.
Maine Waterway Development and Conservation Act (MWDCA) (Maine) Maine Siting and Permitting Yes Tidal Energy
Wave Energy
Hydroelectric energy
State/Province The Maine Waterway Development and Conservation Act requires a permit to be obtained prior to starting any hydropower project that may alter water levels or water flow. The Act functions as a comprehensive, one-stop process for hydropower permitting in Maine, and complements federal licensing under the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission. The Act is administered by the Department of Environmental Protection in organized municipalities and by the Land Use Regulation Commission in unorganized territories.

Activity requiring a permit includes the construction of a new hydropower project, such as a new water storage dam or a new hydroelectric generating facility of any kind, whether utilizing a dam, a natural water feature, natural current velocities, or tidal action. A permit is also required for the reconstruction or structural alteration of a hydropower project that affects water flows, including the addition or alteration of flashboards or the installation of additional or enlarged turbines. Dredging or filling below the normal high-water line of a water body to facilitate maintenance and repair of an existing and operating hydropower project also requires a permit.

To receive a permit, an applicant must demonstrate the financial and technical capability to complete the project, that adequate provision for public safety has been made, that the project will result in significant economic net benefits (e.g., employment benefits) to the public, that adequate provision has been made for traffic movement out of or into the development area, that the project is consistent with zoning adopted by the Maine Land Use Regulation Commission, that reasonable provisions have been made to realize the environmental benefits of the project, if any, and to mitigate its adverse environmental impacts, and that the environmental and energy advantages of the project are greater than its direct and cumulative adverse impacts.

The majority of proposed projects reviewed under the Act have lacked substantial adverse environmental impacts and have received permits quickly; the small number of projects requiring a more thorough environmental analysis have been new dams. When reconstruction or structural alteration is considered for an existing dam, the environmental analysis assumes that offset energy sources are oil- and gas-based. For new dam construction, all possible energy sources, including other renewable energy options that can be reasonably implemented, are considered as alternatives.
Major Business Expansion Bond Program (Maine) Maine Bond Program Yes Coal with CCS
Concentrating Solar Power
Energy Storage
Fuel Cells
Geothermal Electric
Natural Gas
Nuclear
Tidal Energy
Wave Energy
Wind energy
Biomass/Biogas
Hydroelectric energy
Hydroelectric (Small)
Solar Photovoltaics
State/Province The Major Business Expansion Bond Program provides long-term, credit-enhanced financing up to $25,000,000 at taxable bond rates for businesses creating or retaining at least 50 jobs; up to $10,000,000 is available for businesses which expand their manufacturing services. The bond proceeds may be used to acquire real estate, machinery, equipment, or rehabilitate or expand an existing facility. The interest rate is determined by market forces at the time of the bond sale.
Mandatory Shoreland Zoning Act (Maine) Maine Siting and Permitting Yes Coal with CCS
Concentrating Solar Power
Energy Storage
Fuel Cells
Geothermal Electric
Natural Gas
Nuclear
Tidal Energy
Wave Energy
Wind energy
Biomass/Biogas
Hydroelectric energy
Hydroelectric (Small)
Solar Photovoltaics
State/Province The Mandatory Shoreline Zoning Act functions as a directive for municipalities, who are required to adopt, administer, and enforce local ordinances that regulate land use activities in the shoreland zone. The shoreland zone is comprised of all land areas within 250 feet, horizontal distance, of water resources such as rivers, lakes, ponds, wetlands, and streams. The main website for the Act contains links to the local ordinances.
Natural Gas Pipeline Utilities (Maine) Maine Siting and Permitting Yes Natural Gas State/Province These regulations apply to entities seeking to develop and operate natural gas pipelines and provide construction requirements for such pipelines. The regulations describe the authority of the Public Utilities Commission with regards to the natural gas industry as well as the application and permit requirements for proposed gas pipelines. The regulations also establish restrictions on the sale and transfer of natural gas, and discuss private natural gas pipelines.
Natural Gas Utility Conservation Programs (Maine) Maine Mandatory Utility Green Power Option Yes Natural Gas State/Province This Chapter describes how natural gas utilities serving more than 5,000 residential customers must implement natural gas energy conservation programs. The regulations describe criteria and terms and conditions for conservation programs, cost effectiveness tests, cost recovery, reports, and waivers and exemptions.
Natural Resources Protection Act (Maine) Maine Siting and Permitting Yes Coal with CCS
Concentrating Solar Power
Energy Storage
Fuel Cells
Geothermal Electric
Natural Gas
Nuclear
Tidal Energy
Wave Energy
Wind energy
Biomass/Biogas
Hydroelectric energy
Hydroelectric (Small)
Solar Photovoltaics
State/Province Maine's Department of Environmental Protection requires permits for most activities that occur in a protected natural resource area or adjacent to water resources such as rivers or wetlands. An “activity” is (A) dredging, bulldozing, removing or displacing soil, sand, vegetation or other materials; (B) draining or otherwise dewatering; (C) filling, including adding sand or other material to a sand dune; or (D) any construction, repair or alteration of any permanent structure. Protected natural resource areas include coastal sand dune systems, coastal wetlands, significant wildlife habitat, fragile mountain areas, freshwater wetlands, great ponds and rivers, streams or brooks. Some exemptions may apply.

