Liberia-National Adaptation Plan Global Support Programme (NAP-GSP)
The National Adaptation Plan Global Support Programme (NAP-GSP) is a United Nations Development Programme (UNDP)-United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) programme, financed by the Least Developed Countries Fund (LDCF). The NAP-GSP is assisting Least Developed Countries (LDCs) to advance National Adaptation Plans (NAPs). NAPs will bring greater focus and coordination to country-led efforts in disaster management and disaster risk reduction, and climate change adaptation. The NAP will add to the strategic suite of other sectoral plans and policies for countries that help to guide internal development resourcing mechanisms as well as those provided by donors. The programme was launched on 14 June 2013. As of November 2013, partner agencies to the NAP-GSP include UNDP, UNEP, World Health Organization (WHO), UN Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), International Fund for Agriculture and Development (IFAD), United Nations Institute for Training and Research (UNITAR), Global Environment Facility (GEF), United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), Global Water Partnership (GWP), German Society for International Cooperation (GIZ) , Programme of Research on Climate Change Vulnerability, Impacts and Adaptation (PROVIA), and United Nations Office for Disaster Risk Reduction (UNISDR).
NAP-GSP support is based on three main pillars:
1) Institutional support
2) Technical support
3) Knowledge brokering
UNDP-UNEP efforts will support LDCs in integrating medium- to long-term planning for adaptation to climate change. These NAPs will be integrated within or aligned with the current development planning and budgeting processes within each country. This will ensure that a successful NAP is not a stand-alone document, but will be integrated into existing development and poverty reduction plans. The NAP process is country-driven, continuous, participatory, progressive and iterative. The process will enable LDCs to identify, finance and implement appropriate adaptation measures, and to balance sectoral and cross-sectoral priorities, at national, sub-national and local levels. Importantly, the medium- to long-term adaptation planning underpinning the NAPs should be multi-stakeholder oriented, and based on and guided by the best available science, rigorous collection and analysis of appropriate data, and consideration of experiences and good practices within, and outside, countries.
NAP-GSP status in Liberia:
- Liberia is seeking to build capacity to conduct adaptation assessments to inform their NAP process. The Government of Liberia plans to utilize existing institutional structures to conduct assessments to help identify the countries’ vulnerabilities to various climate change pressures. These assessments will also determine which sectors are likely bear the brunt of impacts and how existing national capacities can support medium-term and long-term adaptation planning.
- Currently Liberia does not have specific national climate change adaptation policies in place. Liberia seeks to utilize the NAP process to mainstream climate change into their current development policies, and influence various government departments to drive the process. Liberia aims to integrate climate change concerns into their national development planning, from the perspectives of finance and planning. They also require a system for updating medium- to long-term plans, and processing adaptation information.
- NAP-GSP can potentially facilitate consultations at the country level to support stakeholders from key line ministries to determine what the NAP process means to them. Through this consultation process, aspects will be identified to advance the NAP process. A key priority is the formulation of a roadmap to advance the NAP, including the necessary financing.
- The next step for NAP-GSP in Liberia is to draft a Terms of Reference for NAP support. This TOR will be shared with the Government of Liberia, who will undertake internal consultations and inform the NAP-GSP when they require additional support to commence. Liberia has noted that they have sufficient resources to undertake ongoing/planned LDCF projects. There will also be bilaterals in Liberia who may wish to provide support for adaptation activities - which will be explored fully during upcoming national consultations.