Impact of Electric Generating Facilities (Virginia)

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Last modified on February 12, 2015.

EZFeed Policy

Place Virginia

Applies to States or Provinces Virginia
Name Impact of Electric Generating Facilities (Virginia)
Policy Category Other Policy
Policy Type Environmental Regulations, Siting and Permitting
Affected Technologies Biomass/Biogas, Coal with CCS, Concentrating Solar Power, Energy Storage, Fuel Cells, Geothermal Electric, Hydroelectric, Hydroelectric (Small), Natural Gas, Nuclear, Solar Photovoltaics, Tidal Energy, Wave Energy, Wind energy
Active Policy Yes

Implementing Sector State/Province

Program Administrator Virginia Department of Environmental Quality
Primary Website

Last Review 2014-09-15

Information Source,,,


After a proposed power plant has received approval from the State Corporation Commission (SCC) and location approval from the local government, it must apply for all applicable permits from the Virginia Department of Environmental Quality. Depending on the plant, this could include permits for air, water and/or waste. Air permits that are issued to power plants undergo a very rigorous review and can take a year or more to issue depending on the size and make-up of the plant. The review includes the determination of the Best Available Control Technology (BACT) for each criteria pollutant being emitted and may require a determination of the Maximum Achievable Control Technology (MACT) for Hazardous Air Pollutants (HAPs) if the potential emissions of HAPs is over 10 tons per year (tpy) for a single HAP or 25 tpy for multiple HAPs.

In addition to control technology reviews, the source must also conduct air quality analyses. This involves running multiple computer models (simulations) to demonstrate the plant will not cause or significantly contribute to the exceeding of any of the National Ambient Air Quality Standards (NAAQS). For most power plants, the air permit process involves multiple opportunities for public comment. Comment is usually taken either in written form or orally at a public hearing. Comments received from the public are taken into consideration prior to a permit being issued.

Power plants in Virginia use many different types of fuel including coal, nuclear, wood, biomass, distillate oil, landfill gas and natural gas.

Policy Contact

Department Virginia Department of Environmental Quality

Address 629 East Main Street
Address 2 P.O. Box 1105
Place Richmond, Virginia
Zip/Postal Code 23218
Phone 804.698.4000
Phone 2 800.592.5482


Authorities (Please contact the if there are any file problems.)

Authority 1: Va. Code 10.1-1186.2:1