Low-Carbon Growth Country Studies: Getting Started Experience from Six Countries
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"Collectively, these studies identify some broad messages (i.e., the need for renewable energy (RE) and energy efficiency (EE) support) and some surprises (i.e., low cost transport options and untapped cogeneration investments), generating a wealth of knowledge that provides a global public good. The goal is to use this knowledge to create low carbon pathways and to identify GHG reduction investments beyond these countries. For instance,
- In Brazil, impacts are already evident. Detailed sector methodologies are in use and technical results are emerging. There is improved information
Getting Started: Experience from Six Countries
- A study has recently been initiated in Poland (2009).Low Carbon Growth Country Studies Program sharing across sectors and within the public sphere together with stronger linkages between technical research groups and corresponding government ministries and agencies.
- China’s study provides policy support to better understand RE and EE targets and low carbon growth.
- India’s relatively low carbon economy reflects energy intensity 20 percent below world averages and per capita emissions among the lowest worldwide. However, curbing transmission and distribution losses, rehabilitating or closing lowest efficiency coal plants, and adopting mandatory energy efficiency standards for household appliances provide significant emission reduction opportunities. Further gains have been identified in the transport sector (e.g., improved vehicle fuel efficiency, reduced reliance on private transport).
- The Indonesian study provides insight into fiscal and financial policy instruments and tax and spending policies to promote movement towards a lower carbon economy. Strategic investment approaches and financing sources, as well as improved fiscal incentives in forestry, are also considered.
- Mexico’s study provides a body of knowledge about prospective low carbon “wedges,” specific low carbon projects, and the continuing policy reform agenda. Main energy savings arise from cogeneration and EE improvements in industry, while the forestry sector has untapped mitigation potential.
- South Africa’s study is helping to create an enabling environment and to provide support for national and private sector organizations to undertake EE and demand-side management (DSM) measures identified as priorities in the government’s Long Term Mitigation Scenario."