Geothermal/Lands and Realty
Geothermal Lands and Realty
Lands and Realty
Present, Potentially Affected
- Antelope Valley Neset (AVS - Neset 345 kV Transmission Line Project)
- BLM-NV-WN-ES-08-01-1310, NV-020-08-01 (Blue Mountain Geothermal Well Field and Power Plant EA)
- Big Eddy-Knight (Big Eddy-Knight Transmission Project Environmental Impact Statement)
- Boardman to Hemingway (Environmental Impact Statement and Land Use Plan Amendments for the Boardman to Hemingway Transmission Line Project)
- CA-96062042 (Fourmile Hill Geothermal Development Project Environmental Impact Statement (EIS) / Environmental Impact Report (EIR) for Geothermal/Power Plant, Geothermal/Well Field, Geothermal/Transmission)
- Central Ferry Lower Monumental (Central Ferry-Lower Monumental 500-kilovolt Transmission Line Project)
- DOE-EA-1849 (EA for Northern Nevada Geothermal Power Plant Project at McGuinness Hills Geothermal Area)
- DOI-BLM-CA-ES-2013-002+1793-EIS (Casa Diablo IV Geothermal Development Project EIS at Long Valley Caldera Geothermal Area for Geothermal/Power Plant)
- DOI-BLM-NV-063-EA08-091 (Jersey Valley and Buffalo Valley Geothermal Development Projects EA for Geothermal/Power Plant)
- DOI-BLM-NV-B020-2011-0026-EA (Clayton Valley Geothermal Exploration Project EA for Drilling and Well Testing)
- DOI-BLM-NV-B020-2012-0214-EA (Silver Peak Area Geothermal Exploration Project EA for Drilling and Well Testing for Geothermal/Exploration)
- DOI-BLM-NV-C010-2010-0006-EA (Gabbs Valley and Dead Horse Wells Geothermal Exploration Projects EA for Geothermal/Exploration)
- DOI-BLM-NV-C010-2010-0008-EA (EA at Soda Lake Geothermal Area for Geothermal/Exploration Drilling and Well Testing)
- DOI-BLM-NV-C010-2010-0010-EA (EA at Coyote Canyon and Dixie Meadows for Geothermal/Exploration Drilling and Well Testing)
- DOI-BLM-NV-C010-2011-0001-EA (Coyote Canyon Utilization Project EA for TGP for Geothermal/Power Plant)
- DOI-BLM-NV-C010-2011-0516-EA (EA for Thermal Gradient Holes at Dixie Meadows Geothermal Exploration Project for Geothermal/Exploration, Geothermal/Well Field)
- DOI-BLM-NV-C010-2012-0029-EA (Tungsten Mountain Geothermal Exploration Project EA for Geothermal/Well Field Drilling and Well Testing)
- DOI-BLM-NV-C010-2012-0051-EA (Coyote Canyon South Geothermal Exploration Project EA for Geothermal/Exploration)
- DOI-BLM-NV-CC-ES-11-10-1793 (Salt Wells Geothermal Energy Projects EIS for Geothermal/Power Plant Development Drilling)
- DOI-BLM-NV-CO10-2011-0501-EA (EA for Phase II Production Wells and Thermal Gradient Holes at Patua Geothermal Project for Geothermal/Well Field)
- DOI-BLM-NV-W010-2010-0004-EA (New York Canyon Geothermal Exploration Project EA for Exploration Drilling and Well Testing)
- DOI-BLM-NV-W010-2011-0001-EA (EA of the Leach Hot Springs Geothermal Exploration Project at Grass Valley Geothermal Area for Geothermal/Exploration, Geothermal/Well Field Drilling and Well Testing)
- DOI-BLM-NV-W010–2012–0005–EA (EA for Development Drilling at New York Canyon Geothermal Utilization and Interconnect Project for Geothermal/Power Plant, Geothermal/Transmission, Geothermal/Well Field)
- Devers Palo Verde No 2 (EIS/EIR Devers-Palo Verde No. 2 500kV Transmission Line Project)
- EA for Well Field Development at Patua Geothermal Area - DOI-BLM-NV-C010-2011-00016-EA (EA for Phase II of Patua Geothermal Project for Geothermal/Exploration, Geothermal/Well Field)
- Eldorado Ivanpah Transmission Project (EIS/EIR for the Eldorado-Ivanapah Transmission Project)
- Gateway West Transmission Line (Environmental Impact Statement for the Gateway West Transmission Line Project)
- Grand Coulee Transmission Line (Grand Coulee's Third Powerplant 500-kilovolt Transmission Line Replacement Project, Preliminary Environmental Assessment)
- McNary-John Day (McNary-John Day Transmission Line Project Environmental Impact Statement)
- Mona to Oquirrh Transmission (Mona to Oquirrh Transmission Corridor Project and Proposed Pony Express Resource Management Plan Amendment)
- NV-020-03-26 (Desert Peak 2 Geothermal Project Environmental Assessment for Geothermal/Power Plant)
- NV-020-07-EA-01 (EA for Observation Wells at Jersey Valley Geothermal Exploration Project for Geothermal/Well Field, Geothermal/Exploration)
- One Nevada (Final Environmental Impact Statement for the One Nevada Transmission Line Project (ON Line Project))
- San Juan Basin EC (San Juan Basin Energy Connect Project Environmental Impact Statement)
- Sigurd Red Butte No2 (Sigurd to Red Butte No. 2 345kV Transmission Project)
