Hydrothermal Alteration Of Plagioclase And Growth Of Secondary Feldspar In The Hengill Volcanic Centre, Sw Iceland

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Journal Article: Hydrothermal Alteration Of Plagioclase And Growth Of Secondary Feldspar In The Hengill Volcanic Centre, Sw Iceland

Abstract
Dissolution of igneous feldspar and the formation and occurrence of secondary feldspar in tholeiitic basalts from the Hengill volcanic centre, in SW Iceland was studied by microprobe analysis of cuttings from two ca. 2000 m deep geothermal wells. Well NG-7 in Nesjavellir represents a geothermal system in a rift zone where the intensity of young, insignificantly altered intrusions increases with depth. Well KhG-1 in Kolviaarholl represents the margin of a rift zone where the intensity of intrusives is lower and the intensity of alteration higher. This marginal well represents altered basaltic crust in an early retrograde state. The secondary plagioclase in both wells is mainly oligoclase, occurring in association with K-feldspar and chlorite±actinolite. The texture of this assemblage depends on the lithology and intensity of alteration. In Nesjavellir (NG-7) the composition of secondary albite-oligoclase is correlated with the host-rock composition. This connection is not apparent in more intensely altered samples from Kolviaarholl (KhG-1). The influence of temperature on composition of secondary Na-feldspar is unclear in both wells although Ca is expected to increase with temperature. Any temperature dependence may be suppressed by the influence of rock composition in Nesjavellir and by retrograde conditions at Kolviaarholl. The absence of clear compositional gradients between igneous plagioclase and secondary feldspar and between Na-feldspar and K-feldspar suggests that secondary feldspars formed by dissolution precipitation reactions.

Authors 
D. Larsson, K. Gronvold, N. Oskarsson and E. Gunnlaugsson








Published Journal 
Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, 2002





DOI 
Not Provided
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Citation

D. Larsson,K. Gronvold,N. Oskarsson,E. Gunnlaugsson. 2002. Hydrothermal Alteration Of Plagioclase And Growth Of Secondary Feldspar In The Hengill Volcanic Centre, Sw Iceland. Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research. (!) .