Land Use Assessment Toolkit

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Stage 3

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What considerations should I have in mind while assessing my current land use?
Stakeholders in this stage can use analyses of biophysical and economic mitigation potential to establish short and long-term goals. Stakeholders will want to consider the biophysical potential of the landscape to mitigate emissions and the economic costs and benefits to shift to activities with low emission or emission removals, including the market potential for goods produced using different agricultural and timber practices, opportunities to link into carbon markets, and capacity constraints in the public and private sectors.

Because carbon density across a landscape varies considerably in some countries, landscape LEDS goals may include shifting land uses from carbon-rich lands (e.g. primary forests) to degraded lands. Mitigation priorities can be incorporated into spatial planning to reduce landscape-based emissions while maintaining the productivity of timber and agricultural sectors. To facilitate this process, analyses of mitigation potential should be spatially explicit so that priority locations for interventions are identified. These geographic potentials can then be rolled up to obtain a country-wide potential that can inform the choice of national mitigation goals and targets.

 
What are ways in which I can assess possible mitigation actions and determine how they fit into my country development goals?

To assess how mitigation actions can contribute to national development goals (e.g., employment, GDP, health, local environment), the following analyses can be undertaken in this stage:

  • Development impacts
  • Economic: employment, job creation, income, food production, income distribution
  • Social: urban and rural development, literacy, health impacts, education,
  • Environmental: climate resiliency; air, soil, and water quality; water use; biodiversity; GHG emissions;
  • Tenure and rights: tenure security, recognition of indigenous peoples’ and small holders’ land rights
  • Biophysical and economic potential: marginal abatement supply curves, sustainable forestry potential assessments, sustainable agricultural potential assessments
  • Market potential: jobs and economic impact analyses of climate initiatives, market analyses of land-use technologies and practices
  • Geographic potential: spatially-explicit analysis of mitigation potential according to location

Goals established by countries could include the specific co-benefits from mitigation actions such as specific landscape-based goals for economic development (e.g. jobs creation, aquaculture), social development (e.g. education and health), local environmental management (e.g. watershed protection), and tenure and rights (e.g. recognized rights for local forest dependent communities) and for reduced growth in GHG emissions (e.g. GHG emission levels)


 
How can I assess my potential options for landscapes?

Questions Steps Example Products
Assessing Potential Options for Landscapes
  • What is the technical potential for emissions savings from reduced deforestation and degradation and the application of alternative land use, as well as the potential carbon sequestration from forest landscape restoration?
  • What are the costs and cost-savings of these mitigation and sequestration activities?
  • What stakeholders would be affected by these activities?
  • What development and climate benefits would result from these activities?
  • What near and long-term goals should be established for capturing these development and climate benefits?
  • What long-term portfolio of activities will most likely enable a country to meets its development and climate goals at least cost?
  1. Examine the costs, emissions savings and sequestration benefits of potential interventions
  2. Consider the costs and benefits of stopping existing carbon-intensive practices, shifting them onto already-degraded lands, implementing best practices, and restoring forest landscapes
  3. Analyze economic, policy, climate, tenure, development, social and environmental impacts of different interventions, including cross-sectoral impacts
  4. Examine how stakeholders will be affected by different interventions
  5. Examine how low-emission initiatives directly and indirectly contribute to development goals and long-term climate resiliency and conduct development impact assessment
  6. Evaluate public and private sector capacity (e.g., institutional, governance, financial) to support initiatives
  7. Assess biophysical and economic potential for these initiatives
  8. Assess the sensitivity of different interventions to macroeconomic factors, e.g., how would outcomes be affected by increases in commodity prices.
  9. Combine biophysical and economic analyses with geographic data to assess geographic potential, and role these up to create total regional and national net emissions reductions potential.
  10. Analyze different combinations of interventions – pathways – that capture economic, social, climate resilience, local environmental, and development benefits.
  11. Establish near- and long-term emissions and development goals
  12. Secure endorsement of goals by public and private sector leaders
  • Portfolios of landscape interventions, including policies, market-based incentives, land management regulations, timber and agricultural practices, and technologies based on projected costs and benefits under a variety of market, economic, climate, institutional, and capacity conditions
  • Concrete goals for development along low emission trajectories for both the near and long-term for the country as a whole and for key sectors and industries; goals should reflect both national development priorities and capacity constraints in the public and private sectors
  • High level endorsement of goals by public and private leaders

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Training Materials

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Guides

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Lessons Learned and Best Practices

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Country-Specific Agriculture Programs

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Add an Impact Assessment Program
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Datasets

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Software Tools

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Training Materials

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Guides

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Lessons Learned and Best Practices

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Country-Specific Sustainable Forestry Programs

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Add Resources

Add an Impact Assessment Program
Add an Impact Assessment Program