To receive a permit, the applicant must demonstrate that the activity will not unreasonably interfere with existing scenic, aesthetic, recreational or navigational uses; will not cause unreasonable erosion of soil or sediment nor unreasonably inhibit the natural transfer of soil from the terrestrial to the marine or freshwater environment; will not unreasonably harm any significant wildlife habitat, freshwater wetland plant habitat, threatened or endangered plant habitat, aquatic or adjacent upland habitat, travel corridor, freshwater, estuarine or marine fisheries or other aquatic life; will not unreasonably interfere with the natural flow of any surface or subsurface waters; will not violate any state water quality law, including those governing the classification of the State's waters; and will not unreasonably cause or increase the flooding of the alteration area or adjacent properties.

Additional requirements apply to offshore wind projects, which must meet noise control regulations, be sited to avoid unreasonable adverse shadow flicker effects, and be constructed with setbacks adequate to protect public safety. (See: Expedited Permitting of Grid-Scale Wind Energy Development.) If the only natural resource affected by the proposed activity is a community public water system primary protection area, the applicant is released from the need to meet many of the above requirements, and must only demonstrate that the activity will not cause unreasonable erosion of soil or sediment nor unreasonably inhibit the natural transfer of soil from the terrestrial to the marine or freshwater environment, and will not violate any state water quality law, including those governing the classification of the State's waters.
New England Power Pool (Multiple States) Maine
New Hampshire
Vermont
Massachusetts
Rhode Island
Connecticut
Interconnection Yes Coal with CCS
Concentrating Solar Power
Energy Storage
Fuel Cells
Geothermal Electric
Natural Gas
Nuclear
Tidal Energy
Wave Energy
Wind energy
Biomass/Biogas
Hydroelectric energy
Hydroelectric (Small)
Solar Photovoltaics
Non-Profit Independent System Operator (ISO) New England helps protect the health of New England's economy and the well-being of its people by ensuring the constant availability of electricity, today and for future generations. ISO New England meets this obligation in three ways: by ensuring the day-to-day reliable operation of New England's bulk power generation and transmission system, by overseeing and ensuring the fair administration of the region's wholesale electricity markets, and by managing comprehensive, regional planning processes.
Northern Maine Independent System Administrator (Maine) Maine Interconnection Yes Coal with CCS
Concentrating Solar Power
Energy Storage
Fuel Cells
Geothermal Electric
Natural Gas
Nuclear
Tidal Energy
Wave Energy
Wind energy
Biomass/Biogas
Hydroelectric energy
Hydroelectric (Small)
Solar Photovoltaics
Non-Profit The Northern Maine Independent System Administrator (NMISA) is a non-profit entity responsible for the administration of the northern Maine transmission system and electric power markets in Aroostook and Washington counties, with a load of approximately 130 MW. The NMISA is responsible for providing an independent, objective and non-discriminatory administration of all transmission access, transmission information access, and related functions, and will monitor and operate the markets in Northern Maine for energy, ancillary, and other services. The NMISA administers the transmission systems of the investor-owned and cooperatively-owned utilities in Northern Maine, and its members also include all municipally-owned utilities, generators, suppliers of energy, and large retail customers operating in the service area.
Nuclear Decommissioning Financing Act (Maine) Maine Safety and Operational Guidelines Yes Nuclear State/Province The Nuclear Decommissioning Financing Act calls for the establishment of a tax-exempt, tax-deductible decommissioning fund by the licensee of any nuclear power generating facility to pay for the eventual decommissioning of that facility. The funds will be collected during the remaining useful life of the plant, will be placed in a separate trust fund for each plant, and will be invested by a trustee until they are needed for decommissioning. A decommissioning fund committee will be responsible for the prudent management of the trust fund. Any licensee receiving a certificate of public convenience and necessity for a nuclear power plant shall submit a decommissioning financing plan for the plant to the commission not less than one year prior to beginning commercial operation of the plant. If the assets of the decommissioning trust fund are insufficient to pay for the cost of decommissioning, the licensee shall be responsible for the additional cost. If the assets of the licensee are insufficient to cover the remaining cost of decommissioning after the decommissioning trust fund is exhausted, the owners are jointly and severally liable for the safe and proper decommissioning of that nuclear power plant. The State shall have no financial responsibility for decommissioning.
Nuclear Power Generating Facilities (Maine) Maine Siting and Permitting Yes Nuclear State/Province The first subchapter of the statute concerning Nuclear Power Generating Facilities provides for direct citizen participation in the decision to construct any nuclear power generating facility in Maine. The Legislature has found that the construction of a nuclear power plant is a major financial investment, which will have consequences for consumers for years to come. In the recent past, investments in nuclear power plants have caused severe financial strain on consumers. Additionally, there are many uncertain future costs associated with nuclear power plants, including the costs of low-level and high-level waste disposal, decommissioning and long-term care. These costs will be borne by the consumers and reductions in these costs will serve to benefit consumers. Therefore, any proposal to construct a nuclear power facility in Maine will be presented to the voters of Maine as a referendum at the next following statewide election.
Omnibus Energy Bill of 2013 (Maine) Maine Climate Policies
Generating Facility Rate-Making
Green Power Purchasing
Interconnection
Line Extension Analysis
Loan Program
Public Benefits Fund
Renewables Portfolio Standards and Goals
Siting and Permitting
Solar/Wind Access Policy
Yes Biomass/Biogas
Energy Storage
Geothermal Electric
Natural Gas
Nuclear
Tidal Energy
Wave Energy
Wind energy
State/Province An Act To Reduce Energy Costs, Increase Energy Efficiency, Promote Electric System Reliability and Protect the Environment became law on July 2, 2013. This act, also known as the 2013 Maine Omnibus Energy bill, consists of eight parts (see below) covering the energy landscape on topics, including the cost of electricity and natural gas in Maine, ocean energy, greenhouse gases, energy efficiency, home heating, municipal street lights, review of transmission line proposals, and rate relief. A total of 63 Titles and Sections of State Statues were added or amended.

