Indo-German Energy Program

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GTZ is working with India with the objective to "achieve greater energy efficiency in the generation and use of electricity, oil, gas, coal, and renewable energy in all sectors of society, contributing to sustainable energy management and climate protection," e.g. through implementation of the Energy Conservation Act and the National Climate Change Plan concerning industry production on national and subnational level and framework conditions for investments in improvments of EE in thermal plants.


"The bilateral cooperation involves local and international professional expertise and support who undertake the following activities:

  • Labeling of household appliances and energy intensive industrial equipment with respect to energy efficiency
  • Certification of energy managers and energy auditors
  • Setting of norms and standards for energy intensive industries
  • Transfering and promoting cutting-edge technology to reduce energy consumption
  • Promoting public-private partnerships to advance awareness of the need to save energy
  • Operating one of the largest web portals ( on this subject in India.

About 3,000 large energy-intensive industries falling under the provisions of the Energy Conservation Act are under obligation to reduce energy consumption. Over 23,000 manufacturers of household appliances (of which only about 110 are in the organised sector) and a workforce of one million are affected by the Act. Over 600 industrial equipment manufacturers (of which 120 are from the organised sector) with a workforce of 500,000 are required to improve their technology to reduce energy consumption. An estimated 50 million power grid connected households will reduce electricity costs through more efficient appliances.

The CDM-India component of the programme supports high quality Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) projects in India. These projects are widely replicable and provide experience through “learning by doing”. The primary aim is developing capacity and providing support to public and private sector institutions for preparing and implementing internationally acceptable projects under the Clean Development Mechanism. CDM India cooperates actively with the National CDM Authority (NCDMA) of India for the institutionalisation of CDM projects in India."

Results achieved so far

  • Over €400 million are invested annually in energy efficiency measures
  • Annual energy cost savings of about €300 million are reported for these investments
  • Indian certified emission reductions of more than €70 million are sold
  • About 8,000 energy managers and energy auditors have taken the examination for certification over the past three years
  • Relevant rules and regulations have been developed and implemented
  • About 700 energy intensive and large industries have been asked to reduce energy consumption in a financially attractive and technically viable manner
  • 28 state designated agencies (SDA), and seven from the Union Territories have been formed and are supported in the implementation of the Energy Conservation Act
  • Regulations on labeling energy efficiency for various household appliances and energy-intensive equipment are at an advanced stage of implementation
  • Over 500 Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) projects have received host country approval and are in various stages of certification and registration
  • The world's first baseline of carbon burning in the Indian power sector has been prepared and institutionalised
  • Mapping and performance verification of all Indian thermal power plants in the public sector has begun

Further information can be accessed at the project website.


  1.  "Indo-German Energy Programme"