- Sun Valley to Morgan Transmission Line (Environmental Impact Statement for the Sun Valley to Morgan Transmission Line Project)
- Sunzia Southwest (SunZia Southwest Transmission Project)
- Tehachapi Renewable Transmission (Environmental Impact Statement for the Tehachapi Renewable Transmission Project)
- Transwest Express (Transwest Express Transmission Project Environmental Impact Statement)
- West-wide Energy Corridors (West-wide Energy Corridor Programmatic Environmental Impact Statement)
State and federal regulations ensure the longstanding ecological health and resource sustainability on geothermal lands and realty. Road maintenance, pipeline construction and location, land reclamation, and rights-of-way (ROW) grants are examples of government provisions to accomplish these goals.
Lands and Realty Impacts & Mitigation
Land disturbances occur during geothermal site development. Well pad impacts and mitigation measures are found below, followed by other land disturbance variables.
Well pads construction and monitoring:
- During drilling activities, a reserve pit is constructed for the temporary storage of water, drill cuttings and waste drilling mud. Upon the completion of drilling activities, the reserve pit will be filled with any remaining stockpile materials. Due to heavy land impacts, it is most likely that well pads, reserve pits and evaporation ponds will not be reclaimed.
- During drilling activities, all personnel is to remain in a safe space and all stages or laydown areas would be on construction well pads.
- On BLM managed land, ‘blow-out’ equipment is to be installed and accompanied by an action plan.
- Barite (barium sulfate) increases the hydrostatic pressure and injection fluid density to mitigate uncontrollable flows and ‘blowouts’.
- Well bore solutions would consist of non-toxic, bentonite clay-water or polymer-water mix due to its stable temperatures in mud. To mitigate solution clumping and corrosion, increase mud additives.
- To mitigate unwanted wellhead tampering from humans or wildlife, place an industrial gate atop the well opening
To decrease land disturbance, construct wells near or within an existing evaporation pond to decrease impacts from 100-year storm events, grade the project area to direct runoff from the construction site away from well pads
Roads: Existing roads will be used for geothermal traffic before constructing new roads to reduce widespread land impacts. If wet road conditions exist, remaining ruts greater than four inches deep will be repaired by the “Authorized Officer” to reduce vehicle and road damage.
Pipelines: To find underground utilities locations when on a federal mineral estate, contact the BLM. If these utilities are to be constructed for the first time, ensure gas lines are properly labeled and avoided. All pipelines must be labeled and constructed beneath unpaved roads, as to not weaken paved road infrastructure.
Transmission: A ROW grant must be acquired to mitigate power transmission delays. Work with the land manager to develop a plan. Any communication towers on site such as cell phone, radio, and broadband also require ROW grants and planning. Bureau of Land Management-Energy
Traffic: All traffic must be coordinated through a Traffic Management Plan. This mitigates the construction and operational traffic impacts between geothermal, mining, and irrigation maintenance.
Construction: To alter fences, there must be a valid permit, a written agreement from the affected owner(s), and all expenses are to be paid by the leaseholder. These mitigation measures ensure compliance with state and federal entities.
Trash: Excess trash or debris is to be removed from the geothermal site and disposed of at an authorized site to mitigate contamination to employees and equipment. Reclamation: When reclamation occurs, crossing methods and transmission procedures must be approved before construction. Reclamation happens when roads and facilities are labeled as dormant and rights to use them are revoked. Complicating factors include shared facilities or roads used for mining, hunting, or other energy development. Well pads and roads may be recommended for site relocation to improve active infrastructure management. Reclamation also addresses efforts related to returning the site to its original state upon project completion. Common mitigation categories include: trash, surface, visual, pit closures, well abandonment; invasive, noxious and non-native species; and the final reclamation and monitoring processes.