PART A - Increases funds for efficiency and conservation generated from Energy Infrastructure Corridors and improves energy efficiency, reduces heating costs, and provides targeted rate relief.

PART B - Seeks to lower electricity and natural gas costs by eliminating the $200 million “energy tax” that Mainers currently pay for natural gas and electricity.

PART C - Improves controls over the cost of electricity transmission, and provides a more thorough review of Non-Transmission Alternatives (“NTAs”).

PART D - Updates the Regional Greenhouse Gas Initiative and seeks to promote fuel-switching.

PART E - Introduces competition into municipal street lighting.

PART F - Requires the Public Utilities Commission to help cut energy costs.

PART G - Expands utility heat pump programs.

PART H - Ensures funding and allows expansion of ocean energy options.
Pine Tree Development Zones Program (Maine) Maine Corporate Tax Incentive Yes Coal with CCS
Concentrating Solar Power
Energy Storage
Fuel Cells
Geothermal Electric
Natural Gas
Nuclear
Tidal Energy
Wave Energy
Wind energy
Biomass/Biogas
Hydroelectric energy
Hydroelectric (Small)
Solar Photovoltaics
State/Province The Pine Tree Development Zones program offers eligible businesses the chance to reduce, and sometimes eliminate, state taxes for up to ten years. There is a statutory requirement of hiring a minimum of one net new qualified employee. Benefits include the elimination of sales and use tax, corporate income tax credits, and 80% employment tax increment financing. Among the eligible businesses are those in environmental technology. Access to reduced electricity rates is also possible. This powerful tax incentive can be used in conjunction with other available benefits, such as federal tax credits.
Pollution Control: Erosion and Sedimentation Control (Maine) Maine Siting and Permitting Yes Coal with CCS
Concentrating Solar Power
Energy Storage
Fuel Cells
Geothermal Electric
Natural Gas
Nuclear
Wind energy
Biomass/Biogas
Hydroelectric energy
Hydroelectric (Small)
Solar Photovoltaics
State/Province A person who conducts, or causes to be conducted, an activity that involves filling, displacing or exposing soil or other earthen materials shall take measures to prevent unreasonable erosion of soil or sediment beyond the project site or into a protected natural resource. Erosion control measures must be in place before the activity begins. Measures must remain in place and functional until the site is permanently stabilized. Adequate and timely temporary and permanent stabilization measures must be taken and the site must be maintained to prevent unreasonable erosion and sedimentation.
Pollution Control: Storm Water Management (Maine) Maine Siting and Permitting Yes Coal with CCS
Concentrating Solar Power
Energy Storage
Fuel Cells
Geothermal Electric
Natural Gas
Nuclear
Tidal Energy
Wave Energy
Wind energy
Biomass/Biogas
Hydroelectric energy
Hydroelectric (Small)
Solar Photovoltaics
State/Province A person may not construct, or cause to be constructed, a project that includes one acre or more of disturbed area without prior approval from the department. A person proposing a project shall apply to the department for a permit using an application provided by the department and may not begin construction until approval is received. This applies to a project or any portion of a project that is located within an organized area of this State.
Qualifying RPS State Export Markets (Maine) Maine Renewables Portfolio Standards and Goals Yes Concentrating Solar Power
Energy Storage
Fuel Cells
Geothermal Electric
Tidal Energy
Wave Energy
Wind energy
Natural Gas
Biomass/Biogas
Hydroelectric energy
Hydroelectric (Small)
Solar Photovoltaics
