Topics Covered in the Transportation Toolkit
The Transportation Toolkit includes resources categorized using the following transport topics.
Development Impacts Assessment
Effective implementation of low-emission transport strategies can reduce emissions from other economic sectors, including mining, energy, and agriculture. Low-emission transport options may also impact congestion, pollution, and the natural environment. Resources available in this toolkit may analyze and evaluate how low-emission transport policies and designs affect other economic sectors, and other potential co-benefits, which can alter selection of the appropriate transport technology, fuel, or mode.
Financing low-emission transport development strategies and projects can take many different forms, including NAMAs, international or domestic funds, carbon trading schemes, and other types of finance mechanisms. This category includes technical resources that can help users evaluate the various financing options at their disposal.
Fuels and Efficiency
Deployment of alternative, lower-carbon fuels can reduce emissions caused by use of conventional fuels. Alternative fuels can include ethanol, biodiesel, natural gas, propane, and hydrogen, and can also encompass electricity (especially if sourced from renewable energy) that can fuel battery electric vehicles. Resources in the toolkit can provide technical details on fuel chemistry and on the commercialization of a domestic alternative fuel production industry and associated fueling infrastructure. Toolkit resources also may provide guidance on fuel efficiency for vehicle fleets and fuel economy of individual vehicle models.
Development of greenhouse gas inventories for the transport sector enables establishment of strategies and policies for emissions reductions and ability to track the progress of those policies. Greenhouse gas emission reduction measurements can be tracked only by establishing baseline measurements of these gases. The public and private sectors rely on such inventories to report compliance records and to better understand sources and trends in emissions. This category may include resources to aid the development of an inventory by explaining strategies for data collection, monitoring and reporting, as well as determining proper calculations to establish estimates from various transport sector emissions sources.
Integration of multiple modes of transport can reduce emissions by ensuring convenient access to efficient and affordable transport infrastructure with the goal of shifting dependence on private vehicles to lower-emission transport options. Toolkit resources may address planning and designing access to multiple modes of transport connected at various hubs across a city or region’s individual transport systems.
Non-motorized transport infrastructure and strategies can include planning and designing convenient access to enhanced pedestrian and bicycle routes, as well as bike-sharing as an alternative to and incentive to avoid urban private vehicle usage to reduce transit congestion and emissions, including different implementation mechanisms and useful models to compare and measure potential results from using such mechanisms.
Planning and Governance
Good governance is a key factor in successfully planning and implementing effective emission reduction initiatives in the transport sector. Toolkit resources may refer to effective governance structures and practices that enable proper strategic planning, coordination, and decision-making for low-emission transport and its nexus with land-use planning. Resources also may address the development of public-private partnerships and coordination strategies among relevant stakeholders.
Successful deployment of low-emission transport strategies requires regulating behavior through the establishment of standards, policies, laws, taxes, tolls, levies, rebates, fees, inspections, zoning rules, and other forms of incentives/disincentives. Resources under this category may describe, for example, policy levers that support or incentivize low-carbon technology or behavior.
Public Transport and Infrastructure
Public transport can reduce dependence on private vehicles, thus potentially reducing emissions. It can include modes such as rail-based systems, as well as road-based systems such as bus rapid transit systems, taxi systems, and others, both motorized and non-motorized, and regulated or non-regulated. This category may include innovative resources that aid in the planning, development, and maintenance of such systems and technical details and options associated with low-emission transport infrastructure.
Vehicles and Fleets
The deployment of advanced vehicle technologies, including alternative fuel vehicles, may lead to reductions in air pollution as well as greenhouse gas emissions. Information in this toolkit may address the commercialization strategies of these vehicles and conversions of vehicles to operate on non-petroleum fuels. The vehicle technologies addressed in this toolkit are applicable to public transport as well as public and private vehicle fleets.