Krafla Geothermal Area

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Krafla Geothermal Area

Area Overview

Geothermal Area Profile

Location: Iceland

Exploration Region: Mid Atlantic Ridge

GEA Development Phase: Phase IV - Resource Production and Power Plant Construction

Coordinates: 65.701368344392°, -16.775483703613°

Resource Estimate

Mean Reservoir Temp: 265°C538.15 K
509 °F
968.67 °R

Estimated Reservoir Volume: 38 km³38,000,000,000 m³
9.117 mi³
1,341,957,335,398 ft³
49,702,123,522 yd³
38,000,000,000,000 L

Mean Capacity: 60 MW60,000 kW
60,000,000 W
60,000,000,000 mW
0.06 GW
6.0e-5 TW

USGS Mean Reservoir Temp:

USGS Estimated Reservoir Volume:

USGS Mean Capacity:

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History and Infrastructure

Operating Power Plants: 1

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Developing Power Projects: 0

No geothermal projects listed.

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Power Production Profile

Gross Production Capacity: 60 MW60,000 kW
60,000,000 W
60,000,000,000 mW
0.06 GW
6.0e-5 TW

Net Production Capacity:

Owners  :
  • Geothermie Bouilante

Power Purchasers :
  • Mitsubishi

Other Uses:

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Regulatory and Environmental Issues

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Exploration History

First Discovery Well

Completion Date:

Well Name:



Initial Flow Rate:
  • "bd" is not declared as a valid unit of measurement for this property.
  • The given value was not understood.

Flow Test Comment:

Initial Temperature:

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Well Field Description

Well Field Information

Development Area:

Number of Production Wells: 33

Number of Injection Wells:

Number of Replacement Wells:

Average Temperature of Geofluid: 205°C478.15 K
401 °F
860.67 °R

Sanyal Classification (Wellhead):

Reservoir Temp (Geothermometry):

Reservoir Temp (Measured):

Sanyal Classification (Reservoir):

Depth to Top of Reservoir: 300 m0.3 km
0.186 mi
984.252 ft
328.083 yd

Depth to Bottom of Reservoir: 2222 m2.222 km
1.381 mi
7,290.026 ft
2,430.001 yd

Average Depth to Reservoir: 1261 m1.261 km
0.784 mi
4,137.139 ft
1,379.042 yd

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Geology of the Area

Geologic Setting

Tectonic Setting: Rift Zone

Controlling Structure:

Topographic Features:

Brophy Model: Type F: Oceanic-ridge, Basaltic Resource

Moeck-Beardsmore Play Type: CV-1a: Magmatic - Extrusive, CV-1b: Magmatic - Intrusive"CV-1a: Magmatic - Extrusive, CV-1b: Magmatic - Intrusive" is not in the list of possible values (CV-1a: Magmatic - Extrusive, CV-1b: Magmatic - Intrusive, CV-2a: Plutonic - Recent or Active Volcanism, CV-2b: Plutonic - Inactive Volcanism, CV-3: Extensional Domain, CD-1: Intracratonic Basin, CD-2: Orogenic Belt, CD-3: Crystalline Rock - Basement) for this property.

Geologic Features

Modern Geothermal Features: Fumaroles

Relict Geothermal Features:

Volcanic Age: Recent

Host Rock Age:

Host Rock Lithology: Basalt

Cap Rock Age:

Cap Rock Lithology:

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Geofluid Geochemistry


Salinity (low):

Salinity (high):

Salinity (average):

Brine Constituents:

Water Resistivity:

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NEPA-Related Analyses (0)

Below is a list of NEPA-related analyses that have been conducted in the area - and logged on OpenEI. To add an additional NEPA-related analysis, see the NEPA Database.

CSV No NEPA-related documents listed.

Exploration Activities (0)

Below is a list of Exploration that have been conducted in the area - and cataloged on OpenEI. Add.png Add a new Exploration Activity

No exploration activities listed on OpenEI.


  1. 1.0 1.1 XU Shiguang. 1995. Reservoir assessment of the sudurhlidar geothermal field in Krafla, NE-Iceland. Proceedings of Geothermal Training Program; Reyjavik, Iceland: Geothermal Training Program.
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 Ruggero Bertani. 2005. World Geothermal Power Generation 2001-2005. Proceedings of World Geothermal Congress; Turkey: World Geothermal Congress.

List of existing Geothermal Resource Areas.

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