Magmatic Gases In Well Fluids Aid The Mapping Of The Flow Pattern In A Geothermal System

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Journal Article: Magmatic Gases In Well Fluids Aid The Mapping Of The Flow Pattern In A Geothermal System

Abstract
Gas composition and silica concentrations of well fluids are used in conjunction with pressure, temperature and enthalpy data to obtain a model of the drilled part of the Krafla geothermal field (Northeast Iceland). A magma chamber is located at 3-8 km depth under the field. Magmatic gases emanate from the chamber and travel via a channel reaching the surface at the Hveragil eruptive fissure. The composition of the gases is apparently modified on the way, in that sulphur, which presumably is in the form of sulphur dioxide to begin with, is removed on the way, and what remains is in the form of hydrogen sulphide at the end. It is suggested that the major removal mechanism is the deposition of pyrite and pyrrhotite during the passage of the gases through the hydrothermal system. The hydrothermal system is divided into a lower part whose temperature exceeds 300°C and whose fluids are to a varying extent affected by the magmatic gases, and an upper part whose temperature is ca 200°C. This upper part is a run-off from the lower part but the magmatic effects have mostly disappeared there.

Authors 
H. armannsson, G. Gislason and T. Hauksson








Published Journal 
Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 1982





DOI 
10.1016/0016-7037(82)90244-7


 

Citation

H. armannsson,G. Gislason,T. Hauksson. 1982. Magmatic Gases In Well Fluids Aid The Mapping Of The Flow Pattern In A Geothermal System. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta. (!) .