State/Province This entry lists the states with Renewable Portfolio Standard (RPS) policies that accept generation located in Maine as eligible sources towards their RPS targets or goals. For specific information with regard to eligible technologies or other restrictions which may vary by state, see the RPS policy entries for the individual states, shown below in the Authority listings. Typically energy must be delivered to an in-state utility or Load Serving Entity, and often only a portion of compliance targets may be met by out-of-state generation. In addition to geographic and energy delivery requirements, ownership, registry, and other requirements may apply, such as resource eligibility, generator vintage and capacity limitations, as well as limits on Renewable Energy Certificate (REC) vintage. The listing applies to RPS Main Tiers only, and excludes solar or distributed generation that may require interconnection only within the RPS state. This assessment is based on energy delivery requirements and reasonable transmission availability. Acceptance of unbundled RECs varies. There may be additional sales opportunities in RPS states outside the Eastern Interconnection. REC prices in markets with voluntary goals (North Dakota, South Dakota, and Vermont) may be lower.
Regulation of Tidal and Wave Energy Projects (Maine) Maine Siting and Permitting Yes Tidal Energy
Wave Energy
State/Province State regulation of tidal and wave energy projects is covered under the Maine Waterway Development and Conservation Act (MWDCA), and complements regulation by the Federal Energy Regulation Commission (FERC). State regulation applies to tidal and wave energy projects in state waters, or less than 3 miles from the coast of Maine. Maine also has a Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) with FERC to coordinate procedures and schedules for review of tidal energy projects in State waters or in federal waters (beyond the 3-mile state territorial limit) where the projects affect resources or uses in Maine's coastal zone.
Residuals, Sludge, and Composting (Maine) Maine Siting and Permitting Yes Biomass/Biogas State/Province The Maine Department of Environmental Protection's Residuals, Sludge, and Composting program regulates the land application and post-processing of organic wastes, including sewage sludge, septage, food waste, and wood wastes. The program also regulates facilities that compost, aerobically digest, anaerobically digest, air dry, heat dry, heat treat, lime stabilize, pelletize or otherwise process residuals. Municipalities are not required to adopt local ordinances with respect to land application of septage and sludge, but they may elect to do so.
Safety of Gas Transmission and Distribution Systems (Maine) Maine Safety and Operational Guidelines Yes Natural Gas State/Province These regulations describe requirements for the participation of natural gas utilities in the Underground Utility Damage Prevention Program, emergency procedures to be followed by natural gas utilities, installation and maintenance standards, operation standards, documentation and reporting requirements, enforcement procedures, and federal regulation waivers.
Sale of Water Resource Land (Maine) Maine Siting and Permitting Yes Coal with CCS
Concentrating Solar Power
Energy Storage
Fuel Cells
Geothermal Electric
Natural Gas
Nuclear
Tidal Energy
Wave Energy
Wind energy
Biomass/Biogas
Hydroelectric energy
Hydroelectric (Small)
Solar Photovoltaics
State/Province This rule requires an eight month advance notice period whenever a consumer-owned water utility intends to transfer water resource land, defined as any land or real property owned by a water utility for the purposes of providing a source of supply, storing water or protecting sources of supply or water storage, including reservoirs, lakes, ponds, rivers or streams, wetlands and watershed areas. The rule also provides an assignable right of first refusal to the municipality or municipalities where the land is located. The rule provides a mechanism for customers to obtain information about the sale and to obtain Commission review of the sale.
Secondary Market Taxable Bond Program (Maine) Maine Bond Program Yes Coal with CCS
Concentrating Solar Power
Energy Storage
Fuel Cells
Geothermal Electric
Natural Gas
Nuclear
Tidal Energy
Wave Energy
Wind energy
Biomass/Biogas
Hydroelectric energy
Hydroelectric (Small)
Solar Photovoltaics
State/Province The Secondary Market Taxable Bond Program provides tax-exempt interest rate bond financing for real estate and machinery and equipment acquisitions. Up to 90% of the project debt may be financed, though FAME cannot exceed $4,750,000 towards one company. The pricing is determined by market conditions at the time of the bond sale.
Site Location of Development Act (Maine) Maine Siting and Permitting Yes Coal with CCS
