Investigating Crater Lake Warming Using Aster Thermal Imagery- Case Studies At Ruapehu, Poas, Kawah Ijen, And Copahue Volcanoes

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Journal Article: Investigating Crater Lake Warming Using Aster Thermal Imagery- Case Studies At Ruapehu, Poas, Kawah Ijen, And Copahue Volcanoes

Abstract
A two-channel or split-window algorithm designed to correct for atmospheric conditions was applied to thermal images taken by the Advanced Spaceborne Thermal Emission and Reflection Radiometer (ASTER) of Lake Yugama on Kusatsu-Shirane volcano in Japan in order to measure the temperature of its crater lake. These temperature calculations were validated using lake water temperatures that were collected on the ground. Overall, the agreement between the temperatures calculated using the split-window method and ground truth is quite good, typically ± 1.5°C for cloud-free images. Data from fieldwork undertaken in the summer of 2004 at Kusatsu-Shirane allow a comparison of ground-truth data with the radiant temperatures measured using ASTER imagery. Further images were analyzed of Ruapehu, Poas, Kawah Ijen, and Copahue volcanoes to acquire time-series of lake temperatures. A total of 64 images of these 4 volcanoes covering a wide range of geographical locations and climates were analyzed. Results of the split-window algorithm applied to ASTER images are reliable for monitoring thermal changes in active volcanic lakes. These temperature data, when considered in conjunction with traditional volcano monitoring techniques, lead to a better understanding of whether and how thermal changes in crater lakes aid in eruption forecasting.

Authors 
Laura Trunk and Alain Bernard








Published Journal 
Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, 2008





DOI 
Not Provided
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Citation

Laura Trunk,Alain Bernard. 2008. Investigating Crater Lake Warming Using Aster Thermal Imagery- Case Studies At Ruapehu, Poas, Kawah Ijen, And Copahue Volcanoes. Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research. (!) .