Internal Structure Of Piton De La Fournaise Volcano From Seismic Wave Propagation And Earthquake Distribution

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Journal Article: Internal Structure Of Piton De La Fournaise Volcano From Seismic Wave Propagation And Earthquake Distribution

Abstract
Arrival times of seismic waves from local earthquakes are inverted for both locating the source and defining the 3-D velocity heterogeneity of Piton de la Fournaise. The lateral heterogeneity of the 2632 m high edifice is resolved as a high-velocity plug, 1.5 km in diameter, surrounded by a low-velocity ring, which may be interpreted as due to the construction of Fournaise on the flank of the older volcano Piton des Neiges. Wave mode conversion detected on three-component seismograms provides evidence for boundaries of contrasted velocities. Pre-eruptive swarm earthquakes cluster in the high-velocity zone, under the Dolomieu summit crater. Low strength and cohesion of the surrounding material account for the lack of seismicity for the final 1-3 km radial flow of magma to the vents in Enclos Fouque. Beneath the high-velocity plug the existence of a body with low velocity for P, and even for S, waves is well constrained. However, the walls and base are poorly defined because of the lack of deep earthquakes for sampling. The few earthquakes that are located in this depth region usually occur at a depth of around 1.5 km below sea level in the region of the cone. This can be considered providing the upper constraint on the lower limit of the aseismic part of the low-velocity body. The coincidence in time of their occurrence with the swarms above sea level and the eruptions suggests magmatic activation of the low-velocity aseismic volume 1.5 km below sea level under the high-velocity plug of the cone. Further down, the concentration of seismicity in two swarms, between 2 and 4 km, under the eastern flank does not allow the structure to be sampled effectively.

Authors 
Alexandre Nercessian, Alfred Hirn, Jean-Claude Lepine and Martine Sapin








Published Journal 
Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, 1996





DOI 
Not Provided
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Citation

Alexandre Nercessian,Alfred Hirn,Jean-Claude Lepine,Martine Sapin. 1996. Internal Structure Of Piton De La Fournaise Volcano From Seismic Wave Propagation And Earthquake Distribution. Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research. (!) .