Concentrating Solar Power
Energy Storage
Fuel Cells
Geothermal Electric
Natural Gas
Nuclear
Tidal Energy
Wave Energy
Wind energy
Biomass/Biogas
Hydroelectric energy
Hydroelectric (Small)
Solar Photovoltaics
State/Province The Site Location of Development Act regulates the locations chosen for state, municipal, quasi-municipal, educational, charitable, commercial and industrial developments with respect to the natural environment. The Act seeks to protect natural and groundwater resources from pollution and other adverse impacts. The Act applies to developments which occupy land or water areas in excess of 20 acres, involve mining or oil or gas exploration, include structures or subdivisions, or are identified as offshore wind power projects with an aggregate generating capacity of at least 3 MW. Projects will be approved if the applicant demonstrates sufficient technical and financial ability to complete the project; that the project will have none or negligible impacts on the natural environment, storm water management, groundwater resources, flood risks, and erosion and sedimentation control; that blasting will be conducted in accordance with relevant rules and regulations; that the project will not place undue stress on other infrastructure; and that the project will be built on appropriate soil types. Additional regulations apply to wind projects, quarries and excavations, and hazardous activities and transmission lines. Some exemptions apply. The regulations contain application and permit requirements for such developments, as well as procedures for reclamation. Municipalities may be authorized to perform this review on behalf of the Department of Environmental Protection.
Small Enterprise Growth Fund (Maine) Maine Equity Investment Yes Coal with CCS
Concentrating Solar Power
Energy Storage
Fuel Cells
Geothermal Electric
Natural Gas
Nuclear
Tidal Energy
Wave Energy
Wind energy
Biomass/Biogas
Hydroelectric energy
Hydroelectric (Small)
Solar Photovoltaics
State/Province The Small Enterprise Growth Fund is a professionally-managed venture capital fund that invests in Maine companies which demonstrate high potential for growth and public benefit. The fund has received $13 million in capital contributions from the state and operates as a revolving fund. Companies in nearly any industry are eligible for funding, including seed and early stage companies. On average, $100,000 to $300,000 is invested per company, and the program cultivates and introduces the company to many investors.
Small Generator Aggregation (Maine) Maine Green Power Purchasing Yes Coal with CCS
Concentrating Solar Power
Energy Storage
Fuel Cells
Geothermal Electric
Natural Gas
Nuclear
Tidal Energy
Wave Energy
Wind energy
Biomass/Biogas
Hydroelectric energy
Hydroelectric (Small)
Solar Photovoltaics
State/Province This section establishes requirements for electricity providers to purchase electricity from small generators, with the goal of ensuring that small electricity generators (those with a nameplate capacity of 5 MW or less) have reasonable access to the regional wholesale market.
Small Power Production and Cogeneration (Maine) Maine Generating Facility Rate-Making Yes Concentrating Solar Power
Energy Storage
Fuel Cells
Geothermal Electric
Tidal Energy
Wave Energy
Wind energy
Biomass/Biogas
Hydroelectric energy
Hydroelectric (Small)
Solar Photovoltaics
State/Province Maine's Small Power Production and Cogeneration statute says that any small power producer or cogenerator may generate or distribute electricity through his private property solely for his own use, the use of his tenants or the use of, or sale to, his associates in a small power production or cogeneration facility and not for the use of or sale to others without approval or regulation by the commission. However, the power producer may enter into a contract with transmission and power distribution utilities for the purchase of electricity from the small power or cogeneration project. In the event that the utility files for bankruptcy, the contract of the small power producer or cogenerator is protected, and the entity acquiring the assets of the utility is required to continue purchasing power without interruption. The accompanying regulations establish the principles and procedures used in setting rates for purchases of electricity from small power production facilities and cogenerators.
Spent Fuel Disposal Trust Fund (Maine) Maine Safety and Operational Guidelines Yes Nuclear State/Province Any licensee operating a nuclear power plant in this State shall establish a segregated Spent Nuclear Fuel Disposal Trust Fund in accordance with this subchapter for the eventual disposal of spent nuclear fuel resulting from the use of that fuel before April 7, 1983. The licensee shall make payments into the fund in accordance with a schedule based on sound financial practices designed to accumulate sufficient money to make the payments to the United States Department of Energy in the manner described in subsection 5. The licensee shall also review the schedule at least annually to determine if the level of deposits in the fund remains reasonably capable of accumulating appropriate money for application to these payments.
Spent Fuel and High-Level Waste Requirements (Maine) Maine Safety and Operational Guidelines Yes Nuclear State/Province All proposed nuclear power generation facilities must be certified by the Public Utilities Commission under this statute prior to construction and operation. The facility may be certified if the Nuclear Regulatory Agency has identified and approved a demonstrable technology or means for the disposal of high-level nuclear waste from this type of facility; specific facilities with adequate capacity to contain high level nuclear waste are in actual operation, or will be in operation, at the time the nuclear power plant being certified requires the means for the disposal of high-level nuclear waste; and the disposal of high-level nuclear waste proposed for any nuclear power plant to be certified according to this subchapter is in full conformity with the technology approved by the authorized agency of the Federal Government. No nuclear fission thermal power plant licensee may store or maintain in on-site spent fuel element pools or other on-site temporary storage facilities any spent nuclear fuel which was removed from the nuclear reactor core more than 3 years previously.
Uniform System of Accounts for Gas Utilities (Maine) Maine Safety and Operational Guidelines Yes Natural Gas State/Province This rule establishes a uniform system of accounts and annual report filing requirements for natural gas utilities operating in Maine.
Wastewater Discharge Program (Maine) Maine Siting and Permitting Yes Coal with CCS
Concentrating Solar Power
Geothermal Electric
Natural Gas
Nuclear
Biomass/Biogas
State/Province The wastewater discharge regulations require that a license be obtained for the discharge of wastewater to a stream, river, wetland, or lake of the state, or to the ocean. Typical discharges include sewer water from municipal entities as well as process waste water, cooling water and other contaminated waters from industrial or commercial activities. Section 582 (link found in the MDEP website) specifically provides regulations concerning the temperature of discharged water.
Wind Energy Act (Maine) Maine Solar/Wind Access Policy
Siting and Permitting
Yes Wind energy State/Province The Maine Wind Energy Act is a summary of legislative findings that indicate the state's strong interest in promoting the development of wind energy and establish the state's desire to ease the regulatory process for siting wind developments. The Act provides for the monitoring of Maine's electricity markets that are accessible to wind installations, allows for regulatory and other legal action to protect access to markets by wind power facilities located in the State, and allows a person to be certified as a community wind power generator, thereby potentially supporting the construction of a community wind facility. The Act also sets State goals for wind energy development: at least 2,000 megawatts of installed capacity by 2015; at least 3,000 megawatts by 2020, including at least 300 megawatts of offshore wind; and at least 8,000 megawatts by 2030, with at least 5,000 megawatts of offshore wind. The Act also provides agency guidance for following proper protocol to follow in assessing the potential visual impacts of wind turbines on the Maine landscape.